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What The Ulema Say about ISIS : Mujahideen or Khwarij ?

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 16th November 2014 11:55
Asslamu alaikum warahmatullah

As the title reads above ^^, yes what the Ulema say ( warrithul ambiyaa/heirs of the Prophets)

and not what the media say, kuffar say etc, and also I'd like to add for these brothers that not everything in life is linked to a conspiracy theory despite however good it might sound, I suggest brothers to wake up and smell the coffee. I will post talks done by Ulema on this issue from various schools that are available in english and available on mainstream media.

It's sad to see that educated learned individuals husne-dhann has clouded their senses, hopefully these lectures which contain references to Quran and Ahadith by top mainstream scholars will be able to wake them up Insha-Ala.

However some will still discard them and come out with labels oh 'palace scholars', 'fake scholars', ladoo/biryani scholars' 'sell out scholars' etc and the list goes on.

Sadly this new group and its fans disagree with anyone harshly whomsoever disagree with them and their methods, the ones who have done so in the past in the Middle East have lost their lives and that includes leaders from other factions, ulema etc. If they were so much on the Haqq like some deluded individuals think they are then they would have never have rejected the notion of 'Shariah Courts' to address and resolve their issues with other factions/groups, but sadly its the same mentality that only I'm in on the haqq and everyone else is misguided.

The gist of the Hadith says to the nearest meaning ; Dumb, Stupid, Hot Headed Youth and that's exactly what this new faction is.


Please listen to these lectures with an open mind

1. The Modern Jihadists: Khawarij or Mujahideen? ~ Dr. Yasir Qadhi HA
Halalified YT Audio



2. The Crisis of ISIS: A Prophetic Prediction | Sermon by Shaykh Hamza Yusuf HA
Halalified YT Audio


3. A Muslim's Approach in Times of Fitna (ISIS) | Mufti Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf Manghera HA
Halalified YT Audio


These lectures are also available on youtube if anyone wishes to see them in video format, names for the said lectures have also been mentioned above.


Walahu'Alam
Allah knows best
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 17th November 2014 10:52
WARNING to Sisters going for 'Jihad' in Syria ¦ Shaykh Dr. Haitham Al Haddad
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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 17th November 2014 11:48
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 18th November 2014 10:35
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 5th January 2015 09:46
none of the scholars posted in OP have actually gone to do jihad...nor are they present in syria or have ever been to the frontlines...no it makes their argument weak as they arent aware of fiqh ul waqiya. and following example of abdullah bin mubarak رضي الله عنه we do not take fiqh of jihad from those not on the frontlines.

in my personal opinion IS are now khawarij. some mujahid leaders and ulema who have stated the same are the Jabhat al Nusrah shari' s and syrian ulema engaged in jihad in syria.

let me find their fatawa iA
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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 5th January 2015 11:14
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#7 [Permalink] Posted on 5th January 2015 11:46
justpaste.it/UlamaRegardingDawlah

A COLLECTION OF THE WORDS OF THE U’LAMA REGARDING DAWLAH

Sheikh Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi said: ‘Accordingly, we hereby declare that the organization The Islamic State of Iraq and Shaam, is an organisation that has deviated from the path of truth, transgressed against the Mujahideen, have tendencies towards Ghuloo (extremisim), are involved in the shedding of the blood of the Ma’soomeen (those that are protected), are confiscating their wealth, booty and regions which were freed by them from the Regime, they have caused the distortion of the Jihad, and the fragmentation of the Mujahideen, they have turned their guns from the chests of the Murtadeen (apostates) and (enemy) combatants towards the Mujahideen and the Muslims… to other documented deviations.’ (From the statement, ‘The Condition of the Islamic State of Iraq and Shaam and the Necessary Stance Towards Them’ - Page 4/5)

Sheikh Abu Qatada al Filistini said: ‘Namely the leadership of the Islamic State in Iraq with its branch in Shaam , it has become clear to me with certainty that this group through its Military and Shar'ee leadership who legitimize their actions for them, that they are the Dogs of Hell... I do not hesitate in this rule because of the evil of their deeds and actions.’ (‘Message to the People of Jihad and the Lovers of it’ - Page 2)

Sheikh Al Muhadith Sulayman al-Alwan: ‘Dawlah has no right to attack an area and usurp it, while everyone is saying: either you leave or we’ll kill you, or either you give us Bay’ah (Pledge Allegiance) or we’ll kill you… It is definitely not correct, because Dawlah does not have a General Bay’ah, from the conditions of the General Bay’ah is that the Ahl Hal wal Aqd (People of Influence) elect him (the leader), and Abu Bakr (Baghdadi) was not elected by the Ahl Hal wal Aqd (People of Influence), if his own leader was not pleased with his actions how can he seek Bay’ah from others? He is not the Khalifah of all the Muslims; rather he is a leader of a group. And seeking Bay’ah from others, then fighting those who do not give allegiance, this is the actions of the Bughaat (Transgressors) and not the actions of the people of good and righteousness.’ (From an Audio Recording Published on the Internet).

The General Command – of Tantheem Al Qae’da issued a statement which stated: ‘Qae’datul Jihad (AQ) declares that it has no links to the group of The Islamic Sate of Iraq and Shaam (ISIS). We were not informed of its creation nor counseled. Nor were we satisfied with it, rather we ordered for its disbandment, for this reason The Islamic State of Iraq and Shaam is not a branch of the group Al Qae’da and has no organizational relationship with it. Nor is the organisation (of Al Qae’da) responsible for its actions and behaviors.’ (‘Statement Regarding the Relationship between the Group of Qae’datul Jihad (AQ) and the Group of The Islamic State of Iraq and Shaam’ - 21 Rabi ul Awwal 1435).

Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri, the Leader of Tantheem al-Qae’da was asked why he has absolved Daesh (ISIS) from Al Qae’da, He said: ‘There is a difference between the two Manhaj (Methodology). Our Manhaj (Methodology) is one of caution regarding the (protected) blood and the abstention of operations wherein the (protected) blood may be shed unjustly; in the markets, mosques, neighborhoods and even between the groups of Mujahideen. Our Manhaj as well is the desire to gather the Ummah and unify it around the word of Tawheed (Monotheism), and work towards the return of the Khilafah Rashidah that is established through Shura (counsel) and the satisfaction of the Muslims. (The seventh Meeting with as Sahaab foundation - Rajab 1435 AH / Al Nukhbah - Page 11/12).

He also said alluding to them: ‘Their grandsons shall loose in the Land of Shaam *** And your Lord is sufficient as a Helper and Guide.’ (‘The Eulogy of The Martyr of the Fitnah (Sedition) Sheikh Abu Khalid al Suri’ – Page 3).

The leader of al-Qae’da in Khorasan Azzaam al Amriki in his eulogy for Abu Khalid al Suri said: ‘The finger of blame in the responsibility for this incident has been pointed to a group which is well known for their Ghuloo (Extremism), harshness, Ta’sub (loyalty to a certain group), dictatorship, tyranny and they have alienated themselves from the way of the people of Islam and Jihad in Syria as well as from the people of knowledge, superiority and precedence among the Mujahideen everywhere. Just as the group that was mentioned is well known for avoiding and running from issues, regularly engaging in schemes to avoid confrontation and responsibility, infact they are known to use Taqiyah and concealment (of matters) different to what they express, this is the practice of the extremist thinkers in this era contrary to their predecessors of the Hurooriyah that were known for truthfulness and the avoidance of lying.’ (‘Eulogy of Sheikh Abu Khalid al Suri’).

The leader of al-Qae’da in Khorasan, Ahmed Farooq, commenting on the speech of the spokesman of Daesh (ISIS) Adnani said: ‘But today we find he who has restricted Islam and the link of Walaa (loyalty) of Imaan to a very narrow circle, and deals with the Ummah with superiority and belittling it. And sits lurking waiting for its mistakes, then comes down upon them in a single attack, they call on the Mujahideen to deal with the Ummah with mercy and compassion, while dishonoring (the statement), we see them exclaiming in amazement: ‘Which Ummah do we go back to? The Ummah of the Saudi Islam? Or the Muslim Brotherhood or Suroori …? Allah is sufficient for us and He is the best disposer of affairs regarding this crooked thinking.’ (‘We should be as the Bee’ – Page 4).

The leader of al-Qae’da in Khorasan ‘Abu Dujanah al-Basha’ alluding to the Khilafah of Daesh (ISIS) said: ‘We call for the return of the Righteous Khilafah on the Prophetic Methodology, not on the Methodology of deviation and lies, violations of treaties and breaking of pledges; a Khilafah that is built upon justice, consultation, affinity and unity and not one built on oppression, Takfeer (declaring Muslims as unbelievers), killing the people of Tawheed and splitting the rows of the Mujahideen.’ (‘This is Our Message’ - Page 1).

The General Shar'ee Committee of Al Qae’da in the Land of Shaam said regarding Daesh (ISIS): ‘Based on all the above, Jama’ah Dawlah is considered a powerful assailant group with a force which is closest in resemblance to the Khawaarij in their charactersistics, qulaities and identity and have additional attributes beyond that of the Khawaarij like Taqiyah, lying, breaking of covenants and taking false oaths and immorality, raiding the Mujahideen at their fronts and withdrawing from (other) fronts. Until today they refuse to submit and seek judgment from the Shari’ah (Islamic Law). And we say that it is permissible to fight this group.’ (Statement Read by the Judge of Al Qae’da in the Land of Shaam Abu Abdullah al Shaami. Al Tahaya -Page 33)

Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula issued a statement wherein it states regarding the Khilafah of Daesh (ISIS): ‘Based on all of the above, we do not see the validity of this Khilafah nor the consequences that results of it. We do not regard sinful those who do not give Bay’ah. The declaration of the Khilafah has caused the splitting of the ranks of the Mujahideen and the division of their unity during this sensitive stage.’ (Statement Regarding the Words of Sheikh Abu Bakr al Baghdadi ‘Although the Disbelievers Dislike it’ presented by Sheikh Harith al Nathari).

Sheikh Nasr Ali al-Ansi - leader of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula said: ‘The Declaration of the extension of the Khilafah to other countries is not a true reality. And this declaration may lead to the split of the ranks of the Mujahideen and undermine their foundations based on a mistaken Shar’ee’ ruling.’ (The First International Press Conference).

Dr. Abdullah Muhaisini said: ‘By Allah I have not seen the agreement of the U’lama (Scholars) of Jihad in the world critisizing an (Islamic) project and opposing it as they have agreed in the criticism of the project of Dawlah in Shaam. Allah knows that I do not oppose the project of the establishment of the Islamic Khilafah, infact for this very cause do we sacrifice our souls and blood. But (we seek to establish it) upon the Prophetic Methodology, not by alienating people and oppressing them and splitting the ranks of the Jihad, and refusing to refer the matter for judgment to the Law of Allah under a weak excuse for which Allah has sent down no authority.’ (The Statement: ‘Have I not Conveyed?’)

The General Shari’ of Tantheem Al Qae’da in the Land of Shaam Dr. Sami al Uraydi said in his introduction of a message that links the reality of the Khawaarij and Daesh (ISIS): ‘It was by the grace of Allah on the brother Abu Hassan al Kuwaiti – May Allah direct him - that he gathered a collection of the words of Sheikhul Islam regarding the Ghuloo (Extremisim) of the Khawaarij and the warning against them. This research is fitting to be a starting point for broader research to clarify the position of Sheikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah regarding the Khawaarij. We ask Allah to grant him the ability to free himself (for such a task) and compile it.’ (‘The Khawaarij according to Sheikh al Islam Ibn Taymiyyah’ – Page 4).

