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Four Schools in a Nutshell

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 13th February 2024 10:26
A Simple example of how the four schools (Madhabs) differ from one another:

The opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa regarding the Quran and Sunnah is that the Quran is always the superior source before the Sunnah. No Hadith can overwrite a verse from the Quran. So any apparent contradiction would mean that the Quran is given preference to and then the hadith is used to strengthen a ruling to make an action become Wajib instead of Fard and so on.

The Shafi', Maaliki and Hanbali schools say that the Quran and Sunnah are absolute equal sources.

However, between Imam Maalik and Imam Shafi', they differed on within the Sunnah. i.e. What is the strongest type of Sunnah.

Imam Shafi would say that even if a Hadith is contrary to the actions of the narrator. The evidence is in what he relates from the Messenger (saw) and not in his/their own actions. Here, the Hanafi and Maaliki school would question this action of not practicing as per the Hadith and see why it isn't being practiced.

Imam Maalik says that the actions of the scholars of Madinah and their rulings cannot possibly be wrong even if it goes contrary to the narrations because the practices of 1000 peoples actions from 1000 peoples actions are better than 1 Hadith narrated from 1 person to another person.

Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal has a very unique take on this and he holds all of the above to be the Sunnah and every statement of a companion, Imam Ahmad, out of piety and honoring the companions did not want to judge between them. All of that would be Sunnah.
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 15th February 2024 08:49
Very informative message.

Imam Abu Hanifah has unique distinction. He offered salah, taraweeh, juma'a, janazah, eid etc in the company of large number of tabaieen.

He need not do research, he compiled what he witnessed in tabaeen.

We believe that these Tabaeen followed the akabir sahabah, the akabir sahabah followed Prophet SAS.

"Pray as you have seen me praying "

  • Akabir sahabah saw prophet SAS praying and also they saw the last prayer of prophet SAS, khulafa-e-rashideen.
  • Tabaeen saw akabir sahabah praying
  • Imam abu Hanifah RA saw these tabaeen praying.
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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 15th February 2024 09:24
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 15th February 2024 09:36
abu mohammed wrote:
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Technically Imam Abu Hanifah RA is a tabaee.

If someone debates that Imam sahib was in the company of sahbah for a short period, they cannot deny that since his childhood days, Imam sahib witnessed 5 times salah every day, taraweeh and eid every year, etc offered by large group of tabaeen (hundreds of them) and thousands of tab-tabaeen.

Hazrath Abdullah ibn Masood RA,Hazrat abu moosa ashari RA and other akbir sahabah and later Hazrath Ali RA and his shoora sahabah, were residents of Imam sahib's city. During Hazrath Ali RA's khilafath period, Everything related to salah was resolved. The large group of tabaeen inherited salah directly from these sahabah.

And ulema have researched that whatever salah I am offering today is indeed the salah of those tabaeen.
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 29th February 2024 11:15
Imam Abu Hanifah is recognized as one of the great scholars of Islamic jurisprudence and a founder of one of the four major Sunni schools of thought. The Hanafi school is known for its systematic approach to Islamic jurisprudence and its reliance on reasoning and analogy (qiyas) in legal reasoning.

The influence of the Sahabah and the subsequent generations on the development of Islamic practices, including Salah, is a crucial aspect of Islamic tradition. The transmission of knowledge and practices through these generations is considered valuable in understanding the Sunnah and the application of Islamic teachings.

It's important to note that discussions around the scholarly contributions and historical context of figures like Imam Abu Hanifah often involve nuanced perspectives. Different schools of thought within Islam may have varying views, and scholars may engage in respectful debates to understand and interpret historical events and figures.

It's commendable that you emphasize the importance of the chain of transmission (Isnad) in preserving and transmitting knowledge, particularly regarding Salah. Understanding the historical context and the transmission of practices through generations contributes to a comprehensive appreciation of the development of Islamic jurisprudence.





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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 29th February 2024 14:32
shahbaz5121472 wrote:
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Did Imam Abu Hanifah RA offered salah as par sunnah?

Our research concludes that Imam Abu Hanifah RA did offer salah as per sunnah.
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