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#16 [Permalink] Posted on 2nd May 2017 08:21
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An arresting photograph, earlier this week, on the front page of this newspaper, caught my attention. Some 30 young women, in college uniform, faces partly covered, are gathered beside standee panels that say ‘Jio Dhan Dhana Dhan’. At least 10 of the girls hurl stones—dhan dhana dhan—in the direction of photographer Nissar Ahmad where he is, most probably, standing alongside the J&K Police or the Indian paramilitary.

The photograph draws notice for several reasons. For one, it is perhaps the first time we are seeing an image of Kashmiri girls/ women pelting stones. We’ve more or less got used, over the past decade or so, to images of Kashmiri boys/ men throwing stones. We’ve even seen the local police and armed forces indulge in stone throwing.[/quote]

Girls are seen for the first time in the stone action.
When Modi government came in place in the centre in India Yasin Malik or Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front was there on an Indian TV show called Apki Adalat - Your Court.
The show is conducted by a person called Rajat Sharma.
In last few years he has come out an a rabid and out and out partisan person shamelessly advocating the anti-Muslim drive of RSS-BJP-VHP-Bajrand_Dal and all that, the Sangh parivar or the saffron Brigade.
Yasin Malik said that people in Kashmir are saying that we shall face much tougher time now that Modi is the PM of India.

As the events unfolding later on have shown us this has turned out to be the case.

Then there is this new chapter unfolding before us.

Earlier too people had been pointing out that half of indian army is posted in Kashmir.
This was usually taken by the official establishment to mean that India is acting excessively.
In reality the point made by the people was different.
They meant that India is over streatching her capabilities.
Numerically it means that a population, Indian side of Kashmir valley, of about seven million has held up about half of Indian army-seven hundred thousand.
Internationally that is the largest employment of army in the world.

The girls pelting stones presents a paradigm shift - if that was needed at all.

Quote:
It had, in fact, begun to seem like a periodic ritual necessitated by the political logjam that has reduced any solution to the Kashmir crisis to an exercise in futility. Every time the incidents recurred and the mandatory photographs returned to occupy prime space in mainstream media, we would hear wise columnists cluck their tongues and write sagely about the insane cycle of violence that led to a dead end.[/quote]
Kashmir problem has dumb founded Indian intelligentsia.
It is surprising because historically the issue does not look very complex.
At the time of partition Sardar Patel, helped by Jawaharlal Nehru, dissolved all Indian princely states that were lying in the geographical area that would be India into India.
In this statement it looks like a dry and boring administrative procedure but in the craft of state building it was a monumental achievement.
A Hindu majority princely state, Hyderabad Deccan, ryled by a Muslim ruler was ultimately absorbed in India and that too with considerable Muslim bloodshed - an army action that was called police action.
What should be done for a Muslim majority state ruled by a Hindu?
That was Kashmir.
After the partition Kashmir opted to remain independent of both Indi and Pakistan but latter sent tribal armies into Kashmir whose intention could only have been to assimilate Kashmir in Pakistan.
Kashmiris lost the nerve and asked India to help and Nehru was very willing, perhaps too willing, to offer help. Indian army protected them from tribals sent in.
Then one Kashmiris realized that Indian army should go back and leave Kashmir to Kashmiris.
The person to contact the then Prime Minister of India was Shaikh Abdullah, himself a Prime Minister, this time of Kashmir. Shaikh Abdullah was a friend of Jawaharlal Nehru, Nehru himself being a kashmiri Pandit - a Brahmin.
Nehru did the sweet thing. He imprisoned his friend Shaikh Abdullah for asking a silly question like withdrawal of indian army from Kashmir.
Of course there some other important details in this context like UN resolution on Kashmir, article 370 of India constitution, plebiscite in Kashmir, democratic process in Kashmir every single one of which can lead to very volatile conversation.
That is why this sinner hs been avoiding talking about Kashmir all this time.

The Hindu majority in india, not only the saffron brigade but the majority in general, will not like any presentation of the problem of Kashmir given by a Muslim of India. The result is that Muslims in india keep their mouth shut on this issue.

What about Indian position on this issue - in that context above quoted paragraph says a lot if one can get the hint or if one can read in between the lines.

Quote:

Of course, for all of them, it was the boys who were being irrationally violent. None of them thought it necessary to mention that the mere presence of 7,00,000 armed personnel in the Valley, the largest mobilisation at a single point anywhere in the world is, by itself, an act of brute violence. For them, it was merely an exercise in LoC management. None thought it necessary to ask why the guns were pointed internally. The late Prof. Dharampal, one of the intellectuals the Hindutva brigade loves to quote, has pointed out an interesting moment in Valmiki Ramayana when, for the first time, the otherwise subservient Sita questions Rama. It is just before they are to set out to the forest. Seeing that both Rama and Lakshmana, though dressed austerely enough for the forest, are nevertheless carrying their bows and arrows, a troubled Sita breaks her silence and asks, “Why do you carry arms into the forest? Just as taking a flame to a bunch of dried wood can cause a fire, so too carrying arms into the forest can cause violence and war.” The presence of the Indian armed forces in Kashmir has similar consequences. Governance or resolution has been substituted by military occupation leading, inevitably, to endless attrition.
[/quote]
Again this Indian writer has been trying to tell the truth that was known to all but not mentioned by anybody. To read in between the lines the the only option.

