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The Belt of the Holy Ka'bah The belt. which sits on the upper third of the kiswah of the Holy Ka'bah. is 95 centimetres wide. Some Qur'anic verses are inscribed on it in compound. Thulth calligraphic style. encircled with it frame of Islamic decorations. The belt is embroidered in the traditional manner with padding. surmounted b cold-coated. silver thread. It encircles the whole kiswah. and is 47 metres long. 95 centimetres wide and consists of 16 panels. 4 panels per side. Under the belt on each side of the Holy Ka'bah. there are two embroidered rectangular . sections and three embroidered tamps. AI-Multazam door has one large piece called the donation. making the total number of pieces. seven. in addition to twelve a lamps.
On each corner of the Holy Ka'bah. there is a square. called AI-Samdia, which contains Surat Al-Ikhlas. On the four sides of the belt, several Qur'anic verses are written. The belt, after all. is a fine piece of art and craftsmanship, encircling the Holy Ka'bah. and bestowing upon the kiswah splendour, beauty and glory.
There has been an addition to the Hajar Awsad corner recently, they have removed the brown markings on the floor and added extra designs on the corner of the Kabah, These can be seen in the images pasted on the first page. (photo of the Kabah)
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Other Pieces Produced by the Factory
of the Holy Ka'bah
It is worth mentioning that the Holy Ka'bah used to be covered once a year. but now it is done twice a year. Besides the spare kiswah, the factory produces a variety of materials necessary to satisfy the Holy Ka'bah and the Kingdom. These items are:
1. The exterior kiswah of the Holy Ka'bah. made with the utmost accuracy and efficiency.
2. The interior curtain. done with the same exacting care.
3. The plain. black cloth for making the belt and em broidered gifts.
4. The plain, white and green cloth for lining the kis wah of the Holy Ka'bah.
5. A full, spare kiswah.
6. The flags of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in accordance with the regulations of the flag of the Kingdom. Because of the delicate calligraphic work needed for the Saudi flag, the factory's state of the art embroidery machines are used.
7. Gold-plated gifts.
At first. the factory used to produce only a few small gifts but the production was multiplied to satisfy the need for gifts presented to the guests of the Kingdom. using some of the Divine Names of Allah and some Qur'anic verses embroidered with gold and silver threads.
The kiswah of the Holy Ka'bah with its various sections are manufactured in the factory of the kiswah in Makkah AI-Mukarramah. Work is done by skilled, well-trained, national man-power.
The Description of the Interior
of the Holy Ka'bah
The characteristics of the Holy Ka'bah from within are as follows:
At the Shami Corner, on the right side of the Holy Ka'bah, there is the staircase leading to the roof. It is a rectangular, closed, and windowless room. Its northern and eastern sides are part of the original wall of the Holy Ka'bah, and the stairs are concealed inside the room. It has a door with a special lock and is covered with a beautiful silk curtain inscribed and decorated with gold and silver.
The thickness of the southern wall of the stairs, which includes the door, is 225 centimetres, and the thickness of the western wall is 150 centimetres. If a person ascends the staircase to the roof to the height of two metres, he will find a small door before him and another one to the left. Both of them reach the two ceilings of the Holy Ka'bah. The space between the two ceilings is 120 centimetres. The stairs end at the roof with a skylight where a tight cover is fixed to prevent rain seeping in. This cover is opened when ascending to the roof.
Inside the Holy Ka'bah there are three pillars that support the ceiling. They are made of the finest wood ever known. They were erected by Abdullah Ibn AlZubair (may Allah be pleased with them) more than 1350 years ago. They are brownish-black and the circumference of each pillar is approximately 150 centimetres with a diameter of 44 centimetres. Each one has a square, inscribed wooden base. Between the three pillars there is a hanger holding donations to the Holy Ka'bah.
There is a support beam that extends over the three pillars with both its ends extending to the northern and southern walls. The three pillars are as high as the first ceiling adjacent to the interior of the Holy Ka'bah. They do not extend to the upper ceiling but several beams of wood, one over the other, were put on the top of the three pillars inside the ceilings until they reached the upper ceiling. The pillars support the two ceilings and every pillar has three bands to strengthen it.
The Form of the Marble of the Floor
and Walls of the Holy Ka'bah
Most of the floor of the Holy Ka'bah is covered with white marble, while the rest is coloured. The interior wall of the Holy Ka'bah is mounted with beautifully decorated, coloured marble.
