Abdullah Ibn Masood

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 1st December 2010 10:03
Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهwas of the tribe of Banu Huzail and was also the sworn ally of Banu Zahra. When Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه was still a youth, not yet past the age of puberty, he used to roam the mountain trails of Makkah far away from people, tending the flocks of a Quraish chieftain, Uqbah Ibn Muayt. People called him 'Ibn Umm Abd', the son of the mother of a slave. His real name was Abdullah and his fathers name was Masood.

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه meets the Prophet

The youth had heard the news of the Prophet whom had appeared among his people but he did not attach any importance to it both because of his age and because he was usually far away from Makkan society. It was his habit to leave with the flock of Uqbah early in the morning and not return until nightfall.

One day while tending the flocks, Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه saw two men, middle-aged and of dignified bearing, coming towards him from a distance. They were obviously very thirsty and tired. They came up to him, greeted him and said, 'Young man, milk one of these sheep for us that we may quench our thirst and recover our strength.'
'I cannot,' replied the young man. 'The sheep are not mine. I am only responsible for looking after them.'
The two men did not argue with him. In fact, despite their thirst, they were extremely pleased at his honest reply. The two men were the blessed Prophet himself and his companion, Abu Bakr Siddiq. They had gone out on that day to the mountains of Makkah to escape the violent persecution of the Quraish.
The young man in turn was impressed with the Prophet and his companion and soon became quite attached to them.

It was not long before Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهbecame a Muslim and offered to be in the service of the Prophet . The Prophet agreed and from that day, the fortunate Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهgave up tending sheep in exchange for looking after the needs of the blessed Prophet . He was the sixth man to accept Islam. Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهremained closely attached to the Prophet . He would attend to his needs both inside and outside the house. He would accompany him on journeys and expeditions. He would wake him when he slept. He would shield him when he washed. He would carry his staff and his Siwak (toothbrush) and attend to his other personal needs. It was for these reasons that the Sahabah took to calling him Saheb-e-Siwak (bearer of the siwak), Saheb-e-Nalaen (bearer of the slippers), Saheb-e-Mutahara (bearer of the water) and also Saheb-e-Wisadah (bearer of the bedroll).

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهreceived a unique training in the household of the Prophet . He was under the guidance of the Prophet , he adopted his manner and followed his every trait until it was said of him, 'He was the closest to the Prophet in character.' Abdullah was often mistaken as one of the Blessed Household. Abu Musa Ashari رضى الله تعالى عنهsays, 'When we came from Yemen, we thought for some time that Abdullah رضى الله تعالى عنهwas a member of the Blessed Household, because Abdullah رضى الله تعالى عنهand his mother were constantly coming and going in the Prophet presence. Furthermore, the Prophet once said to Abdullah, "O Abdullah, you do not need permission to enter my house. You are always welcome."

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه was the best at reciting the Qur'aan among the companions and he understood it better than them all. He was therefore the most knowledgeable on the Shari'ah. Nothing can illustrate this better than the story of the man who came to Umar Ibn al-Khattab رضى الله تعالى عنهas he was standing on the plain of Arafat and said: 'I have come, O Amir al-Mumineen, from Kufa where I left a man filling copies of the Qur'aan from memory.' Umar رضى الله تعالى عنهbecame very angry and paced up and down beside his camel, fuming. 'Who is he?' he asked. 'Abdullah Ibn Masood,' replied the man. Umar's anger subsided and he regained his composure. 'Woe to you,' he said to the man. 'By Allah, I don't know of any person left who is more qualified in this matter than he is. Let me tell you about this.' Umar رضى الله تعالى عنهcontinued: 'One night the Messenger of Allah was having a conversation with Abu Bakr رضى الله تعالى عنهabout the situation of Muslims. I was with them. When the Prophet left, we left with him also and as we passed through the mosque, there was a man standing in Prayer whom we did not recognise. The Prophet stood and listened to him, then turned to us and said, "Whoever wants to read the Qur'aan as fresh as when it was revealed, then let him read according to the recitation of Ibn Umm Abd."

