Shaykhul Hadeeth Muhammad Zakariya Kandhlawi رحمه الله writes,
"The Battle of Siffeen was the famous battle between Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه and Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه. The Emperor of the Byzantine Empire tried to exploit this division within the Muslims. When Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه found out, he sent a letter to the Byzantine Emperor, 'If you have made the decision to attack, then I swear by Allaah I will make peace with 'Ali, and I will be in the front lines of the army that Sayyiduna 'Ali dispatches against you. We will destroy the city of Constantinople and uproot your government like carrots and turnips.'
The story behind this is that the Byzantine Emperor wrote a letter to Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه saying, ' 'Ali is a thorn in your side, I will dispatch an army to aid you.' In reply, Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه said, 'O Christian dog! You want to take advantage of our difference of opinion. Remember, if you squint your eyes in the direction of 'Ali, Mu'awiya will come as a soldier of 'Ali's army to gouge out your eyes!'
Likewise, it is narrated that Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه said, 'I swear by Allaah, 'Ali is better and greater than me, and I only oppose him because of the blood of 'Uthmaan. If he avenges the blood of 'Uthmaan, I will be the first of the people of Shaam (Greater Syria) to take bai'a on his hands.'"
Ameer Muawiyah (RA) is certainly in Jannah and we owe much to him for the spread of Islam. Can't say the same for his son, Yazid, but, nevertheless Allah will judge on the events that unfolded after his (RA) departure from the world.
"It is proven by Mutawaatir reports that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم appointed Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه as an army commander, just as he appointed others, and he strove in Jihaad alongside him. He also entrusted him with writing down the revelation, and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did not make any accusation against him with regard to writing down the revelation. Sayyiduna 'Umar Ibn al-Khattaab رضي الله عنه, who was one of the most experienced in assessing people, appointed him as a governor. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى instilled truth on Sayyiduna 'Umar's رضي الله عنه lips and in his heart, and he never accused Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه of any wrongdoing while he was his governor in Syria."
Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer رحمه الله said concerning Ameerul Mu'mineen Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه,
"All the Muslims agreed to swear allegiance to him in 41 AH, and he remained the undisputed Caliph during this period until the year in which he died. Jihaad in enemy territory was ongoing, the word of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى was supreme, booty was coming in from all ends of the earth, and the Muslims during his reign had a life of ease, enjoying justice and tolerance. He was forbearing*, dignified, a leader, prominent among the people, generous, just and chivalrous. He was a man of good conduct, tolerant, forgiving and generous in overlooking mistakes, may Allaah have mercy on him."
* Ibn Abi'd-Dunyaa رحمه الله and Abu Bakr Ibn Abi 'Aasim رحمه الله each wrote a book about the forbearance of Ameerul Mu'mineen Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه.
[Sa`eed al-Qurashi narrates: Mu`awiyah entered on a Majlis of `Umar bin al-Khattab and he was wearing (apparently fancy) green colored clothes, so all the companions of Rasul-Allah (who were present) started looking at it (as if desiring one like it), when `Umar saw this he stood up and quickly started hitting Mu`awiyah with a whip and Mu`awiyah was saying: "By Allah, by Allah O Ameer al-Mu'mineen, why why?" He never answered him until he went back and sat in his Majlis, the folks said to `Umar: "Why'd you hit the young man O Ameer al-Mu'mineen? None of your people (meaning governors) are as good as he." He said to them: "By Allah I never saw from him except goodness nor have I heard concerning him except what is good, but I saw him (wearing it with pride) -and he pointed with his finger- so I liked to lower his pride."]
Sayyiduna Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه handed the caliphate over to Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه even though he had with him more than forty thousand men who had sworn allegiance to him unto death. If Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه had not been qualified for it, Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه would not have yielded it to him. He would have fought him instead.
[an-Nihaayah 'an Ta'n Ameerul Mu'mineen Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه]
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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