Sheikh Abu Mariah al Qahtani the former General Shari’ of Tantheem al Qae’da in Shaam said : ‘ Another vile face has appeared over the people of Shaam and a new poisoned dagger whose filth is constant and harm has spread, it is the face of the Khawaarij of the era; Tantheem Jama’h Dawlah. Oh you who is hesitant in fighting the Khawaarij of the era do you not know that eliminating them is good and beneficial, not only for the Muslims in Shaam but for the People in Iraq as well, who have been burnt by their fire for years.’ (From the speech: ‘Oh He who is Hesitant’)

Sheikh Abu Sayaaf Majid Ar Raashid in his introduction to a message linking the reality of the Khawaarij and Daesh: The Noble Sheikh Al Shaamikh Ali Al A’rjaani (Abu Hasan al Kuwaiti), who reminds me of the conduct of the leaders who combined Knowledge and Jihad, morality and moderation, sacrifice of the soul and the wealth, and between Jihad of the tongue and the weapons. He has fought the Nusayris in their own homes, and readily faced the extremists, and lectured regarding the repelling of the assailing enemy and the extremists. And today he has gathered the words of Ibn Taymiyyah (May Allah have Mercy on him) regarding the Khawaarij as a warning and caution against Daesh ….. I advise my brothers to read what he wrote, and practice its requirements, and pray for its author to attain Shahadah and a good ending.’

Sheikh Muhammed bin Saleh Al-Muhajir – one of the Sheikhs of Tantheem Al Qae’da in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has issued a message invalidating the Khilafah of Baghdadi by the name: ‘A Summary Regarding the Debate of the Announcement of the Khilafah’.

Sheikh Abu Mundhir Shanqeeti a member of the Shar’ee Council of Minbar al Tawheed wal Jihad has issued a complete message criticizing the announcement of the Khilafah by Daesh by the name ‘The Announcement of the Khilafah ….. Through the Scales of the Shari’ah’.

Sheikh Abdullah al-Hassani, a member of the Shar’ee Council of Minbar al Tawheed wal Jihad issued a complete message regarding the nullification of the Khilafah of Baghdadi called: ‘ The Nusrah Husainiyyah in the Refutation of the Khilafah of Baghdadi’.

Sheikh Abdullah bin Abdul Rahman Shanqeeti – a Member of the Shari’ah Council of Minbar al Tawheed wal Jihad said: ‘Oh leaders of Dawlah: We thought that the word of the Mujahideen will unite under your banner ….. But you have divided it in every place! You have divided it in Shaam …. You have divided it in The Peninsula and you have divided it in the Maghreb … This is not the path to establish the Khilafah! But this path, is that of the of the people that revolt, the opportunists, those seeking to gain power by any means ... These exclusionary methods do not build a state nor does it unite the Ummah… If you carry on upon this methodology and your followers take over (this methodology) the division and differences shall continue…. You are able, if you want, to unify the ranks and the hearts …. But you are persistent in the dispute and have set upon the ship of stubbornness and persistence, and you further the transgression against the elders that have opposed you. You have erred so correct your errors…You have disobeyed so repent to your Lord… You have deviated … so return to your previous covenant, and do not be like the cow that ascends the stairs and then is incapable of descending! Know that your victories will not cover the nakedness of your deviation..! For an Islamic State derives its legitimacy from the Shari’ah not from the strength of their weapons. (‘The Khilafah is not the Disputed Matter’ – Page 7).

The two Sheikhs Dr. Hani al Siba’i and Dr. Tariq Abdul Haleem issued a statement which reads in part: ‘We are bearing witness, a testimony that we will be questioned about in front of Allah. That these people affiliated to this organisation known as Dawlah Islamiyah (Islamic State), their Manhaj (Methodology) is that of the Khawaarij, particularly regarding the matter of Takfeer (Passing the ruling of Kufr) and making permissible the (taking) of protected blood. (Statement: ‘The Description of the Organisation and the Reality of its Beliefs’).

Sheikh Uthmaan Abu Muhammed al Ghamirawi – Judge of the Wilayah of Dagestan said: ‘Baghdadi is not the Khalif of the Muslims, and giving Bay’ah to him is not permissible, because Bay’ah to him splits the ranks of the Mujahideen, and whoever gives Bay’ah to Baghdadi is a Fataan (one that is creating sedition) and is treading the path of spilling the blood of the believers.’ (The Address: ‘An Address to the Mujahideen Concerning the Pledge of Allegiance to Baghdadi’).

Sheikh Nur al-Deen Nafee’ah - is someone who is respected and highly appreciated by the leaders of the Mujahideen and in their counsels due to his experience and mastery both militarily and in Islamic Knowledge – in a statement from his prison cell in the Maghreb said: ‘The history of the organisation of The Islamic State is on the contrary of that (of an Islamic State), for within them is the greatest witness that they are the furthest from the Guidance and Prophetic Methodology … I decided to issue this statement only after silence became a stance that endorsed the crimes that were taking place against our people in Shaam at the hands of The Organisation of Islamic State.’

Luaa al Saqaa – the first deputy of Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi, imprisoned, serving a life sentence in Turkey - in a letter from his prison cell said: ‘As all the Mujahideen and those who truly care about the interests of the religion, myself as well as my fellow prisoners of the Mujahideen have been saddened by the deviated actions of Jama’ah Dawlah, from corruption, the spill of blood, the sedition and harm they have brought to the Jihad and Da’wah in the Land of Shaam. I announce my innocence from the actions carried out by Jama’ah Dawlah of extremism and the application of the laws of Takfeer (Passing the Ruling of Kufr) over the Jihadi Groups, the regarding the taking of the blood of the Muslims as permissible, the kidnapping and killing of the Mujahideen, the assassination of their leaders and from all of their deviant practices.’

