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I really love the info on your thread about the green dome.alot of the info are in these books that I read that are posted above. Is there any way we can contact Dr muhammad Ilyas Abdul ghani? May allah reward him for his work. So far his books on this subject are very extensive. We need more books like his on the subject of Islamic land marks in Makkah and madinah. I wonder if anyone knows this brother.i would love to talk to him and ask him if he has any forth coming books.
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Located at a distance of approximately one kilometre to the north of Masjid Quba, it has a wall constructed around it and a roof covering it. The Well of Ghars is extremely big and the water used to be ever present. The colour of the water is that of a green nature. It contains stairs from which one can descend. In 882 Hijri the well was built anew.
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam drank from its water and requested that he be bathed with its water after his demise.
Ibn Majah quoted Ali ibn Abu Talib (r.a.) as saying, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam said:
"'When I die, wash me with seven water skins from Al-Ghars Well.' He sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam also used to drink from this well."
Urwa bin Zubair bin Awwam (Radhiyallaahu 'anhu) had this well dug and it still exists today. It is at an approximate distance of 3.5km from Masjid Nabawi. On leaving Madinah towards Dhul Hulaifah on the old Makkah road, it is located on the left hand side of the road near the bridge of Aqeeq Valley. Next to it is the Palace of Urwah. History books make mention of a certain "Masjid Urwah" too and historians say that its water was the lightest and sweetest of the waters of Madinah.
The Palace of Urwah
Ruins of the Palace of Urwah in the background
Ruins of the Palace of Urwah
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam allocated the plain of Aqeeq to Bilal bin Harith (Radhiyallahu 'anhu) and had written for him, "In the name of Allah the Most Beneficient, the Most Merciful, this is what Muhammad the Apostle of Allah gave Bilal bin Harith from the valley of Aqeeq so that he may cultivate it."
When Umar (Radhiyallaahu 'anhu) became the Khaifah, he said to Bilal, "Cultivate whatever you can of this land and the rest I shall distribute amongst the people." Bilal said, "Will you take away from me what was given to me by the Prophet of Allah sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam?" Umar replied, "It was given to you on condition that you develop it, not that you debar it.
Consequently Umar (Radhiyallaahu 'anahu) took from him what he could not develop and announced while standing at the place of the well of Urwah, "This is a very fine piece of land, who would like to take it?" Khawwat bin Jubair Al-Ansari took it. In 41 A.H. Urwah bin Zubair (Radhiyallaahu 'anahu) purchased a portion of Khawwat bin Jubair's (Radhiyallaahu 'anhu) and converted it into a farm and also built a large fort on it. (Wafa ul Wafa Volume 3)
"Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" by Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
Al-'Ehn or Al-Yaseerah Well where it is said our Blessed Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam made Wudhu.
It is enclosed in a fenced archeaological site. (Al-Miskeenah)
According to Hadith, he enquired about its name and was told it was called 'Aseerah (difficult, or hard). He replied that its name was not 'Aseerah but Yaseerah (easy or soft) and adding his spittle in it, prayed for its blessing. (Nufoosh Paai Mustafaa)
Al-Jurf is the red circled area (This map from Al-Miskeenah)
The aqua line shows the approximate route Dajjal will reportedly take on attempting to enter Madinah.
He approaches from the north of Jabal Uhud, then proceeds to Jabal Habshi.
This area lies beside the valley of Aqeeq to the north west of Madinah. Al-Jameaat road runs through its centre. It boasts a large recreation park known as "Hadeeqah Al Nakheel"
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam sent an army under the command of Usama bin Zayd (Raliallahu anhu) to fight the Christians of Greater Syria. Upon reaching Jurf they heard the ill health of Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam and camped there toa wait the news of his well being so that they may proceed. Prophet (Peace be upon him) passed away and the first caliph dispatched the army to go forth.
Dajjal shall come to Jurf and camp here. He shall not enter Madinah as Allah will have appointed Angels to protect Madinah. It is narrated in Muslim that "Dajjal will come to the salt plain of Jurf. Then the Angels will turn his face towards Syria and there he will perish."
It is worth noting that a portion of Jurf lays within the boundary of teh Haram (Sanctified area) of Madinah while the latter portion is outside it, as marked by the committee of the Interior Ministry in 1424 A.H.
"Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr.Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
The linguistic meaning of Thaniyyah is that of a mountain pass and Wadaa means Farewell so Thaniyyatul Wadaa means "A place where farewell and welcome reception is made to travellers". There were two such Thaniyyatul Wadaa in Madinah.
Northern Thaniyyatul Wadaa
The first one to the North for those travelling towards Khaibar, Tabuk, Syria etc. It was located at at a distance of 750m from the North-West corner of Masjid Nabawi. In the beginning of the 15th century it was included in the extension of the roads. Its position today is at the intersection of Sayyid us Shuhada Road and Abu Bakr Road. A Masjid once existed there known as Masjid Thaniyyatul Wadaa.