Quote:
Anyway, I’m on another point. The photograph of the stone-pelting girls is a sign. It is a sign that India has lost the plot in Kashmir. Just as the sight of the brutal police attack on over 1,000 satyagrahis showing passive resistance during the march on Dharasana Salt Works in 1930 provoked Webb Miller, the American reporter for United Press, to file his copy saying, ‘Today the British Empire lost India’, we too can say that Kashmir seems to have slipped away. The body language of the girls shows it. There is none of the (much ridiculed in sexist comments) effeminacy here. The six girls, right in front, chucking the stuff could have done any cricket or throwball team proud. There is nothing tentative here. It is fearless and determined. It signals a rejection of the Indian empire. That we had to wait till we saw such defiance from a bunch of girls is a shame. Of course, the much-touted spin will be trotted out—that these are misguided youth, that they are agents of Pakistan and in its pay, that they are fronts for militants—and so on. But it will take long for the ‘idea of India’ to live down this ignominy—an ancient and (sometimes) wise civilisation, representing elegant cultural and philosophical values, being shown the door by a few pesky girls who, just with their proud and confident symbolic gesture, bring that entire set of values and philosophies into question. I am called upon here to, radically, question my own citizenship.
[/quote]
Ever since partition problems of muslims have not doubled but tripled.
Pakistan is not a well managed project.
Bangladesh has not come out of the identity crisis.
India has failed in dealing with the problems of Muslims at the same monumental level.
Once upon a time there was a man called Sanjay Gandhi, son of Indira Gandhi.
Someone convinced that brat that Muslims are multiplying uncontrolably in India.
The moron went on a top drive of forced vasectomy and tubectomy of Muslims.
Similar hot headed solution was applied in Kashmir.
Once that exquisitely beautiful state fell into Indian hand, more out of providence than wisdom, then India went about owing it not by love but force.

The end result is for all to see. How does an unarmed population show its sentiments? Parts of India look like European lanscapes. Kashmir physically looks like Switzerland but, again phyisically, also looks like UP. In fact worse than UP.

The oft repeated sentiment in India is that Kashmir is an integral part of India.
The other part of the sentiment is little bit less pleasing.
When Italy occupied Libya and later Ethiopia one of the more brutal generals effectively had the philosophy to get Ethiopia (earlier Libya) with our without the Ethiopians.
thankfully we have not heard that kind of words from Indian army in Kashmir but ground reality is very unpleasant.

Quote:
In fact, I have been thinking about this since I saw the recently released book of photographs, Witness: Kashmir 1986-2016/ Nine Photographers. Brilliantly curated and edited by filmmaker Sanjay Kak, the volume brings together 200 photographs of the past 30 years from the Valley, taken by nine photographers—the oldest being 58 and the youngest 20. In Kak’s words, it is an exercise in recovering and reconstituting memory through re-examining visual evidence. However, looking at the staggering body of work as an ‘outsider’, a non-Kashmiri, one is struck by the critical role of visual culture in sites of conflict. Seen as a compendium, it powerfully contextualises the conflict as well as one’s own implication in it—even if by silent consent. The book is, indubitably, one of the major events of our times.[/quote]
Again the writer of this opinion piece simply can not come out with his actual feelings.
[quote]
In the 1970s, Susan Sontag, a pioneering theorist of the photographed image, had proposed that the photograph might have lost its ‘power to enrage’ and that a sensitive narrative might do this more effectively. However, the photographs from Kashmir prove otherwise. These images of the sheer takeover of the life and liberty of a people and the brutal violence they are subjected to; the constant interruption, disruption and dehumanisation of their lives; the blatant violation of local, national and international laws by instruments of the state; the impunity with which terror and torture is administered (by the state, not by ‘terrorists’); the unconscionable uses that AFSPA and pellet guns are put to, etc., certainly indicate how to transform outrage into political action. The young girls in the photograph are a product of that schooling.

And bravo - this time he said it!
It is constant interruption, disruption and dehumanisation of their lives.
It is occupation.

Clearly Kashmir has not been an easy issue for Indian nerves too.
May be even India has lost the perspective that is requisite to deal with a very volatile and sensitive issue. One can say it at least for those who are directly involved with the matter.

Of course India is a big country and there are people who advocate more official violence from the cozy drawing rooms of their homes.

[quote]Witness clearly establishes how the image itself has become an integral component of the waging of conflict. The public sphere gets constituted by the visual technologies integral to the conflict. Ironically, the photographer is often positioned within the perspective of the battle and even becomes a soldier/ reporter who visually consecrates the destructive acts of the conflict. The visual effects of the conflict, then, become the ground of everyday life, almost destroying our abilities of discrimination and focus. It is a situation where photographing a leaf or a bird or a bride could be interpreted as an act of betrayal.


Many people will miss the import of this paragraph. Let me help them.
The sentiments in india are so heightened, the nerves so frayed that even a pastime activity might get interpreted as an act of political nature.

[quote]It is interesting now to reflect on how, from the time of the Vietnam and Palestine wars and now recently in Iraq, Syria and Kashmir, the visual realm has converted the victim of aggression into a non-being, a metal (therefore, non-human) shield, who can be assaulted at will, without scruple or shame. The Indian army’s use of pellet guns on unarmed youngsters or of tying a civilian to the bonnet of a vehicle is a product of such immoral thinking. When the larger civil society does not respond to such acts is when this immorality becomes a collective crime.


This paragraph is remarkable in its expanse of canvas, exquisite focussing and hitting the target with micro level accuracy.


[quote]And that is when little girls pick up stones and take to the streets to make us re-examine our conscience—and our nationhood.


I doubt that this hitting the nail on the head will imediately percolate to the gray matter of the India Babudom - the highly intellectual bureaurocracy but the arrow has been shot.

[quote]The writer went with his camera, for 25 years, to many conflict situations; today he is conflicted about the role of photography.

