Touch is important for social development. It helps us to assess the environment we are in (is an object hot or cold?) and react accordingly. It also allows us to feel pain. People with an ASD may experience the following differences.
Holds others tightly - needs to do so before there is a sensation of having applied any pressure.
Has a high pain threshold.
Enjoys heavy objects (eg, weighted blankets) on top of them.
Touch can be painful and uncomfortable; people may not like to be touched and this can affect their relationships with others.
Dislikes having anything on hands or feet.
Difficulties brushing and washing hair because head is sensitive.
Only likes certain types of clothing or textures.
Every time I am touched it hurts; it feels like fire running through my body. Gillingham, G. (1995), page 3
Chemical receptors in the nose tell us about smells in our immediate environment. Smell is the first sense we rely upon. People with an ASD may experience the following differences.
Some people have no sense of smell and fail to notice extreme odours (this can include their own body odour).
Some people may lick things to get a better sense of what they are.
Smells can be intense and overpowering. This can cause toileting problems.
Dislikes people with distinctive perfumes, shampoos, etc.
Smells like dogs, cats, deodorant and aftershave lotion are so strong to me I can't stand it, and perfume drives me nuts. Gillingham, G. (1995), page 60
Situated in the inner ear, our vestibular system helps us maintain our balance and posture, and understand where and how fast our bodies are moving. People with an ASD may experience the following differences.
A need to rock, swing or spin to get someÂ sensory input.
Difficulties with activities like sport, where we need to control our movements.Â
Difficulties stopping quickly or during an activity.
Difficulties with activities where the head is not upright or feet are off the ground.
Here in Germany lives an Autist by the name of Rainer DÃ¶hle. It is very difficult for him to read facial expressions, and thus his interaction on a mass scale with others is quite problematic. On the other hand he has been gifted with an amazing memory for facts. He knows all the 10,000 streets of Berlin by heart, on top of that he knows every single streetname and why it has named like that.
I found Austists being very angry (or disappointed) for being misunderstood. To be honest, I do know nothing about this disease. I came just across it and remembered this thread on MS. I read somewhere about a diseased complaining about people misunderstanding and media misrepresenting "Autism = Savant = Asperger". Can you please explain the fundamental differences for someone with no background info?
ï¿¼More than 2,300 adullts with learning disabilities are detained unnecessarily, according to campaigners
'Mate crime' replacing hate crime as children with Asperger's and autism increasingly being abused and robbed by so-called friends
New research has found a staggeringly high number of people being abused or manipulated by people they believed to be their friend
By SARAH CASSIDY
Sunday 12 July 2015
Children with Aspergerâs and autism are being bullied, abused and even robbed by people they think are their friends, according to study revealing the horrific extent of so-called âmate crimeâ.
A staggeringly high number of people with autism and Aspergerâs syndrome are being subjected to mate crime, a form of disability hate crime in which a vulnerable person is manipulated or abused by someone they believed to be their friend, a survey by an autism charity has found.
The research uncovered heartbreaking stories of abuse â including one vulnerable young person who was tricked into giving his debit card and PIN number to a so-called friend who then used it run up huge bills. The parents of one 17-year-old girl told researchers how their daughter was robbed of her iPod and phone by classmates at school â and now had a boyfriend who âalways turns up when it is her payday for her DLAâ [disability living allowance].
ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼ï¿¼A parent of a 14-year-old boy who responded to the survey said, âMy son is absolutely harmless and extremely vulnerable. It is so hard explaining that people are making fun of him.â
A young man with autism said, âI was frightened to tell anyone about the bullying and theft and manipulation.â Another respondent said: âMy brother was befriended by neighbours who robbed him and stored drugs in his flat.â
The report was based on an online survey of nearly 150 people with autism or Aspergerâs syndrome or their carers conducted by Wirral Autistic Society earlier this year.
