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21
Nov
2011

Ameerul Mu'mineen Uthman ibn Affan (RA), Dhun Nurayn

posted by Seifeddine-M on 21st November 2011 - 0 comments


Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him said): "They (Ahlus Sunnah Wal-Jamaa'ah) accept what has been reported continuously from the Prince of the Believers, 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), and from others, that the best men of this 'Ummah after its Prophet are: Abu Bakr; then 'Umar; third, 'Uthman, and fourth, 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with them all). All Traditions have indicated, and all Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them all) have agreed upon giving priority to 'Uthman out of regard for his allegiance (al-Bai'ah), although some of the people of the Sunnah are disputing over whether 'Uthman or 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with both of them) has the priority, after they (the people of the Sunnah) had agreed upon giving priority to Abu Bakr and 'Umar. Some people gave the priority to 'Uthman and kept silent and considered 'Ali to be the fourth. However, some people preferred 'Ali. And some remained neutral. But the people of the Sunnah settled on preferring 'Uthman, even though this matter - the matter of 'Uthman and 'Ali - is not of the fundamentals. The majority of the people of the Sunnah do not consider disagreeing in this matter as being misled. Rather, it is in the matter of the "Question of the Caliphate" where they consider the disagreeing person to be misled.



Ahl as-Sunnah believe that the Caliph after the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is Abu Bakr; then 'Umar; then 'Uthman, then 'Ali, and that whoever contests the Caliphate of any one of these Imams is indeed more lost than an ass." ('Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah)



 



His lineage is: 'Uthman, son of 'Affan, son of 'Aas, son of Umayya, sonf of 'Abd Shams, son of 'Abd Manaf, son of Qusayy al-Qurashi al-Umawi. The title of Dhun Nurayn was given to him because the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) gave him his daughter Ruqayya (RA) in marriage. When she passed away, the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) gave him his other daughter Umm Kulthum (RA), and when she passed away, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) remarked, 'If I possessed a third daughter, I would marry her to you, too.' This is why Hadrat Uthman (RA) was given the title 'Possessor of Two Lights' (Dhun-Noorayn). It is related by Anas (RA) that when the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) ordered the Pledge of Ridwan (Bay'atur Ridwan), Uthman (RA) was the envoy of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) to Makkah (and thus not present). The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) took the pledge from everybody and remarked, ''Uthman is occupied in the work of Allaah and His Messenger,'' and thereafter struck his one hand over the other. This way, the two hands of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) for Uthman (RA) were superior to everybody else's hands for themselves. (Tirmidhi, al-Manaqib, 1639) 


21
Nov
2011

The Companionship Of Abu Bakr (RA)

posted by Seifeddine-M on 21st November 2011 - 0 comments


There is agreement among the scholars that denying the Companionship of Abu Bakr (radiallaahu 'anh) is considered kufr (unbelief) since it is established in the Qur'an: "If you help him (Muhammad SAW) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad SAW and Abu Bakr) were in the cave, and he (SAW) [u]said to his companion (Abu Bakr): "Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us." Then Allah sent down His Sakinah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise."[/color] (9:40)


26
Oct
2011

Ummul Mu'mineen 'A'isha as-Siddeeqah (RA) bint as-Siddeeq (RA)

