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#91 [Permalink] Posted on 25th May 2014 12:07
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#92 [Permalink] Posted on 28th May 2014 09:31
This is about to happen in about an hour. (10:28am) Shame theres no sun shining here in London.
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#93 [Permalink] Posted on 28th May 2014 10:18
abu mohammed wrote:
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No sun in Midlands, raining...

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#94 [Permalink] Posted on 30th May 2014 20:29

Asslamo Allaikum Wa Rahamtullahi Wa Barakatuh,

Disclaimer: Although my results are correct but I don't think that this translation is accurate so if you are Trigonometry buff please look at the forumula.

Shaykh (Mufti) Rasheed Ahmed Ludhyanwi (RA) in his book Ahsanul-Fatawa has published 9 separate ways of finding Qiblah direction. His student Shaykh (Mufti) Sultan Alam (HA) [Head of Astronomy, Jamiatur-Rasheed] states that for laymen method 2 is the easiest to understand and follow and this is also found in most modern Astronomy books, so here is the English translation for the example mentioned in the book (Karachi).

In order to calulcate the Qiblah direction you will need to know four things:

  1. Longitude of Makkah
  2. Latitude of Makkah
  3. Longitude of Karachi
  4. Latitude of Karachi

You can easily find these using Google these by using the following terms:

  1. Makkah Latitude Longitude   (Answer given is 21.4167° N, 39.8167° E)
  2. Karachi Latitude Longitude  (Answer given is 24.8600° N, 67.0100° E)
  3. Mumbai Latitude Longitude  (Answer given is 18.9750° N, 72.8258° E)
  4. London Latitude Longitude    (Answer given is 51.5072° N, -0.1275° W)
  5. New York Latitude Longitude (Answer given is 40.7127° N, -74.0059° W)

Before proceeding further I would like to add a small detail here which is not explained properly in the book as follows:

  1. All Northern Latitudes are always POSITIVE (+)
  2. All Southern Latitudes are always NEGATIVE (-)
  3. All Eastern Longitudes are always POSITIVE (+)
  4. All Western Longitudes are always NEGATIVE (-)

Please also that all my firgures are in decimal formation! If you get your Longitudes mixed up with Latitudes you will have some serious problems, pay attention to directions!

Step 1:

Obtain the difference in Longitude between your city and Makkah by subtracting the Higher Longitude from the Lower Longitude and we will call this number F.

For Karachi:

F = (67.0100-39.8167) = 27.1933

  1. Visit this site
  2. Copy and Paste 67.0100-39.8167
  3. Hit =

For Mumbai:

F = (72.8258-39.8167) = 33.0091

For London:

Remember that you actually have a NEGATIVE (-) so watch what happens!

F = (39.8167-(-0.1275)) = 39.8167+0.1275 = 39.9442

For New York:

Remember that you actually have a NEGATIVE (-) so watch what happens!

F = (39.8167-(-74.0059)) = 39.8167+74.0059 = 113.8226

Step 2:

Qiblah =  ATAN (Sin F/(Cos B * Tan M)-(Sin B * Cos F))

For Karachi:

  1. Latitude of city (B) =                      24.8600
    1. Calculate the Cos of B =    0.9630
    2. Calculate the Sin of B =     -0.2694
  2. Latitude of Makkah (M) =             21.4167
    1. Calculate the Tan of M =    -0.647262771327559
  3. Longitude Difference (F) =                 27.1933
    1. Calculate the Cos of F =   -0.470416271858726
    2. Calculate the Sin of F =     0.882444633487301
  4. Cos B x Tan M = 0.9630 x -0.647262771327559 = -0.6233
  5. Sin B x Cos F = -0.2694 x -0.470416271858726 = 0.1267
  6. (Cos B x Tan M) - (Sin B x Cos F) = (-0.6233) - (0.1267) = -0.7500
  7. Sin F / (Cos B x Tan M) - (Sin B x Cos F) = 0.882444633487301 / -0.7500 = -1.1766
  8. Calculate the atan of this number = ATAN (-1.1766) = -0.8664
  9. Times this by 100 and you get = 86.64

Step 3:

There are two significant things to look at in your number:

  1. If its a NEGATIVE (-) number then you start counting from South otherwise it will be from North
  2. If you must know from North then:

    1. Ignore the NEGATIVE (-)
    2. Subtract the resulting number from 180 e.g. 180 - 86.64 = 93.36 from North Anticlockwise
    3. Subtract the resulting number from 360 e.g. 360 - 86.64 = 273.36 from North Clockwise