ï¿¼ More than seven out of 10 (71 per cent) respondents of all ages who had been victims of mate crime had been subject to verbal abuse. (Getty)
Robin Bush, CEO of the society, said, âMate crime is morally reprehensible and these people are cowards. People with autism struggle enough with the complexities of daily life without having to live in fear that people who pretend to be their friends will steal from them, assault them or encourage them to commit crimes on their behalf. â
The report found that 80 per cent of respondents over the age of 16 felt they had been bullied or taken advantage of by someone they had thought was a friend. This compares to a figure of 49 per cent when the National Autistic Society asked the same question of over-18s in a nationwide survey last year.
The most vulnerable age group was 16 to 25. Every respondent in that age group reported having difficulty distinguishing genuine friends from those who may bully or abuse the friendship in some way. Eight out of 10 said that fear of bullying had caused them to turn down social opportunities.
More than seven out of 10 (71 per cent) respondents of all ages who had been victims of mate crime had been subject to verbal abuse. More than half (54 per cent) of 12-16 year-olds had had money or possessions stolen. Almost three-quarters (74 per cent) of over-25s reported that they had been manipulated.
Over a third of adults with autism had been subject to bullying or manipulation of a sexual nature â including being coerced into âsextingâ.
The report concluded that people with autism were often unaware that they are in an abusive relationship. Parents and carers were the ones who recognised the problem but reported that they felt at a loss about who to turn to for help.
The End of Autism? CRISPR Can Edit Out Autism Traits, Scientists Say
28 June 2018
Scientists have figured how to use a form of the powerful gene-editing tool CRISPR to erase genetic traits normally associated with autism. It is technology that could one day revolutionize the therapies that treat autism and improve the lives of thousands of people who suffer from the developmental disorder, the researchers say.
CRISPR has been a game changer in the biomedical research world because of the ease and precision with which it can be used to alter the genetic code. A team of scientists in Texas used it to edit out genes associated with autism traits in mice and observed clear results: The animals stopped digging obsessively, their erratic jumping around the cages slowed to a halt and they became more calm, according to the study published in the monthly journal Nature Biomedical Engineering.
This technology might be years away from being tested on humans, but the results are promising, lead author of the study neuroscientist Hye Young Lee told Newsweek.
An illustration depicts DNA. CRISPR has been a game changer in the biomedical research world because of the ease and precision with which it can be used to alter the genetic code. Getty Images
âI really want to give hope for patients and families. We are working on it, and they should not lose hope,â Lee said.
Lee, an autism researcher at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, used a very thin needle to inject CRISPR-Cas9 into the brain tissue of mice, targeting the striatum, a region in the brain known to mediate habit formation.
CRISPR-Cas9 is made of just a few ingredients. The RNA, a nucleic acid present in all living cells, is like a messenger, a guide that allows a specific site on the genome to be targeted. It is used along with a bacterial enzyme, called Cas9, which acts like molecular scissors, cutting the DNA at an exact point.
After the procedure, the mice recovered for up to three weeks before the scientists analyzed their behavior to find significant therapeutic results. They saw a 30 percent drop in compulsive digging, and a 70 reduction in jumping, both indicative of autistic behavior.
âYou could knock out disease-causing genes and actually see fairly significant behavioral changes,â said bioengineer Niren Murthy, who also worked on the study. A University of California, Berkeley professor, Murthy invented the CRISPR-Gold technique that was administered to the mice.
Autism is a relatively common developmental disorder that leads to a range of problems with social interaction and communication. About one in 59 children suffer from the condition, according to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. There is not one type of autism but many variations, caused by combinations of genetic and environmental factors. It can leave people with difficulty speaking and up to one third of autism patients are completely nonverbal, according to Autism Speaks, an advocacy organization in the United States.
Autism patients also tend to engage in repetitive behavior, like rocking back and forth and flapping their arms. The study suggests that these behaviors could be remedied through gene editing. These results could also open the door for further research on how to alter genes related to the other autism traits, said Lee.
âI really want to give hope for patients and families. It is such a social burden on them, and having the patients in the family affects the whole family,â she said. âWe want to help them.â
The next step is to start testing this gene-editing technique in larger animals, like rats and then monkeys. It could be many years before scientists can safely use this method on humans, but the results are promising.
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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