Thank you Sadanand Menon. You have done what no one has done till now - you have peeled off some the layers from the unpleasant truth.
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#17 [Permalink] Posted on 15th June 2017 12:00
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#18 [Permalink] Posted on 5th July 2017 17:01

नब्बे के दशक में कश्मीरी पंडितों का पलायन : कुछ तथ्य


जनपक्ष

जनपक्षधर चेतना का सामूहिक मंच
बुधवार, 5 जुलाई 2017
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अशोक कुमार पाण्डेय


1- 1990 के दशक में कश्मीर घाटी में आतंकवाद के चरम के समय बड़ी संख्या में कश्मीरी पंडितों ने घाटी से पलायन किया. पहला तथ्य संख्या को लेकर. कश्मीरी पंडित समूह और कुछ हिन्दू दक्षिणपंथी यह संख्या चार लाख से सात लाख तक बताते हैं. लेकिन यह संख्या वास्तविक संख्या से बहुत अधिक है. असल में कश्मीरी पंडितों की आख़िरी गिनती 1941 में हुई थी और उसी से 1990 का अनुमान लगाया जाता है. इसमें 1990 से पहले रोज़गार तथा अन्य कारणों से कश्मीर छोड़कर चले गए कश्मीरी पंडितों की संख्या घटाई नहीं जाती. अहमदाबाद में बसे कश्मीरी पंडित पी एल डी परिमू ने अपनी किताब “कश्मीर एंड शेर-ए-कश्मीर : अ रिवोल्यूशन डीरेल्ड” में 1947-50 के बीच कश्मीर छोड़ कर गए पंडितों की संख्या कुल पंडित आबादी का 20% बताया है. (पेज़-244) चित्रलेखा ज़ुत्शी ने अपनी किताब “लेंग्वेजेज़ ऑफ़ बिलॉन्गिंग : इस्लाम, रीजनल आइडेंटीटी, एंड मेकिंग ऑफ़ कश्मीर” में इस विस्थापन की वज़ह नेशनल कॉन्फ्रेंस द्वारा लागू किये गए भूमि सुधार को बताया है (पेज़-318) जिसमें जम्मू और कश्मीर में ज़मीन का मालिकाना उन ग़रीब मुसलमानों, दलितों तथा अन्य खेतिहरों को दिया गया था जो वास्तविक खेती करते थे, इसी दौरान बड़ी संख्या में मुस्लिम और राजपूत ज़मींदार भी कश्मीर से बाहर चले गए थे. ज्ञातव्य है कि डोगरा शासन के दौरान डोगरा राजपूतों, कश्मीरी पंडितों और कुलीन मुसलमानों के छोटे से तबके ने कश्मीर की लगभग 90 फ़ीसद ज़मीनों पर कब्ज़ा कर लिया था. (विस्तार के लिए देखें “हिन्दू रूलर्स एंड मुस्लिम सब्जेक्ट्स”, मृदु राय) इसके बाद भी कश्मीरी पंडितों का नौकरियों आदि के लिए कश्मीर से विस्थापन जारी रहा (इसका एक उदाहरण अनुपम खेर हैं जिनके पिता 60 के दशक में नौकरी के सिलसिले में शिमला आ गए थे) सुमांत्रा बोस ने अपनी किताब “कश्मीर : रूट्स ऑफ़कंफ्लिक्ट, पाथ टू पीस” में यह संख्या एक लाख बताई है,( पेज़ 120) राजनीति विज्ञानी अलेक्जेंडर इवांस विस्थापित पंडितों की संख्या डेढ़ लाख से एक लाख साठ हज़ार बताते हैं, परिमू यह संख्या ढाई लाख बताते हैं. सी आई ए ने एक रिपोर्ट में यह संख्या तीन लाख बताई है. एक महत्त्वपूर्ण तथ्य अनंतनाग के तत्कालीन कमिश्नर आई ए एस अधिकारी वजाहत हबीबुल्लाह कश्मीरी पंडित संघर्ष समिति श्रीनगर की 7 अप्रैल, 2010 प्रेस रिलीज़ के हवाले से बताते हैं कि लगभग 3000 कश्मीरी पंडित परिवार स्थितियों के सामान्य होने के बाद 1998 के आसपास कश्मीर से पलायित हुए थे. (देखें, पेज़ 79,माई कश्मीर : द डाइंग ऑफ़ द लाईट, वजाहत हबीबुल्ला). बता दूँ कि कश्मीरी पंडित संघर्ष समिति इन भयानक स्थितियों के बाद भी कश्मीर से पलायित होने से इंकार करने वाले पंडितों का संगठन है. अब भी कोई साढ़े तीन हज़ार कश्मीरी पंडित घाटी में रहते हैं, बीस हज़ार से अधिक सिख भी हैं और नब्बे के दशक के बाद उन पर अत्याचार की कोई बड़ी घटना नहीं हुई, हाँ हर आम कश्मीरी की तरह उनकी अपनी आर्थिक समस्याएं हैं जिस पर अक्सर कोई ध्यान नहीं देता. हाल में ही तीस्ता सीतलवाड़ ने उनकी मदद के लिए अपील जारी की थी. साथ ही एक बड़ी समस्या लड़कों की शादी को लेकर है क्योंकि पलायन कर गए कश्मीरी पंडित अपनी बेटियों को कश्मीर नहीं भेजना चाहते.

गुजरात हो कि कश्मीर, भय से एक आदमी का भी अपनी ज़मीन छोड़ना भयानक है, लेकिन संख्या को बढ़ा कर बताना बताने वालों की मंशा तो साफ़ करता ही है.

2- उल्लिखित पुस्तक में ही परिमू ने बताया है कि उसी समय लगभग पचास हज़ार मुसलमानों ने घाटी छोड़ी. कश्मीरी पंडितों को तो कैम्पों में जगह मिली, सरकारी मदद और मुआवज़ा भी. लेकिन मुसलमानों को ऐसा कुछ नहीं मिला (देखें, वही) सीमा क़ाज़ी अपनी किताब “बिटवीन डेमोक्रेसी एंड नेशन” में ह्यूमन राईट वाच की एक रपट के हवाले से बताती हैं कि 1989 के बाद से पाकिस्तान में 38000 शरणार्थी कश्मीर से पहुँचे थे. केप्ले महमूद ने अपनी मुजफ्फराबाद यात्रा में पाया कि सैकड़ों मुसलमानों को मार कर झेलम में बहा दिया गया था. इन तथ्यों को साथ लेकर वह भी उस दौर में सेना और सुरक्षा बलों के अत्याचार से 48000 मुसलमानों के विस्थापन की बात कहती हैं. इन रिफ्यूजियों ने सुरक्षा बलों द्वारा, पिटाई, बलात्कार और लूट तक के आरोप लगाए हैं. अफ़सोस कि 1947 के जम्मू नरसंहार (विस्तार के लिए इंटरनेट पर वेद भसीन के उपलब्ध साक्षात्कार या फिर सईद नक़वी की किताब “बीइंग द अदर” के पेज़ 173-193) की तरह इस विस्थापन पर कोई बात नहीं होती.