Test Mumbai:

Mumbai Latitude Longitude  (Answer given is 18.9750° N, 72.8258° E)

The number I get is -100.1811428

  1. If its a NEGATIVE (-) number then you start counting from South otherwise it will be from North
  2. If you must know from North then:
    1. Ignore the NEGATIVE (-)
    2. Subtract the resulting number from 180 e.g. 180 -100.1811428 = 79.82 from North Anticlockwise
    3. Subtract the resulting number from 360 e.g. 360 - 100.1811428 = -259.82 from North Clockwise

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#95 [Permalink] Posted on 30th May 2014 22:08

Shaykh (Mufti) Rasheed Ahmed Ludhyanwi (RA) had created a graph by hand in 1969 for worldwide Qiblah directions and this was one of a kind graph for Qiblah directions. In 1983 Engineer Basheer Ahmed Baghwi tried to create an A4 size version of the graph to make it accessible to laymen.

These days Engineer Mohammad Odeh of ICOP has amalgamated the new computer generated graph into his Accurate Times App

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#96 [Permalink] Posted on 10th February 2015 21:14
 
Technology sets right prayer
direction in many mosques

 
Tuesday, 10 February 2015

TAIF — Many residents of Taif who depend on Google Earth to work out the direction of the Qiblah (the direction of the Kaaba toward which Muslims face when praying) were surprised to find most local mosques were facing the wrong way when holding prayers, Makkah reported.

Awad Al-Thubaiti said before such technology became popular, people never questioned the direction of the Qiblah in mosques.

The only time when people had to work out the direction of the Qiblah was when they had to pray outside of the mosques.

Al-Thubaiti said: “New hi-tech methods have provided us with a more accurate calculation of the Qiblah direction through satellite technology.

“The most widely used of these methods is Google Earth.”

He added that Google Earth is used to define the direction of the Qiblah by locating the Kaaba and the mosque the user is in.

The user would then draw a line from the mosque he is in to the Kaaba to determine the Qiblah’s direction.

Al-Thubaiti said: “Often the estimations don’t match the Qiblah direction determined in the mosques.

“The difference differs from mosque to mosque, but the most accurate of them all is Abdullah Bin Abbas Mosque.”

Taif Ministry of Islamic Affairs Director Abdulaziz Al-Mudara said the Board of Senior Ulema (scholars) has issued a fatwa (religious edict) in 1988 stating that facing the Qiblah in prayers is not an accurate measure but a close approximation.

The fatwa clarified that the most important thing for a correct prayer is for the Muslim to be facing the right direction.

However, people believed the ministry’s response was dismissive and was too heavily reliant on a 27-year-old fatwa over modern and accurate technology.

In response, Al-Mudara said the ministry does use new accurate and specialized technology in determining the direction of the Qiblah.

He said: “The devices we have are more accurate than Google Earth.

“If we found any discrepancies in the current and new calculations of the Qiblah’s direction, we will simply readjust the direction of the mosque’s prayer mats.

“The same fatwa also said that if a mosque had the wrong Qiblah direction, there is no need to demolish it and only change the direction its prayer mats points toward.”
 
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#97 [Permalink] Posted on 27th May 2015 20:35
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#98 [Permalink] Posted on 27th May 2015 22:15
abu mohammed wrote:
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what UK time? Confirm the details please...
Posted via the Muftisays Android App
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#99 [Permalink] Posted on 27th May 2015 22:22
Muadh_Khan wrote:
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Quote:
from the northeast horizon and continues moving until it comes directly overhead on the Kaaba at 12:18 p.m. The Kaaba will lose its shadow for a brief time.


Therefore, 10:18am UK time since Makkah is 2 hours ahead of us.

Makkah is currently GMT+3
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#100 [Permalink] Posted on 24th June 2017 12:12
Halalified YT Audio

Noman Ali Khan on Qiblah direction and things we may not have known.

