salam respected mufti saheb i have 3 small questions:
1. is the shaving of the hair for a man from directly where the navel is and below that or just around the actual private parts? and what about the backside area?
2. i have read in some books such as noorul idah that when fasting if water enters from the backside the fast breaks. how can you stop this happening when doing istinja and ghusl?
3. if in the state of needing farz ghusl whilst fasting to what extent must the water go in the mouth and nose so that the ghusl is done but the fast doesnt break?
please answer asap especially as ramadhan is very close.
Al-jawab billahi at-taufeeq (the answer with Allah's guidance)
1) The area immediately under the navel is not to be shaven. The area of shaving for a male is i.e. from around the private part, scrotum, going towards the rectum. (Ahsanul Fataawa Vol.8 Pg.78).
2) Below, is the translated text from Hashiyatut Tahtawi Ala Maraqil Falah commentary of Nurul Idhah,
"Whilst cleansing oneself, the person should strive to loosen the rear orifice so that as much impurity as possible can be removed from the anus, provided one is not fasting. The person fasting, however, should not do so to prevent the fast from being invalid. Likewise, the person fasting should avoid inserting a wet finger because it invalidates the fast. After cleansing oneself the rear orifice should be dried before standing. This will prevent the rear orifice from gathering water thereby breaking the fast. It is also recommended so as to protect the garment from being wetted with used water." (Hashiyatut Tahtawi Pg.48)
Thus, it is understood from the above that not to exaggerate in cleansing the rear orifice whilst Istinja, and also Ghusl.
3) Gargling is not necessary in Ghusl, but filling and passing water into the mouth is necessary and the Ghusl will be correct. In the state of fasting you should not gargle. Also, putting water into your nose till the cartilage (soft bone) is made wet is necessary, it should not be exaggerated i.e. wetting beyond the cartilage. Additionally, to exaggerate in washing both mouth and nose is Sunnah.
However, it will be Makruh if one exaggerate in washing both mouth and nose in the state of fasting, this is similar to if one taste something whilst fasting.