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Did Sayyiduna Mu'awiyah Command People to Curse Sayyiduna 'Ali?

24th October 2014
The Issue of Reviling Ameerul Mu'mineen 'Ali رضي الله عنه

Dr. 'Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi writes,

"The Shi'a accused Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه of making people revile and curse Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه on the pulpits of the Mosques, but this claim is not true. What causes a great deal of annoyance is the fact that researchers picked up this fabrication, even though it is worthless, without subjecting it to critical analysis. Later historians accepted it as fact, seeing no need to discuss it, although there is no proof at all in any sound report. We cannot rely on what is narrated in in the books of ad-Dumayri, al-Ya'qoobi and Abul Faraj al-Isfahaani.

Moreover, it should be noted that the accurate history confirms something other than what these writers say, which is that Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه respected Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه and his noble family and held them in high esteem. The story about Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه being cursed on the pulpits of the Umayyads is not in accordance with the nature of events or the nature of the disputing parties.

If we refer to books of history that were written at the time of the Umayyads, we do not find any such mention. We only find it in the books of later historians who wrote their histories during the time of the 'Abbaasids with the aim of giving a bad image to the Umayyads in the eyes of the Muslim masses. That was written by al-Mas'ood in Murooj adh-Dhahab and by other Raafidi Shi'a writers.

These lies crept onto the history books of Ahlus Sunnah without a single sound report. The seriousness of such claims is known to scholars and researchers, especially when the claim comes from the Rawaafid. Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه is far above such accusations because of his well-known virtues. His conduct was good, and he was praised by some of the Companions رضي الله عنهم and the best of the Taabi'oon رضي الله عنهم, as well as the scholars of biography and history, who testified to his religious commitment, knowledge, justice, forbearance and other positive characteristics:

It was narrated that Sayyiduna 'Umar Ibn al-Khattaab رضي الله عنه said, when he appointed Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه as the governor of Syria,

"Do not say about Mu'aawiya anything but good." [1]

It was narrated from Sayyiduna 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar رضي الله عنهما that he said,

"I never saw, after the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم anyone who conducted himself like a great leader more than Mu'aawiya."

It was said, "Not even your father?"

He said, "My father 'Umar is better than Mu'aawiya, but Mu'aawiya was a more dominant character than him."  [2]

It was narrated that Sayyiduna 'Abdullah Ibn 'Abbaas رضي الله عنهما said, "I have never seen any man more fitting to be in power than Mu'aawiya." [3]

He also said, "He is a man of knowledge." [4]

He also said, "By Allaah, what a good man the son of Hind is, and how great his intengrity."  [5]

Al-Qadi Ibn al-'Arabi رحمه الله said of the qualities that were combined in Ameerul Mu'mineen Sayyiduna Mu'awiya رضي الله عنه,

"He protected the Ummah, guarded the borders, strengthened the troops, prevailed over the enemy and ran the peoples affairs well." [6]

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyya رحمه الله said, "It is proven by Mutawaatir reports that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم appointed Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه as an army commander, just as he appointed others, and he strove in Jihaad alongside him. He also entrusted him with writing down the revelation, and the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم did not make any accusation against him with regard to writing down the revelation. Sayyiduna 'Umar Ibn al-Khattaab رضي الله عنه, who was one of the most experienced in assessing people, appointed him as a governor. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى instilled truth on Sayyiduna 'Umar's رضي الله عنه lips and in his heart, and he never accused Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه of any wrongdoing while he was his governor in Syria." [7]

Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer رحمه الله said concerning Ameerul Mu'mineen Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه, "All the Muslims agreed to swear allegiance to him in 41 AH, and he remained the undisputed Caliph during this period until the year in which he died. Jihaad in enemy territory was ongoing, the word of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى was supreme, booty was coming in from all ends of the earth, and the Muslims during his reign had a life of ease, enjoying justice and tolerance. He was forbearing*, dignified, a leader, prominent among the people, generous, just and chivalrous. He was a man of good conduct, tolerant, forgiving and generous in overlooking mistakes, may Allaah have mercy on him." [8]

* Ibn Abi'd-Dunyaa رحمه الله and Abu Bakr Ibn Abi 'Aasim رحمه الله each wrote a book about the forbearance of Ameerul Mu'mineen Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه.

