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HIS JUSTICE AND IMPARTIALITY
Allah Ta'ala says in the Qur'aan;
"We have sent down to you The Book [The Qur'aan] in truth that you may judge between men as guided by Allah."
In another Ayah, Allah Ta'ala says,
"Then by the oath of your lord, they are not believers until they make you judge in all disputes between them, thereafter they find no resistance in their souls against your decision and they accept them with the fullest conviction."
Justice and impartiality were qualities attached to Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam and recognised by his most vicious enemies.
Rabee' ibn Khuthaim relates, "Even prior to Nubuwat people would approach Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam with their disputes for him to adjudicate."
Five years prior to Nubuwat, the Quraish decided to reconstruct the Ka'ba. When they were faced with the decision of who would have the honour to replace the Hajre Aswad they disputed till they reached the point of bloodshed. Eventually after several days Abu Umayyah ibn Mugheerah suggested that the first person to enter the Masjidul Haraam the following day should be selected as a judge. All parties agreed. The following morning all of them eagerly assembled at the Haram to find that Muhammad Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam was the first to arrive. They exclaimed with delight and pleasure, "This is Muhammad the Trustworthy, we are pleased with his verdict."
Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam found a peaceful solution. He asked for a sheet on which he placed the Black Stone and asked the chief of each tribe to hold the sheet and raise it to the correct height. Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam himself placed the stone in its place.
Hind Ibn Abu Haalah relates, "The whole creation was equal to him as far as rights were concerned."
'Aa'isha radiyallaahu 'anhaa relates, "The Quraish were grieved by a woman named Fatimah who was implicated for theft. They decided on a person who would intercede on her behalf to Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam. They decided that none besides Usamah ibn Zaid who was the beloved of Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam had the courage to intercede. Hence Usamah spoke to Rasulullaah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam. He responded, "Do you intercede regarding the HUDOOD [Shar'ee punishment]." Thereafter Nabi sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam stood up and delivered a sermon in which he said, "Certainly those before you were destroyed because when the noble among them would steal they would redeem them and when the weak would steal they would implement the Shar'ee punishment. By Allah, if Fatimah bint Muhammad [my daughter] would steal I would cut off her hand."