After the Prayer, as Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه sat making supplications, the Prophet said, "Ask and it will be given to you. Ask and it will be given to you." I said to myself, I should go to Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهstraight away and tell him the good news of the Prophet's ensuring acceptance of his supplications. I went and did so but found that Abu Bakr رضى الله تعالى عنهhad gone before me and conveyed the good news to him. By Allah, I have never yet beaten Abu Bakr رضى الله تعالى عنهin the doing of any good.' In another Hadith, the Prophet said, 'Learn the Qur'aan from four people, Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه, Salim Maula Abi Huzaifah رضى الله تعالى عنه, Ubayy Ibn Kaab رضى الله تعالى عنهand Muaz Ibn Jabal رضى الله تعالى عنه.' The Prophet has also said, 'Read the Qur'aan in the same manner as Abdullah Ibn Masood teaches.'

Note: The most popular and widely read Qiraat is that of Imaam Hafs. He relates from Imaam Aasim Kufi and he in turn relates from Abu Abdur Rahman Abdullah Ibn Habib As-Sulmiyi, who relates from Uthman Ibn Affan, Ali Ibn Talib, Abdullah Ibn Masood, Ubayy Ibn Kaab and Zaid Ibn Thaabit. They all, in turn, relate directly from the Prophet .

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهattained such a knowledge of the Qur'aan that he would say, 'By Him besides Whom there is no Allah, no verse of the book of Allah has been revealed without my knowing where it was revealed and the circumstances of its revelation. By Allah, if I know there was anyone who knew more of the Book of Allah, I will do whatever is in my power to be with him.'

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه was not exaggerating in what he said about himself. Once Umar Ibn al-Khattab رضى الله تعالى عنهmet a caravan on one of his journeys as caliph. It was pitch dark and the caravan could not be seen properly. Umar رضى الله تعالى عنهordered someone to hail the caravan. It happened that Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهwas in it.

'From where do you come?' asked Umar رضى الله تعالى عنه. 'From a deep valley,' came the reply, using the Qur'aanic expression - fajj amiq.'And where are you going?' asked Umar.' To the ancient house,' came the reply, using the Qur'aanic expression - al-bayt al-atiq. 'There is a learned person (alim) among them,' said Umar and he commanded someone to ask the person, 'Which part of the Qur'aan is the greatest?' 'Allah. There is no Deity except Him, the Living, the Self-subsisting. Neither slumber overtakes Him nor sleep,' replied the person answering, quoting the Ayat al-Kursi (the verse of the Throne). 'Which part of the Qur'aan is the most clear on justice?' 'Allah commands what it just and fair, the feeding of relatives,' 'What it the most comprehensive statement of the Qur'aan?' 'Whoever does an atoms weight of good shall see it, and whoever does an atom's weight of evil shall see it.' 'Which part of the Qur'aan gives risk to the greatest hope?'
'Say, O my servants who have wasted their resources, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. He is the Forgiving, the Compassionate.' Thereupon Umar asked, 'Is Abdullah Ibn Masood among you? 'Yes, by Allah,' the men in the caravan replied.

The Prophet had always desired to make Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهa leader of men, as it is clear from the following words of the Prophet , 'If I was to make anyone a leader over someone without consulting anyone, I would make Ibn Masood a leader.'

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنهwould refrain from narrating Hadith in fear of mistakes. However when he did narrate a Hadith, he was very particular and precocious in what he attributed to the Prophet . He would turn pale and quake in fear whenever he accidentally attributed something to the Prophet , even though the Prophet has said, 'Whatever Ibn Masood narrates to you, believe him.' Whenever he gave a verdict, he would attribute it to himself, saying that it was his own opinion and that it was from Allah if it was correct and that it was from himself and Satan, if it was incorrect. For this reason, many Fatwahs have been attributed to Abdullah instead of the Prophet .

