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The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd February 2011 15:52
A quick clarification with regards to the authenticity of Ahadith: The general masses are made to believe that a Hadith is only authentic if it is related in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. This is a misconception. The authenticity of the Hadith is based on its chain of narrators, irrespective of whether it appears in any one of the Sihah Sitta (the famous six authentic compilations of Hadith) or in any other compilation besides these. Imaam Muslim (رحمه الله) has written in his muqqadama (introduction to Sahih Muslim) that he has not recorded every authentic Hadith in his Sahih. Actually, according to Imaam Bukhari (رحمه الله) and imaam Muslim (رحمه الله), there are more authentic Ahadith which are not recorded in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim than the number of narrations contained in these two books. See: Are The Authentic (Saheeh) Ahadeeth Only Found In Bukhari And Muslim?: url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/891_12-01-2011/virtues-of-wudu%27-%28ablution%29.html

The Masnoon Method Of Wudhu

Hazrat Usman (رضي الله عنه) once asked: "Should I not show you the manner in which Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) performed his wudhu?" Thereafter he performed wudhu in such a manner that he washed every limb thrice. [Sahih Muslim, ch. on wudhu, Hadith 23] see: Virtues of Wudu: url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/891_12-01-2011/virtues-of-wudu%27-%28ablution%29.html

Masah (passing wet fingers) Over The Nape

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) narrates that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said: "Whoever performs wudhu and makes masah over his nape, he will be saved from wearing a necklace (of fire) around his neck on the the day of judgement." The famous commentator of Sahih al-Bukhari, Allamah Ibn Hajar Asqalaani (رحمه الله), writes in his book Talkheesul Habeer (vol. 1: p.92) that this narration is Sahih. Allamah Shawkani (رحمه الله) has also affirmed this in Naylul Awtaar (vol. 1, p.204).

Performing Masah Over Ordinary Socks

It is not permissible to make masah over ordinary socks (cotton, woolen, nylon, polyester, etc. - i.e. all socks other than leather socks) in wudhu. There is no authentic narration sanctioning this practice. In the commentary of Tirmidhi, Tuhfatul Ahwazee, the famous Ahle Hadith scholar Allamah Mubarakpuri, has written that this practice of making masah on woollen, cotton, nylon socks and socks made from similar materials is not established from any authentic Hadith (vol. 1, pg.333). Many other high ranking scholars of the ghair muqallid sect (those who do not prescribe to taqleed) have refuted this practice and declared it as impermissible. (see fatawa Nazeeriah; 1:423) see: Masah on Socks! NO, NO, NO:
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/abu+mohammed/418_24-09-2010/masah-on-socks!-no%2C-no%2C-no..html

Prescribed Times For The Five Daily Salaah

Hazrat Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه) narrates: "When the length of your shadow (from the sun) is equal to your height then perform the zuhr salaah. When the length of your shadow becomes twice your height, perform the asr salaah. Perform the maghrib salaah when the sun has set. Perform the esha salaah before one-third (1/3) of the night passes. And perform the fajr salaah while it is still dark." [Muwatta Imaam Maalik vol.1, pg.8, Hadith 9]

Masnoon Time For Zuhr Salaah

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) has said: "When the heat becomes very intense (after mid-day), then delay the zuhr salaah until it cools down, for verily the intensity of the heat is from the effects of Jahannam." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 615]


Masnoon Time For Asar

It was the noble habit of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) that he used to delay the performance of asar so long as the sun remained white and clear. [Abu Daud; Waqtul Asr] see: The Time Of Asr Salah, And The Evidence Of The Hanafi Math-hab: url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/1082_30-01-2011/the-time-of-asr-salah-and-the-evidence-of-the-hanafi-mathhab.html

Masnoon Time For Fajar

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is reported to have said: "Perform the fajar salaah when the sky brightens at the time of dawn (i.e. before sunrise) since this is a means of earning greater reward." [Tirmidhi, Hadith 154]

Imam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) explains that the majority of the Sahaaba (radhiallahu anhum) used to perform fajar salaah at this time (i.e. when the sky had brightened up). Regarding the Sunnah prayer of Fajr, see:
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/574_18-11-2010/the-sunnah-prayer-of-fajr.html

Masnoon Method Of Iqaamah

Hazrat Bilal (رضي الله عنه), Rasulullah's (صلي الله عليه وسلم) muazzin, used to call out the words of azaan and iqaamah twice. (This Hadith is classified as Sahih - Musannaf Abdur Razzaak; see Aathaarus Sunan v.1, pg. 53)

The muazzins of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم), Abu Mahzoora (radhiallahu anhu) and Thaubaan (رضي الله عنه) also used to call out the azaan and iqaamah in the above mentioned manner (i.e. by saying the words twice). Allaamah Shawkani (رحمه الله) has affirmed the authenticity of the above narrations in Naylul Autaar, (vol.2. pg.24.)


