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Defining Communalism with Bipan Chandra

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 12th December 2019 09:04
The so called communal riots in India have been in reality the pogroms against Muslims. We shall take a look at the data to assess this hypothesis.
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 12th December 2019 09:07
Gujrat 1969


The 1969 Gujarat riots refers to the communal violence between Hindus and Muslims during September–October 1969, in Gujarat, India. The violence was Gujarat's first major riot that involved massacre, arson and looting on a large scale. It was the most deadly Hindu-Muslim violence since the 1947 partition of India, and remained so until the 1989 Bhagalpur violence.

According to the official figures, 660 people were killed, 1074 people were injured and over 48,000 lost their property. Unofficial reports claim as high as 2000 deaths.

Source : One, Two

The Muslim community suffered the majority of the losses.

Out of the 512 deaths reported in the police complaints, 430 were Muslims.

Property worth 42 million rupees was destroyed during the riots, with Muslims losing 32 million worth of property.

A distinctive feature of the violence was the attack on Muslim chawls by their Dalit Hindu neighbours who had maintained peaceful relations with them until this point.
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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 29th December 2019 15:27
Oriya Maqbool Jan Sahab has just released a video that uses extensive reportage of 1969 Gujrat riots. Is he reading our posts on MS?

Source : 29 December, 2019
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 15th February 2020 14:57
The Main Sign Posts


1. Jammu massacre 1947 (20K to 237 K dead)

2. Hyderabad 1948 (Between 27000 to 40000 dead according to Pt Sundar Lal Report)

3. Gujrat 1969 (Total Deaths = 660, Muslims = 443)

4. Nellie 1983 (3000, non-officially 10000)

5. Hashimpura 1987 ( 350)

6. Bhagalpur 1989 (1070)

7. Bombay 1993 (900)

8. Gujrat 2002 (1044)

9. Bharatpur 2011

10. Muzaffarnagar 2013 (62)

Nothing to talk about Kashmir.
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 2nd May 2020 11:47
Bipan Chandra, Communalism in Modern India, Vikas Publishing House, 1984, Delhi (Second Edition, 1987).

Chapter 1: What is Communalism

Chapter 2: Social Roots of Communalism I

Chapter 3: Social Roots of Communalism II

Chapter 4: Communalism as Reaction

Chapter 5: Role of Ideological, Social and Cultural Elements I

Chapter 6: Role of Ideological, Social and Cultural Elements II

Chapter 7: The Use of History

Chapter 8: The Role of British Policy

Chapter 9: Retrospect

Chapter 10: Communalism Today - The Way Out

Appendix

Select Bibliography





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