3- 1989-90 के दौर में कश्मीरी पंडितों की हत्याओं के लेकर भी सरकारी आँकड़े सवा सौ और कश्मीरी पंडितों के दावे सवा छः सौ के बीच भी काफ़ी मतभेद हैं. लेकिन क्या उस दौर में मारे गए लोगों को सिर्फ़ धर्म के आधार पर देखा जाना उचित है.

परिमू के अनुसार हत्यारों का उद्देश्य था कश्मीर की अर्थव्यवस्था, न्याय व्यवस्था और प्रशासन को पंगु बना देने के साथ अपने हर वैचारिक विरोधी को मार देना था. इस दौर में मरने वालों में नेशनल कॉन्फ्रेंस के नेता मोहम्मद युसुफ़ हलवाई, मीरवायज़ मौलवी फ़ारूक़, नब्बे वर्षीय पूर्व स्वतन्त्रता संग्राम सेनानी मौलाना मौदूदी, गूजर समुदाय के सबसे प्रतिष्ठित नेता क़ाज़ी निसार अहमद, विधायक मीर मुस्तफ़ा, श्रीनगर दूरदर्शन के डायरेक्टर लासा कौल, एच एम टी के जनरल मैनेज़र एच एल खेरा, कश्मीर विश्वविद्यालय के उपकुलपति प्रोफ़ेसर मुशीर उल हक़ और उनके सचिव अब्दुल गनी, कश्मीर विधान सभा के सदस्य नाज़िर अहमद वानी आदि शामिल थे (वही, पेज़ 240-41) ज़ाहिर है आतंकवादियों के शिकार सिर्फ़ कश्मीरी पंडित नहीं, मुस्लिम भी थे. हाँ, पंडितों के पास पलायित होने के लिए जगह थी, मुसलमानों के लिए वह भी नहीं. वे कश्मीर में ही रहे और आतंकवादियों तथा सुरक्षा बलों, दोनों के अत्याचारों के शिकार होते रहे.

जगमोहन के कश्मीर में शासन के समय वहाँ के लोगों के प्रति रवैये को जानने के लिए एक उदाहरण काफी होगा. 21 मई 1990 को जब मौलवी फ़ारूक़ की हत्या के बाद जब लोग सड़कों पर आ गए तो वह एक आतंकवादी संगठन के ख़िलाफ़ थे लेकिन जब उस जुलूस पर सेना ने गोलियाँ चलाईं और भारतीय प्रेस के अनुसार 47 (और बीबीसी के अनुसार 100 लोग) गोलीबारी में मारे गए तो यह गुस्सा भारत सरकार के ख़िलाफ़ हो गया. (देखें, कश्मीर : इंसरजेंसी एंड आफ़्टर, बलराज पुरी, पेज़-68) गौकादल में घटी यह घटना नब्बे के दशक में आतंकवाद के मूल में मानी जाती है. इन दो-तीन सालों में मारे गए कश्मीरी मुसलमानों की संख्या 50000 से एक लाख तक है. श्रीनगर सहित अनेक जगहों पर सामूहिक क़ब्रें मिली हैं. आज भी वहाँ हज़ारो माएं और व्याह्ताएं “आधी” हैं – उनके बेटों/पतियों के बारे में वे नहीं जानती कि वे ज़िंदा हैं भी या नहीं, बस वे लापता हैं. (आप तमाम तथ्यों के अलावा शहनाज़ बशीर का उपन्यास “द हाफ़ मदर” पढ़ सकते हैं.)

