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#301 [Permalink] Posted on 27th May 2013 04:28
 
Expansion of the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah

King Fahd Expansion of the Prophet's Mosque


The Holy City of Madinah is a pilgrimage city second only to the Holy City of Makkah, and is the city to which the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and his followers migrated in 622 AD (the hijrah).

According to Islamic tradition, when the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, made the hijrah, with the first Muslim community, his first act on arrival in the Holy City of Madinah was to locate a suitable piece of land for the enclosure that was to become his Holy Mosque. The Mosque was erected as a combined effort by all the Muslim followers of the Prophet, and its basic design is said to have survived ever since as a model for all subsequent Mosques.


 


The Prophet’s Mosque contains the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and is therefore one of Islam’s most sacred shrines. (The first two caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar, are also buried there.)

The Mosque was rebuilt by the third Caliph, Uthman, in 649–50 AD, using stone to replace the early wooden structure, and the site was later expanded greatly by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid in 707 AD. Much of the early structure was destroyed by the great fire of 1256 AD, however, and the oldest parts of the Mosque standing today reflect successive waves of Ottoman building work.


 


The expansion and development plans formulated by King Fahd for the Prophet’s Mosque in the Holy City of Madinah were just as ambitious as those for the Holy Mosque in Makkah. Before the expansion was implemented, although the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah received each year approximately the same number of worshippers, its area was little more than one tenth of the Holy Mosque in Makkah. King Faisal had added some areas for prayer on the western side of the Prophet’s Mosque where pilgrims could pray out of the glare of the sun but these arrangements were temporary and insufficient to meet the ever-growing need.






Determined to provide the Prophet’s Mosque with space and facilities commensurate with its importance as of one of Islam’s two holiest sites, King Fahd gave orders for what must be the greatest Mosque expansion program in the history of Islam.

The project was launched by King Fahd in 1985. Before the expansion could begin, it was necessary to prepare the area on which the extensions were to be built. This operation alone involved a Herculean effort. Almost 400 buildings had to be demolished. Because the site was holy and the engineers were determined to avoid any possibility of damage to the existing Mosque, explosives were not employed. Instead, the supporting posts of each building were weakened and then ripped out by bulldozers. The resultant rubble, estimated to have been 654,000 cubic yards [500,000 cu m], was used to landfill areas on the outskirts of Madinah in preparation for further expansion of the city.


 


The land designated for the expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque, even when cleared, was far from ideal and, before building could commence, it was necessary to pile-drive some 8,500 steel-encased stakes to a depth of between 100 and 160 feet [30–50 m] into the ground down to the bedrock in order to ensure the extensions would be able to withstand any eventuality and would be strong enough to support an additional floor if, at a later date, such a further development is deemed necessary.


 


By the middle of 1990, the main building had been finished and, by April 1994 the entire project had been completed. The total area, including the ground around the Mosque, now stood at 478,803 square yards [400,327 sq m], of which King Fahd’s expansion accounted for 460,000 square yards [384,000 sq m]. The area could now accommodate in excess of one million worshippers at the busiest times.


 


A unique feature of the expansion project was the development of the twenty-seven main plazas. Each plaza is now capped by a state-of-the-art sliding dome, which can be rapidly opened or closed according to the weather and can be used in unison or separately as required. Elaborately carved stone friezes decorate the domes, and the plazas have been paved in decorative geometrically patterned marble tiles. The project also necessitated the building of six additional minarets, the most powerful visual sign of the Mosque, each 354-foot [105 m] construction crowned with a 4-ton gold-plated crescent.


 


The development of the surrounding open areas and the seven newly constructed entrances ensure the smooth passage of pilgrims into the Prophet’s Mosque. Indeed, the designers of the entire project have masterfully considered every eventuality of the existing and future capacity of the Mosque, and all this within the strictures of the existing architectural pattern. The building extensions have therefore been fitted out with a suitable number of staircases and escalators. The designers have added an extension to the roof area for praying purposes, whilst also allowing for the possibility of adding another floor to accommodate worshippers in the future.

Like the splendidly redeveloped Holy Mosque in the Holy City of Makkah, the Prophet’s Mosque is now fully air-conditioned. The comfort of worshippers has been further enhanced, however, by an ingenious method of natural ventilation. A series of domes, 27 in number, have been installed. These domes can be opened or closed, according to weather conditions. In the inner courtyard, twelve enormous mechanically operated teflon umbrellas, six in each court of the Mosque, have been developed by King Fahd’s architects to protect from and withstand the high temperatures.








