In the Name of Almighty Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Tonight we complete the remaining half of WaÂ’ma Ubarri -u-nafsee (JUZ 13) and three quarters of Rubama Yawadul LadhiÂ’naa (JUZ 14). These Surahs cover two thirds of Surah Ar-Rad, Surah Ebrahim, Surah Hijr and a quarter of Surah An-Nahl.
SURAH AR-RAD: The mockery of AllahÂ’s Messengers is an old game of the world. But AllahÂ’s Truth will come to its own in good time. The end of the Righteous is their Home of Bliss, and they rejoice in the revelations they receive. The Messengers of Allah take their due share in the life of the world; they win through by AllahÂ’s Grace against all the plots of the world. Their witness is from Allah, through His revelation.
SURAH EBRAHIM: The special subject matter of this Surah is a continuation of the concluding portion of the last Surah, which explained how AllahÂ’s revelation gains ground in spite of selfish menÂ’s opposition. Here illustrations are given from the story of Nabee Moosa and Nabee Ebrahim Alayhim Salaam and Nabee EbrahimÂ’s prayer for Makkah forms the core of this Surah. Revelation leads man from darkness to light. It comes to each nation in its own language and for its own special circumstances. So was it with Nabee Moosa Alayhis Salaam and other Prophets Alayhim Salaam. There was a conflict of evil with good, but evil was destroyed. Why will men not receive AllahÂ’s Grace? Why will they choose to go astray? Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam prayed to be saved from infidelity for himself and for his posterity, and he prayed for Makkah, the city of the new revelation through Arabia. Good and evil will find their proper retribution, and AllahÂ’s Plan of Unity will prevail. It is evil that will be wiped out for AllahÂ’s Truth is a goodly tree, firmly established on its roots, stretching its branches high and wide, and bearing good fruit at all times.
SURAH HIJR: The special subject matter of this Surah is the protection of AllahÂ’s Revelation and AllahÂ’s Truth. Evil arose from Pride and warping of manÂ’s will, but AllahÂ’s Mercy is the antidote, as was proven in the case of Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam and Nabee Lut Alayhis Salaam, and might have been proved by the people of the Aykah and Hijr if they had only attended to AllahÂ’s Â“SignsÂ”. The QurÂ’an, beginning with the Â“Seven Oft Repeated VersesÂ” is the precious vehicle for the Praises of Allah. AllahÂ’s Truth makes all things clear, and He will guard it. But His Signs are not for those who mock. Who fails to see the Majesty, the Beauty, the Order, and the Harmony blazoned in His Creation, and His Goodness to all His creatures, in the heavens and on earth? With Him are the sources of all things, and He doth freely give His gifts in due measure. He holds the Keys of Life and Death, and He will remain when all else passes away.
SURAH AL-NAHL: Chronologically this Surah, like the six which preceded it, belongs to the late Makkan period except perhaps verse 110 and some of the verses that follow. But the chronology has no significance. In subject matter it sums up, from a new point of view, the arguments on the great questions of AllahÂ’s dealings with man. His Self-revelation to man, and how the Messengers and the Message are writ large in every phrase of AllahÂ’s creation and the life of man. The new point of view is that Nature points to NatureÂ’s God. Everything in Creation proclaims the Glory of Allah. To man is given dominion over Nature, that man may recognize AllahÂ’s Unity and AllahÂ’s Truth. Man should never lose sight of his goal, which is the good, or dispute with the great Teachers who are sent to all peoples, to bring about Unity; all creatures serve Allah.
AllahÂ’s favours and manÂ’s ingratitude recounted, His Signs in the rain bearing clouds, the cattle that give milk, the bee that produces honey, the wonderful relations of family and social life, and the refinements and comforts of civilisation. The Messengers of Truth will bear witness against those who reject the Truth. Allah will judge us according to our faith and deeds. The QurÂ’an is true: it guides and gives glad tidings. Believe, and make the most of life in all things good and lawful. Follow the example of Nabee Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam: be true in Faith and righteousness and do good.
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