|Last updated:||28th November 2019|
In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
Nāsikh means 'the abrogating' and Mansūkh means 'the abrogated.’ The āyah (verse) which has replaced ‘the abrogated’ verse is Nāsikh, and the āyah that was removed is Mansūkh.
The Qur’ān is the Words of Allah, and Allah is free to do as He wishes. There are several verses in the Noble Qur’ān, which were abrogated. A Mansūkh verse was appropriate for a certain time-period, condition and circumstances and Allah replaced the Mansūkh verse, in His Infinite Wisdom, with the Nāsikh verse - the new command and rulings due to the requirements at that time.
Allah Ta’āla mentions abrogation in The Noble Qur’ān:
مَا نَنسَخْ مِنْ آيَةٍ أَوْ نُنسِهَا نَأْتِ بِخَيْرٍ مِّنْهَا أَوْ مِثْلِهَا ۗ أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ - سورة البقرة ٢: ١٠٦
We do not abrogate a verse or cause it to be forgotten except that We bring forth [one] better than it or similar to it. Do you not know that Allah is over all things competent? [Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 106]
Here, better refers to the new command being more beneficial or appropriate or easy for the Muslim Ummah at that time.
The mentioning of abrogation and abrogated verses in the books of Hādīth (Prophetic Traditions) is correct, as explained above.
The Hanafi School of Thought, alongside the Shā’fiī, Māliki & Hanbalī Schools of Thought in Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) are all from the Ahlus Sunnah was-Jamā’ah, and strictly base their doctrines upon the Qur’ān, Sunnah, and Ijmaa’ (Consensus of Sahābah or Tābi’ūn).
And Allah Ta’āla knows best
31 December 2019 / 05 Jamādul Ūla 1441 AH