The interior of the Holy Ka'bah is covered with a pink silk curtain, woven in white, with the testimony "There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah", together with some of the Divine Names of Allah in the shape of a zigzag. The ceiling of the Holy Ka'bah is also covered with this curtain.
The Inscribed Marble Stones Inside the Holy Ka'bah
There are eight marble stones inscribed in the Thulth calligraphic style inside the Holy Ka'bah and one stone inscribed with Kufic style. The Kufic plate has letters made of coloured marble pieces in an inlaid base. All these plaques were inscribed before the sixth century Hijrah. On the eastern wall and between the door of the Holy Ka'bah and Tawbah Door, there is a document from the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques inscribed on a marble plate, indicating the date of the renovations of the Holy Ka'bah completed by him. The total number of the inscribed, white marble plaques inside the Holy Ka'bah is ten. All these plaques are 144 centimetres above the marble floor of the Holy Ka'bah except the stone laid above the door of the Holy Ka'bah. From within, this stone is more than two metres above the floor. These plaques are detailed in the following designs.
PLAQUE NO. (1) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most merciful.
Abu Ja'far AI-Mansour Al-Mustansir Billah, the Great Commander of the Faithful, ordered the renovation of the edifice of the Sacred House. May Allah, the Almighty, help him to realise his high hopes, and accept from him his good deeds. Peace and praise be upon Prophet Muhamnmad, his family and his Companions.
(In the months of the year 692 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (2) In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful
Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. Al-Sultan Ibn Al-Sultan Murad Khan Ibn Al-Sultan Muhhamad Khan, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, and the leader of the pilgrims by land and sea, ordered the renovation of the edifice of this Sacred Ancient House. May Allah, the Supreme, perpetuate his rule and support his sultanate. Praise and greetings to Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him).
(The end of Ramadan, in the year, 1040 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (3) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Our Lord! Accept this service from us.
A1 Sultan Ibn AI-Sultan Muhammad Khan ordered the renovation of the roof and interior and exterior of the Holy Ka'bah. (1070 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (4) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous, good deeds that will please You
Yusuf Ibn Omar Ibn Ali Rasoul ordered the replacement of the marble of this Sacred House. May Allah, the Almighty, support him and forgive his sins. Peace and blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and companions. (Shawwal, 680 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (5) There is no God but Allah, And Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. (In Kufic Script)
PLAQUE NO. (6) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily, You are the All-Bearing, the All-Knowing
Al-Sultan, AI-Malik, the Honorable, Abu AlNast Bresbay, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, ordered the replacement of the marble of the Sacred House. May Allah help him to realise his hopes, and bless his good deeds with befitting rewards.
(Died in the year, 826 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (7) This stone lies on the top of the door of the Holy Ka'bah from within. It is not one stone but three or five. We could not read what is written on them.
PLAQUE NO. (8) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing
AI-Sultan, AI-Malik, the Honourable, Abu Al-Nasr Qaytabay, ordered the replacement of the interior marble of the Sacred House, May Allah, the Almighty, perpetuate his rule.
(1st Rajah, 884 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (9) The renovation of the edifice of Allah's House, the Qibla of Islam and the Grand Mosque, duly started. This renovation was initiated by the Mustafa Khan, the leader of the people. May Allah grant him great, continuous victories. This renovation was but an inspiration of peace, by which she hoped that Allah, the Almighty, might bestow upon her His Grace on the Day of Judgement. The judge of the country said that it was Umm Sultan AlA'nam who ordered the renovation of the edifice of the Sacred House.
(Under the auspices of Ahmad Bey, Sheikh Al-Haram AI-Makki, in the year 1109 H.)
PLAQUE NO. (10) In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily, You are the All-Hearing, the AllKnowing
All praise be to Allah, and devoted greetings m Muhammad, the highest among all Prophets and Messengers. Also our greetings are to all his Family and Companions.
During the era of King Faizal Bin Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, and with the Grace of Allah, the comprehensive renovations of the Holy Ka'bah, its two ceilings, the three pillars, the walls within and without, and the floors, have been completed. The renovations comprised the roof, walls and floors with the interior stairs, the Shadhrwan, the wall of Hijir Ismail, and the waterspout.
And all praise be to Allah, the Supreme.