posted by Seifeddine-M on 26th October 2011 - 0 comments


[color=#000000]Ummul Mu'mineen Hadrat 'A'isha Siddeeqah bint Abi Bakr as-Siddeeq (ra): She was the daughter of Hadrat Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq (ra) (whose actual name was) 'Abdullaah - but some that he was 'Ateeq - Ibn Abi Quhaafah ('Uthman ibn) 'Aamir ibn Ka'b. Her mother was Umm Rooman (ra) bint 'Aamir ibn 'Uwaymir. She emigrated with the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) and he married her after the Hijrah, but some say that it was in Shawwaal in the 10th year of prophethood about a year and a half before he emigrated to Madeenah. She was a virgin and she was the only virgin he married. Neither she nor any other free wife bore him any children except for Hadrat Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid (ra). He married her when she was six or seven, and she moved in with him when she was nine. She was 18 when he died. She died the night before Wednesday, 17th Ramadaan in 58 A.H. Hadrat Abu Hurayrah (ra), the representative of Marwaan ibn al Hakam in Madeenah, led the prayer over her. She was buried in al-Baqi'. (al-Araba'een, Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn 'Asakir (ra)) [/color] [color=#000000]Ummul Mu'mineen Hadrat 'A'isha Siddeeqah (radiallaahu 'anhaa) said, that the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said: 'I was shown you in a dream twice. I dreamt that a man carried you on a piece of silk and said, 'This is your wife.' I poened it and saw you. I said, 'If this is from Allaah He will carry it out.'' (Related by al-Bayhaqi (ra) in Dala'il an-Nubuwwah) The A'immah agree that it is Saheeh. Abu Abdullaah Muhammad ibn Isma'eel al-Bukhari (ra) related it in his Saheeh from Mu'alla from Wuhayb with the same meaning and Imam Muslim (ra) related it from the hadeeth of Hishaam. The words 'saraqatu hareer', with an 'a' on the letter 'ra' (of saraqatu), mean 'a piece of silk' and 'carry it out' means to complete it. And Allah knows best. A dream of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) is in the same position as revelation. It is related mursal and there is a more complete text than this which says: 'When Khadeejah (ra) died, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) grieved a great deal and Allaah sent Jibreel (as) and he brought him Aisha (ra) in a cradle, and said, 'Messenger of Allaah, this one will remove some of your grief. In this woman you will find a successor to Khadeejah (ra).' Then he returned her. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) used to frequent the home of Abu Bakr (ra) and say, 'Umm Rooman, treat 'Aisha (ra) well and safeguard her for me.' Because of that 'A'isha (ra) had an esteemed position with her family, although they were not aware of what Allaah had commanded about her. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) came to them on one of the days in which he used to visit them, and he did not fail to go to the house of Abu Bakr (ra) a single day since he became Muslim until the Hijrah, and he found 'A'isha (ra) covered up at the door of Abu Bakr (ra) weeping out of sorrow. He questioned her and she complained to him of her mother and mentioned that she had hurt her. The eyes of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) shed tears and he went to Umm Rooman and said, 'Umm Rooman, did I not tell you to safeguard 'Aisha for me?' She said, 'Messenger of Allaah, she told as-Siddeeq (ra) something about us and he became angry at us,' the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, 'What if she did?' Umm Roomaan said, 'I certainly will never be bad to her.' 'A'isha (ra) had been born at the beginning of the 4th year of prophethood. (Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd al-Kubra) This is a mursal hadeeth from Habeeb, the Mawla of 'Urwah ibn az-Zubayr.[/color] [url=http://www.muftisays.com/forums/nabi-%28s%29-sahaabah-stories/6240/ummul-mu-mineen-hadrat-a-isha-siddeeqah-%28ra%29.html]http://www.muftisays.com/forums/nabi-%28s%29-sahaabah-stories/6240/ummul-mu-mineen-hadrat-a-isha-siddeeqah-%28ra%29.html[/url]


12
Oct
2011

Ameerul Mu'mineen Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA)

posted by Seifeddine-M on 12th October 2011 - 0 comments


Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allaah have mercy upon him said): "They (Ahlus Sunnah Wal-Jamaa'ah) accept what has been reported continuously from the Prince of the Believers, 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), and from others, that the best men of this 'Ummah after its Prophet are: Abu Bakr; then 'Umar; third, 'Uthman, and fourth, 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with them all). All Traditions have indicated, and all Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them all) have agreed upon giving priority to 'Uthman out of regard for his allegiance (al-Bai'ah), although some of the people of the Sunnah are disputing over whether 'Uthman or 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with both of them) has the priority, after they (the people of the Sunnah) had agreed upon giving priority to Abu Bakr and 'Umar. Some people gave the priority to 'Uthman and kept silent and considered 'Ali to be the fourth. However, some people preferred 'Ali. And some remained neutral. But the people of the Sunnah settled on preferring 'Uthman, even though this matter - the matter of 'Uthman and 'Ali - is not of the fundamentals. The majority of the people of the Sunnah do not consider disagreeing in this matter as being misled. Rather, it is in the matter of the "Question of the Caliphate" where they consider the disagreeing person to be misled.



Ahl as-Sunnah believe that the Caliph after the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is Abu Bakr; then 'Umar; then 'Uthman, then 'Ali, and that whoever contests the Caliphate of any one of these Imams is indeed more lost than an ass." ('Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah)



The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) said, 'Every Prophet has two ministers (wazeeran) from the inhabitants of the Heavens, and two ministers from those of the Earth. As for my two ministers of the Heavens, they are Jibreel (AS) and Mika'eel (AS), and for my two ministers from those of the earth are Abu Bakr (RA) and Umar (RA).' (Tirmidhi, al-Manaaqib, 3613). It is related from Ibn Abbaas (RA) that a hypocrite had a dispute with a Jew. The Jew summoned him to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), and the hypocrite summoned him to Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf. They took the case to the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), who passed a ruling in favour of the Jew. The hypocrite was not pleased and insisted that they go to Umar (RA) for a ruling. The Jew told Umar (RA) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) had already ruled in his favour and the hypocrite had not been pleased. He had insisted that they come to 'Umar (RA). 'Umar (RA) asked the hypocrite whether that was true, and he replied that it was. 'Umar (RA) instructed them to remain where they were until he returned. He went inside, picked up his sword, and came out and beheaded the hypocrite. He then said, [b]'This is my ruling for the person who is not satisfied with the ruling of Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam).' Jibreel (AS) states, 'Umar (RA) differentiated between the truth and untruth, so he was named the Differentiator (al-Farooq).' [This is as stated in the Tafseer of Qadi Baywaawi (ra)]