The Prophet’s Mosque project also includes provision of extensive car parking facilities and the construction of a new dual carriageway, the Bab Alsalam Road, linking Madinat Alhujaj on the western side of the Holy City of Madinah to the site of the Mosque. A series of service tunnels, drainage systems and supply networks now also criss-crosses the area. In fact, the magnitude of support services made it necessary to construct a vast basement complex in which to accommodate the service equipment and wiring needs, as well as various other maintenance works.

The reconstructed main gate leading into the Mosque site, the new King Fahd Entrance, is situated on the northern side, and is topped with a profusion of domes and minarets on both sides. The exquisite decorations and architectural touches here and elsewhere are in complete harmony with earlier building work on the site, and they feature wonderfully crafted golden grilles, cornices, pillars, brass doors and marble works, as well as special ornately carved pigeonholes for the Holy Quran.








Further enhancements include a public address system operational throughout the Mosque and surrounding areas; a closed circuit television system as part of the safety measures; an advanced fire-warning and fire-fighting system; a cold water drinking system; the provision of adequate washing facilities; a backup electrical system to be used in the event of any problem with the main electrical system; and extensive free parking facilities.

The renovated Prophet’s Mosque in the Holy City of Madinah inspires awe in all who visit. As King Fahd himself so eloquently expressed it:

"With the help of God, the Government and people of Saudi Arabia have been able to turn dreams into reality. Who could have believed that the expansion of the Prophet’s Mosque would equal the area of the city of Madinah in ancient times and that we would accommodate such huge numbers of worshippers and visitors?"

http://www.kingfahdbinabdulaziz.com/main/h200.htm





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#302 [Permalink] Posted on 27th May 2013 04:34
 
Holy Mosque - Masjid al Haram in 1880

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#303 [Permalink] Posted on 4th June 2013 15:15

 

Holy Mosque - Masjid al Haram

First Saudi expansion about 40 years ago ...
























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#304 [Permalink] Posted on 9th June 2013 14:02
The Kaaba

in the past









 
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#305 [Permalink] Posted on 23rd July 2013 07:14
Where is the musium located in Makkah?
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#306 [Permalink] Posted on 23rd July 2013 09:41
There are plenty of Museums in Makkah, if you mean the Museum from which I have taken the photos, then that Museum is next to the Kiswah factory. I will try and get the exact location/address for you, inshaAllah.
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#307 [Permalink] Posted on 23rd July 2013 13:52
It is situated some 20 minutes driving distance from Masjidul Haram in Old Jeddah Road. The factory exclusive for weaving curtains (كسوة) of Kaaba(كعبة) and Hujratu Shareefa (حجرة الشريفة) is just a walk away from this exhibition center.

Visiting hours: VARY - In coordination with the Department of Museum Tel: 5490942/02

MORE MUSEUMS
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#308 [Permalink] Posted on 2nd October 2013 10:11

POSTED BY SISTER ROUKAYA19 in the News thread

Zamzam water well
cleaned twice in Kingdom’s history




The mouth of the well was positioned below the mataf.

1 October 2013

MAKKAH — In the history of the Zamzam well, there have been several significant milestones. The first was in 1964 when the use of buckets to draw water ended. It was replaced with taps after the late King Saud ordered the expansion of the mataf (circumambulation area). The mouth of the well was positioned below the mataf in a basement 2.7 meters deep.

Pilgrims could descend to the well using a divided staircase, one for men and the other for women.

The second phase was in 1979 when King Khalid issued directives to clean the Zamzam well using the latest available methods with the help of professional divers. This was one of the largest cleaning operations in the history of the well. This also resulted in an increase in the flow of water.

The third phase was in November 1979, the well's second cleaning operation. Dr. Yahya Koshak, a Saudi academic, told Okaz/Saudi Gazette that the well was cleaned twice in the Kingdom’s history. He was given the opportunity to participate in both the cleaning operations. He said the Zamzam well is peculiar in the sense that the flow of water can be stopped for a period of time.

On the first cleaning operation, he said, “We started measuring the depth of the well from several directions. The depth ranged between 19.2 and 19.8 meters. Then we placed a weight at the end of a thick rope. The weight was descended vertically to guide the divers, who had put on full diving suits.

They descended into the well with torches. They spent half an hour in the well and were able to give us a clear picture of the well from inside. They said the well was plastered from inside to a depth of nine meters. Under the level of the plastering, their compass stopped functioning. They dived once again found several metal buckets and other vessels. This was the reason the compass was not functioning.”

He added: “During the preparatory exploration operation some technical problems appeared because the divers were using compressed air cylinders for breathing in water. The quantity of air in the cylinder was enough to last 20 to 30 minutes, whereas a diver could not stay at the bottom of the well for more than 20 minutes. A continuous source of air had to be found. Compressors had to be used to pump air continuously while the drivers were in the well.”