Sheikh Abu al-Walid al-Ansari said, criticizing the declaration of Dawlah: ‘The announcement that Dawlah is now in Iraq and Shaam, it has reached us that this was an announcement that was made without the consultation of the Ahl Hal wal Aqd (people of influence) of the leaders and scholars of the Mujahideen in Shaam, and the new announcement at this particular time is an outlet for the arrows of the conspirators, inciting the enemy from one front, and a door of discord between the Muslims and a cause of Ghuloo (extremisim) in Ahkaam (Islamic Laws).’

Sheikh Majid Al-Majid - Amir of Abdullah Azzam Brigades in Lebanon - warning against the declaration of Dawlah: ‘The Declaration of Sheikh Baghdadi of the establishment of The Islamic State of Iraq, according to our knowledge and our assessment of the situation; it will become, if it is completed and comes into effect , shall be a catastrophe to the Jihad in the Land of Shaam, a divider of the groups of the Mujahideen, creating a confidante for the enemy through which (the enemy) may enter the groups, inciting them against each other, and will be used to fight each other.’ (‘The Guidance Regarding the Events in Shaam with the Announcement of Dawlah Islamiyah’- Page 5).

Sheikh Hamid bin Hamd Al Ali said: ‘Oh Abu Bakr (Baghdadi), does it please you that the sincere advisors of the U’lama, the truthful Mujahideen, the preachers openly voicing the truth, the general Muslims as well as the people of distinction among them, all stand in one rank, while you and those with you of the Mujahideen of the Muslims stand in another rank against them?.’ (‘Regarding the Fitnah [Sedition] in Shaam’).

He also said regarding the issue of the Khilafah: ‘ The answer to what is called the declaration of the Khilafah is the same answer that was given regarding the previous declaration of Dawlah, and both declarations of the declaration of Dawlah as well as that of Dawlah in Iraq and Shaam are Batil (Invalid) declarations.’

Dr. Eyaad al Qunaibi said: ‘There is no relationship between recent achievements of Jama’ah Dawlah through erroneous policies that we have previously criticized and have criticized in Shaam. Their achievements do not nullify my position regarding their actions in Shaam. Because I did not pass a ruling according to the intentions, nor did I criticize being subservient to a certain direction, but I pass a ruling regarding their actions that they are not in accordance with the Shari’ah and contrary to the Religion of Allah Ta’ala, and I still hold this opinion.’ (The Speech: ‘Beyond the Victories of Iraq’).

Sheikh Umar al Hadouchi: ‘The Jihad in Shaam is noble; Daesh has stained it with their foolishness. They are holding to Walaa (Loyalty) and Baraa (Disavowal) to their cartoon Khilafah they have blocked their minds, they have blindly followed Muslims of the revolutionists that have not perceived (the reality) of the situation.’ (His Official Account on Twitter - 27 October 2014).

Sheikh Hassan bin Ali al Kattani said: ‘They have killed him, May Allah destroy them, and you have done an atrocious thing oh gang of criminality and grandchildren of Thul Khuwaysirah. Oh Allah take them to task for they will not be able to escape you. May Allah have mercy on you Oh Abu Khalid, glad tidings, for this is the last nail in the coffin of the gang of criminality.’ (His Official Account on Facebook - 23 February 2014).

Sheikh Abu Abdullah Muhammad Mansour - Leader of Jaysh al Mujahideen in Iraq: ‘The current leadership of what is falsely called the Islamic State of Iraq, I have no doubt that they have fallen into a lot of what the Khawaarij have fallen into of Ghuloo (Extremism) in Takfeer (Passing the Ruling of Kufr) and unlawful killing, their practical reality proves that without doubt. And every seeker of knowledge that is just, perceives this reality.’ (The Islamic State - Between the Truth and Illusion’ - Page 7).

Ansar al-Islam in Iraq, issued a statement saying: ‘And we the leadership of Ansar al-Islam officially announce, out of Islamic and historical obligations, that the group of The Islamic State of Iraq have forced us to respond to their aggression and oppression and repay them with the same. We never wished for the outcome of matters to be as it was. The history of Jama’ah Ansar al Islam in its relations with the banners of Jihad will witness that it dealt with the banners of Jihad with steadfast assistance or forced positive neutrality, and that our fight against the Islamic State of Iraq is a just legitimate cause, and a sanctioned (method) to repel oppression and the aggression that has befallen us for years, continuously by the Islamic State of Iraq, to stop their harm for they were transgressing against us. We are not oppressors and we did not start oppression against anyone, and some claim that we refuse reconciliation and this is a lie they have spread against us.’ (‘An Important Statement’ – 12 Zil Qa’dah 1434).

Abu Khalid Al Suri an adviser to Daesh said: ‘The generalization of the laws of Takfeer (Passing the Ruling of Kufr) and apostasy and similarly the accusation made against groups that they are ‘Sahawaat’ generalizing over the groups as a whole, without any proof or clarification, is from the greatest of Major Sins and that which holds the most sin and criminality. How can it be that those who generalize this ruling over Jihadi groups as a whole, seek to implement the Shari’ah and establish the religion, as we know and have been informed regarding their matter? And I call upon the leaders and the group of the Islamic State in Iraq and Shaam to repent to Allah, return to His command and surrender to His Shari’ah’. (Statement dated January 17 2014).

Sheikh Abu Abdullah Sadiq Abdullah al Sudani said: ‘This alleged State did not even gain control over Iraq let alone extend itself to other territories, and this is what has not been comprehended by Ahl Ahlaam (People of Dreams).’ (His Twitter Account: 7 March 2014).

Sheikh Abu Wafaa al Tunisi commenting on the Bay’ah of Ansar al-Bayt al-Maqdis to Daesh: ‘The disagreement with the extremists in Iraq and Shaam is a disagreement in Aqeedah (Belief) and Manhaj (Methodology), the Bay’ah of this person or that person does not change the reality at all. And if he knows of their deviation, then he is of them and their brother in their deviance and innovation, and he who does not know is being warned and advised.’ (His Twitter Account: 10 November 2014).

