Lo! We revealed it on a blessed night. (44:3)
The opinion that Qur'aan was revealed on this night is REJECTED!
According to ‘Ikrimah radhiyallāhu ‘anhu and a group of mufassirīn
, the ‘blessed night’ referred to in this verse is the fifteenth night of Sha‘bān. at-tazkiyah. com
Asslamo Allaikum Brother,
Below are two references on what I said, both discuss and then reject what you are talking about.
- First is one of the most authorititive Tasfeers of our time i.e. Maariful-Qur'aan by Shaykh (Mufti) Shafi Usmani (HA) who is the father of Shaykh (Mufti) Taqi Usmani (HA)
- Second is book by Shaykhul-Hadeeth Fazlur Rahman Azmi (HA).
I think that for your satisfaction quoting 2 Deobandi Ulamah would be sufficient, Insha'Allah.
Tafseer (Marriful-Qur'aan) by Shaykh (Mufti) Shafi Usmani (RA):
The Fifteenth of Sha’baan in the light of Qur’aan & Hadeeth by Shaykhul-Hadeeth (Maulana) Fazlur Rahman Azmi (HA):
The words "blessed night" in the above verse refers to Laylatul Qadr which occurs in the last ten days of Ramadhan. Laylatul Qadr has been called "a blessed night" because unlimited Divine blessings descend upon the creation on this night. As mentioned in Surah Qadr, the Quran was revealed in this night. Similarly, it is mentioned' in Surah Baqarah (Verse 23) that the Quraan was revealed from the Lawhe-Mahfuz (a protected tablet in the Heavens) to the lowest Heaven, in the month of Ramadhan.
The meaning of the above-mentioned verse from Surah Dukhan would therefore mean that on the night of "Qadr" the details of all those who will die or receive sustenance etc. during the forth-coming year are transmitted from the Lawhe-Mahfuz to the Angels (Ibn Katheer). This is the opinion of most commentators of the Quraan such as Ibn Abbas, Qatadah, Mujahid, Hasan Basri, etc. Scholars such as Imam Nawawi have also accepted the authenticity of this opinion. Hafidh Ibn Katheer writes that those like Ikramah, who have explained the "blessed night" in the above verse as the night of Bara'at are very distant from the correct interpretation. The reason being that the aayat refers to the night of the revelation of the Holy Quraan which has already been proven to be Laylatul Qadr (lbn Kathir in the Tafseer of Surah Dukhan, Ma 'arifus-Sunan Page 420 VS, Ma 'ariful Quraan Page 757 V7). Ibn Kathir writes further that there is a Hadith attributed to Uthmaan bin Muhammad that Rasulullah (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam)said: "The ages of people (i.e. whether they live further) are decided from Sha'baan to Sha'baan. A person marries and is even blessed with a child, yet his name is amongst those who are to die (and he is completely unaware)."
This Hadith is however Mursal and cannot be given credit when its subject matter directly contradicts that which has been established from the Quraan (i.e., that these decisions are passed to the Angels on Laylatul Qadr and not on the night of Bara' at). Qazi Abu Bakr bin Arabi writes that there is no reliable Hadith regarding the fifteenth of Sha'baan from which it may be understood that sustenance, life and death are decided on this night. He has even ventured so far as to say that there isn't any reliable narration concerning this night being a blessed one (Ma 'ariful Quraan Page 757 V7). Since the significance of the night of Bara'at has been mentioned in a number of weak narrations, and the narrations are not in conflict with any verse of the Quraan or any authentic narration, we do accept its significance. However, the opinion that sustenance, death, etc. are determined on this night is in conflict with the Quraan and is therefore unacceptable. It is on this account that the research scholars have always rejected this opinion. The opinion of the lecturers would not be considered in this discussion, instead the opinion of the scholars of Tafseer and Hadith would be considered.