Covering of the Head During Salaah

Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) narrates that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) wore a white hat. (Tabarani - Allama Suyuti has classified this Hadith as highly authentic: see Sirajul Muneer; v.4, pg.112). It is written in Fataawa Thunaaiyya vol. 1, pg. 525), and in the Fatawaa of the Ahle Hadith Scholars (vol. 4 pg.291) that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) always used to keep his mubarak head covered during salaah. In the same books it is also mentioned that to intentionally remove the headgear (hat) and perform salaah bare-headed is contrary to the sunnah. (vol. 1, pg.523.) see: Praying Bareheaded Is Against The Sunnah!: url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/591_21-11-2010/praying-bareheaded-is-against-the-sunnah.html

To Raise the Hands upto the Earlobes

Hazrat Qataada (رضي الله عنه) relates that he saw Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) performing his salaah. He relates that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to lift his hands until they were in line with his earlobes. [Sahih Muslim, ch. on Istihbaabur Raf', Hadith 391]

To Tie the Hands Beneath the Navel

Hazrat Ali (رضي الله عنه) relates that the sunnah of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is to place one hand over the other below the navel. [Abu Daud, ch. on Wad'ul Yumna, Hadith 756]

The above-mentioned method of tying the hands is also related by Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه). See also: Placement Of The Hands In Salah (Prayer):
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/433_07-10-2010/placement-of-the-hands-in-salah-%28prayer%29.html

(Sifatus Salaah: The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith, Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal)

To be continued إن شاء الله
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 25th February 2011 11:51
Reciting Bismillah Softly

Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) states, "I have performed congregational salaah behind Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم), Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه), Umar (رضي الله عنه) and Uthmaan (رضي الله عنه) and I did not hear any one of them recite Bismillahir rahmaanir raheem." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 399]

Imaam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) states that the majority of the Sahaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) also used to recite Bismillah softy.


The Muqtadi (follower) Should Listen and Remain Silent

Allah Ta'aala says: "When the Qur'an is being recited then listen attentively and remain silent so that mercy will be showered upon you." (7:204)

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud, Abu Hurairah, Abdullah Ibn Abbas and Abdullah Ibn Mughaffal (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) state that this verse of the Quran was revealed with regards to the Khutba (of Juma'ah) and with regards to Salaah. [Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol. 1 pg. 281]

The dictates of this verse of the Holy Qur'an is that when the Imaam recites the Qur'an aloud, the followers should listen attentively, and when he recites softly, the followers should remain silent.

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is reported to have said: "When you begin your congregational prayers, straighten your rows. Thereafter when the Imaam says the takbeer (i.e. when he says Allahu Akbar aloud) you must also say the takbeer. However, when he begins the recital of the Qur'an, you must remain silent. And when he recites walad daalleen then you should say Aameen". By performing your salaah in this manner Allah Ta'ala will love you." [Muslim; ch. on tashahhud]

(A similar Hadith has been narrated by Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) - Imaam Muslim (رحمه الله) has attested to its authenticity; ibid).


The Muqtadi Must Not Recite Surah Fatiha

It is reported from Hazrat Ataa Ibn Yasaar (رضي الله عنه) that he questioned Hazrat Zaid Ibn Thaabit (رضي الله عنه) concerning reciting Qira'at with the Imaam. Hazrat Zaid (رضي الله عنه) answered: "There is no recitation of the Glorious Qur'an in any salaah behind the Imaam." [Sahih Muslim, chapter on Sujood-ut-Tilaawah, Hadith 577]

The Qiraat of the Imaam SUFFICES for the Muqtadi

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) used to repeatedly say: "Whoever performs salaah behind the Imaam, the Imaam's qiraat suffices for him." (Sunan Baihaqi; chapter on not reciting qiraat behind the Imaam - Imaam Baihaqi (رحمه الله) has stated that this Hadith is Sahih.)

The Person Performing Salaah Individually Must Recite Surah Fatiha, Not The Muqtadi

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) was asked: "Must the muqtadi recite behind the Imam?" He replied that the qiraat of the Imaam is sufficient for the muqtadi. But if he performs salaah individually, then he must recite qiraat. It was the practice of Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) also that he would not recite surah fatiha behind the Imam. (In Aathaarus Sunan (Vol. 1 pg.89) this Hadith has been classified as sahih).