The other problem, he said, was in carrying away the leftover items and mud. He said they used a plastic container. They also devised a method for communicating with the divers.

As to the second cleaning operation, Dr. Koshak said this was after the turbulent events in the Grand Mosque in November 1979. Groundwater collected around the well and it was necessary to remove it using submerged pumps. The submerged pump managed to reduce the water level in the well to five meters only. It was required to change the water in the well. The source of the water in the well was seen for a few minutes. Samples of the water was taken and analyzed. It was found to be free from any pollution or bacteria.

http://www.saudigazette.com.sa/index...20131001182189





Pilgrims could descend to the well using a divided staircase, one for men and the other for women.




Old Zamzam well structure at Makkah museum
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#309 [Permalink] Posted on 19th October 2013 11:27
The Mosque of the Pledge

مسجد البيعة
Masjid al-Bayah - Allegiance Mosque

_____________________

Allegiance Mosque ..
Stele inscriptions on Islamic history


مسجد البيعة .. نقوش شاهدة على التاريخ الإسلامي


شيد مسجد البيعة عام 144هـ على يد الخليفة العباسي أبو جعفر المنصور.
Allegiance mosque was built in 144 AH at the hands of the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jafar al-Mansur.


يعود تاريخ تشييد "مسجد البيعة" في مكة المكرمة إلى سنة 144هـ عندما بناه الخليفة العباسي أبو جعفر المنصور في الموضع الذي تمت فيه البيعة تخليداً لهذه الذكرى.

ومسجد البيعة تمت على أرضه أول بيعة في الإسلام، واكتسب أهميته التاريخية من هذا الحدث التاريخي المهم.

ويقع المسجد على بعد 500 متر تقريباً من جمرة العقبة الكبرى، ويشاهده الحجاج العابرون لمنطقة الجمرات، وهو عبارة عن مصلى لا سقف له، يحوي محراباً وملحقاً معه فناء أكبر مناحته، يطل على منى من الناحية الشمالية في السفح الجنوبي لجبل "ثبير" المطل على شعب المعروفة باسم "شعب الأنصار" أو"شعب البيعة".

ويوجد فيه حجران كتب على أحدهما عبارة "أمر عبد الله ـ أمير المؤمنين أكرمه الله ـ ببنيان هذا المسجد "في إشارة إلى الخليفة العباسي، وبه رواقان من الجهتين الشامية واليمانية بطول 23 ذراعاً وعرض 14 ذراعاً ونصف الذراع كل منهما مسقوف بثلاث قبب على أربعة عقود وبابين، وطول المسجد من محرابه إلى آخر الرحبة 38 ذراعاً تقريباً.

وما زال المسجد يحتفظ بشيء من مساحته ونقوشه الإنشائية الأثرية، إذ يوجد فيه نقش إنشائي يؤرخ لعمارته، وآخر تذكاري من نفس الفترة ونقش إنشائي مؤرخ في سنة 625هـ.

وظل المسجد متوارياً عن الأنظار خلف الجبل حتى بعد التوسعة الجديدة وإزالة الجبل في إطار توسعة مشعر منى لطرق المشاة والحافلات ضمن مشروع منشأة الجمرات ظهر للجميع بالقرب من جسر الجمرات.

وتمت بيعة العقبة الأولى في هذا الموضع من منى سنة 12 من النبوة 621م، حيث بايع 12 شخصاً من قبيلتي الأوس والخزرج من المدينة، كما أن بيعة العقبة الثانية كانت في ذات الموضع، وذلك أثناء موسم حج سنة 13 من النبوة 622م، وحضر هذه البيعة 73 رجلا ًوامرأتان من أهل المدينة المنورة، ودعوا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أن يأتي المدينة، وقالوا: إلى متى ندع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يطرد في جبال مكة، وعرفت هذه البيعة أيضا ببيعة العقبة الكبرى، وبنى أبو جعفر المنصور سنة 144هـ - 761م مسجداً في موضع البيعة، كما هو مدون في اللوحة التي لا تزال مثبتة في جدار المسجد للقبلة من الخارج، وهو مكون من فناء مكشوف يتقدمه مظلة.

http://www.aleqt.com/2013/10/13/article_792750.html


Google translation:

The history of the construction of " Allegiance mosque " in Mecca to the year 144 AH when it was built by the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jaafar al - Mansur in the place where he has allegiance to commemorate this anniversary .

Allegiance and a mosque has been at home the first synagogue in Islam , and has gained historical significance of this important historical event .