A beautiful verse in the Quran is also mentioned where Allah says He looks at our Iman! A good listen.
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#101 [Permalink] Posted on 14th July 2017 15:16

abu mohammed wrote:
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Qibla by the Sun
______________________________________________

Sun over the Kaaba on Saturday 15 July

التعامد الثاني للشمس على الكعبة.. السبت المقبل

At the time of noon at the Sacred Mosque at 12:27pm local Makkah time (9:27am) (GMT)

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#102 [Permalink] Posted on 20th November 2018 18:52

Qiblah Distance and Direction (Calculations):

This is calculated using the Havesine Formula and it uses the great-circle distance between two points – that is, the shortest distance over the earth’s surface. Your input will be as follows:

  1. DESTINATION (Kabah): 21.4225, 39.8261 and you will always put this as a second input into any formula because this is your DESTINATION
  2. Your City, try this for 8 cities

Anchorage (61.21806, -149.90028)

Buenos Aires (-34.61315, -58.37723)

Glasgow (55.86515, -4.25763)

Hyderabad (17.38405, 78.45636)

Johannesburg (-26.20227, 28.04363)

London (51.50853, -0.12574)

Miami (25.77427, -80.19366)

Reykjavík (64.13548, -21.89541)

www.omnicalculator.com/other/azimuth

keisan.casio.com/exec/system/1317262499

planetcalc.com/7042/

Latitude & Longitude

  1. Get it from here.
  2. Always enter in decimal

www.latlong.net/

Problems:

Havesine Formula causes problems when the distances are really really close together but most of us don't have any real issues with that. It also does not take Magnetic declination into account but that is also not an issue for Muslims while facing Qiblah.

Point?

Categorically proves that Qiblah is the shortest point on a globe and from America it is North-East


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#103 [Permalink] Posted on 22nd November 2018 19:35
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#104 [Permalink] Posted on 24th September 2019 09:28

An Emirati astronaut’s challenge:
how to face Makkah in space


Dubai Islamic Affairs Authority issues specific timetable
for prayers and fasting hours for UAE's first astronaut


Hazza Al Mansouri and Sultan Al Neyadi undergo simulation
training in the Soyuz spacecraft.

September 23, 2019


Astronauts at the International Space Station orbit the Earth every 90 minutes. This means they will witness a staggering 16 sunrises and sunsets every day.


So how will the UAE’s first Emirati astronaut, who is a Muslim, pray five times a day and figure out which way is Makkah?


The answers can be found in a prayer booklet issued by Dubai’s Islamic Affairs Authority who have recommended Hazza Al Mansouri follow the timings of the holy city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia.


Muslims must pray five times a day at times dictated by the height of the sun. When aboard a station orbiting the Earth at 27,500kph, which direction must Maj Al Mansouri face when expressing his faith?


“Astronauts in space witness 16 sunrises and 16 sunsets a day, so it becomes unclear when they could pray or fast,” said Dr Mohammed Al Ahbabi, director general of the UAE Space Agency.


Malaysian astronaut Sheikh Muszapher Shukor, who travelled to the ISS during Ramadan in 2007, faced a similar dilemma. As a devout Muslim, he wanted to pray on time while facing Makkah.


“When Sheikh Muszapher Shukor visited us in 2015, he told us how before his trip he was asking how he could pray on time while in space,” said Dr Al Ahbabi.


Malaysia’s space agency Angkasa convened a summit that included 150 Islamic scholars to answer questions concerning qibla directions and prayer timings.


“He told us he was issued a fatwa to follow the prayer timings of the location of the launch, which was Kazakhstan.”


Maj Al Mansouri will also be heading to space from Kazakhstan but has been advised to prioritise following the prayer timings adhered to in Makkah.


The booklet described it as “the most suitable” time for prayers and fasting for astronauts visiting the ISS — of all the options.


Makkah’s timings are more favourable than Kazakhstan because Maj Al Mansouri will not remain above the central Asian country for the duration of his 8-day space mission.


“Since it [the capsule] will detach from Earth, and will be rotating around it very fast, and in different routes, there is no point of following the timings of the launch country, and Makkah as the land where the revelation [message of Islam] was inspired, takes precedent,” the booklet read.


It said that space travel does not absolve a Muslim of their mandatory prayers and fast during Ramadan “so it is important for the astronaut to know their timings”.


The booklet also advised that Maj Al Mansouri attempt to face Earth while praying but if it is too difficult, and he risks missing a prayer, he should pray in any direction.


Before praying, Muslims must perform ablution — a ritual of washing the hands, face, neck and feet.


The booklet said that the ISS provides water among other daily necessities but advised astronauts to take with a grain of sand or a stone that can act as a replacement for water in ablution when water becomes unavailable.


https://www.thenational.ae/uae/scien...space-1.914016

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