4- कश्मीर से पंडितों के पलायनों में जगमोहन की भूमिका को लेकर कई बातें होती हैं. पुरी के अनुसार जगमोहन को तब भाजपा और तत्कालीन गृह मंत्री मुफ़्ती मोहम्मद सईद के कहने पर कश्मीर का गवर्नर बनाया गया था. उन्होंने फ़ारूक़ अब्दुल्ला की सरकार को बर्ख़ास्त कर सारे अधिकार अपने हाथ में ले लिए थे. अल जज़ीरा को दिए एक साक्षात्कार में मृदु राय ने इस संभावना से इंकार किया है कि योजनाबद्ध तरीक़े से इतनी बड़ी संख्या में पलायन संभव है. लेकिन वह कहती हैं कि जगमोहन ने पंडितों को कश्मीर छोड़ने के लिए प्रेरित किया. वजाहत हबीबुल्लाह पूर्वोद्धरित किताब में बताते हैं कि उन्होंने जगमोहन से दूरदर्शन पर कश्मीरी पंडितों से एक अपील करने को कहा था कि वे यहाँ सुरक्षित महसूस करें और सरकार उनकी पूरी सुरक्षा उपलब्ध कराएगी. लेकिन जगमोहन ने मना कर दिया, इसकी जगह अपने प्रसारण में उन्होंने कहा कि “पंडितों की सुरक्षा के लिए रिफ्यूजी कैम्प बनाये जा रहे हैं, जो पंडित डरा हुआ महसूस करें वे इन कैम्पस में जा सकते हैं, जो कर्मचारी घाटी छोड़ कर जायेंगे उन्हें तनख्वाहें मिलती रहेंगी.” ज़ाहिर है इन घोषणाओं ने पंडितों को पलायन के लिए प्रेरित किया. (पेज़ 86 ; मृदु राय ने भी इस तथ्य का ज़िक्र किया है). कश्मीर के वरिष्ठ राजनीतिज्ञ और पत्रकार बलराज पुरी ने अपनी किताब “कश्मीर : इंसरजेंसी एंड आफ़्टर” में जगमोहन की दमनात्मक कार्यवाहियों और रवैयों को ही कश्मीरी पंडितों के विस्थापन का मुख्य ज़िम्मेदार बताया है.(पेज़ 68-73). ऐसे ही निष्कर्ष वर्तमान विदेश राज्य मंत्री और वरिष्ठ पत्रकार एम जे अकबर ने अपनी किताब “बिहाइंड द वेल” में भी दिए हैं. (पेज़ 218-20) कमिटी फॉर इनिशिएटिव ऑन कश्मीर की जुलाई 1990 की रिपोर्ट “कश्मीर इम्प्रिजंड” में नातीपुरा, श्रीनगर में रह रहे एक कश्मीरी पंडित ने कहा कि “इस इलाक़े के कुछ लोगों ने दबाव में कश्मीर छोड़ा. एक कश्मीरी पंडित नेता एच एन जट्टू लोगों से कह रहे थे कि अप्रैल तक सभी पंडितों को घाटी छोड़ देना है. मैंने कश्मीर नहीं छोड़ा, डरे तो यहाँ सभी हैं लेकिन हमारी महिलाओं के साथ कोई ऐसी घटना नहीं हुई.” 18 सितम्बर, 1990 को स्थानीय उर्दू अखबार अफ़साना में छपे एक पत्र में के एल कौल ने लिखा – “पंडितों से कहा गया था कि सरकार कश्मीर में एक लाख मुसलमानों को मारना चाहती है जिससे आतंकवाद का ख़ात्मा हो सके. पंडितों को कहा गया कि उन्हें मुफ़्त राशन,घर, नौकरियाँ आदि सुविधायें दी जायेंगी. उन्हें यह कहा गया कि नरसंहार ख़त्म हो जाने के बाद उन्हें वापस लाया जाएगा.” हालाँकि ये वादे पूरे नहीं किये गए पर कश्मीरी विस्थापित पंडितों को मिलने वाला प्रति माह मुआवज़ा भारत में अब तक किसी विस्थापन के लिए दिए गए मुआवज़े से अधिक है. समय समय पर इसे बढ़ाया भी गया, आख़िरी बार उमर अब्दुल्ला के शासन काल में. आप गृह मंत्रालय की वेबसाईट पर इसे देख सकते हैं. बलराज पुरी ने अपनी किताब में दोनों समुदायों की एक संयुक्त समिति का ज़िक्र किया है जो पंडितों का पलायन रोकने के लिए बनाई गई थी. इसके सदस्य थे – पूर्व हाईकोर्ट जज मुफ़्ती बहाउद्दीन फ़ारूकी (अध्यक्ष), एच एन जट्टू (उपाध्यक्ष) और वरिष्ठ वक़ील ग़ुलाम नबी हग्रू (महासचिव). ज्ञातव्य है कि 1986 में ऐसे ही एक प्रयास से पंडितों को घाटी छोडने से रोका गया था. पुरी बताते हैं कि हालाँकि इस समिति की कोशिशों से कई मुस्लिम संगठनों, आतंकी संगठनों और मुस्लिम नेताओं से घाटी न छोड़ने की अपील की, लेकिन जट्टू ख़ुद घाटी छोड़कर जम्मू चले गए. बाद में उन्होंने बताया कि समिति के निर्माण और इस अपील के बाद जगमोहन ने उनके पास एक डीएसपी को जम्मू का एयर टिकट लेकर भेजा जो अपनी जीप से उन्हें एयरपोर्ट छोड़ कर आया, उसने जम्मू में एक रिहाइश की व्यवस्था की सूचना दी और तुरंत कश्मीर छोड़ देने को कहा! ज़ाहिर है जगमोहन ऐसी कोशिशों को बढ़ावा देने की जगह दबा रहे थे. (पेज़ 70-71)

कश्मीरी पंडितों का पलायन भारतीय लोकतंत्र के मुंह पर काला धब्बा है, लेकिन यह सवाल अपनी जगह है कि क़ाबिल अफ़सर माने जाने वाले जगमोहन कश्मीर के राज्यपाल के रूप मे लगभग 400000 सैनिकों की घाटी मे उपस्थिती के बावज़ूद इसे रोक क्यों न सके? अपनी किताब “कश्मीर : अ ट्रेजेडी ऑफ़ एरर्स” में तवलीन सिंह पूछती हैं – कई मुसलमान यह आरोप लगाते हैं कि जगमोहन ने कश्मीरी पंडितों को घाटी छोड़ने के लिए प्रेरित किया. यह सच हो या नहीं लेकिन यह तो सच ही है कि जगमोहन के कश्मीर में आने के कुछ दिनों के भीतर वे समूह में घाटी छोड़ गए और इस बात के पर्याप्त सबूत हैं कि जाने के लिए संसाधन भी उपलब्ध कराये गए.”

ये बस कुछ तथ्य हैं, लेकिन इनके आधार पर आप चीज़ों का दूसरा चेहरा दिखा सकते हैं.
एक सवाल और है – क्या कश्मीरी पंडित कभी घाटी में लौट सकेंगे?

अभी मै दो सवाल छोड़कर जा रहा हूँ –

क्या कश्मीरी पंडित घाटी लौटना चाहते हैं?
क्या दिल्ली और श्रीनगर चाहते हैं कि कश्मीरी पंडित घाटी में लौटें?

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लेखक इन दिनों “कश्मीरनामा : भविष्य की क़ैद में इतिहास” नामक किताब लिख रहे हैं)

Source : Panpaksha
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#19 [Permalink] Posted on 11th July 2017 10:38
Kashmir Today : July 2017

Militants intercepted an Amarnath Yatra vehicle and killed seven pilgrims.

There have been widespread condemnation of these killings by Muslims, Hindus, officals and general public including by Kashmiri people.

