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The Prophet (SAW)s Date Of Birth.

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 21st September 2011 15:29

THE BIRTH DATE OF RASULULLAAH (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam)

According to majority of the Islamic historians the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam was born in the 'Year of the elephant' - the year when Abraha came with his army to demolish the Holy Ka'baa. (Albidayah wan nihayah - 321/2 }

There are six opinions regarding the month of the Prophet's Sallallahu alayhi wasallam birth:
1. Muharram 2. Safar 3. Rabiul awwal 4. Rabiul Akhar 5. Rajab 6. Ramadhann

Sharhul Mawahib 130-131/1)

The majority of the scholars are unanimous that the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam was born in Rabiul awwal. {Albidayah li ibn e Kathir 319/2) According to the famous research scholar Allama Muhammed Zahid Kawthari Rahemahullah, any other month apart from Rabiul awwal is unacceptable to the proficient scholars. (Maqaalat ul Kawthari - 405)

The day of the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam birth was Monday. According to the famous muhaddith and historian - Hafiz Ibn e Kathir Rahemahullah, this is a unanimously accepted fact. (Albidayah - 319/2). In a hadeeth of Muslim, narrated by Abu Qatadah Radeallahhotallahanh, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam was asked regarding the fast of Monday. He replied: it is the day I was born and also the day when the first revelation was sent upon me. (Muslim, with Sharh e Ubbi - 123/4)

As to which date of Rabiul awwal was the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam born some people say that it hasn't been determined. But the majority of scholars say that the date has been determined. Allama Qastalaani Rahemahullah has reported seven opinions regarding the date :
l)2nd Rabiul awwal 2) 8th Rabiul awwal 3
10th Rabiul awwal 4) 12th Rabiul awwal 5)17* Rabiul awwal 6) 18th Rabiul awwal 7) 22nd Rabiul awwal (Almawahib Zarqani: 131-132/1)

According to Allama Kawthari Rahemahullah, apart from the date after 8th i.e. the 9th, 10th and 12th Rabiul awwal the other opinions are not worth paying attention to due to the lack of satisfactory evidence. Now from the remaining three which date should be given preference, After contemplating this it emerges that the opinion of the 10th cannot be excepted because of three people in its chain of narration. As to 12th , it has been narrated by Muhammad ibn e Ishaq but the chain has not been stated.

Therefore it is unsupported. Hence preference will be given to the 9th. Logically also this date can be determined as can be understood from Taqweem ul arab qablal islaam - by the famous mathematician and space studies expert Allama Mahmood Pasha Falaki
Misri.

During the era of the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam, there was a solar eclipse on the last day of Shawwal 10AH. On this very day Ibrahim Radeallahhotallahanh, the Prophet Sallallahu alayhi wasallam son had also passed away. Counting backwards from this and bearing in mind that the day of birth was Monday unanimously, the date of birth proves to be 9th, which during the 'year of the elephant' was dedefinitely on a Monday.

To sum up, the birth date of the Prophet Sallallaahu alayhi wasallam can be proven to be 9th both by narration and logic. (Maqalaat ul Kawthari 405 - 407) According to Allama Qastalani Rahemahullah, most of the muhadditheen and historians have preferred this opinion. (Almawahib with Zarqani 131/1)

As to the opinion of the 8th mentioned by some historians, according to Allama Kawthari Rahemahullah it means the end of 8th i.e. the 9th. According to Moulana Hifz ur Rahman Rahemahullah the contradiction between the two dates is not a contradiction as such but it depends on whether the month was 29 days or 30 days. And when the 9th has been determined by calculations then regarding the 8th can be used to support it. (Qasas ul Qur'an 190/4)

Mufti Umar Faruq Desai Luharvi
(Shaykh-ul-hadith Dar-ul Uloom London)

http://www.muftisays.com/muftifarooq.php?viewpage=birthofnabi

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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 21st September 2011 15:41
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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 24th January 2012 23:30
abu mohammed wrote:
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An interesting find from Moonsighting.com

If the below is correct, this means the research done by the Ulama is incorrect. Very Interesting!

Quote:
A book, "Memoirs of Prophet Muhammad's Life" written by Khalid Shaukat presents the calculated dates in the Christian calendar for all important events in the Prophet's life. Dates are given with week day for his birth, Shaqqul-Qamar, Me'raj, migration to Medinah, battles of Badr, Uhad, Khandaq, and his death. Computer calculations are used for visibility of new crescent moon for lunar months corresponding to Christian calendar. It is proven that 12th Rabi al-Awwal (Monday) is the correct date for ALL THREE EVENTS, the Prophet's birth, his arrival in Medinah, and his death. This book can be sent by postage mail, for cost of xeroxing and mailing. Request by clicking on: E-mail us
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd October 2014 12:26
A reminder of the above post and a comparison to the findings of Mufti Faruq Sahib in the OP.

