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Nikah validity

Last updated: 4th February 2024
Question ID: #9653
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Is the nikah valid if the name of the biological father of the girl is not mentioned in case the brides father missing or unknown or for any other reason. Please advise. Is it permissible to use adopted father’s name instead.



بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


الجواب حامداومصليا

The bride’s father’s name does not have to be mentioned for the validity of Nikah. The name of the bride is sufficient. If the father’s name is mentioned, then the biological father’s name should be mentioned and not the adopted father’s name.

وَمَا جَعَلَ اَدۡعِيَآءَكُمۡ اَبۡنَآءَكُمۡ​ ؕ ذٰ لِكُمۡ قَوۡلُـكُمۡ بِاَ فۡوَاهِكُمۡ​ ؕ وَاللّٰهُ يَقُوۡلُ الۡحَقَّ وَهُوَ يَهۡدِى السَّبِيۡلَ‏ ﴿33:4﴾ اُدۡعُوۡهُمۡ لِاٰبَآئِهِمۡ هُوَ اَقۡسَطُ عِنۡدَ اللّٰهِ​ ۚ فَاِنۡ لَّمۡ تَعۡلَمُوۡۤا اٰبَآءَهُمۡ فَاِخۡوَانُكُمۡ فِى الدِّيۡنِ وَمَوَالِيۡكُمۡ​ؕ وَ لَيۡسَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ جُنَاحٌ فِيۡمَاۤ اَخۡطَاۡ تُمۡ بِهٖۙ وَلٰكِنۡ مَّا تَعَمَّدَتۡ قُلُوۡبُكُمۡ​ؕ وَكَانَ اللّٰهُ غَفُوۡرًا رَّحِيۡمًا

“Let your adopted children keep their family names. That is more just in the sight of Allah. But if you do not know their fathers, then they are ˹simply˺ your fellow believers and close associates. There is no blame on you for what you do by mistake, but ˹only˺ for what you do intentionally. And Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Al Ahzab:5)

ولم يذكروا اسم أبيه إن كان الزوج حاضرًا وأشاروا إليه جاز
(خانية علي هامش الهندية ١/٣٢٤)


And Allah knows best

28 Rajab 1445/ 08 February 2024

Mufti
Answer last updated on:
9th February 2024
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
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