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QASIDA BURDA - Commentary- Chapter 3 Selected Verses

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 4th April 2016 19:54
11
مُحَـمَّدٌ سَيِّدُ الْـكَوْنَيْنِ وَ الثَّـقَلَيْنِ
Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) is the leader of
both the worlds and both creations (man and Jinn) ...

In this line, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] highlights the exalted status of the best of creation – Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. In praise of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] refers to Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam as the leader of both worlds ... the dunya and the Aakhirah ... and the leader of both creations ... man and Jinn.

12
وَالْـفَرِيْقَيْنِ مِنْ عُرْبٍ وَ مِنْ عَجَمِ
.... and of both groups, Arabs and non-Arabs.

Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] further elucidates Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s lofty status by referring to him as the leader of both Arabs and no-Arabs.
In a Hadith, related by Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abbas Radiyallahu Anhu, it is reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam said: ‘In the Sight of Allah Ta’ala, I am the most honourable from amongst the people who had come before (awwaleen) and from amongst those who will come after (aakhireen).’

13
نَبِـيُّـنَا الآمِرُ النَّاهِي فَلا أََحَدٌ
Our Nabi – the one who commands (good) and forbids
(evil) – there is none ...

In this line, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] continues to describe the qualities of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. He starts the sentence with the words “Our Nabi” – thereby using these words as an expression of endearment and love. It was Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s mission to enjoin
good and forbid evil. In the history of mankind, no other human being can be equated to our beloved Rasul Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.

14
أَ بَرَّ فِيْ قَوْلِ لاَ مِنْهُ وَ لاَ نعَمِ
... more truthful than him in saying ‘No’ or ‘Yes’.

Continuing from the previous line, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] clarifies that none can be more truthful than Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. His word was his honour. It is a commonly known historical fact that, prior to Nubuwwat, Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam was known by the names “As-Saadiq” (the truthful) and Al-Ameen (the trustworthy) by the unbelievers of Makkah. It is as though Allah Ta’ala had certified the honesty and credibility of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam and His Deen through the tongues of the very same people who later became his arch-enemies.

15
هُوَ الْـحَبِيْبُ الَّذِيْ تُرْجٰي شَفَاعَتُهُ
He is (Allah’s) most beloved,
whose intercession is hoped for ...

After having mentioned the exalted status and greatness of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam in this world, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] now moves on to mention that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s status will be equally exalted on the Day of Qiyaamah. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam – the mercy unto mankind (Rahmatul lil-A’lameen) – will be the first to receive the honour of intercession and he will intercede on behalf of all the Mu’mineen. It is for this reason that the poet – and every believer from the Ummah of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam – place their hopes for success in the Hereafter upon the intercession of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Without this intercession, we shall surely be doomed (unless Allah Ta’ala grants us His Mercy).

16
لِکُلِّ هَوْلٍ مِّنَ الأهْوَالِ مُقْتَحِمِ

... for every fear that is going to come
(on the Day) of agony (and distress).

On the Day of Qiyaamah, mankind will face the greatest trials and tribulations imaginable. It is for this reason that we shall certainly be in need of the intercession of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. The terror and difficulties that await us on the Day of Qiyaamah has been explained in great detail in the Qur’an and Ahadith. Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Holy Qur’an:
“Oh mankind, fear your Lord, for verily the tremors of
Qiyaamah is an enormous happening ...”

17
دَعَا إِلَى اللهِ فَالْـمُسْتَمْسِكُوْنَ بِهِ

He called (people) towards Allah,
so (that) those who cling to him ...

Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had been sent with the mission of calling all of mankind towards their Creator – Allah Ta’ala. Therefore, success has been decreed for those who follow in his footsteps by adhering to his Sunnah and who obey the Commands of Allah Ta’ala. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had been sent to teach mankind about their Lord – Allah Ta’ala – and to build a connection between Creator and creation.

18
مُسْتَمْسِكُونَ بِحَبْلٍ غَيْرِ مُنْفَصِمِ

... (are in fact) clinging to a rope which will never snap.
In the Holy Qur’an, Allah Ta’ala says:
“Oh you who believe, hold steadfast onto the rope of Allah ...”
Allah Ta’ala has extended this “rope” of Islam unto every Mu’min. Those who cling to this rope are the believers who cling to the teachings of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. They are those who adhere to his Sunnah and who obey the Commands of Allah Ta’ala. This rope will never fail us. It will never snap.

19
فَاقَ النَّبِيِّيْنَ فِيْ خَلْقٍ وَّ في خُلُقٍ

He transcends the Ambiyaa –
physically and in (noble) character ...

Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] continues to extol the perfections of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. He mentions that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam transcends the Ambiyaa ... in other words, in each and every aspect of his being he supersedes those who had gone before him. In the Sight of Allah Ta’ala, he is physically more capable and more honourable in character than any Nabi or Rasul that had been sent before. Allah Ta’ala had referred to Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam as “The Seal of Prophethood”. This, in itself, proves the exalted status of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. With reference to his perfect character, it is stated in a Hadith that the inmates of Jannah will possess the pleasant character of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.

20
وَ لَمْ يُدَانُوهُ فِيْ عِلْمٍ وَّ لاَ كَرَمِ
... and (the other Ambiyaa) cannot come near him
in knowledge and noble nature (character)

Due to the fact that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had been granted the final and perfect Shari’ah (religious law), his knowledge surpassed that of the previous Ambiyaa. The Shari’ah which Allah Ta’ala had given to the previous Ambiyaa was only temporary. It was only meant to serve a specific people (nation) for a specific period of time.
The noble temperament, generosity and kindness that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam possessed is well-known to everybody. Even biased, non-Muslim authors have had to admit to his perfect character. A Muslim needs no further elucidation.

21
وَکُـلُّهُمْ مِّنْ رَّسُوْلِ اللهِ مُلْتَمِسٌ

They all obtained from Rasulullah
(Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) ...

The very first thing which was created by Allah Ta’ala was the Noor of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. The Prophethood of all the other Ambiyaa, radiated from the Noor of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. As was mentioned previously (in line 10), this world would not have been created had it not been for Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Therefore, the gift of Nubuwwat – which had been given to all the other Ambiyaa – is directly due to Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam.

22
غَرْفًا مِّنَ الْبَحْرِ أَوْ رَشْفًا مِّنَ الدِّيَمِ

... (a) handful (of water) from the ocean,
or (a few) sips from continuous rains ...

In the previous lines, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] has referred to the fact that none of the previous Ambiyaa had received the full extent of noble character, knowledge, or physical stature that Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had been endowed with. Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s Noor was like the light of the sun, shone through a prism. Each one of the Ambiyaa had received their share of dispersed light from his Noor. None of the other Ambiyaa had received the full share which had been given to Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Thus, he mentions that they had received but a handful from the ocean or a few sips from the continuous rains.

23
وَ وَاقِفُوْنَ لَدَيْهِ عِنْدَ حَدِّ هِمِ

... and they all stopped before him
at their (pre-destined) limits ...

In this line, Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] mentions that the previous Ambiyaa had all been limited with regard to certain aspects. In the following line he explains what these aspects were. What is plain to see is that, when compared to the exalted status of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam, they all fell short, due to their restricted limits.
One may deduce that this line could also refer to the night of Mi’raj when Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam had met all the various Ambiyaa at their assigned levels. Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam continued on his journey of the Heavens until he passed the “Sidratul Muntahaa”. Even Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam had not been permitted to go beyond this point. Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam then stopped Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam and informed him: “If I take one more step forward, I will burn (disintegrate) due to the Magnificence of Allah Ta’ala.”

24

... of a point of knowledge,
or to gain one wisdom from his wisdom.

The knowledge of the previous Ambiyaa was but an iota when compared to the boundless knowledge of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. All their wisdom is merely a small, insignificant pearl from amongst the millions of pearls in the ocean of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam’s wisdom. In the previous line Allamah Busairi [rahimahullāh] states that the previous Ambiyaa had all been given specific limitations which they could not transcend. Here he continues to show that their limitations were most visible when it came to knowledge and wisdom.

25
فَهْوَ الَّذِيْ تَمَّ مَعْنَاهُ وَ صُوْرَتُهُ

For he is the one with whom ended
all outward and inward perfections ...

Everything in creation fades into insignificance when compared to the perfection of Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam. Allah Ta’ala had perfected both his character and his actions – his inward and his outward. He is the limit of all human perfection.

26
ثُمَّ اصْطَفَا هُ حَبِيْـبًا ۢ بَارِئ ُ النَّسَمِ
... and then the Creator of all creation
chose his as (His) most beloved.

This line offers us the culmination of all praises and the absolute peak of perfection. Not only has Rasulullah Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam been endowed with the most exalted qualities, the full extent of wisdom and knowledge and the bounties of perfection, but the Creator of all creation has chosen him (Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) as His most beloved. This had been Divinely Decreed and is the greatest height that any created being can achieve ... the greatest honour that has ever, and will ever be bestowed upon anyone in creation.

SALLALLAHU ALA SAYYIDINA MUHAMMAD SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM

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