I was planning to write a post on the situation in Kashmir and band in the middle of that mood this news was staring me in the face in the morning newspaper. Now it is difficult to compose that post but I still want to state the salient points.

A higher police officer was killed in Kashmir and a Facebook friend was very agitated. This friend us mostly very calm and composed and is humourist of explosive proportions - no pun intended.

I went through the reports of the killing and made my observations and the condemnation that by now has become a mechanical reflex for most of us in India - I mean the liberals and Muslims of India.

My antenna had alerted me that this friend has become aware of what we Muslims knew for long - the Kashmiris simply did not want to stay in India.

We Muslims from India could do precious little about it. Kashmir being in India gives a vicarious strength to Muslims of India - security in numbers - false or real but reassuring it always has been.

I can only imagine how cringeworthy it would have been to those Muslims of india who did not want partition. They were goind to end up with the bill for partition. The bill that did not belong to them.

And the Muslims of India today have not managed to disown that bill till today.

One of the consequences has been that Muslims of India say precious little about what is happening in Kashmir.

And yesterday I got even a further clue about what might have agitated my otherwise cool and calm and happy go lucky Facebook friend. This was before the latest attack of pilgrims.

The situation in Kashmir is not what the media in India and Facebook was reflecting. Some very paradigm shift level has happened. This is what my freind must have sensed. My bad. I should have been more perceptive.

My clue came from another source too - that I was not able to place properly. Another Facebook freind from majority community of India, residing in the US, had stopped posting about the Kashmir issue. He was earlier agitated even more than the other friend but now had gone silent and was focussing on damage caused by and faults of the present Indian PM Mr Narendra Modi.

He too must have perceived the paradigm shift at the ground level.

So what is the paradigm shift? Here is my perspective and I solicit everybody's indulgence for my human fallibility. One Kashmiris one year ago stopped being shy about their struggle being an Islamic struggle. Earlier this rhetoric must have been confined to the militants and it did not percolate to the common people in Kashmir - the masses. At or around the time of Burhan Wani's killing the public in kashmir crossed the rubicon. The world saw it in his funeral crowd. I missed that clue - I deceived myself my filing it in my mind as a some sort of aberration.

Yesterday I say some videos on some news channels, from across the border, where it became clear that people from kashmir are not shy to call it Islamic struggle.

Another clue is killing of policemen in Kashmir. These are all Kashmiris. Why would Kashmiris kill their own people? Well they had overcome the hesitation to act against those of their own kin who sided even if by virtue of their office, with India.

And now we have this killling of the pilgrims. Not only a large number of things are happening around us but they are also happening fast and who knows that even their speed might be accelerationg.

I seek Allah SWT's refuge from the adverse effects of these events.

This is what again disturbed by friend mentioned first above.

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#20 [Permalink] Posted on 11th July 2017 11:25
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It has been mentioned for years going back to the early 1990's about attacks being carried against Civilians by the Indian army wearing civilian clothes, and then blamed on the Muslims.

In order to stigmatise and deligatimise the Kashmir Freedom struggle and project is a battle between the a democracy and terrorism.

A couple of well known examples around about 1994 British tourists were Kidnapped by an alleged Militant group, known has heard of them since. They were kidnapped by a group calling themselves al faran, nobody had heard of such a group and no one has heard of this group since....The widespread belief within Kashmir was that Indian Terrorist Occupation Army had carried out this attack to besmirch the Kashmiris.

During President Bill Clintons visit an attack was carried out against Sikhs in Kashmir and blamed on 'Kashmiri Militants", again the widespread belief even amongst the Sikh community that Indian Terrorist Army was responsible.

British Foreign secretary Robin Cook in the had raised the Issue of Kashmir in Pakistan, and the Indian political establishment was enraged and coincidentally on Cooks visit accompanying the Queen to India a couple of explosions took place in New Delhi and such explosions had never happened before.


I say the attacks on these Hindu pilgrims was carried out by the Indian Terrorist Occupation Force unless it proven otherise categorically.
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#21 [Permalink] Posted on 11th July 2017 15:58
Abdur Rahman ibn Awf wrote:
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Some of the events that are classified as terrorist attacks are certainly false flag attacks and in the list that you are mentioning too I suspect some are false flag ones.

But all attacks taking place at numerous places can not be the that - false flag.

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#22 [Permalink] Posted on 11th July 2017 16:20

www.firstpost.com/india/amarnath-yatra-terror-attack-targ...

Consider, for instance, the attack on the bus carrying Amarnath pilgrims on 10 June.

At the moment, security in Kashmir, at least on paper, is at the heaviest. Recent terror attacks, public protests and threats from militant organisations have forced the government to not only deploy more troops but also raise the extent and level of vigil. In addition, the Amarnath yatra has always been heavily guarded, put behind a thick security cover.

Official sources claimed that the bus was not registered for the yatra and, thus, slipped out unguarded. How could an unregistered bus move around un-noticed through such high security zones? Did nobody notice it? If yes, why was it not put behind the security cordon? Why was it allowed to move around late at night when other vehicles are asked to halt and start again only after dawn? All these unanswered questions point to huge security and administrative lapses in a state on high alert.

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#23 [Permalink] Posted on 19th July 2017 16:03

Nehru in his letters exposed how RSS and Sangh's policies alienate Kashmiris

Their dislike for the secular policy of government of India continues to this day.
19-08-2016
Piyush Babele


The news of deaths of some brave security personnel and fellow citizens in Jammu and Kashmir has become a routine affair. Parliament has repeatedly discussed the issue during this period but without offering a way out.

In between, the so-called nationalists have become increasingly bitter towards the agitation of Kashmiri people on different social media platforms. This bitterness is reciprocating in a similar multitude of hatred from the Valley.

If we look at different opinions on social media on the current crisis, a lot of them are criticising Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's policy on Jammu and Kashmir. But few are talking about the disruptive policies of Jan Sangh and RSS which made the situation worse in the Valley in the early 1950s.