25
Jul
2011

Abu Bakr Is Called 'as-Siddeeq' (radiallaahu 'anh)

posted by Seifeddine-M on 25th July 2011 - 0 comments


The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) was uplifted to the Heavens (Isra wal Mi'raj) just after the demise of his uncle, Abu Taalib, and his wife Khadeejah (radiallaahu 'anha). It was a time of sadness and disconsolation for the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam), and the situation for Islam appeared to be dark. It was there that he was assured of the destiny of Islaam. The morning after his ascension, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) told the Quraysh that he had been carried from Makkah to Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, and from there he had ascended to the heavens. He narrated to them what he had seen. When the non-believing Quraysh heard of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam)'s ascension to the Heavens, they regarded it as an absurdity, and began to ridicule the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) for his declaration. 'This is unbelievable!' they exclaimed. 'It takes a month for a caravan to go to the Levant (ash-Shaam) and a month to return, how could you do the return journey in one night?' There were also some muslims who wavered in believing the ascension of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) to the Heavens. Some of them went to Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radiallaahu 'anh) and informed him of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam)'s journey to Jerusalem and ascension to the Heavens. Some expressed doubt about the veracity of the ascension, but when this question was posed to Abu Bakr (radiallaahu 'anh), he silenced them with his unforgettable words: 'If he (the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam)) says so, then he is truthful. There is nothing to be surprised about. I believe him when he says that he received a revelation from Heaven in an hour of the day or night. And that is beyond what you cavail at.' It was on that occasion that he earned the title as-Siddeeq. May Allaah be pleased with him and rest his soul in peace. (Biographies of the Rightly Guided Caliphs - Radiallaahu 'anhum) He then went to the Messenger of Allah (salallahu 'alayhi wa sallam), who related the details of the incident to him. Every time the Messenger of Allah (salallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) made a statement, Abu Bakr (radiallahu anh) would say, "You have spoken the truth." When he had finished informing him, Abu Bakr (radiallahu anh) said, "I testify that you are the true Messenger of Allah (salallahu 'alahi wa sallam)," upon which the Messenger of Allah (salallahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, "And I testify that you are indeed the most truthful (as-siddeeq)." (This is stated in al-Tafseer al-Kabeer) 


8
Nov
2010

The Sahaba (Companions) (Radiallahu anhum)

posted by Seifeddine-M on 8th November 2010 - 0 comments
The Companions of Allah's Messenger (saw) are considered to be the most superior and exalted people after the Messenger (saw) and the other Prophets and Messengers of Allah (A.S.). The consensus among the People of the Sunnah (Ahlus-Sunnah w'al-Jama'ah) is that not one after them can attain their status. Thier closeness to Allah's Messenger (saw) - in fact their having merely seen him while they were in a state of Iman (faith) - elevated them to stages that would be impossible for anyone else to reach. Many narrations have been reported on the elevated rank of the Companions. The Messenger of Allah (saw) issued grave warnings against criticizing them in any way. He said: "Fear Allah in every matter concerning my Companions. Do not make them The targets (of your criticism) after me. Whoever loves them loves them out of love for me, and whoever hates them hates them out of hate for me. Whoever troubles them has troubled me and whoever troubles me has troubled Allah; and whoever troubles Allah, it is imminent that Allah seize him." (Mishkat al-Masabih from Sunan al-Tirmidhi, 5534) In another hadith the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "The best of my Ummah (nation) are the people of my era (the Companions), then those who are after them (the Followers), then those who are after them (Followers of the Followers). Thereafter, will be such people who will bear testimony where their testimony will not be needed; they wull be deceptive and untrustworthy; and they will make vows but will never fulfill them." (Mishkat al-Masabih from Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim, 553) He also said: "I asked Allah about the conflicts (that are to occur) between my Companions after my departure. Allah revealed to me,'O Muhammad! In My sight, your Companions are like the stars in the skies. Some are stronger than others but each possesses a light. Whoever adopts any opinion from the among the various opinions they differ in will be considered quided in my sight.'" (Mishkat al-Masabih from Razin al-'Abdari, 554) Furthermor, Allah (azza wa jal) has clearly expressed his satisfaction and pleasure with all the Companions in the Qur'an:
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