Completed in the month of Rajah (Al-Haram), 1417 H.
The Renovation of the External Wall of the Holy Ka'bah
It is known that the Sacred House of Allah is cube shaped, and is situated in the heart of the wide circumambulation area in the Sacred Mosque. It is in the open and covered with the shroud that exhibits its greatness and gives it relative protection from the elements. It is the way of Allah, the Almighty, that in His Creation, everything will change through time. The factors and reasons for change arc several, but the most important influences on buildings and structures are climatic factors, mechanical actions and chemical reactions. The last renovation of the Holy Ka'bah was made in 1040 fl. After 375 years, it became necessary to rebuild it because the climatic factors caused peeling and gaps in the surface of the external stones. This damage included the upper and lower parts of the walls but its position precluded it having been done by worshippers.
Out of the sponsorship and continuous dedication of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, and his glorification of the rituals of Allah, the Almighty, a royal decree was issued early in Dhul Hijjah, 1414 H. It gave instructions for the repair of the external walls together with the necessary works that the external wall of the Holy Ka'bah required. The implementation was prompt, consisting of the following steps and procedures:
1. The eroded sections of mortar were removed by suction without affecting the original parts of the building. Then the evacuated area was completely cleaned. Climate and other factors had allowed water to leak through the stones. White ants (called 'uttah' in colloquial Arabic) were living in some portions. This is not strange, since the Sacred House of Allah was their natural home which they had longed for ever since Allah ordered them to eat away the unjust document which demanded the boycotting of all the Hashmites and others who supported Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him). This order was hung inside the Holy Ka'bah, but it was destroyed by the white ants in three years' time; all destroyed but the Name of Allah and its glittering lights.
2. After the removal and cleaning of the affected areas, the surfaces of the external stones of the wall of the Holy Ka'bah were also cleaned. The loose and damp mortar in the gaps was then washed out and dried by automatic air blowers.
3. A thorough study of the types of rocks used in the Sacred House and a comparison of the rocks of Makkah's well-known mountains were conducted. Samples of rocks, resembling the rocks of the Holy Ka'bah, were ground and a paste was made of them in order to analyse geological properties. Some adhesive materials that gave more solidity to the basic rocks were used to cover the exterior surfaces of the stones. Then the surfaces were roughened to match the surfaces of the other original rocks.
4. The evacuated portions were injected with a mortar especially formulated for this purpose. This gave more solidity to the areas and lengthened their life span. Sophisticated, modern machinery was used in the injection process to ensure that the paste penetrated into every particle of the interior thoroughly and evenly. The replacement sections of the outer wall are made of 'rock paste'. In order for the mortar and stone facing to look more authentic, vertical and horizontal lines were scratched onto their surfaces. Each stone surface is slightly protruding in order to protect it from weathering. Thus, the external wall of the Holy Ka'bah looks like a new building, but, in fact, it is not. This is due to the perfection granted by Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Generous.
The Comprehensive Renovation of the Interior
of the Holy Ka'bah
The external renovation of certain sections and cracks of the wall of the Holy Ka'bah was completed in the year 1415 H., according to the instructions given by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. Open scaffolding was put up and the repairs took place in full view of the worshippers. This work done in front of the people reflects the Government's care and attention towards Islamic rites and rituals. Because of this, many worshippers made supplications on behalf of our rulers.
The corrosion in the base of one of the pillars.
The commencement of the renovation motivated the rulers to attend to every aspect of the Sacred House of Allah, taking measures to ensure its safety and physical integrity for the present and future. The glory, dignity and honour of the Sacred House could not be touched. On examining the joints, it was evident that the humidity, fungi and white ants had affected the cracked portions. It was doubtful, however, that these might have penetrated into the interior walls of the Holy Ka'bah.
The corrosion in the buried wooden cross beams.
Our main aim is to benefit Islam and the Muslims and utmost care is taken to achieve this. From the interior of the Holy Ka'bah, random samples were collected and it was found that white ants and fungi had destroyed many materials on the floor and in the walls. The wooden pillars, which were covered by a mixture of mud, sand and lime were also being invaded by insects and mould. Humidity had eroded and decayed the deep, interior sections of the wall, as well as the surfaces. It was necessary to find better and stronger wall substitutes. in order to ensure against and prevent any further damage to the interior.
