I need your humble advice on one issue that is bothering me a lot. I googled it to find the perfect answer but still unclear and confused.
The question is
When I visit the grave of my father besides praying Dua E Maghfirat can I also recite some ayats of Quran like Suarah Yasin, Surah Mulk and others.? To my very limited knowledge I thing if only a child recite Quranic ayats on behalf of deceased parents that goes in their account as Sadaqah Jariyah. I'm debating this on behalf of hadidh by Nabi Pak Ṣallā Allāhu ʿalayhi wa-sallam that when a person dies his deeds come to an end except for three: Sadaqah Jariyah (a continuous charity), or knowledge from which benefit is gained, or a righteous child who prays for him’. (Muslim)
So if I make my an argument based on the third point and recite ayaths of Quran and ask ALLAH to accept it as Sadaqah Jariyah and give all credit of recitation to my father even if I do this act next to his grave? Will that be permissible?
Your clarification and guidance in this regard will be much appreciated.
Sadaqah, means to give charity. Sadaqah Jariah means a long term Sadaqah which is continuous, such as donating a water well to a community that lacks access to clean water which will support them for months and years to come. As for Sadaqah which is short term such as, buying a meal for a homeless person which will see them through one day.
Allah says in the Quran,
Surely the men who give Sadaqah and the women who give Sadaqah and have advanced a good loan to Allah (SWT); for them it will be multiplied and for them there is a noble reward.” - The Holy Qur’an (57:18)
So to recite Quran to send reward to your father will not be regarded as Sadaqah Jariah. But his reward can go on increasing because of your prayers as a son.