The mosque is located just 500 meters from the embers biggest obstacle , and watched the pilgrims in transit to the Jamarat area , a chapel no roof him , Includes محرابا and supplement with patio largest Menachth , overlooking the Mona from the north in the slope of the southern mountain " ثبير " overlooking the people known as " the people of the Ansar " or "people of the church ."

And where there is Hjeran wrote on one phrase " command Abdullah faithful honored God ببنيان this mosque, " in reference to the Abbasid Caliph , and its galleries on both sides maize and Yamania length of 23 cubits, and the width 14 cubits and a half arm each roofed with three domes on four decades and door , and the length of the mosque from niche to another spacious 38 cubits almost .

And still retains something of the mosque area and archaeological نقوشه construction , as there is the structural pattern dating to his building , and another memorial from the same period and Structural inscription dated in the year 625 AH .

The mosque remained hiding for behind the mountain until after the new expansion and the removal of the mountain in the context of the expansion of Mina for pedestrians and bus routes within the project Jamarat facility for all appeared near the Jamarat Bridge.

And has allegiance first hurdle in this position of Mona year 12 of the prophecy 621 m , where the allegiance of 12 people from the tribes of Aws and Khazraj of the city , and the pledge of allegiance second obstacle was in the same position , during the pilgrimage season year 13 of the prophecy 622 AD , and was attended by Allegiance 73 a man and two women from the people of Medina , and called the Prophet peace be upon him to come the city, and said : How long to let the Messenger of Allah , peace be upon him sent off in the mountains of Mecca , and I knew this pledge also sell the biggest obstacle , and built Abu Jaafar Al-Mansour year 144 AH - 761 AD mosque in the position of the church , as recorded in the painting that is still installed in the wall of the mosque to a kiss from abroad , a component of an outdoor courtyard , led by an umbrella.

 

















من المساجد التاريخية بالمشاعر المقدسة مسجد البيعة
 



Masjid Biah/Uqbah

This Masjid, in Mina commemorates the spot where the Ansar of Madinah pledged their allegiance to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) in the year 621 A.H. The group included leaders of the Aws and Khazraj tribes of Madinah and were twelve in number. The second such pledge called the second Aqabah pledge (Bay’ah Aqaba Thaaniya) took place the following year, the thirteenth year after the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) proclaimed his Prophethood.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) would make contact with various Arab tribes that came into Makkah for their festivals, trade fairs or pilgrimages and preach the truth of Islam to them. He would take the opportunity to call them towards worshipping only Allah (Glorified and Exalted is He) and to believing in his Prophethood. His uncles Abu Jahl and Abu Lahab would often follow him, dissuading people from listening to his message. To avoid them, he would come out in the darkness of night to contact the caravans staying at a distance of several miles from the Ka’bah.

One night, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) heard some people talking at Aqabah. He came close and saw that they were six in number who had come from Yathrib (later to be known as Madinah) to perform pilgrimage at the Ka’bah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) preached Islam to them and recited some verses of the Quran. They listened in awe and embraced Islam on the spot. They were neighbours of the Jews in Yathrib and had heard them mention of the coming of a grand Prophet in the near future and about his dominance over all others. The six new Muslims promised that they would invite their people to Islam upon returning to Yathrib and that they would meet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) again during the next pilgrimage.

The next year, five of the six returned to meet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) again at Aqabah and they brought with them another seven converts. These twelve persons pledged their allegiance to Islam at the hand of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and this became known as the ‘First pledge of Aqabah’. They pledged that they would not associate partners with Allah, commit theft, fornicate, kill their children, defame others, nor disobey the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) when he instructed them to do good.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) deputed Mus’ab bin Umair to go with them to teach Islam and preach to others. He remained busy all the time in teaching the Quran and other Islamic practices to the people. He stayed with As’ad bin Zararah (may Allah be pleased with him) and was known as Muqraee (the teacher). During this period many people from Yathrib embraced Islam.

The following year Mus’ab bin Umair (may Allah be pleased with him) set out from Yathrib for Makkah with a caravan of 72 men and 2 women which comprised of Muslims and pagans. The Muslims wanted to meet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and to invite him to come to Yathrib. They had been dismayed at the harassment, abuse and fear that overshadowed the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) and the other Muslims and had resolved to offer them their loyal protection if they moved there. A secret meeting with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) was arranged one late night at Aqabah.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) met them accompanied by his uncle Abbas who at that point was not a Muslim. He talked to the group, recited the Quran, prayed to Allah and encouraged people to embrace Islam. Then he said, “I ask for your allegiance on the basis that you protect me as you would protect your wives and children.” They pledged their allegiance to him and this became known as the ‘Second pledge of Aqabah’. They asked him to promise that he would not leave them and return to his people. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) gave his promise, “I am from you and you are from me. I will fight those you fight and will be at peace with those with whom you are at peace.” Twelve men were then chosen to be responsible for the affairs of the community, these included Sa’d bin Ubadah, Abdullah bin Rawahah and Ubadah bin Samit (may Allah be pleased with them).

