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The Definition Of Hasad (Envy)

8th November 2013

The word translated here as "envy" is al-hasad (الحسد). Ibn Rajab رحمه الله states that hasad is something that is firmly embedded in the nature of man. It is where a person hates to see anyone else being superior or better off than him. [1]

That is all that Ibn Rajab رحمه الله states as a definition of hasad. His definition is definitely not sufficient. The meaning of hasad is more general that what Ibn Rajab رحمه الله stated.

Ibn al-Qayyim رحمه الله and al-Qaasimi, in his abridgement of al-Ghazzaali's Ihyaa 'Uloom ud-Deen, have defined hasad as disliking a bounty that another has received and wishing that the other person would lose that bounty. [2]

Al-Bugha and Mistu as well as 'Abdul Maalik al-Qaasimi define it simply as the wishing that another person would lose a bounty that he possesses. [3]

Al-Haitami defines hasad as a person wishing that another's bounty would be lost and wishing that he would get it himself. [4]

It seems that hasad is inclusive of a number of cases, some being worse in degree than others. It includes the case where a person dislikes that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى should bestow a bounty upon somebody else, even if he himself has more of that same bounty. For example, Allaah سبحانه و تعالى may have blessed a certain individual with a large amount of knowledge yet, at the same time, he hates it when Allaah سبحانه و تعالى bestowns any amount of knowledge upon others. This is hasad. It is not necessary that the person wishes that the bounty be removed from the other person or that he himself receives the bounty. It is sufficient to constitute hasad that he hates that the other person has even received the blessing in the first place. [5] [6]


[1] Jaami' al-'Uloom wal-Hikam, vol. 2, p. 260

[2] Ibn al-Qayyim's statement may be found in Ali as-Saalihi, vol. 6, p. 525; Muhammad Jamaal ud-deen al-Qaasimi, Mauidhat al-Mu'mineen min Ihyaa 'Uloom ud-Deen (Beirut: Daar an-Nafaais, 1994), p. 322

[3] al-Bugha and Mistu, p. 270; Abdul Maalik al-Qaasim, al-Hasad (Riyadh: Daar al-Qaasim, 1418 A.H.), P. 4. However, on page 6, al-Qaasim gives the same definition as quoted from al-Qaasimi

[4] al-Haitami, Fath, p. 249

[5] Cf., Ibn 'Uthaymeen رحمه الله, Sharh Riyaadus Saaliheen, vol. 4, p. 703

[6] Commentary on the Forty Hadeeth of Imaam an-Nawawi رحمه الله, vol. 2, pp. 1025-1026

posted by Seifeddine-M on 8th November 2013 - 1 comment


Naqshband66 wrote on 10 Nov 2013
Masha Allah very beneficial blog, May Allah protect us from hasad and all other spiritual diseases. ameen
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