Create an account
Most Reputable Members

Salah sitting on a chair

You have contributed 0.0% of this topic

Thread Tools
Post New Topic Locked Filter by poster  
Topic Appreciation
Appreciate
To appreciate this topic, click 'Appreciate Topic' on the right.
abu mohammed
Rank Image
abu mohammed's avatar
Joined:
6th Oct 2008
Longevity:
28%
Location:
London
Posts:
19029
Gender:
Brother
Reputation:
5379
#1 [Permalink] Posted on 10th January 2018 14:03
AsSalaamu Alaykum, 
 
In reference to Salah in Jama'at for the elderly, disabled or injured. There are those who can stand in Salah but not perform Sujood so they make use a chair and there are those who cannot stand for too long, so they start their Salah in a seated position on a chair.
 
Where should the chairs be positioned in both cases?
 
Should the one who starts standing, stand in line with the rest of the Saff?
Should the one seated throughout Salah keep his chest in line with the rest of the Saff?
 
Here is an example someone did earlier and this has caused confusion.
 
 
I can understand both points of views for the one who starts in a seated position and keeps his chair on the line and the one who starts standing, keeps his chair behind the line. The other scenario is when the hind legs of the chair is on the line, but the person starts salah in a standing position. Only other issue is that if the chair is lined to the feet, this will affect those standing behind the chairs. What is the correct position and what should one do in all cases?
 
EDIT/UPDATE
 
Whilst typing this email and searching for images, I came across this poster which says that it is the Hanafi position and that the hind legs of the chair should be positioned on the line and Salah MUST be started in a seated position. (please confirm)
 
Also, if not praying in Jama'at, can one start in a standing position?
 
JazakAllah, WasSalaam
report post quote code quick quote reply
No post ratings
Site Support
Please DONATE generously towards Muftisays

We spend hundreds of hours ensuring you receive a quality service from this site. We do not fall into the advertisement schemes as all the ads contain elements of Haraam including Haraam Islamic links. Please consider setting up a £1 monthly donation. May Allah (swt) reward you.

abu mohammed
Rank Image
abu mohammed's avatar
Joined:
6th Oct 2008
Longevity:
28%
Location:
London
Posts:
19029
Gender:
Brother
Reputation:
5379
#2 [Permalink] Posted on 10th January 2018 14:13

بسم هللا الرمحن الرحيم

هو املوفق حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

اجلواب ومنه الصواب

Before I answer the specific questions, I would like to address the issue of the use of chairs in masjids and probably homes.

Chairs existed in the golden era of Prophet Muḥammad صلى وسلم عليه هللا and on occasions he and his companions were in unable to pray standing; the Prophet وسلم عليه هللا صلى explained the sunna way as it is an act of worship, which was to sit on the ground. Therefore, praying on chairs is against the sunna even in the real cases where a person is severely injured or incapable of standing. There will be some very rare situations in which it will be permissible.

We now witness people who walk into the masjid and then choose to sit on a chair as it is more comfortable and convenient. A person’s prayer is not valid if he has the capability to stand, bow or prostrate and he chooses not to do so as these are the integral acts of prayer.

Over the last decade alone, you will have witnessed in the masjids the ever-increasing rows of chairs in the compulsory prayers and the tarāwīḥ of Ramaḍān. Are more people injured and incapable of praying standing now then they were ten years ago? When only a few elderly men prayed sitting on the floor how has that increased to scores now on chairs? Furthermore, as many are praying on chairs out of choice and one can see how this trend is growing, then soon masjids will look like churches and synagogues where worshippers worship seated in pews. Even though we share many values with Jews and Christians our manner of worship must differ.

I will address each of your question below.

Firstly, those who can stand should stand as long as possible before sitting. Those who cannot stand are excused from standing. When one can stand then his heels will be on the ṣaff line like all the other worshippers and his chair will be in the ṣaff behind him; this will obviously trouble other worshippers, so he will have to be in the last row or in an area where there are no ṣaffs behind him. In the case of the one sitting from the beginning then his back should be level with the backs of the other worshippers in the same ṣaff when they are in tashahud, which will mean the back legs of the chair may be on the ṣaff line or slightly further back. The problem will arise obviously for the one who stands in parts of his prayer and sits on the chair in parts, as he will not be in line with the other worshippers when he is in a sitting position. That is another problem of praying on chairs; the only solution is that he moves his chair carefully with little action during prayer but that may not be possible due to his physical incapability or he prays seated from the beginning.

Secondly, starting in a seated position even though the worshipper has the capacity to stand albeit for a short while but cannot make sajda, has been reported from the Ḥanafī school and is acceptable; however, this is based on one seated on the ground rather than a chair. The more precautionary position would be to stand for as long as one has the capacity to stand and to bow if one has the capacity to do so.

Thirdly I wish to draw your attention to the second image you sent in which there are images with a cross next to them denoting the incorrect placing of the hands and some with a tick denoting correct placing of the hands. But all the images are incorrect with respect to the body motions. In all positions the back must be kept straight, and one is only indicating with the head by movement of the neck only; straight head to indicate standing, near 45 degrees to indicate rukūʿ and near 90 degrees to indicate sajda.

وهللا أعلم وعلمه أمت أجمد حممود حممد عفا هللا عنه

Amjad M Mohammed 22nd Rabīʿ al-Thānī 1439/10th January 2018

Markaz al-Iftā, The Olive Foundation.

Mufti Amjad M Mohammed [BSc (Hons) BMAIS PGCE PGDipRes PGCHEP FHEA MPhil NPQH]

Praying on a Chair-20180110.pdf
Downloads: 22
    [661.18 kB]
report post quote code quick quote reply
No post ratings
Back to top Post New Topic Locked