Hazrat Jaabir (رضي الله عنه) narrates that the one who does not recite sura fatiha even in one rakaat, his salaah is not valid. However, if he is behind an Imam he must not recite surah fatiha. (This Hadith has been classified as hasan - Tirmizi - ch. on not reciting behind the Imaam). It is on the basis of this Hadith that Imaam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) has narrated from Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (رحمه الله) [who was the teacher of the ustaad of Imaam Bukhari (رحمه الله)] that the narration "Whoever does not recite surah fatiha his salaah is not complete" refers to one who performs his salaah alone. It does not include the muqtadi (Jami' Tirmidhi, ibid). In the above Hadith it is very clearly mentioned that the muqtadi must not recite sura fatiha.


See also:

Recitation Behind The Imam:
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/445_14-10-2010/recitation-behind-the-imam.html

Not Reciting Surah Faitiha Behind The Imam:
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/865_09-01-2011/not-reciting-surah-fatiha-behind-the-imam.html

Recitation Behind The Imam: Opinions Of The Four Schools:
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/1191_15-02-2011/recitation-behind-the-imam%3A-opinions-of-the-four-schools.html

"Aameen" Must be said softly

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is reported to have said: "Do not hasten before the Imaam! When he says the takbeer, then you should do the same. When he recites Walad da ul leen, then you should say Aameen. When he makes ruku' then you should make ruku'. And when he says sami'-Allahu liman hamidah then you should say Allahumma Rabbana wa lakal hamd." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 415]

With regards to the saying of Aameen this narration is very clear and explicit. Like in the case where the Imaam says Allahu Akbar and sami'-Allahu liman hamidah aloud, but all the followers say "Allahu Akbar"and "Rabbana lakal hamd" softly. In the same manner when the Imaam recites "walad daaleen" aloud, the followers should say Aameen softly. It is also reported from Abu Ma'mar (رحمه الله) that Umar (رضي الله عنه) used to say: "The Imaam will recite four things softly-Ta'awwuz, Bismillah, Aameen and Rabbana Lakalhamd" (Aini Vol. 1 pg. 620)


See also:

Is saying ameen loudly in Sahih Bukhari? A reply to Dr. Zakir Naik:
url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVHd2FlX9jg

Saying Ameen in salah: loudly or quietly?
url=http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/513_02-11-2010/ameen.html

(Sifatus Salaah: The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith, Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal)

To be continued إن شاء الله

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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 1st March 2011 16:00
Raf ul-Yadayn (Raising The Hands In Salah)

Hazrat Jaabir Ibn Samurah (رضي الله عنه) relates that once Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) came out of his house towards us and said: "Why is it that I see you all raising your hands as though they are the tails of stubborn horses. Be tranquil in salaah." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 430]

This hadith alone makes it clear that those narrations which mention the raising of the hands (during the salaah) were narrated prior to the prohibition of this practice.

See also:

42 Sahih Evidences For Not Raising The Hands In Salah (Raf ul-Yadayn):
http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/1117_03-02-2011/the-question-of-raf-ul.yadain.html

Why Dont Hanafis Raise Their Hands Before And After Ruku?
http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/596_24-11-2010/why-don%27t-hanafis-raise-their-hands-before-and-after-ruku%27%3F.html

Raising The Hands In Salah (Raf ul-Yadayn): http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/448_15-10-2010/raising-the-hands-in-salah-%28raf-al.yadayn%29.html

The Issue Of Raful Yadayn: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yF_-tGe3nOE&feature=player_embedded

Proof from the PRACTICE of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضي الله عنه) said: "Shall I not show you the manner in which Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) performed his salaah?" Thereafter he performed the salaah but he did not raise his hands except at the beginning (of his salaah). [Tirmidhi, Hadith no.257] This Hadith is classified Hasan. Ibn Hazm (رحمه الله) has declared it as sahih. Ahmed Shakir (رحمه الله) has also declared it as sahih.

Proof from the Practice of the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين)

It is related that Hazrat Ali (كرم الله وجهه) used to raise his hands at the time of the first Takbeer (during his salaah). Thereafter he did not raise them. [Sunan al Bayhaqi]

(The commentators of Bukhari Shareef, Allaama Ibn Hajar (رحمه الله), Allaama Zayla'i (رحمه الله) and Allaama 'Aini (رحمه الله) have said that this narration and its chain of narrators is Sahih)

One should take note of the fact that the practice of Hazrat Umar, the remaining Khulafa-e-Raashideen, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud and many more Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) was the same, that they only raised their hands at the time of the first takbeer. Imaam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) also states that this was the practice of a great number of the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين).


