Exactly. It was a prophecy of the Prophet Mohammed (SAW) that had come to pass. Subhana'Allah. It's also important to note why Hassan (RA) did so because he did not want further bloodshet between Muslims.
Sayyiduna Abu Bakrah رضي الله عنه said that he heard the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم say, when he was on the pulpit with Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه:
"This son of mine is a Sayyid, and perhaps through him Allaah will reconcile two groups of Muslims." [Saheeh al-Bukhari]
The word Sayyid is derived from the word su'dud (prominance) or, it has been said, from the word sawaad (a multitude) because he heads a great multitude of people. [Tuhfatul Ahwadhi]
After the murder of Ameerul Mu'mineen 'Ali رضي الله عنه, allegiance was sworn to his son Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه. Sayyiduna Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه spent a few days thinking about what to do because he knew there were divisions among the people; some were on his side, while others were with Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه. Such a division was not good for the Muslims. In the end, in order to reconcile the Muslims and protect their blood from being shed, he handed over the caliphate to Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه. Imaam al-Hasan's رضي الله عنه caliphate lasted for a little less than six months, in what was called 'the year of unity'. This is what the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم had foretold when he had said:
"...and perhaps through him Allaah will reconcile two groups of Muslims." [Fathul-Baari]
Imaam al-Hasan رضي الله عنه gave up power not because he was defeated or lacked support or for any other reason. Instead, he sought his reward with Allaah سبحانه و تعالى only, at a time when he thought that Muslim blood should be protected. He gave precedence to the interests of Islaam and the Muslim community. [al-Hasan Ibn 'Ali, His Life and Times]
Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه is regarded as one of those who had the honour of narrating ahaadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. He had stayed close to the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم after the conquest of Makkah; he was also his brother-in-law and his scribe.
Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya رضي الله عنه narrated 163 ahaadeeth from the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم, of which Imaam al-Bukhari رحمه الله and Imaam Muslim رحمه الله both recorded four in their saheeh collections. An additional four are found in the collection of Imaam al-Bukhari رحمه الله alone, while Imaam Muslim رحمه الله narrated another five.
Sayyiduna Mu'aawiya's رضي الله عنه conduct with the people during his governorship was of the best type, which made his people love him. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said,
"The best of your rulers are those whom you love and who love you, upon whom you invoke blessings and who invoke blessings upon you. The worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you, upon whom you invoke curses and who invoke curses upon you." [Saheeh Muslim]
"The scholars are unanimously agreed that Mu'aawiya is the best of the kings of this Ummah. The four before him were caliphs in the footsteps of prophethood, and he was the first of the kings. His reign was one of mercy."
He also said, "There was no one among the Muslim kings who was better than Mu'aawiya, and the people were never better off at the time of any king than they were at the time of Mu'aawiya."
The Issue of Reviling Ameerul Mu'mineen 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู
Dr. 'Ali Muhammad as-Sallabi writes,
"The Shi'a accused Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู of making people revile and curse Sayyiduna 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู on the pulpits of the Mosques, but this claim is not true. What causes a great deal of annoyance is the fact that researchers picked up this fabrication, even though it is worthless, without subjecting it to critical analysis. Later historians accepted it as fact, seeing no need to discuss it, although there is no proof at all in any sound report. We cannot rely on what is narrated in in the books of ad-Dumayri, al-Ya'qoobi and Abul Faraj al-Isfahaani.
Moreover, it should be noted that the accurate history confirms something other than what these writers say, which is that Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู respected Sayyiduna 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู and his noble family and held them in high esteem. The story about Sayyiduna 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู being cursed on the pulpits of the Umayyads is not in accordance with the nature of events or the nature of the disputing parties.
If we refer to books of history that were written at the time of the Umayyads, we do not find any such mention. We only find it in the books of later historians who wrote their histories during the time of the 'Abbaasids with the aim of giving a bad image to the Umayyads in the eyes of the Muslim masses. That was written by al-Mas'ood in Murooj adh-Dhahab and by other Raafidi Shi'a writers.
These lies crept onto the history books of Ahlus Sunnah without a single sound report. The seriousness of such claims is known to scholars and researchers, especially when the claim comes from the Rawaafid. Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู is far above such accusations because of his well-known virtues. His conduct was good, and he was praised by some of the Companions ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููู and the best of the Taabi'oon ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููู , who testified to his religious commitment, knowledge, justice, forbearance and other positive characteristics.
Once this is established, it seems most unlikely that he would make people curse Sayyiduna 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู on the pulpits. That would imply that the early generation and the scholars after them who praised him so greatly must have supported his wrongdoing and must have agreed on this misguidance. This is a great lie and fabrication against the scholars among the Companions ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููู , Taabi'oon ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููู and those who sincerely followed them.
The one who studies Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah's ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู conduct as a ruler - the forbearance and patience for which he was well known, as well as his good conduct in running people's affairs - will clearly see that this is one of the greatest lies against him. Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู attained a high level of forbearance and set a sublime example for subsequent generations.
As the caliph, Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู had a warm and friend relationship with Sayyiduna 'Ali's ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู sons; this is well known from the books of biography and history. For example, Sayyiduna al-Hasan ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู and Sayyiduna al-Husayn ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู went to Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah, and he gave them two hundred thousand dirhams, saying, "My predecessors never gave anyone such an amount."
Sayyiduna Al-Husayn ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู said to him, "And you never gave to anyone better than us."
On another occasion, Sayyiduna al-Hasan ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู visited Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู, who said to him, "Welcome to the son of the Messenger of Allaah's ุตูู ุงููู ุนููู ูุณูู daughter."
He ordered that a sum of three hundred thousand dirhams be given to him.
This clearly demonstrates that what is claimed about Sayyiduna Mu'aawiyah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู making the people revile Sayyiduna 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู is false. How could this happen when there was love, friendship, warmth and respect between him and the sons of 'Ali? Thus, the truth concerning this matter becomes quite obvious.
That society was generally restricted by the rulings of the Shari'ah and was keen to implement them. They were most unlikely to slander, curse or utter obscene offensive words. It was narrated from Sayyiduna Ibn Mas'ood ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนูู in a hadeeth that is traced back to the Prophet ุตูู ุงููู ุนููู ูุณูู : "The believer is not the one who slanders or curses or speaks obscenity or is foul-mouthed."
It was narrated from Ummul Mu'mineen 'Aa'ishah ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููุง in another hadeeth traced directly back to the Prophet ุตูู ุงููู ุนููู ูุณูู : "Do not revile the dead, because they have gone to what they sent on ahead." (Bukhari)
[Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ุฑุถู ุงููู ุนููู ุง: His Life & Times, pp. 318-323]
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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