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Plague of Amwas and the Actions of Sahaba (RA)

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 15:55
We have many of our Brothers and Sisters who are claiming that to adopt precautions against the spread of infection is in contradiction to Islam.

In this thread Insha'Allah, we will list the actions of Sahabah (RA) when the plague (pandemic) was spread at Amwas, those disagreeing with the Sahaba (RA) must bring forth their evidence of their opposition to the actions of Sahaba (RA).
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 16:08
Where is Amwas?

It is likely that this is the small historical Roman town of "Emmaus Nicopolis" which lies about 23 KM from Jerusalem.

goo.gl/maps/ApjrYAzou2yNAPJp9

It is likely that this is the location of village of "Imwas" of the Palestinians which was destroyed by Israel and the entire Palestinian population evicted in 1948/1949, the old location of the Palestinian village is here:

goo.gl/maps/SbpqXv6Vk7vDJARp6



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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 16:24
What as the Plague of Imwas?

Loading Hadeeth

Imam ibn Hajar Asqalani (RA) lists the symptoms of this disease under the commentary of this Hadeeth as:

قلت : فهذا ما بلغنا من كلام أهل اللغة وأهل الفقه والأطباء في تعريفه . والحاصل أن حقيقته ورم ينشأ عن هيجان الدم أو انصباب الدم إلى عضو فيفسده ، وأن غير ذلك من الأمراض العامة الناشئة عن فساد الهواء يسمى طاعونا بطريق المجاز لاشتراكهما في عموم المرض به أو كثرة الموت


  1. Tumours
  2. Blood and Pus flow from various body parts
  3. General diseases which are communicable and cause excessive death can also be termed as "plague"


The key point to take away from this that all of these symptoms are visual i.e. you will not know when to isolate until you start showing symptoms to isolate (the patient) or be isolated.
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 16:35
Prediction of Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) that some of his Sahaba (RA) will pass away in Plague

Loading Hadeeth

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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 16:43
17 AH: Sayyiduna Umar (RA) learns of Hadeeth and returns back to Madina

This entire incident is narrated in Saheeh Bukhari, those arguing against isolation please tell us why Sayyiduna Umar (RA) turned around?

Loading Hadeeth
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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 16:57
17 AH: Sayyiduna Umar (RA) tries to rescue Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA):

When Sayyiduna Umar (RA) reaches Madina, he consults with the Sahabah (RA) and try to rescue Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) from plague but Sayyiduna Umar (RA) knows that he won't leave the area so he writes to him that "I need to consult with you" so return back to Madina.

عمر كتب إلى أبي عبيدة ليستخرجه منه أن سلام عليك أما بعد فإنه قد عرضت لي إليك حاجة أريد أن أشافهك فيها فعزمت عليك إذا نظرت في كتابي هذا ألا تضعه من يدك حتى تقبل إلي قال فعرف أبو عبيدة أنه إنما أراد أن يستخرجه من الوباء قال يغفر الله لأمير المؤمنين ثم كتب إليه يا أمير المؤمنين إن قد عرفت حاجتك إلي وإني في جند من المسلمين لا أجد نفسي رغبة عنهم فلست أريد فراقهم حتى يقضي الله في وفيهم أمره وقضاءه فحللني من عزمتك يا أمير المؤمنين ودعني في جندي فلما قرأ عمر الكتاب بكى فقال الناس يا أمير المؤمنين أمات أبو عبيدة قال لا وكأن قد قال ثم كتب إليه سلام عليك أما بعد فإنك أنزلت الناس أرضا غمقة فارفعهم إلى أرض مرتفعة نزهة فلما أتاه كتابه دعاني فقال يا أبا موسى إن كتاب أمير المؤمنين قد جاءني بما ترى فاخرج فارتد للناس منزلا حتى أتبعك بهم فرجعت إلى منزلي لأرتحل فوجدت صاحبتي قد أصيبت فرجعت إليه فقلت له والله لقد كان في أهلي حدث فقال لعل صاحبتك أصيبت قلت نعم فأمر ببعيره فرحل له فلما وضع رجله في غرزة طعن فقال والله لقد أصبت ثم سار بالناس حتى نزل الجابية ورفع عن الناس الوباء



Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) read the letter, he laughed as he knew what Sayyiduna Umar (RA) was trying to do. So he wrote back and said I am not going to leave my troops behind and I am satisfied with the decree of my Lord. The letter came back as Sayyiduna Umar (RA) read the letter, he cried and the people wept because people assumed that Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) had passed away but Sayyiduna Umar (RA) said No, but he will soon.
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#7 [Permalink] Posted on 21st June 2020 17:23
Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ashari (RA) advises Social Distancing:

قال محمد بن إسحاق: عن شعبة، عن المختار بن عبد الله البجلي، عن طارق بن شهاب البجلي قال: أتينا أبا موسى وهو في داره بالكوفة لنتحدث عنده، فلما جلسنا قال: لا تحفوا فقد أصيب في الدار إنسان بهذا السقم، ولا عليكم أن تتنزهوا عن هذه القرية فتخرجوا في فسيح بلادكم ونزهها، حتى يرتفع هذا البلاء، فإني سأخبركم بما يكره مما يتقى.

من ذلك أن يظن من خرج أنه لو قام مات، ويظن من أقام فأصابه ذلك أنه لو خرج لم يصبه، فإذا لم يظن ذلك هذا المرء المسلم فلا عليه أن يخرج وأن يتنزه عنه


Muhammad Ibn Ishaq (RA) narrates that we ourselves in the company of Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ashari (RA) when he was living in Kufa. When he sat down around him he said, "O People! do not sit down and huddle here as a man has passed away in this house due to (infectious) disease and so if you leave this city there will be no harm for you. Thus return to the open areas of your (native) cities and there will be no harm for you.

And a person refrains from and takes precautions against matters which he dislikes and people believe that if a person goes out then he can be saved and if he stays he will be saved and if you are free from such superstitions then there is no harm in you venturing out.
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#8 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:13
17 AH: Sayyiduna Umar (RA) orders Muslims to change locations:

When Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) refused to return to Madina (and abandon) his troops, Sayyiduna Umar (RA) wrote back and ordered the military garrison to be moved from low-lying areas to a higher ground in order to avoid the pandemic.

قال: ثم كتب إليه: سلام عليك، أما بعد فإنك أنزلت الناس أرضا عميقة، فارفعهم إلى أرض مرتفعة نزه
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#9 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:19
17 AH: Muslim Army starts to scout for a new location to avoid Infection

Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ashari (RA) narrates that the Ameer Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) called me when he received the letter (and the command) to move from Sayiduna Umar (RA).

Ameer Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) said, "You can see our condition so leave and start looking for a suitable location and I will move behind you with the people."

Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ashari (RA) came home to start preparing for the recce but witnessed that his wife had succumbed to the Plague. He then returned to Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) and informed him that an accident had occurred at home to which he replied, "I think that your wife has passed away?"

Sayyiduna Abu Musa Al-Ashari (RA) replied, "Yes."

قال أبو موسى: فلما أتاه كتابه دعاني.

فقال: يا أبا موسى، إن كتاب أمير المؤمنين قد جاءني بما ترى، فاخرج فارتد للناس منزلا حتى أتبعك بهم، فرجعت إلى منزلي لأرتحل فوجدت صاحبتي قد أصيبت فرجعت إليه وقلت: والله لقد كان في أهلي حدث. فقال: لعل صاحبتك قد أصيبت؟.

قلت: نعم.
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#10 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:34
Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) becomes Shaheed

Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) then ordered a camel to be brought and when he placed the foot inside the stirrup iron, the attack of plague (worsened) so he said that this plague has affected me. He then took the people from there and moved to Jabiyya where people were relieved from this affliction.

Muhammad Ibn Ishaq (RA) narrates that when the Plague become intense Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (RA) stood among people and he addressed, "O People! This disease is a Mercy for you and it is the Dua of your Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) for you and it is means of death (of the pious) before you. Abu Ubaidah (RA) makes Dua to Allah Ta'ala to grant him his share from it".

Then the affliction for him became intense and eventually he passed away.

He (RA) had deputed Sayyiduna Muadh Ibn Jabal (RA) upon the people before his death.

