I found some nice pics of antique blood letting tools from the west. The method is close to hijamah. It's such a shame that the west abandoned this medicine that they once followed so closely in the 17,18 and 19 century. Take a look.
A 19th Century cupping set with a 12 blade brass scarificator signed Evans & Co. Below this is the rare feature of a hidden compartment housing a tray with three sets of reserve blades which can be lifted up by means of a harness.
An exceptionally rare 'Fox's Leech Glass Cupping Set' as shown in the Smithsonian book. The characteristic shape of the glass sets this aside from the usual form.
The scarificator which has sharp pointed blades (an earlier variation) is by W B Hilliard who started business in the 1830′s. The alcohol bottle is in perfect condition and is built into the set. It has a broken pontil in keeping with the set dating to pre 1850.
Dr Baron Charles Louis Heurteloup (1793 - 1864) invented an artificial leech which was named after him. These were often used to bleed sensitive areas around the eyes or temples.
After the cut had been made the glass tube would be placed over it and the wing nut turned to create a vacuum in the tube which would draw up the blood. More commonly they have a short scarifier which works by pulling back and releasing a sprung lancet, or a string mechanism for rotating a circular knife. This one also uses a circular knife but is unusual in that the mechanism for doing so is the withdrawing or advancing the piston.
A small cupping set having cups of only 28 and 32 mm in diameter. The fully functional 4 blade scarificator measuring 15 x 30 x 40 mm is typical of a temple cupping set.
I have not seen cups of this shape before and I assume that the elongated configuration is by way of compensation for the small opening. If they were proportionately shaped they would not have enough capacity to draw sufficient blood. The syringe fits into the valved connector of both cups. Housed in the original red velvet lined case which measures the box measured 168 x 117 x 45 mm. Consistent with a date around the early 19th century.
An octagonal brass four blade temple scarificator in its Moroccan leather case.
Temple scarificators are much smaller than the usual form and much less common. Unsigned but of good build quality. There is a central screw on the dorsal surface which alters the depth of the cut. In perfect working order.
This is the link that I used to search for these items.
There are so many antique medical tools that can be found on this website that shows clearly that early western doctors were firm believers in cupping and blood letting/ hijamah to treat every day sickness and diseases. Please check the link for more photos.
A delicate glass cupping instrument from Afghanistan dating to the first centuries of the Islam Era around 10-12 AD.
The glass cup shown in the last picture is on display in the Louvre and is on file as "Ventouse médicale. Verre soufflé, Iran premiers siècles de l'Islam". (Cupping glass. Blown glass, Iran, first centuries of the Islam era.)
A brass cupping vessel used in North Africa for wet cupping
Wet and dry cupping (the former for bleeding) has been used worldwide for thousands of years. The North African Moors commonly shave both their heads as well as their groins. Having scarified the area with cuts using fleams and scarificators, barber surgeons would then apply cups like these to remove blood. The vacuum created by sucking on the side pipe is sealed with chewed grass or gum. The bleeding instruments and and the environment are not sterile and tend to be unhygienic which provides potenital vector for the spread of disease, but the practice remains as commonplace today as it was in the 18th century. Because the devices have changed little it can be difficult to date them but this one is probably 19th century
17th Century Iron Fleam
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An antique hand forged iron fleam with a twisted stem and serpentine turned handle which would have been used for blood-letting
These instruments are notoriously difficult to date because like so many effective tools which were fit for purpose their design changed little over many centuries. The appearance of this instrument are certainly in keeping with a 17th century date but it could just as well be 16th century or older still.
A 19th century brass cupping lamp with original wick by Arnold & Sons
A small brass cupping lamp. The lit wick soaked in kerosine or oil would be held inside the cup for a few seconds before applying the cup to the skin. As the air cooled the resulting vacuum would secure the cup in place and if scarification was present blood would be sucked into the cup. The cartouche shows their logo and underneath reads 'Arnold & Sons 31 Smithfield St and 123 Giltspure St London'. Arnold and Sons practiced in this name at the former address from 1866.
A brass European cupping lamp from the 18th Century (with two bronze cups). The lamp would be filled with oil or animal fat and a wick would be pulled under the pin across the spout. The lit flame would be held under the cups to "exhaust" them of air prior to being placed on the skin.
As the air cooled the resulting vacuum would cause the skin to tumefy. If the skin was punctured with a lancet or scarificator beforehand the blood would collect in the cups. These pieces would have made up part of a cupping set with various lancets and scarificators as shown in the example from History of Medicine Museum in Florence (Picture from the German edition of "Histoire de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, de l´Art Dentaire et de l´Art Vétérinaire"). A similar set can also be seen in the Josephinum Museum in Vienna.
This wooden fitted case is cloth covered in typical French style. The three rows of matching cups are in graduated sizes. A round brass 12 blade scarificator and a brass lamp with the original wick are all present and excellent condition.
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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