Shaitan was watching and listening from the top of Aqabah, and when he could contain himself no longer he cried out in the loudest voice possible and spoke the name Mudhammam (Reprobate). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) knew who it was and answered him saying, “O enemy of Allah. I will give thee no respite.”

http://www.islamiclandmarks.com/saud...sjid_biah.html


 


 
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#310 [Permalink] Posted on 11th November 2013 05:47
 
The 7 old Minarets

of Masjid al Haram before Saudi expansion

منارات الحرم المكي قبل التوسعة السعودية


في عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم لم تكن هنالك مآذن يصعد عليها المؤذن لينادي للصلاة كما قرأنا في كتب التاريخ ومما سمعناه من كبار السن الذيح أدركوا الأذان من المنائر قبل دخول مكبرات الصوت في العصر الحديث، بقدر ما كانت الحاجة إلى مكان عالٍ يرفع فيه المؤذن صوته للإعلام بالصلاة.

بل كان سيدنا بلال بن رباح يصعد لسطح المسجد ويؤذن, ويوم فتح مكة أذن فوق سطح الكعبة, وعلى هذا الأساس ومرور السنين وتزايد المسلمين ودعت الحاجة لإيصال الصوت بشكل أكبر نشأت فكرة المنائر (المآذن) في المساجد, فكان أول من بنى المنارات هم الأمويون في مساجد الشام, ولم تنشأ المنارات في المسجد الحرام إلا في العهد العباسي.

وحيث أن المسجد الحرام هو قبلة المسلمين ومهوى الأفئدة لزم الأمر أن يتم توثيق كل ما فيه عبر الأزمنة, ومنها تأريخ منائره لأنها غدت رمزًا لشعيرة الأذان العظيمة وخصوصا لأنها في أطهر بقعة, وقد اهتم الخلفاء والسلاطين والملوك ببناءها وعمارتها بأفضل ما يمكن, ثم إن هذه المنارات بقيت قائمة حتى بداية عهد الملك سعود بن عبد العزيز رحمه الله حيث أزيلت أيام التوسعة وتم إنشاء منائر جديدة تحمل الطابع العمراني الحديث وارتفاع أكبر من سابقتها ولكن لا يؤذن عليها لوجود البديل عن صعودها وهي المكبرات الصوتية ذات المدى البعيد.

GTrans: At the time of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him were not there minarets rising by the muezzin to call for prayers as we read in history books and what we heard from the older Alveh realized prayer from the minarets before entering the loudspeakers in the modern era, as it was the need for a high place raises the muezzin voice to inform prayer.

It was our master Bilal bin Rabah ascend to the surface of the mosque and authorized , and on the conquest of Mecca authorized above the surface of the Kaaba, and on this basis and the passage of the years and increasing the Muslims and called for the need to deliver sound more idea arose minarets in mosques , was the first who built minaret are Umayyads in mosques Sham , did not arise minarets in the Grand Mosque , but in the Abbasid era.

Since the Grand Mosque is the kiss of Muslims and aerated hearts needed to be documented everything in it through time , including the history of Mnaúrh it became a symbol of the ritual prayer great , especially because it is in the purest spot, was interested caliphs and sultans , kings built and architecture best they could , then that these minarets list remained until the beginning of the reign of King Saud bin Abdul Aziz , may Allah have mercy on him where they were removed days expansion was to create a new منائر bear the physical character , modern and high larger than its predecessor , but not authorized by the existence of alternative ascent which audio amplifiers with the long-term.


 

يصف الأديب إبراهيم المهتار المكي منائر المسجد الحرام في شهر رمضان قديمًا:-

كَأَنَّ المَنَائِرَ إذْ أُسْرِجَتْ قَنادِيلُهَا في دَيَاجِي الظَّلامِ
عَرَائسُ قَامَتْ عَليها الحُلِيُّ لِتَنْظُرَ بَيتَ إِلَهِ الأَنَامِ

Google translation: The writer describes Ibrahim Amahtar-Makki منائر the Grand Mosque in the holy month of Ramadan old: -

Minarets if it saddled Guenadelha in Diaja dark
The brides ornaments for consideration by the house of the God of creatures




The 7 old Minarets




1- منارة باب العمرة:
1- Minaret of Bab al Umrah


أمر ببناءها الخليفة العباسي: أبو جعفر المنصور, وهي أول منارة تُبنى في المسجد الحرام.