Also, some new information regarding the eclipse from ICOUK.

Quote:
Salaam,
I am sure you all know of the Solar eclipse at the time of the prophet (saw) as per hadith which was also at the time of death of prophets son, Ibraheem, this can be calculated and falls on on 27th Jan 632AD....attached graph shows its path does indeed fall across Arabia.

But perhaps you may not have heard of another eclipse that was at the time of Hazrat Umar.
I was reading a book called The Khalifas by Jalal ad-Din Suyuti and it mentions that Hazrat Umar was stabbed by his assassin whilst leading the prayer...he was stabbed on Wednesday and it mentions that it was 4 days before the end of Dhul-Hijjah, he died some days later and was buried on Sunday the 1st of Muharram (24 Hijrah)...it was also reported that on the day he died the sun was eclipsed.
We can calculate this using:
eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEsearch/SEsearchmap.php?Ecl=06441105
which shows that this eclipse was on 5 Nov 644 (which was a Friday), hence the new moon was seen next day at an age of about 29hrs or so for Medina and would have been visible according to MoonCalc and Accurate Times etc and 1st Muharram does indeed fall on Sunday 6 Nov (AT visibility map attached)
Attached eclipse graph shows this eclipse also fell across Arabia.

ws
Maqsood
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 25th December 2016 15:54
abu mohammed wrote:
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@Wifaqul Ulama.

In reference to your page here, www.wifaqululama.co.uk/2016/12/01/blessed-dates-of-birth-... and the findings of Khalid Shaukat.

Khalid Shaukat has a booklet with his research and dates for historical events with some evidence to go with it.

I would really appreciate your thoughts on the topic.
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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 26th December 2016 19:11

abu mohammed wrote:
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Research of Uncle Shaukat Khalid is as follows. I will simply concentrate on his analysis on page 11 of his book.

He states that after analysis of Jewish, Christian & Arab Calendars he comes of the conclusion that the month of Rabiul-Awwal (in year 569) fell in the Jewish month of Iyar. He then postulates based on Moon Sighting (probability) that 12th of Rabiul-Awwal fell on a Monday.

In year 569 the new Moon was born on Tuesday 02nd of April 56 as you can see that there is NO POSSIBILITY of sighting.

On the next day which was Wednesday 03rd of April 569 the moon could have been sighted.

  1. Thursday the 05th of April 569 would have been 1st of Rabiul-Awwal
  2. Friday the 06th of April 569 would have been 2nd of Rabiul-Awwal
  3. Saturday the 07th of April 569 would have been 3rd of Rabiul-Awwal
  4. Sunday the 08th of April 569 would have been 4th of Rabiul-Awwal
  5. Monday the 09th of April 569 would have been 5th of Rabiul-Awwal
  6. Tuesday the 10th of April 569 would have been 6th of Rabiul-Awwal
  7. Wednesday the 11th of April 569 would have been 7th of Rabiul-Awwal
  8. Thursday the 12th of April 569 would have been 8th of Rabiul-Awwal
  9. Friday the 13th of April 569 would have been 9th of Rabiul-Awwal
  10. Saturday the 14th of April 569 would have been 10th of Rabiul-Awwal
  11. Sunday the 15th of April 569 would have been 11th of Rabiul-Awwal
  12. Monday the 16th of April 569 would have been 12th of Rabiul-Awwal

He gets the date wrong (in the book) and it should be 16th of April 569 but (above) is his analysis expanded out

IF:

  1. You lock the Year of Elephant to be 569
  2. You assume that Rabiul-Awwal coicndes with Jewish Calendar month of Iyar

You reach this conclusion.

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#7 [Permalink] Posted on 6th October 2022 10:34
islamicportal.co.uk/dates-of-the-blessed-birth-and-demise...



Dates of the blessed birth and demise of Prophet Muhammad (English)
By Islamic Portal

What is the date of birth and the date of demise of our beloved Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ?

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

This issue has been addressed in my Arabic article Matā Wulida al-Rasūl Ṣallāllāhu ʿAlayhi wa Sallam wa Matā Tuwuffiya.[1] A summary is outlined below.