In conclusion, the Taliban issued an advice to the Mujahideen in Shaam stating: ‘ It is incumbent on the Muslims to abstain from extremism in the religion, and passing rulings on others without any proof, and they should not think evil of each other, and should not listen to accusations and shallow lies, for verily some suspicion is sin.’ (The Official Site of Harakah al Taliban ‘Sawtul Jihad’ - 10 July 2014).
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#8 [Permalink] Posted on 7th January 2015 21:16
The Reality of ISIS/ISIL - Mufti Aasim Rashid
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I did not get a chance to listen to it yet, but maybe someone finds it useful.
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#9 [Permalink] Posted on 7th January 2015 21:22
I take it the 5 day time lock set for this thread didn't work :)

Khair inshaAllah, hope everyone is wise enough not to post everything they find on this thread.
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#10 [Permalink] Posted on 1st March 2015 02:30
ISIS claim that "whoever kills Sheikh Yasir Qadhi & Hamza Yusuf will be rewarded by Allah":


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#11 [Permalink] Posted on 6th July 2015 16:00
As baffling as ISIS' appeal to young people is, it seems the phenomenon of young people being irresistibly drawn towards a society of nut cases with a bloodlust spouting scripture is not new. Check this from Ibn Kathir (d. 1373/774):

“Then off they went, slipping away alone to avoid detection so that no-one would be able to stop them leaving. They went from the midst of their fathers and mothers, and uncles and aunts, leaving behind kith and kin. This they believed in their ignorance, with little knowledge or understanding, to be pleasing to the Lord of Heaven and Earth, not realising that it was in fact of the gravest of enormity, most destructive of sins among monstrosities and wrongs, and that this had been made attractive to them by the devil and their own egos, hell-bent on wickedness.

“Some people were able to salvage some of their offspring, relatives, and brethren, and return them back and rebuke them. Then, some of these remained upright while others fled afterwards and joined the Kharijites,
and so became losers until the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Bidaya wa 'l-Nihaya, v. 10, p. 581)

« ثُمَّ خَرَجُوا يَتَسَلَّلُونَ وُحْدَانَا ; لِئَلَّا يَعْلَمَ أَحَدٌ بِهِمْ فَيَمْنَعُوهُمْ مِنَ الْخُرُوجِ فَخَرَجُوا مِنْ بَيْنِ الْآبَاءِ وَالْأُمَّهَاتِ وَالْأَعْمَامِ وَالْعَمَّاتِ وَفَارَقُوا سَائِرَ الْقِرَابَاتِ ، يَعْتَقِدُونَ بِجَهْلِهِمْ وَقِلَّةِ عِلْمِهِمْ وَعَقْلِهِمْ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ يُرْضِي رَبَّ الْأَرْضِ وَالسَّمَاوَاتِ ، وَلَمْ يَعْلَمُوا أَنَّهُ مِنْ أَكْبَرِ الْكَبَائِرِ وَالذُّنُوبِ الْمُوبِقَاتِ ، وَالْعَظَائِمِ وَالْخَطِيئَاتِ ، وَأَنَّهُ مِمَّا يُزَيِّنُهُ لَهُمْ إِبْلِيسُ وَأَنْفُسُهُمُ الَّتِي هِيَ بِالسُّوءِ أَمَّارَاتٌ . وَقَدْ تَدَارَكَ جَمَاعَةٌ مِنْهُمْ بَعْضَ أَوْلَادِهِمْ وَقَرَابَاتِهِمْ وَإِخْوَانِهِمْ فَرَدُّوهُمْ وَوَبَّخُوهُمْ ، فَمِنْهُمْ مَنِ اسْتَمَرَّ عَلَى الِاسْتِقَامَةِ ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ فَرَّ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ فَلَحِقَ بِالْخَوَارِجِ فَخَسِرَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ .»

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#12 [Permalink] Posted on 24th August 2015 16:07
Khawarij Ideology, ISIS Savagery: Part One


As ISIS continues its murder and violence across the provinces it controls and seeks to control, and as it continues to plague the conscience of the great majority of Muslims around the world, what’s worth recalling is that we’ve seen this before in history with the sect called the Khawarij (anglicised to Kharijites). So before tackling ISIS, let’s look at their forerunners; the Kharajites, to whom their pedigree can be traced.

I

The hadith canons relate that shortly after the battle of Hunayn while the Prophet ﷺ was distributing charity to a few people whose hearts needed to be reconciled, there came a man with a thick beard, prominent cheek bones, deep sunken eyes, protruding forehead and shaven head. He exclaimed: Fear Allah, O Muhammad! The Prophet ﷺ responded: ‘Who will obey Allah if I were to disobey him? Am I not [sent as the] most trustworthy person on earth; and yet you trust me not?’ The man then turned back, whereupon one of those present asked for permission to kill him. But the Prophet ﷺ said: ‘Verily, from the progeny (di’di) of this [man] shall come a people who will recite the Qur’an but it won’t pass beyond their throats. They will slay the followers of Islam and would spare the people of idolatry. They will pierce through the religion just like an arrow which goes clean through a prey.’1


Another hadith records that this man’s name was Dhu’l-Khuwaysirah, from the tribe of Tamim, about whom the Prophet ﷺ alerted: ‘Leave him; he has comrades whose prayer and fasting will make your prayer and fasting seem insignificant. They recite the Qur’an but it doesn’t go beyond their throats. They shall pass through the religion as an arrow that pierces clean through its prey such that, on inspecting the head; then the shaft; then the fletching; then the nock, would see no traces of blood or viscera on it whatsoever.’2 Ibn al-Jawzi said: ‘The first of the Khawarij, and the most wretched of them, was Dhu’l-Khuwaysirah … His problem was that he was too puffed up with his own opinion. Had he been granted grace, he would have realised that no opinion was above that of Allah’s Messenger ﷺ. The followers of this man were those who fought against ‘Ali b. Abi Talib, may Allah ennoble his face.’3