ومرت هذه المنارة بثلاث مراحل لتعميرها, حيث عمّرها وزير صاحب الموصل محمد الجواد الأصفهاني بعد أن سقطت, ثم امر أمر السلطان سليمان خان بتجديدها فهدمت وأعيد بناؤها, وجددها الشريف سرور عام 1201 هـ وجعلها بدورين, وهي قبل الهدم كانت تطل على حارة الشبيكة في الجهة الشمالية الغربية للحرم.

Google translation: Was built by the Abbasid Caliph: Abu Jafar al-Mansur, the first minaret built in the Grand Mosque.

And passed the minaret in three stages to reconstruction, where the old and the Minister of the owner of Mosul, Muhammad al-Jawad Isfahani after he fell, and then ordered the command of Sultan Suleiman Khan renew فهدمت and rebuilt, and renewed Sharif pleasure in 1201 AH and make it two roles, namely before demolition was overlooking the lane lattice on the north side Bank of the Haram.




2- منارة باب السلام:
2- Minaret of Bab as Salam


وتقع في الجهة الشمالية الشرقية للمسجد الحرام, وتشرف على سوق سويقة في عهدنا الحالي , بناها الخليفة العباسي محمد المهدي على باب السلام, حيث كان أمره بتوسعة المسجد الحرام عام 168 هـ بدورين, وفي زمن الناصر فرج بن برقوق تهدمت المنارة سنة 810 هـ, فعمّرها سنة 815 هـ.
وجُددت مرة أخرى في عهد السلطان مراد خان الثالث العثماني سنة 983 هـ.

GT: It is located in the north-east of the Grand Mosque , and supervise the market stalk in the covenant current , built by the Abbasid Caliph Muhammad al-Mahdi on the door of peace , where he was ordered expanded the Grand Mosque in 168 AH roles , and in the time of Nasser Faraj bin plum destroyed the lighthouse year 810 AH, Fmrha Year 815 e .
And renewed again in the reign of Sultan Murad Khan III Ottoman e 983 years .




3- منارة باب علي
3- Minaret of Bab Ali




بنيت في عهد الخليفة محمد المهدي عندما عمّر منارة باب السلام, وكانت بدور واحد فلما آلت إلى الخراب أمر السلطان سليمان خان بعمارتها مرة أخرى وجعلها بدورين وكان ذلك سنة 970 هـ, ويظهر من خلفها جبل أبو قبيس وحارة القشاشية في العهد القريب.

Google translation: Built in the reign of Caliph Muhammad al-Mahdi when Omar minaret door to peace , and the role of one when fallen into ruin is Sultan Suleiman Khan بعمارتها again and make it two roles was in the year 970 AH , and it appears from behind Mount Abu Qubeis and hot Alakecashih in the Covenant near .




4- منارة باب الوداع (الحزورة):
4- Minaret of Bab al Wadaa




أنشأت في زمن الخليفة محمد المهدي عندما قام بتوسعة المسجد الحرام, وفي سنة 771 هـ سقطت المنارة في عهد الملك الأشرف شعبان بن حسين سلطان مصر, حيث أمر ببناءها من جديد وانتهت عملية إعادة تعميرها بداية شهر المحرم عام 772 هـ, وكانت المنارة بدورين, وتقع في الجهة الجنوبية الغربية للمسجد الحرام حيث تطل على شعب أجياد.

Google translation: Established at the time of Caliph Muhammad al-Mahdi when he expanded the Grand Mosque, in the year 771 AH fell lighthouse in the reign of King Ashraf Shaaban Bin Hussein Sultan of Egypt, which is built again and ended the process of reconstruction of the beginning of the month of Muharram in 772 AH, and the lighthouse Bunk, located in the south-western side of the Grand Mosque, where overlooking on Ajyad people.







5- منارة باب الزيادة
5- Minaret of Bab al Ziyadah


تم إنشاؤها عهد الخليفة المعتضد بالله العباسي بدورين لما بنى زيادة دار الندوة بين باب الزيادة وباب القطبي, وأنشأها من جديد الأشرف بارسباي عام 838 هـ بعدما سقطت, وقيل أنها عُمّرت مرة أخرى عام 1113 بعد أن تهدمت, تقع في الجهة الشمالية للحرم أمام حارة الشامية.

Google translation: Created the reign of Caliph المعتضد God Abbasi roles for structures increase Seminar House between the door of the increase and the door of the Arctic , and established the New Ashraf Barsbaa year 838 AH after he fell , and was told that they baptized again in 1113 after being destroyed , located on the north side of the campus in front of hot maize .