When Straightening Up From Rukoo' (Bowing), Do Not Fasten Your Hands But Leave Them At Your Sides*


*Note: this section on leaving the hands at the side is not part of the article by Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal (may Allaah reward with him with goodness).

As part of a longer hadeeth it is reported that when Sayyiduna Ali رضي الله عنه would stand up for prayer and say the takbeer he would place his right hand on his left wrist. He would remain like this until he bowed down into ruku.'[47]

Leaving the hands hanging at the side after ruku' has always been the practice of the entire ummah. The method of fastening the hands at this time as adopted by certain people has never been mentioned by any of the Sahābah رضي الله عنهم أجمعين in their narrations despite being so particular and diligent in their description of Rasulullah's صلي الله عليه وسلم prayer and in turn this has never been quoted as being the practice of anyone from amongst the Sahābah, Tabi'un or Tab' Tabieen رضي الله عنهم أجمعين.


Notes:

[47] Ibn Abi Shaibah 3940 and Baihaqi 2333.

[The Salah Of A Believer In The Qur'an And Sunnah]


When Descending For Sajdah (Prostration), Allow Your Knees To First Touch The Ground Followed By The Hands *


*Note: this section on allowing the knees to touch the ground first is not part of the article by Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal (may Allaah reward with him with goodness).

Sayyiduna Wail Ibn Hujr رضي الله عنه, 'I saw Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم place his knees (on the ground) before his hands when he would prostrate, and lift up his hands before his knees when rising.'[2]

Khattabi, [3] Tibi, Ibn al Mundhir, [4] and Ibn Sayyid al Naas al Ya'muri have all declared the above hadeeth of Sayyiduna Wail Ibn Hujr رضي الله عنه as more established and authentic than the hadeeth of Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه on the same subject.

This hadeeth is supported by the following narrations:

Sayyiduna Anas رضي الله عنه says, 'I saw Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم say the takbeer and place his thumbs close to his ears. He bowed down into ruku' until each of his joints became motionless, and then descended (into sujūd) with the takbeer. His knees went before his hands.'[5]

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reports that Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم said, 'When one of you falls down into sajdah he should begin with his knees before his hands and he should not descend in the manner of a camel.'[6]

Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reports that Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم said, 'When one of you falls down into sajdah does he do so in the manner of a camel?'[7]

Sayyiduna Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas رضي الله عنه says, 'We used to place our hands before our knees, then we were instructed to place our knees before our hands.'[8]

Kulaib رضي الله عنه narrates that when Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم would prostrate his knees would fall to the ground before his hands.[9]

Sayyiduna Hakeem Ibn Hizam رضي الله عنه says, 'I pledged to Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم that I would not descend except whilst being upright.'[10]

Sayyiduna Ubayy Ibn Ka'b رضي الله عنه narrates that Rasulullah صلي الله عليه وسلم would fall down upon his knees and not lean.[11]

Aswad رحمه الله reports that Sayyiduna Umar رضي الله عنه would fall down on his knees.[12]

The same has been reported about Sayyiduna Umar رضي الله عنه by Alqamah (رحمه الله)[13] and Ibrahim al Nakhai (رحمه الله). [14]

Ibrahim al Nakhai (رحمه الله) says, 'It has been remembered of Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه that his knees would fall to the ground before his hands.'[15]

'Abdullah rرحمه الله elates that when his father (Muslim Ibn Asaar رحمه الله) would prostrate his knees would fall to the ground followed by his hands and then his head.[16]

Nafi' (رحمه الله) reports that when Ibn Umar رضي الله عنهما would prostrate he would place his knees before his hands and when rising from the prostration he would raise his hands before his knees.[17]

Abu Ishaq (رحمه الله) relates that when the companions of 'Abdullah (ibn Mas'ood) رضي الله عنه would descend for sujūd their knees would fall to the ground before their hands.[18]

Mahdi bin Maimoon (رحمه الله) says, 'I saw Ibn Seereen (رحمه الله) place his knees before his hands.'[19]

Mugheerah (rرحمه الله) says, 'I asked Ibraheem (al Nakhai - رحمه الله) about a man who places his hands before his knees when falling down into sujūd. He replied, "Only a fool or mad man would do it."'[20]

Imam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) says after narrating the above hadeeth of Sayyiduna Wail bin Hujr رضي الله عنه, 'This is the practice of most of the people of learning. They are of the view that a man should place his knees before his hands, and when rising he should lift his hands before his knees.'