A few decades after this post-Hunayn happening, and as had been prophesied, Dhu’l-Khuwaysirah’s ideological comrades and offspring took on the shape of the very first sect (firqah) to deviate from the main body of the Muslims: the Khawarij (culled from the Arabic word kharaja – “to go out” or “to leave” the main body of Muslims). Indeed, their very name was mentioned by the Prophet ﷺ himself, who said: al-khawarij hum kilab al-nar – “The Khawarij are the dogs of Hellfire!’4 The emergence of the Khawarij as a sect occurred during the caliphate (khilafah) of ‘Ali, in the immediate aftermath of a civil war and its arbitration at Siffin. Ibn al-Jawzi tells us: ‘‘Ali returned from Siffin and entered Kufah: the Khawarij did not follow. Instead, they settled in Harura. There were twelve thousand of them, and they were declaring: la hukma illa li’Llah – “There is no judgement, except Allah’s.” This is how they initially started.’5


Imam Muslim narrates from ‘Ubayd Allah b. Abi Rafi‘, a freed salve of the Prophet ﷺ, that the Khawarij came out against ‘Ali, and declared: ‘There is no judgement, except Allah’s.’ So ‘Ali replied: ‘A word of truth, intended for something false (kalimatu haqq urida biha batil).’6


Imam al-Nawawi explains: ‘Meaning, the basis of their statement was true. Allah says: The judgement is for none but Allah. [12:40] What they intended by it, however, was to reject ‘Ali’s [acceptance of] arbitration, may Allah be pleased with him.’7

As with Dhu’l-Khuwaysirah who, blinded by his warped piety and self-righteousness, thought he had a keener sense of justice than the Prophet ﷺ, the Khawarij were also possessed of holier-than-thou pretensions and smug convictions. It is this puritanical, embittered self-righteousness – devoid of any true glimmer of knowledge or spiritual wisdom – that is the hallmark of the Khawarij and their ideological cousins who drink from the same murky theological waters today. Of course, along with such fanatical zeal, their other great infamy was takfir – declaring other Muslims to be disbelievers, and spilling their blood because of it.


II

The historians al-Tabari and Ibn Kathir chronicle alarmingly precise accounts of their intimidation, violence and terror. Under the events of 37H/657CE they detail how the Khawarij began terrorising the countryside around Nahrawan, Iraq, subjecting those whom they caught to an imtihan or “inquisition”. If the answers failed to satisfy their zeal for purity, or agree with their understanding of things, then the punishment was death. Things came to a head when they chose ‘Abd Allah, son of an early companion, Khabbab b al-Aratt, as their victim. A number of the Khawarij rode into his village for supplies and thought to make an example of him. They fired their loaded questions at him. They first asked him about the caliphates of Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. ‘Abd Allah extolled them all and praised their successive caliphates. So far, so good. They then asked him about ‘Ali, and his state before and after the arbitration or tahkim. ‘He has far greater knowledge about Allah than you do,’ replied ‘Abd Allah, ‘and has much more piety in terms of his religion and possesses greater insight.’ With that, his fate was sealed. They bound and dragged him and his pregnant wife to an orchard ladened with date palms, next to a river. As they were proceeding to kill him, a date fell to the ground, so one of the Khawarij picked it up and put it in his mouth. ‘Do you do that without the owner’s permission and without paying for it?’ said one of his Kharajite comrades. He spat it out instantly. Another Khariji, wielding his sword in threatening circles, accidentally killed a cow that had been wandering behind him. His comrades insisted he should go and find the owner and pay him the full price of the animal. They waited whilst he did so. Thus, having acted most righteously in the matter of the date and the cow, they slit ‘Abd Allah’s throat and then disemboweled his wife. Date spat out, cow paid for, husband, wife and unborn child butchered; and with the clearest of consciences, they purchased their supplies and went on their way.8

Theologians have differed as to the precise meaning of the Prophet’s words ﷺ: ‘They will pierce through the religion (yamruquna min al-din) as an arrow which goes clean through a prey.’ The idea of maraqa – an an arrow ‘piercing’ or going ‘clean through’ its prey with such force and velocity that it exists its prey without any trace of blood or flesh sticking to its tip or shaft, describes emphatically how the Khawarij immerse themselves in religion, but exit straight through it. The question, however, is do they exit the fold of orthodoxy (and become heterodox, deviant Muslims), or do they leave the actual fold of Islam? A minority of scholars went with the latter view; most went with the former.9 The majority view takes its cue from ‘Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, who was asked: Are the Khawarij mushrikun? He said: ‘They flee from shirk.‘ Are they munafiqun? He said: ‘The hypocrites remember Allah only a little.’ Then what are they? He said: ‘They are our brothers who transgressed against us (ikhwanuna baghaw ‘alayna), so we fought them for their transgression.’10


III

We may be forgiven for thinking that the Khawarij are an anachronism; a thing of the past, that have no bearing upon Muslims and today’s world. But we would be terribly wrong! The Khawarij, as we shall soon see, were prophesied as raising their ugly heads throughout time, until the Dajjal appears at their tale end. It is crucial, therefore, that we acquaint ourselves with their traits, attitudes and bent of mind:

1. Their first trait, as was mentioned, is that they will keep on rising throughout time. The Prophet ﷺ warned: ‘A group of young men will rise up reciting the Qur’an, but it won’t pass beyond their throats. Whenever a group appears, it is to be cut off; until the Dajjal arises at their tale end.’ Ibn ‘Umar said: I heard the Prophet ﷺ saying: ‘Each time a group appears, it is to be cut off’ more than twenty times.11 Thus the Khawarij will continue to plague Islam and the Muslims, till the Dajjal arises in what remains of them.