6- منارة السلطان قايتباي
6- Minaret al Sultan Qaitbay


بناها السلطان المملوكي الأشرف قايتباي سنة 880 هـ, حيث بنيت خلف مدرسته في الجهة الشرقية من المسجد بين باب النبي وباب السلام بثلاثة أدوار, وتطل على شارع المسعى في حارة القشاشية.

Google translation: Built by the Mamluk Sultan al - Ashraf Qaytbay year 880 AH , was built behind the school in the eastern side of the mosque between the Prophet door and the door to peace in three innings, and overlooking the street in the endeavor lane Alakecashih .




7- منارة باب المحكمة (السلطان سليمان خان

7- Minaret of Bab al Mahkama




بناها السلطان سليمان بن سليم خان في الجهة الشمالية للمسجد الحرام بين مدارسه الأربعة الملاصقة للحرم والواقعة أمام مدخل باب المحكمة, حيث قام بعمارتها قاسم أمين العمارة السلطانية عام 973 هـ, وتقع المنارة بالتحديد بين مدرسة المحكمة الكبرى ومدرسة رئاسة القضاء, وتعد المنارة هذه الأكثر ارتفاعا وعلوًا.

Google translation: Built by Sultan Suleiman Bin Salim Khan on the north side of the Grand Mosque between the schools of the four adjacent to the campus and in front of the entrance door of the court , where he بعمارتها Qasim Amin architecture Bowl in 973 AH , located minaret specifically between School High Court School and the presidency of the judiciary, is the minaret this most points and Exalt .


 


هذا وقد ذكر بعض المؤرخون أن هناك منائر أخرى للحرم لا يُعلم من بناها ولا من هدمها, مثل:

منارة باب إبراهيم التي هدمها بعض أمراء مكة لإشرافها على بيته.
ومنارة باب الصفا حيث كانت علما لباب الصفا ولا يصعد عليها لضيق بناءها.
ومنارة على الميل الذي يهرول عنده من يسعى بين الصفا والمروة.

Google translation: This Some historians have stated that there are other منائر to campus did not know who built and demolished , such as :

Minaret door Ibrahim demolished by some princes of Mecca for the oversight of his house.
Minaret and Safa door where the note to the door of Safa and climb it to narrow build.
Minaret and the tendency at which jogs who seek between Safa and Marwa .

SOURCE: http://www.makkawi.com/Articles/Show.aspx?ID=912

Masjid al Haram, August 1917

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#311 [Permalink] Posted on 11th November 2013 07:12
abu mohammed wrote:
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I prayed in that masjid back in 2004. A Moulana from South Africa who was there at the time, told me the story that the masjid in the Hilton was hazrat Abu bakr s home. The Saudi's truely have no respect for all the Mubarak places in both haramain.
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#312 [Permalink] Posted on 11th November 2013 08:48
5 star thread Mash'Ala
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#313 [Permalink] Posted on 14th November 2013 20:52
VALLEYS OF MADINAH MUNAWWARAH





Map of the Valleys of Madinah
Picture scanned from "Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah"


*Note: وادي Wādī is the Arabic term for a dry river or its valley. It is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley. In some cases, it may refer to a dry (ephemeral) riverbed that contains water only during times of heavy rain or simply an intermittent stream.



Valley of Al-Aqeeq وادى العقيق




Al-Aqeeq Valley Stream



Ottoman Bridge over the Al Aqeeq Valley


This valley starts at Taif and passes through Madinah and comes to an end at Ghabah (Khulail) where it merges with the valleys of But'haan and Qanaat. It is one of the longest valleys of Hijaaz. It has two plains in Madinah: In smaller plain lies the well of Uthman and the Islamic University of Madinah, whereas in the larger plain lies Abyar Ali, the well of Urwa and its surrounding areas.

As mentioned in Saheeh Bukhari:

In the valley of Al-'Aqiq I heard Allah's Apostle saying, "To night a messenger came to me from my Lord while I was in the Aqeeq (Valley) and said to me, 'Offer prayer in this blessed valley.'"

This valley has attracted the interest of many rulers and wealthy personalities for irs sweet waters, pleasant atmosphere and soft highly cultivative earth. Many Arab poets and novelists have mentioned this valley in their works.

"Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Ghani
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#314 [Permalink] Posted on 15th November 2013 09:06
Valley of of But'haan وادى بطحان




This valley is regarded as one of the main valleys of Madinah. It enters Madinah through the eastern region of Quba and comes to Masjid Ghamamah and carries on to Mount Sal'a passing in front of Massjid Saba'ah towards Ghabah (Khulail) where it meets other valleys and comes to an end.