Under the umbrella of the instructions of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and with the grace of Allah, Saudi Bin Ladin Group had the honour of the assignment of the construction of the Holy Ka'bah, the Two Holy Mosques and other mosques. In Sha'ban, 1416 H. all necessary preparations for the work were ready, but the time was not suitable because the period from Ramadan to Dhut Hijjah is the climax of Hajj and Umrah seasons. The work necessitated fitting a wall around the Holy Ka'bah to conceal it. This state of affairs would have deprived pilgrims and Umrah performers of direct sight and access to the Holy Ka'bah.
The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques was emphatic that all his projects should go through regardless of cost. Implementation of the projects should not deprivc worshippers of enjoying the sights of the sacred places. A look at the Holy Ka'bah gives them spiritual satisfaction, and most of them visit the Ancient House for this purpose.
It was necessary to respond to the needs of the visitors to the Holy Ka'bah. The commencement of the work was, therefore, postponed to a time when the numbers of pilgrims were few, with the target of completing it in due time. On the 10th Muharram, 1417 H., the work started.
The Stages of the Construction Work
A white wooden screen, surrounding the Holy Ka'bah, was the first thing to be erected. The Black Stone, which people touch was left exposed. A space between the Black Stone and the wall of the Holy Ka'bah was left to admit movement and continuity of work. A door leading to the outside of the building itself on the north-western side and another one on he south-western side were opened to allow access and egress. In the first three weeks, all people were allowed to enter into the Holy Ka'bah, itself, through the wooden screen. After prayers, people came in rows to have the honour of entering into the Holy Ka'bah. This process was systematic; a group of people entered while another waited until the first group got out, and so on.
It was at this time when my Ustad, Maulana Ismail S of Stamford Hill and one of my Uncles from Wembley were given the privelage to enter the Kabah
Thus, thousands of people found access to the Holy Ka'bah where they had spiritual moments in the vastness of the Sacred House of Allah. They were also witnesses to the fact that there existed visible cracks that required repairs. This was based on a precedent set by Abdullah Ibn AIZubair (may Allah be pleased with them) who had witnesses who testified that the Holy Ka'bah had to be demolished and rebuilt on the strong foundations of the Sacred House. All the belongings of the Holy Ka'bah were restored to their places after the renovation had been made. Hands were raised towards Heaven in supplication for those who contributed to the renovation of this sacred building.
Wall decorations, such as memorial plates and other pieces were removed, cleaned and kept in safety with other belongings, gifts and ornaments of the Holy Ka'bah.
The first step was to remove the ceiling and the pillars supporting it because it was the part that was subject to the most damage by wood worms, fungi and humidity. The rocky wall was left intact, but the whole ceiling was demolished.
The plaster covering all the surfaces of the walls of the Holy Ka'bah was removed. Then they dug out and removed the traditional mortar mixture, hoping they would not have to remove the interior stones. On examination, it was discovered that the mixture had lost its cohesiveness due to bacteria, and humidity and this had weakened the stones of the inner body of the wall. It became necessary to remove the stones and reinsert them with mortar better suited to the purpose of the new style of construction.
It was found that the external wall had no structural defects and that the inner lining was filling the holes as a result of the natural shape and sizes of the rocks in the external wall. It looked like the roots of molars imbedded in the gum. These almost-pointed 'roots' of varying lengths, had gaps between them.
In general, there were no structural defects in the walls caused by the compression of the soil under the foundations, its rocks or sloping in of the walls.
The wooden supports on the walls were subject to great damage by white ants, fungi and humidity. This is only natural in buildings that contain wooden materials.
The work plan was set hl such a way that the renovation of one part should not affect the other, and that the work in the upper part should not affect the lower parts. Work would not shift from one part to the other unless the first one had been completed. Therefore, the implementation of the work took the following three stages:
1. The first stage comprised the top four rows of stones.
2. The second stage comprised the part below the four rows, down to the level of the internal floor of the Holy Ka'bah.
3. The third stage went to the buried part of the level of the internal floor of the Holy Ka'bah up to the present level of the circumambulation area and below it to the depth of 40 to 70 centimeters. In the third stage, the foundation under the level of the circumambulation area was excavated to make sure that it was safe. It was found to be so.
The First Stage
The beginning was in the upper four rows of the stones below the roof where the adhesive material was removed from the sections in between the main rocks, while keeping the outer part of the stones as it was. The stones of the wall and the internal stones were given numbers, cleaned and washed so that they might be restored to their previous sites later.