(Salaah of a believer, in the Qur'an and Sunnah, Shaykh Riyadh Ul Haq)


Notes:
[2] Darimi 1320, Ibn Majah 882, Abu Dawood 838, Tirmidhi 268, Nasai 1089, Ibn Khuzaimah 626, and Tahawi 1/255. Also reported by Ibn al Sakan in his Saheeh as quoted by Hafidh bin Hajar in al Talkhees al Habeer 1/254 no. 379. Narrated also by Ibn Hibban 1909, Hakim 822, Baihaqi 2628 and Baghawi 3/133 no 642. Imam Tirmidhi says that the hadeeth is hasan ghareeb and Hakim has declared it saheeh and Dhahabi agreed. This hadeeth has also been narrated with other chains.
[3] As mentioned by Hafidh in Fath al Bari 2/370, and Baghawi in Sharh al Sunnah 3/135.
[4] In al Awsat 3/166
[5] Hakim 822 and Baihaqi 2632. Hakim classified it saheeh and Dhahabi agreed with him. Hafidh Ibn al Humam quotes Ibn al Jawzi in Fath al Qadeer 1/287 as saying that all of its narrators are authentic
[6] Ibn Abi Shaibah 2702, Abu Ya'laa 11/414 no 6540, Tahawi 1/255 and Baihaqi 2635.
[7] Abu Dawood 841, Nasai 1090 and Baihaqi 2636.
[8] Ibn Khuzaimah 828 and Baihaqi 2637. Hafidh Ibn Hajar says in Fath al Bari that two of its narrators are weak.
[9] Baihaqi 2630. This hadeeth is mursal.
[10] Ahmad 14888 and Nasai 1084.
[11] Ibn Hibban as quoted by Hafidh Haithami in Mawarid al Dhamaan 497.
[12] Ibn Abi Shaibah 2704.
[13] Tahawi 1/256. Imam Nimawi says 432 that its isnad is saheeh.
[14] Abdul Razzaq 2955.
[15] Tahawi 1/256. Muhaddith Dhafar Ahmad Uthmani says 3/35 that its isnad is saheeh.
[16] Abdul Razzaq 2958 and Ibn Abi Shaibah 2706.
[17] Ibn Abi Shaibah 2705.
[18] Ibn Abi Shaibah 2711.
[19] Ibn Abi Shaibah 2709.
[20] Abdul Razzaq 2956 & 2957, Ibn Abi Shaibah 2707, and Tahawi 1/256. Muhaddith Dhafar Ahmad Uthmani says that its narrators are authentic (3/35).

Jalsatul Istiraaha - Sitting briefly After The 2nd Sajdah Of The First Or Third Rakaat

In a narration from the ibn Sahl (رضي الله عنه) it is mentioned that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) said the takbeer and simultaneously went into sajdah. Then he said the takbeer and simultaneously stood up erect without sitting. [Abu Daud, Hadith no. 966]

Imaam Bayhaqi (رحمه الله) has recorded in his Sunan that this was the practice of Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضي الله عنه). Allaama Zayla'i (رحمه الله) has recorded in Nasabur Raayah that the same procedure was the practice of Hazrat Umar, Ali, Abdullah Ibn Zubeir and Abdullah Ibn Abbaas (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين). (vol. 1, pg. 289)

Likewise Allaamah Turkumaani (رحمه الله) has recorded in Jauharun Naqi regarding several Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) that it was their practice that after the first and third rakaat they would stand up straight from sajdah without sitting. (vol. 1, pg. 125)


Tashahhud

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is reported to have said: "When you sit during salaah (for Qa'dah Akheerah, the last Qa'dah) read the following:-
"All oral, physical and monetary worship is due to Allah alone. Salutations to you 'O Nabi, and the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you. Peace be upon us and upon all the righteous servants of Allah. I bear witness that none is worthy of worship besides Allah and that Muhammad is his servant and messenger. Thereafter he would choose from the supplications whatever he wished." [Sahih Muslim, Hadith no. 402; Sahih Bukhari, chapter on Tashahhud].


Rasing the Index Finger During Tashahhud

It is narrated that when Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to sit down to supplicate, (to recite tashahhud) he used to place his right hand on his right thigh and his left hand on his left thigh. He would indicate at the time of reciting the shahadah by raising his index finger. He would also join the ends of his thumb and middle finger (thereby forming a circle). [Sahih Muslim, chapter on the description of sitting-Hadith no.579]

Durood Sharif

The Sahaabah-e-Kiraam (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) inquired from Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) as to which durood should they recite (during salaah). Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) replied: "Recite the following durood- (trans: O Allah shower your mercy upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you have showered your mercy upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Behold, you are Praiseworthy, Glorious. O Allah shower your blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad as you have showered your blessings upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim. Behold, you are Praiseworthy, Glorious.)"