It is narrated by 'Aisha RA, "But'haan is upon a river from the rivers of paradise" (Sahih Al Jamae Al Sagheer: 3/7)

The Prophet sallallaahu 'alayhi wasallam made ablution from its water during the Battle of Khandaq.

The Saudi Government has built a large dam on this river and built a vast underground water way to protect the surrounding inhabitants from its over flow.

"Pictorial History of Madinah Munawwarah" by Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani.


Following from Al-Miskeenah


Valley flowed to the west of Masjid Nabawi all those centuries ago, and still lies beneath all that has been constructed upon it ever since. However the imagination tries to conjure what the scene may have been like each year when the 12th of Rabial Thani moon hovered over these blessed valleys during the decade of our Beloved Rasul SallAllahu alaihi wasalla's time in Madinah. Meandering through date palms, by mud houses, grazing flocks, sauntering camels, flitting singing birds, as water rippled after rains of mercy. Or as a dry sandy track where creatures scuttled, children played, wood was gathered, crops tendered, all to the ceaseless melodious sound of the Qur'an filling the skies and hearts.

This is the valley that is referred to by our Blessed Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam in various Ahadith.

From Sahih Bukhari it is narrated by 'Aishah RadhiAllahu anha:

When Allah's Apostle SallAllahu alaihi wasallam reached Medina, Abu Bakr and Bilal RadhiAllahu anhuma became ill. When Abu Bakr's fever got worse, he would recite this poetic verse: "Everybody is staying alive with his people, yet death is nearer to him than His shoe laces." And Bilal, when his fever deserted him, would recite: "Would that I could stay overnight in a valley wherein I would be surrounded by Idhkhir and Jalil (sweet smelling herbs). Would that one day I could drink the water of the Majanna, and would that the two mountains Shama and Tafil would appear to me!" The Prophet said, "O Allah! Curse Shaiba bin Rabi'a and 'Utba bin Rabi'a and Umaiya bin Khalaf as they turned us out of our land to the land of epidemics." Allah's Apostle then said, "O Allah! Make us love Medina as we love Mecca or even more than that. O Allah! Give blessings in our Sa and our Mudd (measures for weighing foodstuffs) and make the climate of Medina suitable for us, and divert its fever towards Aljuhfa." Aisha added: When we reached Medina, it was the most unhealthy of Allah's lands, and the valley of Bathan used to flow with impure colored water.

And the Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam is reported to have said: "Which of you would like to go early in the morning every day to Bathan or Al-'Aqiq and return from it with two large-humped she-camels, without committing a sin or severing the ties of kinship?" They replied, "O Messenger of Allah! We (all) would like that!" He said, "If one of you goes early in the morning to the Masjid and learns or reads two Ayahs from the Book of Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, is better for him than having two camels, and three Ayahs are better for him than three large camels, and four Ayahs are better for him than four large camels, and so on with the number of them and camels." Such is the virtues of learning and reciting the Qur'an.

From Abu Dawud Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas RadhiAllahu anhu narrated: The Apostle of Allah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam entered upon Thabit ibn Qays RadhiAllahu anhu. The version of Ahmad (ibn Salih) states: When he was ill the Prophet SallAllahu alaihi wasallam said: Remove the harm, O Lord of men, from Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas. He then took some dust of Bathan, and put it in a bowel, and then mixed it with water and blew in it, and poured it on him.

Narrated Bakr ibn Mubashshir al-Ansari RadhiAllahu anhu: I used to go to the place of prayer on the day of the breaking of the fast, and on the day of sacrifice along with the Companions of the Apostle of Allah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam. We would walk through the valley known as Bathan till we came to the place of prayer. Then we would pray along with the Apostle of Allah SallAllahu alaihi wasallam and return through Bathan to our house.







To retain some detail I have posted the map in two sections, from south, the bottom map to north. Bathan valley is the one on the right etching north-west by Masjid Nabawi before continuing northward where Wadi Quna joins it at the foot of Jabal Uhud. Wadi Ranono is the middle one that meets Bathan in the Awali district, while the far left one is Wadi Aqeeq. All congregate to the west of Jabal Uhud in the area known as Al-Jurf.

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#315 [Permalink] Posted on 15th November 2013 09:09
Valley of Muthaynib وادى مذينب


This valley branches off from the But'haan Valley. It begins at a distance of 10 km to the south-east of Madinah and ends at Ghabah (Khulail).


The Jewish tribe of Banu Nadheer resided on its banks.






Valley of Mahzoor وادى مهزور


This valley begins to the east of Madinah and splits into many smaller streams which come together again at Awali and then joins Mutahynib Valley. They both meet at But'haan Valley at Ghabah and end there.


The tribe of Banu Quraidhah resided on the banks of Mahzoor Valley in Awali.
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