Ghulam Nabi Azad, a Kashmiri and leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha, made a passing reference to this part of history when he said, "Aap ke qadam jahan jahan padate hain aag lag jati hai."
azadbd_081916053257.jpg
In Parliament, Ghulam Nabi Azad spoke about the disruptive policies of Jan Sangh and RSS which made the situation worse in the Valley

The then prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru described this situation on August 15, 1953 in his address from the ramparts of Red Fort, and later described it in a letter written to chief ministers of states on August 22, 1953, after the death of Jan Sangh leader Shyama Prasad Mookerjee during Kashmir agitation, and after putting his close friend, comrade and then J&K prime minister Sheikh Abdullah in jail, where he was to remain for 10 long years.

Nehru wrote:

"It is easy to be wise after an event. But, when events follow each other in quick succession, each leading to the other, it is difficult to stop or divert their course much. How and when did this deterioration lead to the final crisis? It is difficult to draw the line, but there can be no doubt that one of the most powerful elements at the back was Praja Parishad, Jan Sangh agitation, which created a great effect not only in Sheikh Abdullah's mind but in the minds of the people of the Valley. This agitation embittered them and it appeared to them that the Jan Sangh and its supporters represented the prevailing sentiment in India and this frightened them. The people began looking in other directions. Sheikh Abdullah became peculiarly bitter and rather lost his moorings. We can criticise Sheikh Abdullah for going astray and forgetting the principles on which he had long stood, but that does not help much in understanding a situation which at first gradually and then rather suddenly confronted us. This situation was primarily the result of this communal agitation which went on in Delhi, in the Punjab and in some other parts of India for many months. Thousands of Kashmiri labourers, who came down to India in summer, went back with bitterness in their hearts. They spread to the villages. We see here the dangerous result of wrong action. It is true that some of us condemned this agitation repeatedly in Parliament and elsewhere, but it is also true that many vaguely sympathised with it, not realising the dangers inherent in it. And so, we have to suffer those consequences and those dangers."

Nehru saw it as a triumph of communalists.

He wrote:

"The situation developed as some inevitable tragedy which could not be stopped. It has left a bad taste in the mouth and I have felt unhappy, for much that has happened has not been good, and a long trail of consequences will flow from it. If we believe as we have done and must do, that the people of Kashmir must decide their own fate, then obviously things have happened which have weighted the scales against us. Some of our friends in the past have often demanded what they call 'strong action', not realising that what is always necessary is wise action. We see here in this matter the unfortunate triumph of communalism."

This was not the only letter.

On January 27, 1953 Nehru wrote:

"The Jammu agitation, about which I have written to you previously, is again a remarkable instance of folly or of mischief. A person of ordinary intelligence can see that this agitation must prove harmful to the interests of Jammu and India both, and plays into hands of Pakistan. And yet, outwardly it is carried on in the name of closer union with India. The whole question of Jammu and Kashmir state is, as you know, exceedingly intricate and is tied up today with international affairs. For any organisation to start an agitation which must necessarily impinge on the international factors to our disadvantage is the height of unwisdom. And yet certain communal organisations in India, notably the Jan Sangh, the RSS, and the Akali Dal, have thrown their full weight in support of this agitation. It is clear that the objective of these organisations is not confined to Jammu and that they are aiming at bigger quarry. Their dislike of the government of India and secular policy that it pursues is so great that, in order to injure it, they are prepared presumably even to do harm to our relationship with Jammu and Kashmir state."

Their dislike for the secular policy of government of India continues to this day.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee, dubbed by some people as the right man in the wrong camp, maintained a policy of "Jamhooriyat, Insaniyat and Kashmiriyat" much to the chagrin of RSS and right-wing leaders. But today the Hindu Hriday Samrat is challenging the legacy of Vajpayee by asking, Kashmiriyat is important, but is it larger than Hindustaniyat or Bharatiyata?

Clearly, it is hair splitting. It only shows that right-wing leaders only like Kashmir, not its people or its culture or Kashmiriyat, as remarked upon by Azad in his Rajya Sabha speech.

Had Nehru been alive, he would not be surprised to see that the attitude of rightists has further alienated people of the Valley.

Source : DY
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#24 [Permalink] Posted on 19th July 2017 16:06
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#25 [Permalink] Posted on 1st April 2018 19:32
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#26 [Permalink] Posted on 1st April 2018 20:38

bint e aisha wrote:
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The speed and number at which Americans kill Taliban in Afghanistan and Indians kill Terrorists in Kashmir :)

These Terrorists must be regenerating at rapid pace because they just keep coming and coming and coming...

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#27 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd April 2018 11:00
As expected only Turkey has spoken about Kasmiris.

No: 96, 02 April 2018, Press Release Regarding the Developments in Jammu Kashmir

We are deeply concerned and saddened about the loss of lives and injuries in Jammu Kashmir last weekend. We wish Allah’s mercy upon those who lost their lives and speedy recovery to the injured.

We deem it essential to take measures to de-escalate tension in the region immediately and to show maximum attention for the protection of civilians from the clashes.

www.mfa.gov.tr/no_-96_-jammu-kesmirde-meydana-gelen-olayl...
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#28 [Permalink] Posted on 1st May 2018 06:23
Blind To The Valley

Central government seems to be misreading the crisis in Kashmir



Written by Vappala Balachandran | Published: April 27, 2018 12:31:49 am

Jammu and Kashmir militancy The results of wrong policies are borne by the security forces, not to mention the Valley public.


The traditional difference between radicalism, extremism, militancy, terrorism and insurgency has blurred over a period of time. Assemblies or speeches preaching radicalism, extremism or militancy without violence are not a crime in the US. For long, the UK was accused of tolerating “non-violent extremism”. But these activities could be punishable in India.