فأمر ببعير فرحل له، فلما وضع رجله في غرزه طعن.

فقال: والله لقد أصبت، ثم سار بالناس حتى نزل الجابية ورُفع عن الناس الوباء.

وقال محمد بن إسحاق، عن أبان بن صالح، عن شهر بن حوشب، عن رابة - رجل من قومه -: وكان قد خلف على أمه بعد أبيه، وكان قد شهد طاعون عمواس.

قال: لما اشتعل الوجع، قام أبو عبيدة في الناس خطيبا فقال: أيها الناس، إن هذا الوجع رحمة بكم ودعوة نبيكم وموت الصالحين قبلكم، وإن أبا عبيدة يسأل الله أن يقسم لأبي عبيدة منه حظه، فطعن، فمات.
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#11 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:40
Sayyiduna Muadh Ibn Jabal (RA) and his son attain Sahahdah

Sayyiduna Muadh Ibn Jabal (RA) after assuming command stood among people and he addressed, "O People! This disease is a Mercy for you and it is the Dua of your Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) for you and it is means of death (of the pious) before you. Abu Ubaidah (RA) makes Dua to Allah Ta'ala to grant the family of Muadh a share from it".

His son Abdur-Rahman (RA) became infected and passed away.

Sayyiduna Muadh Ibn Jabal (RA) then made Dua for himself and a tumour appeard on his palm.

He (RA) used to flip his hand look at the tumour and say, "I do not like any benefit in this world in lieu of you". He then passed away and deputed Sayyiduna Amr Ibn Al -Aas (RA)

واستخلف على الناس معاذ بن جبل، فقام خطيبا بعده، فقال: أيها الناس، إن هذا الوجع رحمة بكم، ودعوة نبيكم، وموت الصالحين قبلكم، وإن معاذ يسأل الله تعالى أن يقسم لآل معاذ منه حظهم، فطعن ابنه عبد الرحمن فمات، ثم قام فدعا لنفسه فطعن في راحته فلقد رأيته ينظر إليها ثم يقلب ظهر كفه، ثم يقول: ما أحب أن لي بما فيك شيئا من الدنيا.
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#12 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:47
Sayyiduna Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas (RA) disperses People

Sayyiduna Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas (RA), when he took over as the commander-in-chief of Muslim forces in Syria. He publicly addressed the people, “O People, this (plague) is like wild fire so go to the mountains to safeguard yourself.”

Abu Wail Hazli (RA) said, "You have lied. By Allah I was in the company of Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) when you were worse then my Donkey"

Sayyiduna Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas (RA) said, "I will not deny it but I will not stay here, either".

He and the people dispersed themselves far and wide and into the mountains until Allah Ta'ala relieved them from the pandemic.

لما مات استخلف على الناس عمرو بن العاص، فقام فيهم خطيبا، فقال: أيها الناس، إن هذا الوجع إذا وقع فإنما يشتعل اشتعال النار، فتحصنوا منه في الجبال.

فقال أبو وائل الهذلي: كذبت والله لقد صحبت رسول الله ﷺ، وأنت شر من حماري هذا.

فقال: والله ما أرد عليك ما تقول، وأيم الله لا نقيم عليه.

قال: ثم خرج وخرج الناس فتفرقوا، ودفعه الله عنهم.
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#13 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:49
Sayyiduna Umar (RA) approves Dispersion

When these matters reached Sayyiduna Umar (RA) he did not reject the opinion of Sayyiduna Amr Ibn Al-‘Aas (RA)

قال: فبلغ ذلك عمر بن الخطاب من رأي عمرو بن العاص فوالله ما كرهه
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#14 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2020 18:55
Challenge:

This thread is now open for anyone to counter the actions of Sahabah (RA) with approval from Sayyiduna Umar (RA), you should refute these:

  1. There is clear Hadeeth that those who are sick have an excuse to not come to the Masjid for congregational Salah.
  2. They took precautions against the Pandemic.
  3. They adopted physical distancing.
  4. They moved twice to get away.
  5. Then they dispersed far and wide and did not intermingle which brought an end to the Pandemic.


I now request Maulana Yasin to do his job and delete nonsensical posts which will be irrelevant.
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