The gaps between the stones were covered with very strong adhesive material. Then the stones of the wall and the interior front were replaced in their original locations. The vacuums were filled with a stable cement mixture. Reinforced steel rods were also inserted, before the cement, to connect the stones from the exterior to those of the interior. As a result the top four rows of upper stones became structurally sound. It was a difficult procedure since work was vertical rather than horizontal.
The Second Stage This stage comprised the whole of the inner lining of the wall of the Holy Ka'bah below the four upper rows of stones. The walls were divided into vertical sections but because of the alignment of the rocks, the sections were not straight. The space between every two lines (the width of the section) ranged from 1.5 to 1.7 metres according to the shape of the rocks. After that, the first section or the inner stones were loosened, down to the level of the inner floor of the Holy Ka'bah. That is 2.2 metres higher than the area of circumambulation,
The stones were numbered and removed so they could be returned to their exact positions. The resulting spaces were propped up with wooden supports laid horizontally and at regular intervals.
The second stage to the level of the interior floor of the Holy Ka'bah
It was decided that the treatment of the exposed areas should be in sections starting from below the top four layers, followed by another layer to the bottom of it, and .so on to the level of the interior floor of the Holy Ka'bah. Starting at the upper areas, the fronts of the stones were cleaned. The stones were also cleaned with fresh water, and dried with blowers. The exposed sections were then refilled by special high-speed machinery with a special mortar. After that material had hardened, a second and extraordinarily durable mixture was used to replace and cement the face of the wall.
Reinforced metal bars were also placed inside of the wall. These bars were then fastened with a specially formulated mixture. These rods strengthen the cohesion and adhesion between the outer parts and inner parts of the wall or between the lining and the inner face.
In rebuilding the interior facc, the work progressed from the bottom to the top, where every stone was cleaned and laid in its proper place according to its numbering. This was done after filling the gaps with a strong mortar. Everything was sprayed with a long-term insecticide to eradicate all microscopic organisms and insects. Sections were filled in and resistance-treated materials were laid in a horizontal and vertical network in order to strengthen the connection between the inner and outer walls and achieve a unity of form. As in a carpet, this formed the woof and the warp of the Holy Ka'bah. The same procedure was then repeated in all the remaining vertical sections.
The second stage ended by completely filling in the remaining gaps between the stones with high strength mortar that would not decay or loosen.
The Third Stage This stage comprised the excavation of the floor of the Holy Ka'bah from its present level to the depth of the level of the circumambulation zone, 2.2 metres.
Digging up the floor of the Holy Ka'bah was not an issue that could be decided on hastily. On the other hand, the complete renovation of the wall of the Holy Ka'bah might not be implemented without the inspection of the foundation. The first step was to determine the extent of digging needed for the excavation. Accordingly, one side of the Shami Corner was selected as an exploratory pit that went down to the level of the circumambulation zone. It was just wide enough to determine the state of the wall and some of the foundation stones. After the excavation and examination, it was discovered that the condition of the bases was much better than that of the upper walls of the Holy Ka'bah. Also, some possible future problems were noted, so it was decided that excavation and renovation were vital.
The complete excavation and renovation of the floor of the Holy Ka'bah was the same as the renovation of the upper wall. The floor was divided into vertical sections and the work was symmetrical like that of the upper walls. The work was to the level of circumambulation, ranging from between 1/2 to 3/4 of a metre. This was the distance to the strong, compact, foundation stones that were not in need of rebuilding.
It is only natural in the complete architectural renovation of any building that an evaluation of the condition of the foundations is vital. The form of evaluation differs from one case to another. The Holy Ka'bah, being a holy site based on Divine Foundations, had to be evaluated by entirely different standards. The form of examination, therefore, had to be based on methods which do not compromise the sanctity, dignity and honour of the Sacred House.
The Condition of the Walls Under the Level of the
Present CircumambulationZone, and the Condition of the Bases of the Foundations
To determine the condition of the walls at the bottom of the present circumambulation zone, two exploratory pits were dug near the walls; one at a distance of two metres from the Shami Corner, situated between it and the Yemeni Corner, the other at a distance of 2.10 metres, between the corner of the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner.
