Asslamo Allaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh,
I summarised my discussions with Shaykh (Mufti) Kamaluddin Ahmed (HA) from March 2011 in a thread aimed at dispelling myths and removing misunderstandings regarding Tassawuff. Our dear (Dr76 from SF) asked me to seek further clarification from dear respected Mufti Saheb (HA) on the advice of being able to carry out the Adhkaar of Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi Silsila without Shaykh or Ba’yah. I sent the query via email and then also asked in person in Masjid Zakariyya (Bolton) on the 21st of September 2013.
Mufti Saheb (HA) replied (summarised):
I received your query and I was thinking about producing some common questions about Tassawuff on a new website so your question seemed ideal to place it on the site and then answer in some detail. In summary we have two kinds of Adhkaar:
- Masoon Adhkaar: This is what they are commonly known as amongst our people and these are Adhkaar which are specifically mentioned in Qur’aan and Sunnah such as Astaghfaar or salutations upon Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and a person doesn’t need permission to carry these out.
- Sunnah derived Adkhaar: We don’t hide the fact that the Adhkaar of various (Tassawuff) Silsilas are derived from the Qur’aan and Sunnah but not directly mentioned, therein. We have them in talks and websites and books but a person needs permission from the Shaykh to carry it out. I gave you permission to carry these out and also everyone in that Majlis (2011) and today (2013) and many of these people are not Bay’ah or connected with the Silsila but they have been given permission. I don’t advise anyone to read these Adhkaar on the internet or in the books or listen to them and start them, they should seek permission.
The summary of the discussion from 2011 is as follows:
Shaykh (Mufti) Kamaluddin Naqshbandi-Mujaddid (HA) who is currently doing his Phd at Cambridge addressed the matter at Wimbeldon Masjid (London) on Friday (18th of March 2011) and here is a Summary of what the Shaykh (HA) said.
Shaykh (HA) said that people misunderstand what and who a Deobandi is and they simply ascribe themselves to a label. Our elders have attributed four (4) key components to being a Deobandi:
- Correct Aqeedah: A person has to engage himself (or herself) throughout their lives in learning and practising the correct Aqeedah
- Adherence to Sunnah: There is no other path which leads to Allah (SWT) apart from the noble Sunnah
- Tassawuff/Islah: Tassawuff has been a pivotal part of Islam since its inception and people always took their Islah from their Seniors
- Khidmah of Islam: Everyone has to be engaged in serving Islam to the best of their capacity. Their capacity and talent dictates what and how they serve the Deen and they neither look down upon others nor upon the “other efforts” e.g. my Shaykh has taught me Tassawuff so that’s my humble way of serving the Deen and I am incapable of being a teacher at a Darul-uloom or any other way which the other noble Ulama are serving the Deen so it’s down to my weakness and lack of strength. We have to consider others who are serving the Deen better then us...
Our Mashaykh have given six pointers for someone to practise Tassawuff and they are as follows:
- Recitation of the Qur’aan: Qur’aan needs to be recited (as Dhik’r) and understood under the guidance of Ulama-e-Kiraam (not by self study!) and here we recommend that YOU MUST at least recite half a juz daily and if you can’t then ¼ of a Juz daily and if you can’t recite at least grab it from the shelf, look at it and put it back. Shaykh Zulfiqar (HA) says, “Muslims don’t read the Qur’aan because they don’t touch the Qur’aan!”
- Daily Istighfaar: “Astaghfirullah Rabbi Min Kulli Dhanbin Wa Atoobo Ileh” 100 times daily and the number comes from Authentic Sunnah and you should seriously feel embarrassed and ashamed over your sins and it’s the feeling which matters!
- Daily Durood: “Allahumma Salli Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa-Ala Ali Muhammadin Wa Barik Wassallam” and you should feel that Rasul-ullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) is your Prophet and you are the Ummati sins and it’s the feeling which matters!
- Wuqoofe-qalbi: Throughout your day whenever you have sometime (more than 3 minutes) think about Allah (SWT) and when you are busy then start a task (take 1 moment) to think about Allah (SWT) in the middle, do the same and in the end do the same...The idea is to totally immerse yourself in the thoughts about Allah (SWT). Its discussed in detail here:
5. Muraqaba: Take 5-10-15 minutes (whatever you can) daily to perform Muraqaba. Its discussed in detail here:
6. Tassawuff Tutoring: Contact a Shaykh about your issues and problems and bad habits (such as anger, Jealousy) and take Mushwara and act upon it.
I then asked the Shaykh if its OK for anyone to practise it and Shaykh replied, "We make no distinction between Mureeds and Non-Mureeds and we have no secrets so anyone can practise this...."