The building in the background marks the Northern Thaniyyatul Wadaa
and where the cars are parked is where Masjid Sabaq was until it was demolished
This picture from "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah"
Southern Thaniyyatul Wadaa
Fort of Quba
The second Thaniyyatul Wadaa was to the South of Madinah for those travelling towards Makkah. Its approximate location is somewhere near the Fort of Quba and Masjid Jumu'ah. It was at this Thaniyyatul Wadaa that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam was received upon migration and the girls of Banu Najjar sang:
wajaba al-shukru 'alayna,
ma da'a lillahi da'
O the White Moon rose over us
From the Valley of Wada'
And we owe it to show gratefulness
Where the call is to Allah
From "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr.Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
The location of Masjid Sabaq (which has been demolished and the pictures of which are in the previous post) was 520 metres North-West of Masjid Nabawi.
It used to be the ground used by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam for training horses for the battles.
Masjid Sabaq was just to the south of Thaniyyatul Wadaa (mentioned in the previous post) and was the starting point of a race course which the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam and his Companions Radhiyallaahu 'anhum used to train and race horses.
The race course had two finishing points;
The first finishing point was at the locality of Banu Zuraiq (A prominent tribe of the Ansaar) which was situated to the south of Masjid Nabawi and Masjid Ghamamah. This was the shorter course for untrained horses.
The second finishing point was Hafyaa which is located to the west of Mount Uhud (approximately 10km from Masjid Nabawi). In the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam rehearsal drills for horse riding would be carried up to here.
Above information from "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr.Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
The following is an inspiring account from Al-Miskeenah with wonderful pictures!
...no neighing, snorting or dust swirling from galloping horses...
no yelling, encouraging bareback riders, turbans flying to go faster...
no sword blades glinting in the afternoon sunlight...
...this walled construction site that has been sitting idle for years, marks the race track used by
our Blessed Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam and his esteemed Companions RadhiAllahu anhum to train horses for battles
...the smaller outcrop of Sulai', the little Sala' was a marker along the track
(The Sulai' is the rock which can be seen towards the left of the picture)
(The walled construction site marking the track can be seen on the far right side of this picture)
...it doesn't take much to comprehend how the landscape was during the time our Noble Nabi SallAllahu alaihi wasallam and his gallant Sahabah RadhiAllahu anhum were racing the distance seen in this photo...the track being along this very stretch to as far as the eye can see in the distance...to Al-Musalla site and Banu Zuraiq, which was the shorter race for the untrained horses...
The Well of Zarwaan & the Black Magic of a Hypocrite
In the post above (Horse Training Ground), mention is made of the locality of Banu Zuraiq (A prominent tribe of the Ansaar) which was situated to the south of Masjid Nabawi and Masjid Ghamamah and which was the finishing point of the shorter race course.
The well of Zarwaan was also in the locality of the Banu Zuraiq. A hypocrite, Labeed bin al A'asam practiced magic over the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam and buried it in this well. Jibrail AS informed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam of this and it was removed. Jibrail AS recited Suratul Falaq and Suratun Naas to cure him from the magic. (Sahih Bukhari Hadith number 5765)
From "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr.Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
Al-Musalla is a ground located South West of Masjid Nabawi. At different places of this ground, Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam led the 'Eid prayers, the funeral prayer of Negus and at times the Istisqaa (Prayer for rain during period of drought) prayer too.
This ground was also the business place of the Muslims. Trade caravans of camels would stop here thus this place was known as "Manakha".
Historical narrations suggest that during the government of 'Umar bin 'Abdul 'Aziz (87AH to 93AH) he built masjids at these places to preserve their history. The Masaajid which were built at this place were Masjid Ghamamah, Masjid Abu Bakr, Masjid Umar, Masjid Ali.
From "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Ghani
Walking from the south western corner of Masjid Nabawi, we pass Musalla and Munakha (green circled area)
(Map from Al-Miskeenah)
During the Ottoman (Turkish) rule, a railway line had been built starting from Madinah Munawwarah stretching as far as Damascus. This was known as the Hijaaz Railway and linked the blessed city with the world and more importantly, Istanbul. The work was completed in 1326 AH (1908 AD). For nine years it operated between Damascus and Madinah Munawwarah bringing pilgrims from Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq, Turkey and Europe to the Holy Lands. Originally it was planned to extend it to Makkatul Mukarramah and South Yemen. (Chapters from the History of Madinah, 20) "Women's Guide in Madinah Munawwarah" by Mufti Muhammad Faruq
'Wildly improbable' were words describing the mammoth task of constructing a 1000 mile railway across pitiless, wadi-fissured deserts, a barren wilderness strewn with unforgiving mountains and hard volcanic rock. Yet this monumental engineering feat is what was achieved in the declining years of the great Ottoman Empire.
From Al-Miskeenah Sultan Abdulhamid II supported the project for many reasons, primarily, his position as Caliph was to ensure the safety of the Hajj, in particular for those travelling from the northern areas. Prior to the railway the overland journey from Damascus would average 40 days with incredible suffering. Extreme temperatures, disease, dysentery, shortage of drinking water and the constant threat of attack from the local Bedouins accompanied them throughout their ordeal. Hundreds died along the way. Once the railway was operative it reduced the travel time to four days, was cheaper and thus more were able to contemplate performing Hajj, and thus increase trade and business in the Haramain.