The following findings were recorded:
The First Pit
Dimensions: 1.10 metres parallel to the wall, and one metre perpendicular to the wall with an average depth of 1.40 metres from the present level of circumambulation of the Holy Ka'bah.
Observation: It was found that the base was made up of three to four layers of strong stones, resembling those of the upper walls. These stones were fitted one over the other without any mortar between the rows (this was practised in the original building of the walls). Those rows extend further inward than the upper walls built upon them.
The Second Pit
Dimensions: 1.10 metres parallel to the wall, and 1.05 metres perpendicular to the wall with an average depth of 1.25 metes below the level of circumambulation of the Holy Ka'bah.
Observation: It was evident that below the renovation were between four and five layers of the solid stones, resembling those of the upper wall. These stones were fitted one over the other without any mortar between the rows. A projection from the thickness of the upper wall was observed.
The Evaluation of the Present Condition of the Bases
As the excavation work of the bases, above the Divine Foundation, of the Holy Ka'bah was relatively limited, the evaluation of the present status of the bases required an historical background that would determine the best possible course of action. The available historical information states that the bases of the Holy Ka'bah were made of firmly interlocked stones dating from the time of Abraham (peace be upon him). These bases were not touched throughout the several demolitions and rebuilding of the Holy Ka'bah. Abdullah Ibn AI Zubair (may Allah be pleased with them) noted this when he excavated the same area, having called 50 distinguished citizens to witness it. It was observed, at that time also, that the old stones were firmly fitted together. without mortar, and they resembled the interlocking necks of camels. Because of the layout of the original base stones, even the heaviest loads of the Holy Ka'bah, over the centuries of renovations, did not sink into the ground.
It has been observed over time that the Holy Ka'bah has remained stable on its foundations despite more than 1300 years of rebuilding. Changes by Abdullah Ibn AI Zubair (may Allah be pleased with them), Al Hajjaj Ibn Yusuf AI Thaqafi, and destruction by torrential rains and flooding did not affect the base.
It is worth mentioning that similar buildings witnessed rapid deterioration in the walls due to problems in the foundations and the soil beneath them. For example (not comparison), the leaning Tower of Pisa began to lean in the early stages of its construction due to problems in the soil. This inclination caused many structural problems. No such tilting happened in the case of the building of the Holy Ka'bah.
On reviewing the present works implemented, one notes that the stones at the upper part of the walls of the Holy Ka'bah, over the level of the present circumambulation zone, have been reconstructed. This was done in such a way as to guarantee a homogeneous unit with a very high degree of strength, solidity and resistance to strains on the supports. Parallel reinforcements in the vertical sections and horizontal reinforcements joining interior stones and outer wall ensure the connecting integrity of the entire structure. Mortar of the highest quality was used to join the stones together. The homogeneity of the walls at a height exceeding 13 metres has guaranteed the even distribution of stress on the courses beneath it, and the soil at the bottom of the walls as well. These walls are made so strong and solid that they have Ruaranteed the safety of the Holy Ka'bah. The Holy Ka'bah is not affected even in the case of the presence of any hollows or weak points under the walls due to the strength of the present walls, and the even distribution of the loads over the bases.
It can be concluded that the present base of the building of the Holy Ka'bah is in excellent condition and will not need any sort of repair up to the Day of Judgement.
The Ceiling of the Holy Ka'bah
The main material, forming the roof of the Holy Ka'bah, is wood. The ideal type to be employed in the roof of the Holy Ka'bah should have the following qualities:
1. Strength and durability.
2. Minimal shrinkage.
3. Flexibility in a hot, dry climate.
4. Resistance to white ants, bacteria, mould and humidity.
5. The trunks should not be more than 10 metres in length, stress levels equal and each with a diameter of slightly less than one metre after striping and preparation.
These specifications were given to Internatiomil Timber Research Centres in Europe, Australia and New Zealand. As a result of the centres' studies, teak wood from its natural environment (not planted in other areas) was recommended for its strength. durability and long life. The length of its trunk is usually ten metres with diameters of 1.5 metres. It repels white ants and may be dried in a short time with the least degree of shrinkage, and if oiled it acquires a very beautiful gloss. It had already been used in Saudi Arabia in other projects of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.
The old marble of the Shadhrwan was replaced by new marble that resembles the old. The old marble on the side of the door of the Holy Ka'bah was kept as it was because of its beauty, value and design.
