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في سبيل الله in context of Quran & Hadith

Last updated: 22nd August 2023
Question ID: #8989
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Respected Ulama, Assalamu Alaikum. I have read a fatwa (https://www.askimam.org/public/question_detail/35332) approved by Mufti Ebrahim Desai and got a clear clarification of the term في سبيل الله and how its virtues were meant for actual jihad (although we have different forms of jihad) and advising my friends and family not to use hadiths pertaining to jihad (path of Allah) for going out in tabligh. But recently I was reading Maariful Hadith (by Moulana Muhammad Manzoor Nomani), in volume 4 under the section Book of Holding Fast To The Quran and Sunnah under the topic Jihad & Martyrdom (topic 138 English Version Page 252, 253) the author after quoting a hadith from Bukhari (38/1906) Sayyidina Abu Abs & reported that Allah's Messenger & said, "It cannot be that once a man's feet become dusty on walking in the path of Allah, the fire of hell would touch them." (Saheeh Bukhari) in the commentry he quotes an incident and statement of a tabi'ee Abayah ibn Rifa'ah that The words in the path of Allah' do not restrict their application to jihad and fighting alone but encompass a greater field; to go to offer salah and to run about in service of religion and of what places Allah are also jihad. Now I'm confused whether we can actually use this type of hadiths for going out in tabligh jamaat or not. Can you Please explain this issue in detail and clarify my doubts ? also do Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariya (رحمة الله عليه) in his book named "Tablighi Jama'at Par E'terazat Aur Un Ke Jawabat" claims there is nothing wrong in quoting the hadiths of jihad for going out in tableegh ? I sincerely request you to clarify the issue in detail so that I can repent publicly (since I have been opposing every one who were using the hadiths of jihad for tableegh jamaat) and correct my views. May Allah reward you for your efforts. بارك الله فيكم



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامدا ومصليا

The term في سبيل الله (in the path of Allah) is not restricted to only fighting in the path of Allah but it can refer to any acts of obedience that are done in the path of Allah.

There are specific context that mentions fighting in the path Allah in the Quran and Hadith and sometimes in a general context.

۞ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱشْتَرَىٰ مِنَ ٱلْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوَٰلَهُم بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ ٱلْجَنَّةَ ۚ يُقَـٰتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ ۖ

Allah has indeed purchased from the believers their lives and wealth in exchange for Paradise. They fight in the cause of Allah and kill or are killed. (9:111)

حدثنا إسحاق أخبرنا محمد بن المبارك حدثنا يحيى بن حمزة قال حدثني يزيد بن أبي مريم أخبرنا عباية بن رفاعة بن رافع بن خديج قال أخبرني أبو عبس هو عبد الرحمن بن جبر أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال ما اغبرت قدما عبد في سبيل الله فتمسه النار
(البخاري)

Abu ‘Abs ‘Abdur-Rahmān ibn Jabr (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him) said: "Anyone whose feet get covered with dust in the cause of Allah will not be touched by Hellfire."

This Hadith refers to the Mujahid whose feet gets covered with dust in Jihad. It also can refer to someone not fighting, any acts of obedience, as there is a Hadith that mentions when a person walks to Jumuah then his feet will not be touched by the fire.

Therefore, the term في سبيل الله in the Quran and Hadith should not be generalise to include going out in Tableegh only but rather other acts of obedience.

قوله : ( باب من اغبرت قدماه في سبيل الله ) أي بيان ما له من الفضل .

قوله : ( وقول الله عز وجل : ما كان لأهل المدينة ومن حولهم من الأعراب أن يتخلفوا عن رسول الله - إلى قوله - إن الله لا يضيع أجر المحسنين قال ابن بطال : مناسبة الآية للترجمة أنه سبحانه وتعالى قال في الآية ولا يطئون موطئا يغيظ الكفار وفي الآية إلا كتب لهم به عمل صالح قال : ففسر صلى الله عليه وسلم العمل الصالح أن النار لا تمس من عمل بذلك ، قال : والمراد في سبيل الله جميع طاعاته ا ه . وهو كما قال ، إلا أن المتبادر عند الإطلاق من لفظ سبيل الله الجهاد ، وقد أورده المصنف في " فضل المشي إلى الجمعة " استعمالا للفظ في عمومه ، ولفظه هناك " حرمه الله على النار " وقال ابن المنير : مطابقة الآية من جهة أن الله أثابهم بخطواتهم وإن لم يباشروا قتالا ، وكذلك دل الحديث على أن من اغبرت قدماه في سبيل الله حرمه الله على النار سواء باشر قتالا أم لا ا ه . ومن تمام المناسبة أن الوطء يتضمن المشي المؤثر لتغبير القدم ، ولا سيما في ذلك الزمان . (فتح الباري ٦/٣٦)

And Allah knows best

08 Dhul Hijja 1445/ 14 June 2024

Mufti
Answer last updated on:
20th June 2024
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
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