(1) Blessed birth of the Prophet ï·º

According to the majority of scholars, the Prophet ﷺ was born in Rabīʿ al-Awwal in the Year of the Elephant, which corresponds to 571 CE. This was 53 years before the migration of the Prophet ﷺ to the blessed city of Madīnah. There is general agreement among scholars that the Prophet ﷺ was born on Monday, as affirmed by a Prophetic statement transmitted in Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim (1162). However, there is a difference of opinion regarding the precise date of birth. The following are some of the views:

The precise date of birth is unknown.
The blessed birth occurred on a Monday in Rabīʿ al-Awwal and the date is unknown.
1st Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This view is attributed to ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbbās (d. 68/687-8) (may Allah be pleased with him).
2nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Imam Abū Maʿshar Najīḥ ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān (d. 170/787) and Ḥāfiẓ ʿAbd al-Ganī al-Maqdisī al-Ḥanbalī (d. 600/1203). Ḥāfiẓ Mugalṭāya al-Ḥanafī (d. 762/1361) is inclined towards this.
3rd Rabīʿ al-Awwal.
8th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of most experts including Imam Muḥammad ibn Jubayr ibn Muṭʿim (d. circa 100/719), Ḥāfiẓ Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khuwārizmī al-Ḥanafī (d. 403/1012), Imam Ibn Ḥazm (d. 456/1064), Ḥāfiẓ Abū al-Khaṭṭāb ibn Diḥyah (d. 633/1235), Shaykh Idrīs Kāndhelwī (d. 1394/1974) and Mufti Rashīd Aḥmad Ludyānwī (d. 1422/2002). This view is also attributed to ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbbās (d. 68/687-8) (may Allah be pleased with him).
9th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of the famous Muslim astronomer Maḥmūd Pashā (d. 1302/1885) who conducted detailed research on this subject and concluded that the Prophet ﷺ was born on the morning of 9 Rabīʿ al-Awwal, which corresponds to 20 April 571 CE. This view has been endorsed by Mawlānā Shiblī Nuʿmānī (d. 1332/1914), Shaykh Muḥammad ibn ʿAfifī al-Bājūrī (d. 1345/1927), Qāḍī Sulaymān Manṣūrpūrī (d. 1349/1930), ʿAllāmah Zāhid Kawtharī (d. 1371/1952), Sayyid Sulaymān Nadwī (d. 1373/1953) and Mawlānā Ṣafī al-Raḥmān Mubārakpūrī (d. 1427/2006).
10th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Imam ʿĀmir ibn Sharāḥīl al-Shaʿbī (d. circa 104/722), Imam Abū Jaʿfar al-Bāqir (d. 114/732-3) and Ḥāfiẓ Dimyāṭī al-Shāfiʿ ī (d. 705/1306).
12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Imam Ibn Isḥāq (d. 150/767-8), Imam Ibn Ḥibbān (d. 354/965), Imam Abū al-Ḥasan al-Māwardī (d. 450/1058), Imam Ibn Khaldūn (d. 808/1406) and others. Although this is a commonly held view, it is worth noting that from an astronomical perspective, this date in the Year of the Elephant does not coincide with a Monday in any way. This is why many experts have questioned this view and deemed it incorrect.
Friday 17th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This has been refuted by Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Kathīr (d. 774/1373).
22nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal.
Thus, the preferred view is that the Prophet ﷺ was born on 8th or 9th Rabīʿ al-Awwal (19 or 20 April 571 CE)[2] although 1st or 2nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal (12 or 13 April 571 CE) are possible dates. The difference of opinion clearly suggests that, contrary to popular belief, there is no unanimous or fixed position regarding the precise date of the blessed birth of our beloved Prophet ﷺ.

(2) Demise of our beloved Prophet ï·º

There is general agreement among scholars that the Prophet ﷺ passed away on a Monday in Rabīʿ al-Awwal in the 11th year after migration. However, there is a difference of opinion regarding the precise date in Rabīʿ al-Awwal. The following are the principal views:

