Al-jawab billahi at-taufeeq (the answer with Allah's guidance)
The farz of ghusl.
1. Passing water into and out of the mouth, i.e. Gargling. 2. Putting water into the nostrils. 3. Ensure that the navel and ears are all wet. 4. If the hair of a woman are plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair, If she fails to do so then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are not excused from leaving their hair DRY. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplait her hair and wash her entire hair. 5. Ensure that the skin of the beard is wet. 6. Ensure the skin of the mustach, eyebrows and private part are wet. 8. If one is not circumcised, one should ensure the inner part is wet. 7. Passing water over the entire body.
Note: if any of the Faraid are left out or a hairs breadth place is left dry the Ghusl will be Incomplete.
The sunnats in ghusl and the ettiquettes.
1. To begin with Bismillah. 2. Washing hands upto the wrists. 3. Washing the private parts and the parts over which uncleanliness is found. 4. Niyyat of washing off Hukmi Najaasat. 5. Making Wudhu before washing the body. If one is making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is a fear of the feet being dipped in waste water during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice. 6. Then passing water over the whole body thrice. 7. Thereafter pour water thrice over the right shoulder and over the left shoulder thrice 8. Clean the entire body by rubbing it.
All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hands to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body and no portion is left dry.
9. One should not face towards the Qibla and recite any Du'a etc.
10. Rings, earrings, etc. should be removed to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete. (Nurul Idhah)