Imaam Nisai writes in his Sunan: 'A man married a woman, then he passed away before he could consummate his wedding or set a dowry for his wife. When the issue was placed before the Sahabah, they advised them to go to Abdullah. When they came to Abdullah, he tried to avoid them and told them to ask someone else. Finally he relented and said, "The woman will receive Mehr-e-Mithl. If the verdict is correct, it is of Allah. If it is incorrect, then it is of Satan and I. Neither Allah and the Prophet are responsible for it." A Sahabi by the name of Maakal Ibn Al-Ashjai was also present and he said, "I swear by Allah, you have given the same verdict that the Prophet gave in the favour of Broan Bint Washile Al-Ashjai. Your verdict is in accordance with the Prophet." On hearing this, Abdullah rejoiced as he had never rejoiced before. The majority of Fatwahs of Iraq and the Hanafi Fiqh are based upon the Fatwahs of Abdullah Ibn Masood His authority in Fiqh was such that the other Sahabahwould refuse to give a Fatwah during while he was still alive. They would always refer any seeker to him. Students who wanted to enter his service and gain knowledge from him were always constantly petitioning him.

Khatima Ibn Abu Subrah once went to Madinah and prayed for a pious companion. Hurraira was Allah's reply. Abu Hurraira asked Khatima where he had come from. He replied that he had travelled for two days from Kufa. Abu Hurraira said to him, 'Is not Saad Ibn Malik, who is Mustajab-ul-Dawat amongst you? Is not Ibn Masood, who was the bearer of the Prophet slippers and ablution water amongst you? Is not Huzaifah, who was privy to the Prophet thoughts amongst you? Is not Amar amongst you, who Allah granted refuge from Shaytaan through the Prophets tongue amongst you? Is not he who knows the two Divine Books (the Qur'aan and the New Testament), Salman Farsi amongst you?' Coincidentally, all the Sahabah . who Hazrat Abu Hurraira mentioned were in Kufa at that time.

Hazrat Saad narrates, 'Once there were six of us in the service of the Prophet . Besides me were Abdullah Ibn Masood and Bilal Habshee. Some pagans of Makkah came before the Prophet and began to say, "Remove these people first, then we shall talk." The Prophet was still considering whether sending us out would win over their hearts and make them more receptive to Islam, when the following verse was revealed: 'Send not away those who call on their Lord, morning and evening, seeking His Face.' (Q6:52)

Saad proudly states, 'This verse was revealed for us.' Who can match the status of those who are praised by Allah? The whole point of the worship of Allah is the pleasure of Allah. These six attained the glad tidings of Allah in their lifetime that Allah was pleased with them.

As anyone who has taken an in depth, study on the knowledge of the Sahabah will tell you, the knowledge of the Sahabah climaxed in two people, Ali and Abdullah.

On one hand, we have Allah, the Prophet and his Sahabah who sing the praises of Abdullah Ibn Masood's excellence in knowledge and character. On the other hand, we have a sect of narrow-minded and totally unqualified people who, ironically, call themselves Ahl-e-Hadith (the people of the Hadith), better known as the Ghair-Muqalids (the leaderless), saying that Abdullah Ibn Masood was uninformed regarding the Prophet Salaah. Wasn't Abdullah Ibn Masood the one who the Sahabah would mistake as one of the Blessed Household? Wasn't he the constant companion of the Prophet for thirty years? But then, according to the Ghair-Muqalids, Ali and Saad were also uninformed of the Prophet Salaah, and that all three of these great Sahabah were in reality, non-entities.

Abdullah Ibn Masood was the first man to recite aloud the words of the Qur'aan before a gathering of the Quraish. The companions of the Prophet were together one day in Makkah. They were still few in number, weak and oppressed. They said, 'The Quraish have not yet heard the Qur'aan being recited openly and loudly. Who is the man who could recite it for them?' 'I shall recite it for them,' volunteered Abdullah Ibn Masood. 'We are afraid for you,' they said. 'We only want someone who has a clan who would protect him from their evil.' 'Let me,' Abdullah Ibn Masood insisted, 'Allah shall protect me and keep me away from their evil.' He then went out to the mosque until he reached Maqam Ibrahim (a landmark situated a few meters from the Kabah). It was dawn and the Quraish were sitting around the Kabah. Abdullah began to recite Surah Rahman. The Quraish looked at him intently and some of them asked, 'What is Ibn Umm Abd saying? Damn him! He is reciting some of what Muhammad brought!'

