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NikkaH' condition

Last updated: 1st June 2021
Question ID: #5548
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I live in a remote city of China due to study purpose. My colleague Chinese girl has converted to Islam and I want to marry (Nikkah). Her parents knew about it and has no objection (However they are not till now converted). My family in Pakistan also know about it and have no objections. Due to present conditions my family members cannot travel to me. In my university, there are 2 more Pakistani Muslim friends. Now it is to ask, if nobody other then girl is Muslim, Can i and she do acceptance (Ayjab-o-qubool) of Nikkah in front of witnesses (Pakistani friends) as we don't have any other Muslim as witness near by. Does she required a Advocate (Wakeel). In the Nikkah, the girls Parent will be there and my family will be online watching.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامداومصليا

A non Muslim father can’t be a Wali in Nikah but can be a Wakeel (agent), even though a girl who is an adult and sane can do her own Nikah without her father.

So It is necessary that the contract of Nikah takes place in the same Majlis (gathering) with two parties wherein two witnesses are present and they listen to the Offer and Acceptance.

The witnesses must be two male. If they are not available then one male and two female. Allah says in Quran

وَ اسۡتَشۡہِدُوۡا شَہِیۡدَیۡنِ مِنۡ رِّجَالِکُمۡ ۚ فَاِنۡ لَّمۡ یَکُوۡنَا رَجُلَیۡنِ فَرَجُلٌ وَّ امۡرَاَتٰنِ مِمَّنۡ تَرۡضَوۡنَ مِنَ الشُّہَدَآءِ اَنۡ تَضِلَّ اِحۡدٰٮہُمَا فَتُذَکِّرَ اِحۡدٰٮہُمَا الۡاُخۡرٰی

if two men be not available, then one man and two women, of such as you like as witnesses, so that if either of the two women should be in danger of forgetting, the other may refresh her memory.(2:283)

وينعقد نكاح الحرة البالغة العاقلة علي رضائها وإن لم يعقد عليها ولي بكرا كانت أو ثيبا عند أبي حنيفة و أبي يوسف في ظاهر الرواية…..وفيه لا ولاية لكافر علي مسلم لقوله تعالي ولن يجعل الله للكافرين علي المؤمنين سبيلا ولهذا لا تقبل شهادته عليه ولايتورثان
(الهداية ٢/٣١٨)

إن الوكيل في النكاح معبر وسفير والتمانع في الحقوق دون التعبير ولا ترجع الحقوق إليه بخلاف البيع لأنه مباشر حتي رجعت الحقوق إليه
(البحر الرائق ٣/١٣٦)

وينعقد متلبسا بايجاب من أحدهما وقبول من الأخر وضعا للمضي الخ وفيه أيضا وشرط حضور شاهدين حرين مكلفين سامعين قولهما معا علي الأصح ملخصا
(رد المحتار, 3\9-12,سعيد)

And Allah knows best

15 Dhul Qa’dah 1442/ 25 June 2021

Answer last updated on:
25th June 2021
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
Location: London