Saying the Salam at the Same Time as the Imam says it *


*Note: this section on Salam is not part of the article by Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal (may Allaah reward with him with goodness).

It is related that 'Itban رضي الله عنه said, "We prayed with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said the salam at the same time as he said it."


Raising Both the Hands and Making Dua

It is narrated that Abdullah Ibn Zubair (رضي الله عنه) saw a man raising his hands and making dua before completing his salah. When the person had completed his salaah, Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Zubair (رضي الله عنه) went up to him and said: "Verily, Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to only raise his hands and make dua after completing his salaah." (the narrators of this Hadith are all trustworthy - Majmauz Zawaaid, vol. 1, pg. 169).

It is also mentioned in the Fataawa of Ahle Hadith (vol. 1, pg.190) as well as in Fataawa Nazeeriyyaa (vol. 1, pg. 566) that in the light of the Sharia, the dua after salaah is an authentically established practice and it is mustahab to do so.


Also see: Wiping The Face After Dua: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/1061_28-01-2011/wiping-the-face-after-du%27a.html

(Sifatus Salaah: The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith, Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal)

To be continued إن شاء الله

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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 4th March 2011 12:17
Sunnats Before Salaatul Zuhr

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) has said: "Whoever performs four rakaats before the fardh of zuhr and four rakaats after it, Allah Ta'aala will make him haraam upon the fire of Jahannam." [Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 428]

Sunnats Before Salaatul Asr

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) has said: "May Allah show mercy upon that person who performs four rakaats before the fardh of asr." [Tirmidhi, chapter on the narrations regarding the four rakaats, Hadith no. 430]

Sunnats of Salaatul Maghrib

Hazrat Abu Ma'mar (رضي الله عنه) has said that the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) used to consider 4 rakaats after the Fardh of maghrib to be mustahab. [Qiyaamul-Layl of Marwazi pg.58]

4 Rakaats Before Salaatul Isha

Hazrat Sa'eed Ibn Jubair (رضي الله عنه) narrates that the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) used to regard the performing of four rakaats before the fardh of isha as mustahab. [ibid. pg.58]

See: The Importance and Virtues of Salah (Prayer):
http://www.muftisays.com/forums/du-aas-supplications/5039/the-importance-and-virtues-of-salah-%28prayer%29.html

Three Rakaats of Witr

Hazrat A'yesha (رضي الله عنها) is reported to have said (with regards to the tahajjud salaah of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم)): "He (صلي الله عليه وسلم) never used to perform more than eleven rakaats, whether in Ramadhan or out of Ramadhaan. Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) would perform long rakaats in two units of four rakaats each with such excellence and devotion which cannot be described. Thereafter he would perform three rakaats of witr salaah." [Sahih Muslim, chapter on salaatul layl, Hadith 738]

See: How Many Rak'ats In Witr?:
http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/626_02-12-2010/how-many-rak%27ats-in-witr%3F.html

Reciting Qunoot Before Ruku'

Hazrat Aasim (رضي الله عنه) narrates: "I inquired from Hazrat Anas Ibn Malik (رضي الله عنه) concerning the qunoot of witr. He affirmed its occurrence in the witr salaah. Then I asked whether it should be recited before the ruku or after it. He replied: "It should be recited before the ruku." I then informed him of a certain person who had heard him (Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) saying that it should be recited after ruku. Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) most vehemently denied this." Furthermore he said: "Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) recited the qunoot after the ruku for only one month.(referring to the qunootun naazilah)." [Sahih Bukhari, chapter on qunoot before ruku].

In Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah it is mentioned that for this very reason the Sahaaba-e-Kiraam (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) used to recite the qunoot before ruku.

Allaama Ibn Hajar (رحمه الله) writes in his commentary on Bukhari, Fath al-Bari that after analysing all these narrations we learn that it was the normal practice to recite the qunoot before ruku.

