Source: http://qa.muftisays.com/?4237
Question ID: #4237
 
Question: Takbeer in Ruku
"As Salaamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu,
It has been noticed that a latecomer (Masbooq) for Salah finds the Imam in Ruku(bowing position), whilst saying Takbeer Tahreema (Opening Takbeer) he dives into Ruku, his Takbeer Tahreema(First Allahu-Akbar) finishes in Ruku.

What is the ruling regarding his salah?"
 
 
Answered by: Ulamaa ID 12 (United Kingdom)
Date: 14/07/2013 13:40pm

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem

Respected questioner,

If the Takbeer-Tahrima(Allahu Akbar) of the latecomer(Masbooq) for Salaah is completed in Ruku(bowing) Salaah will not be valid.

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References:

It states in Fatawa Al Hindiyah also known as Fatawa al-Alamgiri [1]

وَكَذَا لَوْ أَدْرَكَ الْإِمَامَ فِي الرُّكُوعِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ إلَّا أَنَّ قَوْلَهُ: اللَّهُ كَانَ فِي قِيَامِهِ وَقَوْلَهُ: أَكْبَرُ وَقَعَ فِي رُكُوعِهِ لَا يَكُونُ شَارِعًا فِي الصَّلَاةِ
(فتاوي الهندية الصفحة ٧٦ الجذء ١
دار الكتب العلمية)

It states in Rad-Al-Muhtar also known as Shami [2]
فَلَوْ قَالَ اللَّهُ مَعَ الْإِمَامِ وَأَكْبَرُ قَبْلَهُ أَوْ أَدْرَكَ الْإِمَامَ رَاكِعًا فَقَالَ اللَّهُ قَائِمًا وَأَكْبَرُ رَاكِعًا لَمْ يَصِحَّ فِي الْأَصَحِّ
(الدر المختار مع حاشية إبن عابدين
الصفحة ١٧٨ الجزء ٢دار الكتب العلمية)

فَلَوْ أَدْرَكَ الْإِمَامَ رَاكِعًا فَكَبَّرَ مُنْحَنِيًا لَمْ تَصِحَّ تَحْرِيمَتُهُ
(الدر المختار مع حاشية إبن عابدين
الصفحة ١٤١ الجزء ٢ دار الكتب العلمية)

It states in Durar al Hukaam sharh Gurar al Ahkaam
....قَالَ قَاضِي خَانْ بَعْدَ الَّذِي تَقَدَّمَ لَوْ أَدْرَكَ الْإِمَامَ فِي الرُّكُوعِ فَقَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لَا أَنَّ قَوْلَ اللَّهُ كَانَ فِي قِيَامِهِ وَقَوْلَهُ أَكْبَرُ وَقَعَ فِي رُكُوعِهِ لَا يَكُونُ شَارِعًا فِي الصَّلَاةِ اهـ.
(درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام ، كتاب الصلاة ، صفة الصلاة الصفحة ٦٥ الجزء ١)

[1] Fatawa Hindiyyah is a collection of Islamic rulings issued and compiled by a group of Hanafi scholars from India. This scholarly work was in response to a request by the Muslim king of India and an Islamic scholar in his own standing, Muhammad Aurangzeb. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (who was also known as 'Alamgir').


[2] Radd al-Muhtar `ala Durr al-Mukhtar: "The Answer to the Baffled" over "The Exquisite Pearl" is the explanation of Durr al-Mukhtar by `Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Ameen ibn `Aabideen ash-Shaami rahimahullah
Radd al-Muhtar (also famous as Hashiyat Ibn Abidin and, in the Subcontinent, as Shami) is the central reference for fatwa and legal details in the Hanafi school across the Muslim world because of the methodology used by its author. He first studied the principles of weighing legal opinions (rasm al-mufti or qawa`id al-ifta'), and then systematized these, resolving apparent differences in methodology between the great imams of verification of the Hanafi school. After this, he applied this methodology is a very balanced and consistent manner throughout his work


And Allah knows best


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Maulana Khalil Ibn Elyas Laher



London, UK
 
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