2. Another typical trait is their ignorant, over-simplistic understanding of religion. To this reality, there are these following words of the Prophet ﷺ: ‘There will arise at the end of time a people young in age and weak in intellect (hudatha’ al-asnan wa sufaha’ al-ahlam). Their speech will be that of the best of creation. They will recite the Qur’an but it shan’t go beyond their throats. They will shoot through the religion just like an arrow goes through the game. When you meet them, kill them; for in their killing you will receive a great reward from Allah on the Day of Judgement.’12


Ibn Hajr wrote: ‘The Khawarij, what led them to judge those who opposed them to be disbelievers, making their blood lawful … and engage in fighting and killing Muslims? All this is from the vestiges of those who worship upon ignorance; those whose hearts haven’t been expanded by the light of knowledge. nor do they hold tightly to the firm rope of knowledge.’13 Indeed, more than any other fitnah today, the ummah is beset with takfiri violence, murder and mayhem, wreaked upon it mostly by those ‘young in age and weak in intellect.’


3. Extremism and fanaticism is another quintessential character. The Prophet ﷺ said about them: ‘There will arise among you a people whose prayer will make your prayer look insignificant, whose fasting will make your fasting look insignificant, and whose deeds will make your deeds look insignificant. They will recite the Qur’an but it won’t pass beyond their throats …’14 Ibn ‘Abbas said about the Khawarij, when he went to debate them: ‘I came to them at midday and entered upon a people, the likes of whom I hadn’t seen in terms of their exertion in worship. Their foreheads were grazed from [constant] prostration. Their hands were rough, like [the knees of] camels. They wore recently washed, girded up tunics. And their faces were pale from staying up at night [in prayer].’15


Despite their ostensibly impressive religiosity, which has ensnared many a youth into their misguided, brutal embrace, Ibn Hajr puts things into perspective for us: ‘It was said of them [that they are] “Reciters,” because of their tireless exertion in reciting the Qur’an and [devotion in] worship. Except that they would interpret the Qur’an upon other than its intended meanings, were obstinate, and went to extremes in regards to worldly detachment (zuhd), humility in prayer (khushu‘) and other [such] things.’16


4. Their speech is impressive, but their actions are abhorrent and wicked. One hadith states: ‘There shall appear in my ummah schisms and divisions, and a people who will beautify their speech, but their actions will be evil. They shall recite the Qur’an, but it will not pass beyond their throats …’17 A clear case that the Khawarij can talk the talk, but not walk the walk – and how yesterday resembles today.

5. They demean the seasoned scholars well-known for their depth of knowledge, fiqh and piety, and cut-off from them. The Prophet ﷺ described the Khawarij as: ‘young in age, weak in intellect,’18 Ibn ‘Abbas, in his parley with them, told them this home truth: ‘I come to you from the Emigrants (muhajirun) and the Helpers (ansar), and the son-in-law of Allah’s Messenger ﷺ. To them the Qur’an was revealed. They are more learned about its meanings than you are; and there is not a single one of them among you.’19


Fewer things are as repugnant as the blind, holier-than-thou absolutism of the newly reformed sinner (as the Khawarij saw themselves to be). In their purer than the pure self-righteousness they declared ‘Ali, Mu‘awiyah, and other sahabah to be unbelievers or kuffar. For they had failed to cross over to their puritanical way of seeing things. In fact, Khariji bigotry has always treated with contempt the true people of knowledge. The mediating voices of the scholars become, for the Khawarij, religious compromise or betrayal. Juristic nuances are seen by them as pharisaic, there to hide the simplicity of passing judgement on others. The Prophet ﷺ said about such murderous misfits: ‘They shall recite the Qur’an thinking it is for them, but it is against them.’20 And that: ‘They would call to the Book of Allah, but would not be from it at all.’21 Such can be the tragedy of those who, not withstanding their religious zeal, are wet behind the ears in terms of age, experience and knowledge.


In contrast to those ‘young in age, weak in intellect,’ the Prophet ﷺ said: al-barakah fi akabirikum – ‘The blessings are with your senior ones.’22 Indeed, cutting-off from the senior scholars in particular, and the people of knowledge and spirituality (ahl al-‘ilmi wa’l-ihsan) in general, is the root causes of how zeal for religious purity is taken over the brink into all-out fanaticism.


6. Along with the murder and violence, their most infamous trait is making takfir of a person for a major sin, or something for which takfir cannot be made. I have written at length about Takfir: Its Dangers & Its Rules elsewhere on this blog, so I’ll limit myself to this one hadith. The Prophet ﷺ said: ‘Truly what I most fear for you is a man who will recite the Qur’an until its radiance appears on him. So he becomes a support to Islam, changing it to whatever Allah wills. He then separates from it, casts it behind his back and raises the sword against his neighbour, accusing him of idolatry (shirk).’ I asked: O Allah’s Messenger who most deserves to be imputed with shirk; the accused or the accuser? He replied: ‘The accuser.”‘23


Ibn Taymiyyah said: ‘The Khawarij were the first to declare Muslims to be unbelievers due to committing sins. They declared as disbelievers whoever opposed them in their innovation, and made lawful the shedding of blood and the seizing of wealth.’24


7. One final trait. They do not venerate the Prophet ﷺ, even if they zealously observe some of the outward sunnahs. We should recall that the precursor to these Khawarij, Dhul-Khuwaysirah, rebuked the Prophet ﷺ, telling him to ‘fear Allah’ and ‘be just!’25 Such disrespect towards the Prophet ﷺ, and towards his compassion and his concern to reconcile hearts (for that was the context in which he spoke these insolent words), still courses through Kharijite veins today.26

More than any other attribute, rahmah – compassion, mercy and clemency – was the defining quality of the Prophet ﷺ. Allah says about His Prophet: We have not sent you but as a mercy to the worlds. [21:107] The Prophet ﷺ once said: ‘I am indeed a merciful gift.’27 That being so, seldom will you find this profound prophetic attribute manifest upon them, save in some limited way. Anger, hostility, resentment and vengeance are more what animate them than mercy, humanity and tolerance. For theirs is the way of political agitation, not reconciliation; of demolishing, not building; of insulting the people of knowledge, not honouring or being guided by them; of “learning” via books, not at the feet of seasoned ‘ulema.


