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Explanation of consensus

Last updated: 11th March 2023
Question ID: #8213
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Assalamualaykum, I recently asked a question but needed more depth into the tafsir. I was told by a scholar that some sahaba, such as ibn Abbas at, and tabieen were of the opinion that the verse ‘and stay in your houses’ only applies to the wives of the Prophet SAW. I wanted to ask if it’s true that some sahaba or tabieen had this opinion because I have heard there isn’t a consensus in this opinion.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامداومصليا

The scholars of Tafseer has mentioned that the verse ‘Stay in your homes’ (Al Ahzab:33) has been addressed to the wives of the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) specifically, but also the command implies to all women. The Salaf Saliheen (pious predecessors) agree on this.

It is reported from Hadhrat Umm Naylah that
Abu Barzah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) came home and did not find his wife there.
His family members informed him that she was gone to the Masjid. When she
returned, he reprimanded her saying that Allah has prohibited women from
going outdoors, and commanded them to stay in their homes. They should not
follow the Janaaza (to the cemetery) nor go to the Masjid, or join the
congregation for Jumuah Salaat. (Darrul Manthoor vol.6 pg.600)

It is clearly understood from the above, that this ruling did not only apply to the wives of the prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) but to all women.

It is proven from the indication of the verse, the practice of the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) and the consensus of the Sahaba that the wives of the Prophet (صلي الله عليه وسلم) were allowed to go out due to religious obligations and other needs such as, Umrah, Hajj, visiting and attending to the needs of parents etc.

Women must wear Hijab and cover themselves when they go out for such needs.

(See: Ma’ariful Quran Vol.7 Pg.143)

معني هذه الآية الأمر بلزوم البيت وإن كان الخطاب لنساء النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقد دخل غيرهن فيه بالمعنى ……الخ
( الجامع لأحكام القرآن تفسير القرطبي ١٧/١٤١ مؤسسة الرسالة)

قال "ابن عاشور" : " هذا أمر خُصصن به ، وهو وجوب ملازمتهن بيوتهن؛ توقيرًا لهن ، وتقوية في حرمتهن ، فقرارهن في بيوتهن عبادة ، وأن نزول الوحي فيها، وتردد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في خلالها يكسبها حرمة ..
وهذا الحكم : وجوبٌ على أمهات المؤمنين ، وهو كمال لسائر النساء"، انتهى من"التحرير والتنوير" (22/ 10).

And Allah knows best

21 Shabaan 1444/ 14 March 2023

Answer last updated on:
16th March 2023
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
Location: London