Ulamaa ID 04
Answer last updated on:
28th August 2008
Ulamaa ID 04
Al-jawab billahi at-taufeeq (the answer with Allah's guidance)
According to the Jumhur (majourity) the Khalifah must be from the tribe of Quraish because they used to be the leading tribe.
This is based on the Hadith of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), "The Khalifas are Quraishi." (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah Vol.12 Pg.170)
The correct meaning of this Hadith is that the Khulafa (Pl. of Khalifah) will majority be from the Quraishi tribe. However, this Hadith does not state that it is necessary for the Khalifah to be a Quraishi.
According some Fuqaha (Jurists) like Imam Abu Hanifa, Abu Bakr Al Baqllani and others (Rahmatullahi Alaihim) say that the Khalifah of a Quraishi is not a condition of Khilafah (caliphate).
Abu Rafi' narrated that someone spoke to 'Umar (RadhiAllahu Ta'ala Anhu) at his death about the appointment of a Khalifah, so he said, 'I have seen among my companions an unfortunate eagerness. If one of two men had reached me, and then I had entrusted this command to him, I would have been sure of him: Salim the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah and Abu 'Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah.' (Tarikhul Khulafaa)
In this Hadith Umar (RadhiAllahu Ta'ala Anhu) would appoint Salim the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah or Abu 'Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah (RadhiAllahu Ta'ala Anhuma) as Khalifah if they were alive. However, Salim the freed slave of Abu Hudhayfah was not a Quraishi. So from this it is evidently proven that even according to Umar (RadhiAllahu Ta'ala Anhu) for the Khalifah to be a Quraishi is not a requirement for Khilafah.
(Darse Tirmidhi Vol.5 Pg.315,317)
And Only Allah Ta'ala Knows Best.