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The Importance Of Avoiding Dhulm And Being Adl (Just, Righteous)

31st October 2013

On the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Dharr al-Ghifaari رضي الله عنه, from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم, from among the sayings he relates from his Lord سبحانه و تعالى, that He said, "O my servants, I have forbidden wrongdoing for myself and I have made it forbidden for you. Therefore, do not wrong one another." [1]

This qudsi hadeeth is just one of many texts that demonstrate the importance of avoiding any form of dhulm and, hence, being characterised by its opposite of adl or justice. [2]

Allaah سبحانه و تعالى also says in the Qur'aan,

"Verily, the people who commit dhulm will never be successful." (Soorah al-An'aam, 6:21)

Dhulm is something that is hated by Allaah سبحانه و تعالى. Another verse states,

"And Allaah does not like those who commit dhulm." (Soorah Aal 'Imraan, 3:57)

The one who commits dhulm must realise that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى is not unaware of what he is doing. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى will take him to task even though Allaah سبحانه و تعالى may be giving him some respite at the present moment. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has stated in the Qur'aan,

"Consider not that Allaah is unaware of that which those who commit dhulm do, but He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes will stare in horror..." (Soorah Ibraaheem, 14:42)

One of the reasons that a people are destroyed by Allaah سبحانه و تعالى is the dhulm that they commit. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has said,

"And of these towns [of Ad and Thamud] We destroyed when they did wrong (dhalamoo)." (Soorah al-Kahf, 18:59)

There are also numerous ahaadeeth of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم that condemn and censure dhulm. The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Beware of dhulm, for dhulm is darkness on the Day of Resurrection." [3]

Another hadeeth states, "Allaah gives respite to one who commits dhulm but when He seizes him, He never releases him." Then the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم recited the verse,

'Such is the seizing of your Lord when He seizes the [population of] towns. Verily, His seizing is painful and severe.'" (Soorah Hood, 11:102) [4]

The one who commits dhulm must be especially fearful when he realises that the supplication of the one he is wronging will be responded to by Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, even if that wronged person were an unbeliever. The Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Protect yourself from the supplication of the one who is wronged, even if he be a disbeliever, for there is no barrier for it [between it and Allaah]." [5]

On the other hand, Allaah سبحانه و تعالى praises the opposite of dhulm, which is the characteristic of justice and integrity. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has ordered this characteristic in the verse,

"Verily, Allaah enjoins adl (justice)." (Soorah an-Nahl, 16:90) [6]

There are numerous ahaadeeth that also stress the importance of adl. In a hadeeth in Saheeh al-Bukhaari and Saheeh Muslim, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم stated that a just ruler will be shaded by Allaah's shade on a day during which there will be no shade but His. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم also stated that among the things that will save a person is that he is just while angry or pleased. [7]

The Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم also said, "The just will be with Allaah on pulpits of light on the right-hand of the Merciful - and both of His hands are right. Those are the one who are just in their rulings, with their families and whatever they are in charge of." [8]

One of the characteristics that must distinguish the true believers from all others is their justice even with respect to people they hate. Their hatred for a people does not allow them to swerve from justice in any way. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has stated in the Qur'aan,

"O believers! Stand firmly for Allaah as just witnesses; and let not enmity and hatred of others make you swerve from justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety; and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is well-acquainted with what you do." (Soorah al-Maa'idah, 5:8) [9] [10]


[1] Saheeh Muslim

[2] For a discussion of the necessity of a believer being adl, see Mahmood al-Khizindaar, Hadhihi Akhlaaquna Heena Nakoona Mu'mineen Haqqan (Riyadh: Daar Taibah, 1997), pp. 231-239

[3] Saheeh Muslim. Imaam al-Bukhaari رحمه الله has recorded it without the words, "Beware of dhulm."

[4] Saheeh al-Bukhaari

[5] Recorded by Imaam Ahmad رحمه الله. According to Shaykh al-Albaani رحمه الله, it is hasan. See Saheeh al-Jaami', vol. 1, p. 84

[6] The greatest form of justice and its foundation is tauheed.

[7] Recorded by al-Bazzaar and others. According to Shaykh al-Albaani رحمه الله, it is hasan. See Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheeha, vol. 4, p. 412

[8] Saheeh Muslim

[9] This is a teaching that needs to be revived among Muslims. It seems that many Muslims consider the world to be the Muslims against everyone else. Therefore, they do not hesitate to cheat, lie or do other acts of injustice on behalf of Muslims against non-Muslims. However, this is not proper behaviour. Even while hating the disbelievers and disbelief, one must still be just and fair. One must be as just toward the disbelievers as he is toward he Muslims. He is ordered and commanded to be just even if this should favour a disbeliever over his brother Muslim.

[10] Shaykh Jamaaluddeen Zarabozo: Commentary on the Forty Hadeeth of Imaam an-Nawawi, vol. 2, pp. 762-765

posted by Seifeddine-M on 31st October 2013 - 0 comments


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