Again, seldom will you find one of them having a daily wird, or set portion, of sending salutations (salawat) upon the Prophet ﷺ, by which the bonds of profound love and attachment to him are cultivated. In fact, veneration (ta‘zim) of the Prophet ﷺ, and that ambition to emulate something of his inward states, are generally conspicuous in them by their absence.

Yet without this deep prophetic attachment, dehumanising the Quranic message and making faith appear utterly repugnant becomes more than a possibility; it becomes a hideous, living reality. What is clear is that those unschooled in ihsan – in the beauty of shari‘ah-rooted spirituality – will only bring ugliness into the world.




To conclude: Part 1 of this blog mapped the origins, significance and extremist nature of the first heterodox sect in Islam: the Khawarij. Section one recounted the genesis of the Khawarij, personified in the hubris of Dhu’l-Khuwaysirah – the ‘father’ of this violent, brutish, self-righteous sect. We saw how they made la hukma illa li’Llah – “No judgement except Allah’s” – their clarion call, dressing it up in their false meaning and misapplication. The second section gave us a window into their lopsided piety: acting most justly when it came to the price of a date, but having no conscience whatsoever when it came to butchering and killing those who did not share their political views. Such superficial piety is what the prophetic warnings about them allude to: ‘a people who will recite the Qur’an, but it won’t pass beyond their throats.’

Section three discussed some of their defining traits and attitudes: a black and white grasp of religious realities because of being ‘weak in intellect’; extremely puritanical; that Muslims would be the main victims of their violence and murder; they will keep appearing throughout time, but will be identified by the learned for what they truly are; their political rabble-rousing and denigration of the scholars; and, of course, their wanton takfir of Muslims for matters wherein takfir is not permitted.

In the second and concluding part of this blog, we shall look at how Kharijite beliefs, ideas and methods have surfaced in modern times; especially in the form of the outfit known as ISIS/ISIL. The claim of ISIS as being the legitimate Islamic Caliphate will be examined, as will some of their pronouncements and their ‘Management of Savagery.’ And Allah’s help is sought.



1. Muslim, no.1064.

2. Al-Bukhari, no.3610.

3. Ibn al-Jawzi, Talbis Iblis (Beirut: Dar al-Qalam, 1982), 88; also see: al-Shahrastani, al-Milal wa’l-Nihal (Cairo: Dar al-Halabi, 1967), 1:118.

4. Ibn Majah, no.176. Al-Albani graded it as sahih in Sahih al-Jami‘ al-Saghir (Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1987), no.3347.

5. Talbis Iblis, 89.

6. Muslim, no.1066/157.

7. Al-Nawawi, Sharh Sahih Muslim (Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1995), 7:152.

8. Consult: al-Tabari, Tarikh al-Rusul wa’l-Muluk (Egypt: Dar al-Ma‘rifah, 1964); 5:81-2; Ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah wa’l-Nihayah (Dar al-Hijr, 1998), 10:584.

9. Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalani, Fath al-Bari (Cairo: Dar al-‘Alamiyyah, 2013), 8:225, 15:392-94, where he says that those who considered the Khawarij to be outside the fold of Islam include: Ibn al-‘Arabi in his Sharh al-Tirmidhi, al-Subki in his Fatawa, and al-Qurtubi in al-Mufhim.

10. Al-Bidayah wa’l-Nihayah, 10:591.

11. Ibn Majah, no.174. The hadith was graded hasan by al-Albani, Silsilat al-Ahadith al-Sahihah (Riyadh: Maktabah al-Ma‘arif, 1991), no.2455.

12. Al-Bukhari, no.5057; Muslim, no.1066. ‘There will arise at the end of time’ has been explained to mean: the end period of the rightly-guided khalifahs. See: Ibn Hajr, Fath al-Bari, 15:376.

13. Fath al-Bari, 15:394.

14. Al-Bukhari, no.5058; Muslim, no.1063.

15. Cited in Ibn al-Jawzi, Talbis Iblis, 89.

16. Fath al-Bari, 15:371. Point to note: No doubt, the early Khawarij exerted themselves in worship. But this is not necessarily a trait of theirs in later times; nor even today. In fact, many of today’s Khawarij often have, despite their political zeal, rhetoric and commitment to carnage, little attachment to sustained religious practice (although in these religiously lax times, just praying a few prayers a day or growing a full beard can seem religiously impressive to some).

17. Abu Dawud, no.4765. It was classified as sahih in al-Albani, Sahih al-Jami‘ al-Saghir (Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1986), no.3668.

18. Al-Bukhari, no.3611; Muslim, no.1066.

19. Talbis Iblis, 89-90.

20. Muslim, no.1066.

21. Ahmad, no.1338, and it is sahih. See: al-Albani, Sahih al-Jami‘ al-Saghir (Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1986), no.3668.

22. Ibn Hibban, Sahih, no.559; al-Hakim, Mustadrak, no.210, where he said: ‘It is sahih according to the conditions of al-Bukhari.’

23. Ibn Hibban, Sahih, no.282. Ibn Kathir said: ‘Its chain is excellent (jayyid).’ See: Tafsir Qur’an al-‘Azim (Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah, 1987), 2:276.

24. Majmu‘ al-Fatawa (Riyadh: Dar ‘Alam al-Kutub, 1991), 3:279.

25. Al-Bukhari, no.6933; Muslim, no.1064.

26. In fact, similar resistance to reconciling hearts can be seen in Kharijite hostility to the tahkim or arbitration at Siffin. Moreover, the same disrespect towards the Prophet ﷺ can be seen in their insults against, and takfir of, ‘Ali – the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law; and thus a member of the Ahl al-Bayt.

27. Al-Hakim, Mustadrak, no.100; and it is sahih. See: al-Albani, Silsilat al-Ahadith al-Sahihah (Riyadh: Maktabah al-Ma‘arif, 1995), no.490.

By Ustaad Abu Aliyah
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