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyya رحمه الله said, "The scholars are unanimously agreed that Mu'aawiya is the best of the kings of this Ummah. The four before him were caliphs in the footsteps of prophethood, and he was the first of the kings. His reign was one of mercy." [9]

He also said, "There was no one among the Muslim kings who was better than Mu'aawiya, and the people were never better off at the time of any king than they were at the time of Mu'aawiya." [10]

Ibn Abil 'Izz al-Hanafi رحمه الله said, "The first king of the Muslims was Mu'aawiya, and he was the best of them." [11]

Imam adh-Dhahabi رحمه الله said, "Ameerul Mu'mineen [Mu'aawiya] was the king of Islaam." He also said, "Mu'aawiya was one of the best of the kings who were fair and just." [12]

Once this is established, it seems most unlikely that he would make people curse Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه on the pulpits. That would imply that the early generation and the scholars after them who praised him so greatly must have supported his wrongdoing and must have agreed on this misguidance. This is a great lie and fabrication against the scholars among the Companions رضي الله عنهم, Taabi'oon رضي الله عنهم and those who sincerely followed them.

The one who studies Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah's رضي الله عنه conduct as a ruler - the forbearance and patience for which he was well known, as well as his good conduct in running people's affairs - will clearly see that this is one of the greatest lies against him. Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه attained a high level of forbearance and set a sublime example for subsequent generations.

As the caliph, Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه had a warm and friend relationship with Sayyiduna 'Ali's رضي الله عنه sons; this is well known from the books of biography and history. For example, Sayyiduna al-Hasan رضي الله عنه and Sayyiduna al-Husayn رضي الله عنه went to Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah, and he gave them two hundred thousand dirhams, saying, "My predecessors never gave anyone such an amount."

Sayyiduna Al-Husayn رضي الله عنه said to him, "And you never gave to anyone better than us."

On another occasion, Sayyiduna al-Hasan رضي الله عنه visited Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه, who said to him, "Welcome to the son of the Messenger of Allaah's صلى الله عليه وسلم daughter."

He ordered that a sum of three hundred thousand dirhams be given to him.

This clearly demonstrates that what is claimed about Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah رضي الله عنه making the people revile Sayyiduna 'Ali رضي الله عنه is false. How could this happen when there was love, friendship, warmth and respect between him and the sons of 'Ali? Thus, the truth concerning this matter becomes quite obvious.

That society was generally restricted by the rulings of the Shari'ah and was keen to implement them. They were most unlikely to slander, curse or utter obscene offensive words. It was narrated from Sayyiduna Ibn Mas'ood رضي الله عنه in a hadeeth that is traced back to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم: "The believer is not the one who slanders or curses or speaks obscenity or is foul-mouthed."

It was narrated from Ummul Mu'mineen 'Aa'ishah رضي الله عنها in another hadeeth traced directly back to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم: "Do not revile the dead, because they have gone to what they sent on ahead." [13] [14]


[1] Recorded by Imam Ibn Katheer رحمه الله with a sound chain

[2] al-Khallal, as-Sunnah, 1:443; adh-Dhahabi, Siyar A'laam an-Nubalaa', 2:152

[3] Recorded by Imam Ibn Katheer رحمه الله with a sound chain

[4] Bukhari

[5] Ibn 'Asaakir, Taareekh Dimashq, 62:128-129

[6] al-'Awaasim min al-Qawaasim

[7] Majmoo' al-Fataawa

[8] al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah

[9] Majmoo' al-Fataawa

[10] Minhaaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah

[11] al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah

[12] Siyar A'laam an-Nubalaa'

[13] Bukhari

[14] Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali رضي الله عنهما: His Life & Times, pp. 318-323

See also:

posted by Seifeddine-M on 24th October 2014 - 0 comments


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