However on certain occasions (such as the befalling of a calamity, etc.) the qunoot would be recited after ruku. (vol. 1, pg. 291)


Salaam Should Be Made at the End of the Witr Salaah

Hazrat A'yesha (رضي الله عنها) narrates that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to perform three rakaats witr without making salaam in between (i.e. after two rakaats.) [Zadul Ma'aad, pg.110]

Allama Ibn Hajar (رحمه الله) writes in Fathul Baari, the commentary on Sahih Bukhari, that Hazrat Ubay Ibn Ka'b, Hazrat Umar, Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud and Anas Ibn Malik (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) used to make salaam at the end of three rakaats witr, not in between. (vol. 1, pg. 291)


Two Rakaats Sunnah of Fajr

It is narrated that once Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضي الله عنه) reached the masjid whilst the Imaam was leading the salaah of fajr with the congregation. Hence, since he had not as yet performed the two rakaats sunnah of fajr, he stood behind one of the pillars of the masjid and performed it (while the jama'ah was in progress). Thereafter he joined the jamaat. [Majmauz-Zawaaid, vol. 1, pg. 75]

This was also the practice of Abdullah Ibn Abbas, Abu Dardaa and Uthmaan (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين).


Qadha of the Two Rakaats Sunnah of Salaatul Fajr

Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) is reported to have said: "Whoever did not perform the sunnah of fajr should perform it after the sun rises." [Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 423]

In the Muwwatta of Imaam Malik (رحمه الله) it is narrated that this was also the practice of Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما).

See Also: The Sunnah Prayer Of Fajr:
http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/574_18-11-2010/the-sunnah-prayer-of-fajr.html

(Sifatus Salaah: The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith, Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal)

To be continued إن شاء الله

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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 14th March 2011 11:50
Salaat al-Tarawih During The Lifetime Of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم)

It is narrated that one night during Ramadhaan Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) performed salaat al-tarawih in the masjid. A group of Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) joined him during his salaah. The following night the same happened as the previous night except that the number of followers had increased considerably. Hence on the third (or fourth) night Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) did not come out to the masjid to perform salaat al-tarawih with the people. The following morning he said to them: "Indeed I had seen your eagerness (to perform the tarawih behind me), but for the fear that this salaah will be made fardh (compulsory) upon you during Ramadhaan, I did not come out to join you in the tarawih." [Muslim, Hadith no.761]

Salaat al-Tarawih During the Period of the Rightly-Guided Khulafa (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) (TWENTY RAKAATS)

Hazrat Yazeed Ibn Ruman (رضي الله عنه) narrates that during the khilaafah of Hazrat Umar (رضي الله عنه) the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) used to perform twenty rakaats tarawih and three rakaats witr salaah (with jamaat). [Muwwatta Imaam Maalik, chapter concerning standing in salaah during Ramadhaan]

During the khilafah of Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) tarawih with jamaat was not in vogue. The practice of performing twenty rakaats with jamaat in every night of Ramadhaan and the completion of the entire Quraan began only during the the khilaafat of Hazrat Umar (رضي الله عنه). All the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) present had agreed upon this practice. From then onwards including the Khilafah of both Hazrat Uthmaan (رضي الله عنه) and Hazrat Ali (كرم الله وجهه) upto this day the Muslim Ummah (at large) has followed this practice.

Twenty rakaats tarawih is also performed in both the Masjids of Makkah and Madinah upto the present time. However, it is tragic that in recent times a group of people have conflicted with the consensus of the Sahaabah (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) and the rest of the Ummah with regards to the number of rakaats in Tarawih salaah!

See:
The Number of Rak'ats in Taraweeh: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/614_01-12-2010/the-number-of-rak%27ats-in-taraweeh.html

Taraweeh - Proof for 20 Rak'ats: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/390_16-08-2010/tarawih.html

The Truth About The Number Of Rak'ats In Taraweeh: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/586_20-11-2010/the-truth-about-the-number-of-rak%27ats-in-taraweeh.html

Taraweeh 8 or 20 Rakat by Shaykh ul Hadeeth Riyadh Ul Haq: http://www.muftisays.com/videos/video/mw99jkZboPA/taraweeh-8-or-20-rakat-by-shaykh-riyadh-ul-haq/

The Takbeers Of Salaat al-Eid

Hazrat Abu Musa Ash'ari (رضي الله عنه) was asked regarding the number of takbeers that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to say in both the Eid salaahs. He replied: "He (صلي الله عليه وسلم) used to say four takbeers (in every rakaat), in the same way as he used to say the takbeers in the salaat al-Janaaza." Hazrat Hudhaifa (رضي الله عنه) also confirmed this practice of Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم). [Abu Dawud, Hadith no. 1153]

Imaam Tirmidhi (رحمه الله) has also recorded several narrations of similar meaning from Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud and other Sahaabah-e-Kiraam (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين).

Distance Of Shar'i Safar (Travel in the Shariah)

It is narrated that Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) and Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنهما) would perform Qasr salaah and that they would also make iftaar (i.e. they would not fast) whenever they travelled the distance of four burud. Four burud is sixteen farsakh i.e. 48 miles. [Bukhari, chapter regarding the distance upon which one will perform Qasr salaah].