Hijir Ismail / Hateem and its Renewal The old marble of the walls and floor of Hijir Ismail was removed and replaced with new. The lanterns on the walls were cleaned and restored to their previous positions. A strong and ornamented screen of ropes leading to the entrance of the Hijir was made in harmony with the dignity and glorification of the place. The partition is opened and closed when necessary.
The provider of the information had posted this together with his work, I feel it is only fair to add this too.
This web site is not belong to any country or government. It is not funded by any organization or donation. It made solely from personal fund. Here is why I made this web site.
When I was a little boy all of my classmate were Buddhist. They use to asked me "Why you are Muslim? You are in Thailand, you would rather be Buddhist." And "Why Muslim worship Black stone?". I had no answer for them. My classmate probably confused Ka'bah to Black stone. I known Ka'Bah. I've heard of the Black Stone. But I didn't know if people worship them or not. My knowledge about Islamic was very limited at that time.
It was almost thirty years ago. But even today, I still have very little knowledge in Islam and Ka'bah. Fortunately, I found some excellence books and know some learned whom I can consult. When I turned to Internet and searched for Ka'bah. I've found may sites with comprehensive Ka'bah information. But I can't find the web site which dedicated to Ka'bah information exclusively.
Therefore, I decided to create this web site. The web site that compiles Ka'bah information from every where. The web site that help the researcher to find in-deep information of the Holy Ka'bah, all in one place. The web site that readers can share their opinion and information about Ka'bah.
Most of information in this web site is derived from an excellence book "The Holy Ka'bah and The Two Holy Mosques Construction and History" written in Arabic by Obaid Allah Muhammad Amin Kardi Translated by Dr. Obeid Mohamad Ahmad Kheiri, publish by Al Turath, The Saudi Bin Ladin Group. And also from many other very good books as listed in the Bibliography.
If you found any good or useful information in this web site, all good is belong to those who produced the original source. If you found any mistake in this web site, all mistake is belong to me. I hope you will notify me for any error. So I can correct it right away.
May peace be with you,
I had added the site from where I gathered all the information from about 2 years ago. That site no longer exists. I had passed all my info onto Yasin to be be added as a file to this site, but as we are all busy with important work of the deen, Allah has given me the ability to put all this together in one day. Yasin had sent me a new link for the same information provided, InshaAllah I will dig it out and add it here. If I do find it, I will add it today InshaAllah.
Sent: 14 October 2009 09:36
Subject: FW: The History of The Kabah
I have taken all the information from a web site and created a PDF.
The website has since been taken down.
It is not my work, It did take a long time to put it together.
It has some very good information together with some great pictures.
I Hope it will be of some use. I have also added the Word version of it so it can be edited.
On Sat, 2010-02-20 at 11:51 +0000, I wrote:
Someone had asked a question on Muftisays about the Ka'bah, unfortunately the information was not available at the time of answering that Qs and the answer was not correct. There is some amazing details and info in this document (and a couple of things that are not verified, like the grave of Ismail pbuh) that if our scholars were to read them then I am sure they will learn something new. InsaAllah.
Did you know that the Ka'bah was rebuilt after the Prophet PBUH passed away to the original size that Ibrahim AS had built it. Then it was taken down and built to the same size that it was at the time of the Prophet and the same as it is today. It was resized to what it is now by someone who had not known that it was the wish of the Prophet to have the original size restored. Once it was resized, this particular person had much regret of not knowing about the Prophets sayings. These details may not be in this document but if I can I will try to locate the book in which this info is from. The Book I have was purchased from outside Masjid-e-Nabawi in Madinah.
Masjid-e-Nabawi is something thst I am very fascinated about. In my first visit in 1995, it was the best time of my life, Madinah was so peacefull and beautifull. I just wanted to stay there for the rest of my life.
I had seen many images that were going around claiming to be the grave / tomb of Our beloved Prohet (SAW). For many years I treid to find answers, When I went back again in the same year, I tried to find some more info but with no luck.
alHumdulillah my brother managed to do some research on this and he found most of the answers in one place. He had then put every thing together and sent an email out to hundreds of people. I will remind him of this again and send it out to over 2000 people (Muslims).
I had purchased a book from Makkah and Madinah on the History of the Two Holy Moqsues but there was no info about the Rawdah. InshaAllah I will now present some pictures that are fake and are circulated around the world.
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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