They began to slap his face but he continued reciting. When he concluded his recital, his face was covered with welts and blood. 'By Allah,' said Abdullah, 'the enemies of Allah are more uncomfortable than I am at this moment. If you wish, I shall return tomorrow and do the same.' 'You have done enough,' they said. 'You have made them hear what they dislike.'

Abdullah Ibn Masood did Hijrat three times, twice to Ethiopia and once to Madinah. He participated in every Gazwah. It was he who beheaded Abu Jahl in Badr. It was to him that the Prophet presented Abu Jahl's sword as a share in the booty. The Caliph Umar sent Abdullah Ibn Masood to Kufa to educate the people and to take charge of the Bait-ul-Maal. When Umar fixed salaries for the Sahabah, he offered Abdullah a salary too. Abdullah refused and said, 'Why do you try to turn me to the world.'

Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه death

Abdullah Ibn Masood lived to the time of Caliph Uthman. It was during this era that he retired from his post and returned to Madinah. When he was sick and on his death-bed, Uthman came to visit him and said, 'What is your ailment?' 'My sins.' 'And what do you desire?' 'The mercy of my Lord.' 'Shall I not give you your stipend which you have refused to take for years now?' 'I have no need of it.' 'Let it be for your daughters after you.' 'Do you fear poverty for my children? I have commanded them to read Surah al-Waqiah every night for I have heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever reads Al-Waqiah every night shall not be afflicted by poverty ever."

That night, in either 33 or 34 A.H, Abdullah Ibn Masood رضى الله تعالى عنه passed away to the company of his Lord, his tongue moist with the remembrance of Allah and with the recitation of the verses of His Book.

Source: Haq Islam
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd December 2010 14:22
Once Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud رضي الله عنه went to the market. He had his companions with him. He picked up something to buy. He began searching for his money to make the payment. He had actually placed the money in a small bag in his Imamah (turban), at the back. So he began fumbling around for it and he discovered that his bag had disappeared and there was no money. So Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud رضي الله عنه said to his companions who were there, "By Allah, I remember that when I came here I had my money with me." (i.e. someone has stolen it). So his companions began cursing the thief. Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud رضي الله عنه said, "Do not curse him. Rather, I pray for him. Oh Allah! If he stole because he was in need, then oh Allah, bless this money for him. And if he stole not because he was in need, but out of sin and transgression, then oh Allah, make this his last sin." This was the noble character of Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (radiallahu anh), and indeed all of the Sahabah (radiallahu anhum). They would pray even for those who had wronged them.

[Taken from a lecture by Shaykh Riyad ul Haq, titled 'Malice: To Hate & Hurt']


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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:25
Name and Lienage

His name was Abdullah and he was commonly called Abu Abdur Rahman. His father's name was Ma'sood and his mothers name was Umie Abd. His ancestry is as follows:


Abdullah, the son of Mas'ood, who was the son of Ghaafil, who was the son of Hubaib, who was the son of Shamakh, who was the son of Faar, who was the son of Makhzoom, who was the son of Masaahilah, who was the son of Kaahil, who was the son of Haarith, who was the son of Tameem, who was the son of Sa'ad, who was the son of Nahdeel, who was the son of Mudrikah, who was the son of Ilyaas, who was the son of Mudhir.

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Ma'sood رضي الله عنه father was the supporter of Abd bin Haarith during the period of ignorance.



Taken from 100 stories of Abdullah bin Masood رضي الله عنه by Maulana Muhammad Uwais Saror,
English translation edited by Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias

Usdul Ghaabah
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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:44
Early life

The majority of his childhood days were spent tending and rearing sheep. This was the common practice in those days, such that even children of the elite and affluent in society spent their early years in this manner. This was their first teaching ground, where they learnt practical lessons of simplicity,diligence, faithfulness and honesty.

When the call of Tauheed first began in Makkah, Abdullah bin Mas'ood was in this very teaching ground, tending to sheep of Uqbah bin Mu'eeth. It was this very act of tending to sheep that led to the guidance of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masoodرضي الله عنه : the details of which will be mentioned later.

Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه also underwent untold suffering and persecution with the other muslims in the early years of Islam. He migrated twice to Abysinnia to free himself from these difficult conditions and finally migrated to Madinah. In Madinah Rasoolalah (saw) established bonds of brotherhood between him and and Hadhrat Muadh bin Jabal رضي الله عنه. Rasoolalah (saw) awarded him a piece of land directly adjacent to the Masjid to reside in.
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:44
The great Sahaba (RA) who started the great work of Tabligh in Khufah.

Imam Abu Hanafah's (RA) teachings go back to him. So, when Salafis begin tagging you Hanafis, you can reply by saying, we can also call ourselves Masoodis since it's through his teaching/students we got our chain of Islam from.

HAH!
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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:49
Participation in battles

Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه participated in all famous and important battles of Islam, displaying immense courage and bravery. During the Battle of Badr two youths from the Ansaar had wounded and incapacitated Abu Jahl. Rasoolalah (saw) instructed the Sahaaba to search out Abu Jahal and Abdullah bin Mas'ood went out in search of him and found him lying wounded in the battlefield. He still had some life in him: Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه grabbed his beard and finished him off.


Bukhari
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#7 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:52
Jinn wrote:
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He (RA) was also a personal attendant to the Prophet (SAW) where he'd carry his belongings when they'd go on expeditions.
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#8 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 17:58
Knowledge and Excellence

Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه is amongst those Sahabah whose knowledge and excellence
has been accepted by the entire islamic world and is remembered the title of 'Afqahus Sahabah' ( The most expert in Jurispudence amongst the Sahabah).

Majority of the narrations and teachings of the Hanafi school of thought have been reported by Hadhrat Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه because Imam Abu Hanifa rahimullah sought his knowledge from Hadhrat Ibraheem Nakhie rahimullah who sought his knowledge from Hadhrat Alqamah rahimullah, who in turn was the student of Abdullah bin Masood رضي الله عنه


He would recite the Quran in the most beautiful and melodious manner and Rasoolalah (saw) himself had requested to listen Abdullah bin Mas'ood recite the Quran.

He was extremely cautious in reporting Ahadeeth and never showed any carelessness in this regard.




The fragrance from your soul will continue to emanate

The garden of your memories will continue to emit its sweet scent
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#9 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 18:04
The result of having no desire for this world

Abdullah bin Mas'ood رضي الله عنه once said (while addressing some of the Taabi'een), you fast more than the Sahaaba of Rasoolalah (saw), perform more salah and make more effort but they were still better than you all. They enquired, why were they better than us, O Abu Abdur Rahman ? Abdullah bin Masood replied, 'They had less desire for this world than you and greater longing for the Aakhirah than you'.



-Hilyatul Auliyaa
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#10 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 18:08
Jinn wrote:
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Ali (RA) who was superior than Abdullah ibn Masood (RA) as he's from the Khulafah Rashideen praised the teaching of Abullah ibn Masood (RA) when he transferred his capital to Kufah when he noticed how pious and practicising the people were.

That speaks volume about him if he's being praised by Ali (RA).
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#11 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 20:23
Imam Ali wrote:
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A new name for Hanafis.
Like it.
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#12 [Permalink] Posted on 3rd June 2014 20:28
Jinn wrote:
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A bit correction.
Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa rh.a was the student of Hazrat Hammad rh.a and He was the student of Hazrat Ibraheem Nakh'i rh.a
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#13 [Permalink] Posted on 4th June 2014 01:10
Arfatzafar wrote:
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Jazak'Allah for this.
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#14 [Permalink] Posted on 5th June 2014 12:28
Arfatzafar wrote:
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That's how it was in the book, I'll drop Mufti Afzal an email anyway just to confirm.

If correct then jazakumullah for the correction.
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#15 [Permalink] Posted on 5th June 2014 12:34
An emotional supplication at Badr

Abdullah bin Masood رضي الله عنه narrates that he has never seen any person supplicating as emotionally as he had seen Rasoolalah (saw) supplicating on the day of Badr. Rasoolalah (saw) was saying, O Allah ! I beseech you through your promise and your assurance. O Allah ! if this small group is destroyed there will remain no one to worship you'. Rasoolalah (saw) then turned to the Sahabah and his face was radiating with joy. He said, 'I am seeing with my own eyes where theses disbelievers will be lying later this evening (after they are killed).

-Bidayah wan Nihaya
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