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Related Categories: Qur'aan and Tafseer

An Amazing Description of the Noble Qur'aan

20th April 2018
Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله said, 

"The Muslim Nation (Ummah) greatly needs to understand the Qur'aan which is the firm rope of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, the wise reminder and the straight path. Evil desires will never corrupt it. Wicked tongues will never distort it. Continuously studying it will never cause it to fade and its miracles will never cease. The scholars will never be able to reach its depths. Whoever utters it has spoken the truth. Whoever acts according to it will be rewarded. Whoever rules by it has been just. Whoever calls to it has been guided to the straight path. And whosoever arrogantly leaves it will be destroyed. And whosoever seeks guidance elsewhere will be misguided." 

Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-'Uthaymeen رحمه الله commented on the above, 

"Here the author (Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah رحمه الله) comments that people are in need of understanding the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى. This is something clear and apparent for they have been ordered to follow this Books. Were a person ordered to follow a book written by a man he would need to study and familiarise himself with it. What then, if this is the Book of Allaah, the Most High? 

The author رحمه الله then uses a number of attributes with which he describes the Qur'aan. He says: 'Which is the firm rope of Allaah.' It is the firm of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, as He is the One Who revealed it. The word rope (habl) linguistically refers to that which is used in order to reach something or somewhere else. Furthermore, it is mentioned as being the rope of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى as it leads to Him. 

The second description is 'the wise reminder.' This description is taken from the verse: 


'This is what We recite to you, [O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم], of [Our] verses and the precise [and wise] message [i.e. the Qur'aan].' (Soorah Aali 'Imraan, 3:58)

So the Qur'aan is a reminder and an honour for whose who hold onto it and recite it. 


'And indeed, it is a remembrance for you and your people, and you will be questioned (about it).' (Sooratuz-Zukhruf, 43:44) 

This refers to it being an honour. It is also wise as it contains in its rulings and teachings the ultimate wisdom. And the straight path, i.e. a path which is not crooked. 

'Evil desires will never corrupt it.' No matter how great the evil desires of mankind are they will never corrupt it. Rather, it is complete and everlasting despite all efforts to corrupt it. It is guidance. 

'Wicked tongues will never distort it.' The Qur'aan was revealed in the pure Arabic language and so can never be distorted. Even non-Arabs recite it in Arabic which is why the words of the Qur'aan can never be translated. [1] 

'Continuously studying it will never cause it to fade.' Irrespective of how many times it is repeated, it is as if one has never read it. On the other hand, if one was to repeatedly read a poem or sermon written by the most eloquent person it would eventually become boring. Even though certain chapters of the Qur'aan are often repeated in a single prayer one does not become fed up with them. This is from the great signs of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى present in the Qur'aan. 

'And its miracles will never cease.' This is for the one who has been granted understanding of the Qur'aan; he is able to appreciate its great and hidden meanings. As for the one who turns away from it, he may never witness a single miracle in it. So here the description is of the Qur'aan and not the reciter. 

All of the above descriptions hold true; the one who ponders will realise this. 

The scholars will never be satisfied that they have studied it sufficiently. The more a person learns about Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and His religion the more he loves the Qur'aan. You find such a person constantly pondering and contemplating over the Qur'aan, whilst studying or walking, at any time or place. [2] 

Also, 'whoever utters it has spoken the truth.' This is because it is the most truthful and honest of speech. If for example, a person says that the disbelievers in the Hereafter will be in the Hellfire, he has spoken the truth, as this is what is mentioned in the Qur'aan. 

'Whoever acts according to it will be rewarded,' i.e. he will be rewarded for his actions. 

'Whoever rules by it has been just.' This applies to general rulings or rulings between people. So, if one were to say: 'dead animals are unlawful to eat' [3] then he is just, as this and other rulings are to be found in the Qur'aan. Whoever says, 


'The sacred month is for the sacred month, and for the prohibited things, there is the Law of Equality (Qissas). So whoever has assaulted you, then assault him in the same way that he has assaulted you. And fear Allaah, and know that Allaah is with Al-Muttaqeen.' (Sooratul-Baqarah, 2:194) [4]

Such a person has also spoken the truth. 

'Whoever calls to it has been guided to the straight path.' This means that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has guided such an individual, for one who calls to the Qur'aan has been guided to the straight path. As for one who calls to his own desires then he will be misguided. This is why the author رحمه الله also states: 'And whosoever seeks guidance elsewhere will be misguided.' 

'And whosoever arrogantly leaves it will be destroyed.' This peril and destruction does not necessarily have to take place in this world, but it can also be in the Hereafter." [5] 


[1] The available translations of the Qur'aan are translations of the meanings. The miracle of the Qur'aan is such that it is unique in its language and eloquence and so cannot be directly translated. 

[2] The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: 

منهومان لا يشبعان طالب العلم وطالب الدنيا 

"There are two strong likings that can never be satisfied: Seeking after knowledge, and seeking after this World." 

Recorded by al-Bazzaar and others. According to Shaykh al-Albaani رحمه الله, it is saheeh. Cf. Saheeh al-Jaami', vol. 2, p. 1125 

See also: Virtues of Knowledge which is Learnt and Taught for the sake of Allah 

[3] This is referring to those animals that have died without being sacrificed. 

[4] For a definition of the word 'Taqwa' as well as an explanation of who the true 'Muttaqeen' are, see: Fear Allah Wherever You Are (Taqwa) 

[5] An Explanation of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah's Introduction to the Principles of Tafsir, (Birmingham, UK: Al-Hidaayah Publishing & Distribution, 2009), pp. 13-16 
posted by Seifeddine-M on 20th April 2018 - 0 comments


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