The plan to extend the rail line to Makkah never materialised while the rail track between Ma'aan and Madinah was put out of operation during the Arab revolt against Turkish rule. Below are details from britannica.com
Hejaz Railway, Turkish Hicaz Demiryolu, railroad between Damascus and Madinah, one of the principal railroads of the Ottoman Turkish Empire. The main line, built by a multiracial labour force mainly under the supervision of a German engineer, traversed 820 miles (1,320 km) of difficult country and was completed in only eight years. It ran from Damascus southward to Darʿā (Deraa) and thence over Transjordan via Az-Zarqāʾ, Al-Qaṭrānah, and Maʿān into northwestern Arabia, and inland via Dhāt al-Ḥajj and Al-ʿUlā to Medina. The major branch line, 100 miles (160 km) long, from Darʿā to Haifa on the Mediterranean coast of Palestine, was completed in 1905.
When the Arabs of the Hejaz revolted against Turkish rule in 1916, the track between Maʿān and Medina was put out of operation by Arab raids, largely inspired by the British military strategist T.E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia). After the war the operative sections of the track were taken over by the Syrian, Palestinian, and Transjordanian governments. The section of the railway running from Maʿān, Jordan, to Medina was heavily damaged and was abandoned after 1917; plans to restore the line in the 1960s were not fulfilled.
Damascus Station From Wikipedia
Hejaz Train Station (Arabic: محطة الحجاز) is a main train station located in central Damascus, Syria close to the Marjeh Square. It was built by the Ottomans 1908 as the northern terminus of the Hejaz railway. The railway was intended to ferry pilgrims to Medina. The station's interior has a beautiful decorated ceiling. The actual platforms of the station are closed - a much-delayed project was to see the station expanded to include a high-rise hotel, shopping mall and underground railway - and all trains now leave from Qaddam station
Following information from here The Hijaz Railway, conceived as a convenient route to the holy cities of Medina and Makkah for Muslim pilgrims from the Turkish Ottoman Empire, had a short but eventful existence in the early years of this century. The railway was founded by subscriptions raised throughout the Islamic world, and work began in May 1900, to build the single track line almost 1,100 miles long from Damascus to Medina. Eight years later, a work force of 5,500 Turks, Syrians and Iraqis had completed the railway, under the supervision of a German engineer.
The Hijaz Railway was built with fortifications at regular intervals along its route, manned by Turkish garrisons to protect this vital link of the far flung Ottoman Empire. Along the route lie relics of the famous Hijaz railway, with stations, track and rolling stock still standing as Lawrence of Arabia and his Arab guerrillas left them after their First World War raids against the Turkish garrisons. Its strategic importance was recognized by the British in the First World War, and a sabotage campaign was launched by Lawrence of Arabia and his Arab guerrillas. So successful were these raids on the railway that when the war ended in 1918 the Hijaz Railway was effectively destroyed, just 10 years after it opened. Today, the scenes of these skirmishes and the remains of the Hijaz Railway can be seen virtually untouched along the route to Mada'in Saleh, which was itself an important station on the railway.
Hijaz Rail Line Destruction
Saudi Arabia and Turkey have reaffirmed their desire to restore and rebuild the historic Hejaz Railway that linked Damascus with the holy city of Madinah by a narrow-gauge rail line however there are no plans to use the old station.
Full history and details of the Hijaz Railway with pictures available at Nabataea while Al-miskeenah recommends reading The Hejaz Railway by James Nicholson. A scholarly and absorbing account, initially describing the painstaking processes associated with the project and then moving onto its sad demise during the wartime attacks.
Umar bin Abdul Azeez ra was the first to construct Minarets for Masjid Nabawi. Four were constructed, on eon each corner of the Masjid. Minarets have been knocked down and added as different rulers presided over the centuries.
There are in total ten minarets, six new and four old. The total height of the new minarets is 104 metres.
As for the old minarets, the one next to the Green Dome is at a height of 44.53 metres and the one next to Bab-us-Salaam is 38.85 metres high. The two minarets built during the first Saudi extension have a hight of 72 metres.
"Women's Guide in Madinah Munawwarah" Mufti Muhammad Faruq
The height of the basement in four metres. Secondary services are accommodated within the basement. Connected to the basement is an underground tunnel which penetrates the streets of the city, leading to the special services which contains the electrical and mechanical machinery and hardware plant, supplying the cool and chilled water for air conditioning to the Masjid complex. "Women's Guide in Madinah Munawwarah" Mufti Muhammad Faruq
Wudhu Area (With a row of toilets next to it)
Car Park Past the Wudhu area is the car park.
The following short video shows the car park and Toilet/Wudhu areas.Escalators lead up to the next floor with a similar layout. The third escalator leads to the courtyard of Masjid Nabawi. InshaAllah I hope this information will come in useful to someone going to Madinatul Munawwarah for the first time.
*Note: there are people in the video so authorizers may remove it if it is inappropriate however it gives a very good idea of the layout which may inshaAllah be of help to someone
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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