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4
Nov
2010

Imam Muhammad bin Al-Hasan Shaybani

4th November 2010
Imam Muhammad
The Student of Imam Abu Hanifa

Imam Shafi’i said, “I have not seen anyone more eloquent than him (i.e. Muhammad bin Al-Hasan Shaybani). I used to think when I saw him reciting the Qur’an that it was as if the Qur’an had been revealed in his language.” He also said, “I have not seen anyone more itelligent than Muhammad ibn al-Hasan.”

It is narrated of him that a man asked him a question which he answered. The man said to him, "The fuqaha disagree with you." Ash-Shafi'i said to him, "Have you ever seen a faqih? By Allah! not unless you have seen Muhammad ibn al-Hasan!" A man stood up before al-Mazani and asked him about the people of Iraq saying, "What do you say about Abu Hanifah?" He answered, "Their chief." He asked, "Abu Yusuf?" He answered, "The one who most follows the hadith." He asked, "Muhammad ibn al-Hasan?" He answered, "The one who derives the most rulings." He asked, "Zufar?" He answered, "The one who is sharpest in analogical reasoning." It is narrated that ash-Shafi'i said, "I never reasoned in argument with anyone but that the colour of his face changed, except for Muhammad ibn al-Hasan.''

It is narrated that Ahmed ibn Hanbal said, "If in any matter there is agreement between three people, then one pays no attention to the verdict of anyone who disagrees with them." Someone asked him, "Who are they?" He answered, "Abu Hanifah, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan. Abu Hanifah is the one with the most insight with respect to analogical reasoning. Abu Yusuf is the one with the most insight with respect to the traditions. Muhammad is the one with the most insight with respect to Arabic."

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar said in Lisan al-Mizan,
"He is Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Farqad ash-Shaybani, by wala'. He was born in Wasit and grew up in Kufa. He learnt fiqh from Abu Hanifah and hadith from ath-Thawri, Mis'ar, 'Umar ibn Dharr, Malik ibn Maghul, al-Awza'i, Malik ibn Anas, Rabi'ah ibn Salih and a whole group of people. Those who narrated from him were ash-Shafi'i, Abu Sulayman al-Juzajani, Hisham ar-Razi, 'Ali ibn Muslim at-Tusi and others. He was appointed qadi in the days of ar-Rashid. Ibn 'Abd al-Hakam said, 'I heard ash-Shafi'i saying, 'Muhammad said, "I stood at Malik's door for three years and I heard from him more than seven hundred hadith."' Ar-Rabi' said, 'I heard ash-Shafi'i saying, "I carried away from Muhammad a camel-load of books."' 'Abdullah ibn 'Ali al-Madini said that his father said about Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, 'An utterly truthful man.'"

Dhahabi said, “He (i.e. Muhammad bin Al-Hasan Shaybabi) narrated from Malik ibn Anas and others, and he was one of the great oceans of knowledge and fiqh, and he was strong [when he narrated] from Malik.”
posted by abu mohammed on 4th November 2010 - 2 comments

2 Comments

Adeel wrote on 29 Jan 2013
No references?
Blogger's Reply:
Jazakallahu khair.

Apologies for the delays.

Unfortunately I don't have references at hand but these comments are only the most famous comments by these ulama and can be found almost everywhere.

Some of the basic references are mentioned within the article.

Jazakallah.
 
Adeel wrote on 4 Feb 2013
I found the references :)

I read here: al- Shaybānī , Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan b. Farḳad ." Encyclopaedia of Islam.

Hafiz Ibn Hajar's statement from Lisan al-Mizan quotes Tahdhīb al-asmā' wa'l-lughāt by al-Khatīb. In the same book al-Khatib narrates with a chain of transmission that ash-Shafi'i said as quoted above.

Imam Dhahabi's statement can be found in Mizan al-Itidal.
Imam Ibn Hanbal's statement can be found in Kitab al-Ansab.

Imam al-Dhahabi after mentioning al-Nasa'i's weakening of Imam Muhammad, he said "he was from the oceans of knowledge and strong in his narrations from Malik." (Lisan al-Mizan 7:61) Imam Muhammad said: I stood at the door of Malik for three and some years and I heard seven hundred hadiths directly from him. Narrated with an authentic chain in Tarikh Bagdad (2:562) from al-Husayn ibn Ali al-Tanajiri (351 439) who is thiqah, from the famous Ibn Shahin (297 385) who is thiqah from Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ib Ziyad (d. 324) who is thiqah from Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn Abd al-Hakam (182 268) who is thiqah (as mentioned in al-Taqrib) from Imam al-Shafii from Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani.

While he spent three years with Malik, Imam Muhammad spent over five years with Abu Hanifah, and even longer with Imam Abu Yusuf, which means that according to al-Dhahabi, his narrations from them should also be strong.

Based on al-Madini's and al-Daraqutni's unequivocal statements in support of Imam Muhammad's reliability in narrating hadith, and the ambiguous nature of the statements of those who criticised him like Ahmad and al-Nasa'i, and based on the principles of narrator-criticism, Imam Muhammad is either saduq (reliable) or thiqah (trustworthy) in the narration of hadith, particularly when he narrates from Abu Yusuf, Abu Hanifah or Malik.

So I guess all statements have been referenced now :)
 
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