It is mentioned in Fataawa Thunaiyya that the majority of the Muhadditheen say that 48 miles is the correct distance of Shar'i travel (safar). Nine miles is incorrect. (vol.1, pg.482)


The Duration Of Time Pertaining To Qasr

Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنهما) stated that whoever intends to stopover at any place along his journey for fifteen days (or more), he should perform his salaah fully (i.e. he should not perform Qasr salaah.) [Tirmidhi, Hadith no. 548]

Manner of standing in the saff (rows of the jamaah)

It is established from several ahadith that the saff (row) should be absolutely straight and no gaps should be left between the musallis (worshippers). However, some people insist on spreading their feet and standing in such a manner that their ankles touch the ankles of their neighbour. What is the reality of standing in this fashion?

Those who stand in this way base their practice upon a hadith narrated by Nu'maan bin Basheer (رضي الله عنه). He says: "Once Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) faced us and said: "Straighten your rows." He repeated this thrice. He then said: "By Allah, you must most certainly straighten your rows or else Allah Ta'ala will disunite your hearts." Hazrat Nu'maan bin Basheer (رضي الله عنه) says: "I then saw the people joining together their shoulders and ankles." [Abu Dawood, Sahih ibn Khuzaima]

The concluding statement of Hazrat Nu'maan (رضي الله عنه) is also reported in Sahih Bukhari.

However, upon analysing this hadith, several points come to light: Firstly, Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) never commanded the joining of the ankles. No hadith has yet been found wherein Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) himself instructed the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) to join their ankles. The Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) had themselves adopted this manner in order to fulfil the command of straightening the saff. Secondly, this hadith clearly mentions that Nu'maan bin Basheer (رضي الله عنه) saw the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) doing this PRIOR to the commencement of the salaah. There is no mention of this position being maintained even after the salaah had commenced. Therefore we find that great muhadditheen such as Hafiz ibn Hajar (رحمه الله) and Allama Shawkani (رحمه الله) have regarded this as an extreme measure which was occasionally adopted by the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) to ensure that the saff is straight.

In fact, a hadith of Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) makes it absolutely clear that this practice was merely a measure adopted BEFORE the salaah to ensure the straightening of the saff. He says: "If I had to do that (join the ankles) with anyone of them (the taabi'een) today, they would run like wild mules." [Fath al-Bari, vol.2, pg.176]

This simply means that the taabi'een (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) severely disliked that anybody should join their ankles with them. Several points are understood from this: Firstly, Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) had stopped doing this completely. Had this been a sunnah and not just a manner of ensuring that the saff was straight, it is impossible that Hazrat Anas (رضي الله عنه) would have left it out merely upon somebody disliking it.

Secondly, the taabi'een (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) would never have disliked it if they had observed many of the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) continuously practicing upon this. It was only due to the fact that they had not generally observed the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) adopting this procedure that they disliked it. Hence this makes it crystal clear that the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) had only occasionally adopted this practice to ensure the straightening of the saff. It was not a sunnah in itself, otherwise they would never have left it out.

It has already been made clear that Rasulullah (صلي الله عليه وسلم) never himself instructed the joining of the ankles, nor is there any mention of the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) having maintained this position even IN salaah. However, if for a moment we do accept that this position must be adopted during the course of the salaah as well, the question is: In which posture of salaah must this position be maintained? Must it be maintained during qiyaam, ruku, sajdah and qa'dah or in only some of these postures? If one says that the ankles should be joined only in the qiyaam posture, on what basis were the other postures excluded? If it is argued that it is difficult to do so in ruku and sajdah, the same could be said for qiyaam, since to stand with one's feet spread apart is naturally awkward and hence it presents a certain amount of difficulty and uneasiness for many people.

In short, this practice is not established as a sunnah of salaah. It was merely adopted initially by the Sahaaba (رضي الله عنهم أجمعين) BEFORE the commencement of salaah to ensure that the rows are straight.

See:
The Distance of the Feet in Salah: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/440_11-10-2010/the-distance-of-the-feet-in-salah-%28prayer%29.html

Distance of the Feet in Salah: The Salafi Error: http://www.muftisays.com/blog/Seifeddine-M/1043_24-01-2011/distance-of-the-feet-in-salah%3A-the-salafi-error.html

And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best

(Sifatus Salaah: The Method of Salaah in the Light of Authentic Ahadith, Shaykh Muhammad Ilyas Faisal)

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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 1st August 2012 17:13
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#7 [Permalink] Posted on 11th August 2012 17:01
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