"abu mohammed" wrote:
Can Somebody translate the word Alhumdu, Alhumdo and al.H.umd-u I have just been told that the word we should be using when writing in English is
Can some one tell me the meaning of the above 3 variants? It will be very interesting the see the result. Arabic language and The English Dictionary of Congress is very much needed here.
As someone who doesn't know Arabic let me take a stab at this.
The correct root word is "Hamdun" which is Marfoo with Dammatain
When you make it definite two things should happen:
a) Al should be added (to indicate definiteness)
b) One of the Dammatin would drop out resulting in a single Damma on the last letter as the word is still Marfoo (and nothing has been done to change the state to Nasab or Jaar)"
So the correct word would be "Al-Hamdu" with a Fatha on Haa
Since there is no "Waw" at the end you cannot add "u" at the end
Since the Fatha on "H" is maintained so you cannot have a full stop (or a Sukoon) on the letter.
a) Damma = Paish and Dammatin means "Do Paish" or "Two Paish"
b) Fatha = Zabar
c) Rafa (Marfooh), Nasab & Jaar are the three main states of all Arabic words e.g.
i) Muhammad is a student (Muhammad is in the state of Rafa)
ii) Muhammad killed a snake (Snake is in the state of Nasab)
iii) This is Muhammad's book (Muhammad is in the state of Jaar)
In English you tell the meaning by the way words are arranged in a sentensce which is a very limited way of expressing yourself but in Arabic the meaning is conveyed by the last letter ending i.e. if it has Damma (Paish), Fatha (Zabar) or Kasra (Zair) on it either single or double.
The downside of English is that I CANNOT convey the same meanings by rearranging the words e.g. Muhammad killed a snake
Muhammad is the Killer
Snake got killed
I CANNOT say Sanke killed Muhammad because the meaning has changed
VERSUS in Arabic
I can say the same thing is multiple ways and rearrange words as long as the last letter ending i.e. if it has Damma (Paish), Fatha (Zabar) or Kasra (Zair) on it either single or double is correctly applied the reader and listener will know who killed and what got killed and the arrangement of words doesn't mean much.