12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the most famous opinion and is the view of Imam Ibn Isḥāq (d. 150/767-8), Imam Wāqidī (d. 207/823), Imam Ṭaḥāwī (d. 321/933), Imam Ibn Ḥibbān (d. 354/965), Imam Ibn Ḥazm (d. 456/1064), Ḥafiẓ Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr (d. 463/1071), Imam Ibn al-Jawzī (d. 597/1201), Imam Nawawī (d. 676/1277), Ḥāfiẓ Dhahabī (d. 748/1348), Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Dimishqī (d. 842/1438), Imam Ibn Ḥajar al-Makkī (d. 974/1567), Qāḍī Sulaymān Manṣūrpūrī (d. 1349/1930), Mawlānā Ṣafī al-Raḥmān Mubārakpūrī (d. 1427/2006) and many others. This view is also attributed to ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib (d. 40/661), ʿĀʾishah (d. 58/678) and ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbbās (d. 68/687-8) (may Allah be pleased with them) and Ḥāfiẓ Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (d. 643/1245). However, many experts such as Imam Suhaylī (d. 581/1185) have questioned this view based on the fact that 9th Dhū al-Ḥijjah (the day of ʿArafah) in the 10th year after migration was a Friday. Accordingly, it is impossible for 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal, three months later, to have fallen on a Monday even after considering all the possible variations in the number of days of Dhū al-Ḥijjah, Muḥarram and Ṣafar. The only possible way of reconciling 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal with Monday is to assume that Dhū al-Ḥijjah started a day later in the blessed city of Madīnah. However, this reconciliation is only valid if all four months, Dhū al-Qaʿdah, Dhū al-Ḥijjah, Muḥarram and Ṣafar, were all complete months of 30 days. This is extremely rare, especially if Makkah was already a day ahead in Dhū al-Ḥijjah. For this reason, experts such as Ḥafiẓ Ibn Ḥajar ʿAsqalānī (d. 852/1449), Mufti Rashīd Aḥmad Ludyānwī (d. 1422/2002) and others argue that this view is wrong and is based on a transcribing error of 2nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal becoming 12th Rabīʿ al-Awwal. Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī Thānawī (d. 1362/1943) is also of the view that this date is incorrect.
2nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Imam Abū Isḥāq Saʿd ibn Ibrāhīm ibn ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAwf al-Zuhrī (d. 125/742-3), Imam Muḥammad ibn Qays (d. circa 126/743-4), Imam Sulayman al-Taymī (d. 143/761), Imam Khalifah ibn Khayyāṭ (d. 240/854-5), Imam Ṭabarānī (d. 360/971). Scholars who are inclined to this view include Imam ʿIzz al-Dīn ibn Jamāʿah (d. 767/1366), Imam Ibn Khaldūn (d. 808/1406), Ḥafiẓ Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī (d. 852/1449), Imam Qasṭalānī (d. 923/1517), Mufti Rashīd Aḥmad Ludyānwī (d. 1422/2002) and others.
1st Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Imam ʿUrwah ibn al-Zubayr (d. 94/712-3), Imam Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. 124/742), Imam Musā ibn ʿUqbah (d. 141/758-9), and Ḥāfiẓ Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khuwārizmī al-Ḥanafī (d. 403/1012). Imam Suhaylī (d. 581/1185) and Imam Abū al-Yumn ibn ʿAsākir (d. 686/1287) are inclined towards this view although they suggest that the second view is also plausible. Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Sayyid al-Nās (d. 734/1334) suggests that both this and the previous view are possibilities. It is worth noting that both views are substantiated via a narration transmitted by Imam Ibn Jarīr (d. 310/923) from ʿAbd Allah ibn ʿAbbās (d. 68/687-8) who suggests that the Prophet ﷺ remained alive for 81 days after the verse “Today, I have completed for you your faith” was revealed. The majority of the scholars are of the view that this verse was revealed on 9th Dhū al-Ḥijjah, as explicitly mentioned in the narration of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (45, 4407, 4606, and 7268).
13th Rabīʿ al-Awwal – This is the view of Ḥafiẓ Badr al-Dīn ibn Jamāʿah (d. 733/1333) and Shaykh Muḥammad ibn ʿAfifī al-Bājūrī (d. 1345/1927). The latter adopted this view based on the research of the Muslim astronomer Maḥmūd Pashā (d. 1302/1885), who also appears inclined towards this view. Apart from the astronomical possibility of this date coinciding with a Monday, there is no evidence to substantiate this position.
Thus, similar to the date of birth, there is no scholarly consensus on the precise date of the demise of our beloved Prophet ﷺ. The strongest view, however, appears to be that the Prophet ﷺ passed away on Monday 1st or 2nd Rabīʿ al-Awwal 11 AH, which corresponds to 27 or 28 May 632 CE.

Allah knows best

Yusuf Shabbir

Approved by: Mufti Shabbir Ahmed Sahib

19 á¹¢afar 1438 / 19 November 2016

Footnotes

[1] The article is accessible on the following link: islamicportal.co.uk/dates-of-the-blessed-birth-and-demise...

[2] This is in accordance with the old Gregorian calendar. The equivalent in the new Gregorian calendar is 21 or 22 April.

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