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Urgent- issue with forgetting in salah

Last updated: 22nd September 2019
Question ID: #4286
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Assalamu alaikum, I have a question about salah, I would appreciate it if you could please answer this question as soon as possible since it's been causing one of my close relatives a lot of frustration. I have a family member who has an issue with forgetting what he has done while he is in salah. The situation goes something as follows: after finishing a rak'ah, and after finishing Surah Fatiha of the next one, he finds that he can't remember if he did one or two sajdahs from the previous rak'ah. Or, upon reaching sajdah, he realizes he can't remember if he said Surah Fatiha in the beginning of that rak'ah. So my question is: what should be done in this case? Could you please answer what he should do if, while praying, 1) he forgets if he completed a fard action or 2) he forgets if he completed a wajib action? Also, what should happen if he experiences such doubts about what happened after the salah is over? In almost all such cases, he cannot reach a conclusion on what was likelier to have happened. A very important side note: in the side of my family which this relative is part of, there is a history of dementia/Alzheimer's (although he has not been diagnosed as such alhamdulillah), and this family member tends to forget other things beside matters related to salah throughout the day. Jazakumullahu khairan.

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامداومصليا

The principle is: The thought that is more prevalent you will act upon that and Sajda Sahwa will not be necessary. However, if you delayed in thinking (doubting) to such an extent that it prevented you to perform a Qirat or a Ruku or Sujud etc, then Sajda Sahwa will be necessary. So in your case you will do Sajda Sahwa.

If doubts occurs after Salah then the doubts should be discarded unless if it is with certainty then Salah will be repeated.

فى الدر المختار: بعدمانقل عن الفتح وجوب سجودالسهو فى جميع صور الشك سواء عمل بالتحري أوبنى على الأقل ما نصه لكن فى السراج أنه يسجد للسهو فى أخذ الأقل مطلقا وفى غلبة الظن ان تفكر قدرركن . وفى ردالمحتار: قبيل القول المذكور ثم الأصل فى التفكر أنه ان منعه عن أداء ركن كقراءة اية أوثلاث أوركوع أوسجود أوعن أداء  واجب كالقعود يلزمه السهو وان لم يمنعه عن شئ من ذالك بأن كان يؤدي الأركان ويتفكرلايلزمه السهو عن الشرح الصغير للمنية اه

(  ج2 ص94   الدرالمختارمع ردالمحتار ,باب سجودالسهو )

ومن شك فى صلاته .... قيد بكونه فى صلاته لانه لوشك بعد الفراغ أوبعد ما قعدقدرالتشهد لايعتبر شكه الاأن يتيقن بالترك

(اللباب فى شرح الكتاب ج2 ص221)

And Allah knows best

02 ٍSafar 1441/ 02 October 2019

Answer last updated on:
5th October 2019
Answered by:
Ulamaa ID 04
Location: London