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Uncovering before mahrams

Last updated: 3rd April 2023
Question ID: #8373
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I read and also heard a scholar say that a woman cannot uncover her hair and other permissible body parts in front of mahrams or other women that are fasiq, immoral, there is fear of temptation and there is fear that they will describe you to someone else? Is this true and if so, how sure do we need to be that a mahram or woman won’t describe us to others before uncovering before them. Also by fasiq it means someone who openly does major sins but where is the Islamic evidence that woman cannot uncover before such mahrams and women. Furthermore, please tell how a woman can make sure a mahram won’t be tempted or is it enough to assume they won’t be tempted unless proven otherwise.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامداومصليا

Allah states in the Quran:

“They (believing women) must not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husband’s sons, their brothers, their brother’s sons, their sister’s sons or their women…” (24-31).

If you fear Fitna from your Mahram relatives then you should cover those parts that are permissible for a Mahram to see I.e. head, hair, face, neck, chest, shoulders, hands, forearms, and legs from below the knees.

If a Mahram fears desire he should not see or touch those parts.

A woman should always dress appropriately wearing loose and unrevealing clothing to ensure her Mahram relative doesn’t become tempted.

Also, Allah states in that verse, “or their women…“(24-31)

This means a Muslim woman according to Ibn Abbas. She must only expose herself to her woman I.e. Muslim woman and not others. In other words, She must cover everything except face, hands and feet in front of a non Muslim woman.

In Raddul Muhtar it is mentioned, It is impermissible for a Muslim woman to uncover in front of a Jewish, Christian or a atheist woman…It is also disliked that a corrupt woman (Fasiqa) sees the body of a pious woman, for she may describe her to the men, thus she should avoid taking off her outer garment (jilbab) or scarf (khimar).

The Ulamaa have included the Fasiqa in the ruling similar with non Muslim women as their disbelief and sin displays such behaviour.

ومن محرمه ….إلي الرأس والوجه والصدر والساق والعضد إن أمن شهوته…..وأصله قوله تعالي ولا يبدين زينتهن إلا لبعولتهن الآية…..وإن لم يأمن ذالك أو شك فلايحل له النظر والمس
(الدرالمختارمع ردالمحتار ٦/٣٦٨،سعيد)

وقوله تعالي أو نسائهن أي الحرائر المسلمات لأنه ليس للمؤمنة أن تتجرد بين يدي مشركة او كتابية اه ونقله في العناية وغيرها عن ابن عباس فهو تفسير مأثور……. ولاتبتغي للمرأة الصالحة أن تنظر إليها المرأة الفاجرة لأنها تصفها عند الرجال فلا تضع جلبابها ولاخمارها كما في السراج اه
(الدرالمختارمع ردالمحتار ٦/٣٧١، سعيد)

And Allah knows best

10 Shawwal 1444/ 01 May 2023

Answer last updated on:
6th May 2023
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
Location: London