On the other hand, terrorism and insurgency are violent tactics employed by the first three categories for religious or political ends. A terrorist could be a foreigner or local. He does not care whether he gets local support or not. But the insurgent is always a local and needs local support as he is fighting for a local cause. This is because insurgency arises when a section of the local public starts supporting a cause against the mainstream, example being the Maoist uprising in India. Insurgency could also happen if the original idea is catalysed from outside the country’s borders, like the present Kashmir insurgency. Yet they are “our people” who have to be treated differently from foreign terrorists.

History indicates that separate strategies were used while dealing with terrorism and insurgency. It was always a “total war” against terrorism like the “War on Terror” in the wake of 9/11 or the war against Islamic State. But insurgency was always dealt with by a combination of coercive action, conciliation through talks and rehabilitation. The latter examples are the Hukbalahap rebellion in Philippines (1946-54), Malaya (1948-60), Mau Mau in Kenya (1952-60), Northern Ireland (1969-1996), and the Sikh, Naga and Maoist insurgencies in India.

Most of these resemble the latest phase of the Kashmir insurgency, which started in July 2016. Like in Kashmir, both army and police had taken part in most counter-insurgency operations. The Irish and Sikh insurgencies were aided by foreign help. So was the Naga uprising in its initial period. Intense feelings against the government arose through a combination of factors like intolerance (by the administration), repression and humiliation.

This vital difference is not understood by the Modi government in Kashmir Valley, although they had followed it while talking to the Naga insurgents. J&K Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti understands this and had recommended political dialogue. This was before the Hakripora encounter (August 2017), when locals tried to obstruct security forces. This trend has accelerated in 2018. This type of public support is not seen in any terrorism-affected countries, including Afghanistan, Iraq or Syria. It is seen only in the Palestinian areas in Israel.

The Concerned Citizens’ Group led by senior BJP leader Yashwant Sinha had also anticipated this trend in 2016 and advocated dialogue with the Valley residents, who were resentful of the government’s attitude in describing all protesters as “puppets of Pakistan”. In October 2017, Sinha said that we have “lost Kashmiris emotionally”.

To counter this, the Modi government asked former IB chief Dineshwar Sharma to talk to the stakeholders. No doubt Sharma is an outstanding intelligence officer with considerable experience in handling Kashmir. But intelligence officers are seldom appointed in democracies for leading overt conflict resolution measures as they are seen as the hidden faces of government coercion.

Meanwhile, situation on the ground has deteriorated with the killing of more security forces (SF). The South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) says deaths rose from an average of 166 during 2012-2015 to 267 in 2016, 358 in 2017 and 96 in 2018 (till April 8). The BJP leadership and security chiefs have claimed that this was due to better counter-terrorist action.

Till 2015, more killings of security officials in India were done by the Maoists. In 2015, Maoists killed 57 security officials, while Kashmir saw 41 deaths. From 2016 onwards, the trend changed. Eighty-eight security officials were killed in 2016 and 83 in 2017 in the Valley compared to 66 and 74 in Maoist areas. This year, 25 security officials have been killed in Kashmir till April 8.

The NDA government fails to realise this fact due to its ideological and religious obsession in treating all Valley protestors as Pakistan’s proxies. Another reason is the pathological hubris and delusions of grandeur arising out of inexperience in dealing with such situations. The government’s bluster is not backed by adequate capability. On May 14, 2017, the BJP’s strategic adviser in Kashmir told a TV channel that his government would “eliminate” all terrorists and militants.

The Modi government should listen to professional advice in formulating its Kashmir policy. The results of wrong policies are borne by the security forces, not to mention the Valley public. In August 2016, Northern Army Commander, Lt. General D S Hooda, recommended that “all” including separatists and student protestors should “sit down and see if we can find an end”. Even DGP (J&K), S P Vaid, told a prominent weekly on April 12, 2018 that “talks, including with neighbour Pakistan, was the only solution to Kashmir issue”.

Source : The Indian Express
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#29 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd June 2018 16:48
The BJP had a government with PDP in Kashmir. BJP pulled out and plunged Kashmir into President's Rule. Next the BJP has dispatched snipers and NSG Commandos to Kashmir.

May God have mercy upon our brothers and sisters of Kashmir.
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#30 [Permalink] Posted on 12th October 2018 06:32
A Facebook Friend, Mujahid Mughal, on Mannan Wani



Mannan was a friend in AMU. Not too close. Not too far. Not too close because he neither shared anything about his mission or his family nor did he even give a hint about it, ever. He was reticent.

Nor too far because even after disliking many of his opinions and disagreeing with him on many issues, I used to call him on dhabas to discuss the issues which a very few students in the university were capable to understand and deliberate on.

I never imagined him to join militancy. I knew him as a potential AMUSU candidate. I imagined him as statestman. I knew him as a 'rival' AMUSU candidate for sometime. And that's why when I met him last time my first question was "why didn't you contest elections? ". His reply was "Abbu didn't want me to". We shared coffee at Chungi and then he dropped me to my hostel. And that was all.

Had I been knowing anything about his plans, which were revealed after a few days to all, I would have questioned him.

I also saw him as an intellectual rival. Now everyone knows that how good he was at English and how brilliant he was at understanding politics. We used to discuss almost every issue. Gay rights, Sharia, education system, international relations, economy and so on. As he was reticent, so he never shared anything about his future plans as I did to him.

He was focused. Very focused. So focused that he never indulged in the stuff which people at his age do. He was among those few in AMU who could argue everything they believed in, rationaly and logically. And here sometimes to press his point he would be a little 'strong' in his language. But last time when we met, he was much softer than usual in his language and his gestures.

I wish I knew his plans. I could have questioned him like I always do. I could have tried to convince him to choose other means to fight. Because I knew that this unfortunate day will come sooner or later. But I am also sure that Mannan was not a man to be easily convinced, once he has chosen to do something.

Hopefully on the judgement day we will have a chat again to argue whatever is left. The chat I wanted to have with him, that never happened.

I pray for him. May he rest in peace. May the peace prevail in J&K.
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