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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 28th January 2007 21:36
Aisha (Rad)

The life of Hazrat Aisha (Radhiyallahu-Anha) is proof that a woman canbe far more learned than men and that she can be the teacher ofscholars and experts. Her life is also proof that the same woman can betotally feminine and be a source of pleasure, joy and comfort to herhusband.
In her youth, already known for her striking beauty and herformidable memory, she came under the loving care and attention of theHoly Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) himself. As his wifeand close companion she acquired from him knowledge and insight such asno woman has acquired.

Hazrat Aisha (Radhiyallahu-Anha) was born as a Muslim. She says:"When I got to the age of understanding my parents were alreadyMuslims." From this is it clear that not even a brink of Kufr wasshadowed upon her.

Hazrat Aisha (Radhiyallahu-Anha) became the Holy Prophet's(Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) wife in Makkah when she was in the sixthyear of her life but her wedding did not take place until the secondyear after the Hijrah when she was about nine or ten. About herwedding, she related that: "Shortly before she was to leave herparent's house, she slipped out into the courtyard to play with apassing friend. I was playing on a see-saw and my long streaming hairwas dishevelled." She further says: "They came and took me from my playand made me ready."

Marriage to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) did notchange her playful ways. Her young friends came to visit her regularlyin her own apartment. Hazrat Aisha (Radhiyallahu-Anha) had her life tothe Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam).

Once the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) went somewhere atnight. When Hazrat Aisha's (Radhiyallahu-Anha) eyes opened she did notfind the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) present, so she was verydisturbed. She started searching for him in the darkness. Finally herhand touched the foot of the Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam), whowas in prostration, and she was very relieved.

The bulk of her vast treasure of knowledge was obtained while she was quite young. There are 2210 traditions narrated from her.

Hazrat Aisha's (Radhiyallahu-Anha) students were approximately 200,out of which were: Hazrat Abu Hurairah, Hazrat Abu Musa Ashari, HazratAbdullah ibn Abbas and Hazrat Abdullah ibn Zubair (Radhiyallahu-Anhum).

When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) was on his deathbed, he had his head on Hazrat Aisha's (Radhiyallahu-Anha) lap. At thetime of the Holy Prophet Muhammad's (Sallallahu-Alayhi-Wasallam) deathshe was only eighteen years old.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha)

She is the daughter of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu). There is adifference of opinion regarding her mother's name. Some said it wasZainab, but she was known by the title of "Umme Roomaan". She was thefirst and only virgin wife of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).Besides her all Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s other wives werewidows. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was born about 4 to 5 yearsafter Nabuwwat, and she was married to Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) at the age of six. She went to the home of Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) at the age of nine. The Nikah took place in Macca andthe Rukhsati (sent to husband), took place in Madinah. She remained inthe service of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) for 9 years. She was18 years old when Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) passed away.


NIKAH

After the demise of Hadhrat Khadija (radhiAllaahu anha), HadhratKhaulah binti Hakeem (radhiAllaahu anha) told Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) that he should remarry. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),asked her: "Who to?" She replied that he could marry whoever he wished,a virgin or a widow. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked as towhich virgin she had in mind.
She replied; "From amongst all the creation, your best friend isAbu Bakr. You could marry his daughter, Aisha." Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) then asked her, regarding which widow she had in mind. Shereplied: "Saudah binti Zam`a, who has brought Imaan in you, and followsyou."
Upon hearing this Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told her to go toboth places and propose for him. Hadhrat Khaulah (radhiAllaahu anha)first went to Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu)'s home. At the timeHadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) was not at home. She told UmmeRoomaan, that she has some news for her. She told her that AllaahTa`ala had intended glad tidings for their home. Upon enquiry shereplied that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) had sent her with aproposal of marriage for Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha).
Hadhrat Umme Roomaan, said that she should wait for the arrival ofHadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu). When he arrived she told him theglad news.

Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) said: "She is the niece ofNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)" - He regarded himself as the brotherof Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). "Can Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) marry her?" Then Hadhrat Khaulah (radhiAllaahu aha) went toNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),and asked him regarding the query ofHadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)said : "Tell Abu Bakr that he and I are brothers in Deen, I can marryhis daughter." Hadhrat Khaulah (radhiAllaahu anha) took this news toHadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu), who gladly consented to theproposal. He called Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and the Nikah wasperformed. Thereafter Hadhrat Khaulah (radhiAllaahu anha) went toHadhrat Saudah (radhiAllaahu anha), who indicated her towards herfather, Zam`a, they also consented to the proposal, and Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was married to her. -This will,Insha-Allaah be discussed under the subject regarding Hadhrat Saudah(radhiAllaahu anha).

HIJRAT

Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) took the advice of HadhratKhaulah (radhiAllaahu anha) and married Hadhrat Aisha and Saudah(radhiAllaahu anhuma). However, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) wasleft at her parents home, since she was still too young (6 years).Hadhrat Saudah (radhiAllaahu anha) came to Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) and she was given the domestic responsibilities. Not longthereafter, the Hijrat had begun and most of the Sahabahs reachedMadinah Tayyibah. Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) also desired tomake Hijrat, but Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told him not to makehaste as he hoped that Allaah Ta`ala will give him a companion. HadhratAbu Bakr (radhiAllahu anhu) had lost hope that he would accompany Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) to Madinah Munawwarah. Nevertheless, whenAllaah Ta`ala gave Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) the order to makeHijrat, he took Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) with him. Both ofthem left their families and went to Madinah. Upon their safe arrivalthere they made arrangements for their families to join them.

Hadhrat Zaid bin Haarith and Abu Raafi` (radhiAllaahu anhuma) weresent to Macca with 2 camels and 500 dirhams, in order to bring thefamilies of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and Hadhrat Abu Bakr(radhiAllaahu anhu). On the way they purchased another three camels andarrived in Macca. There they met Hadhrat Talha bin Ubaidullah(radhiAllaahu anhu). He had also intended to go to Madinah. Eventuallyall of them left for Madinah Munawwarah. Included in this caravan was;Hadhrat Zaid bin Haarith, his son Usaama, his wife Umme Ayman, the twodaughters of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), Hadhrat Faatima andUmme Kulthoom, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s two wives, HadhratSaudah and Aisha, the mother, Umme Roomaan, and sister, Asmaa binti AbiBakr, of Hadhrat Aisha, and her brother Abdullah bin Abi Bakr(radhiAllaahu anhum ajmaeen). On this journey, Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) and her mother were seated in one canopy, upon acamel. On the way the camel bolted and started fleeing (due to somereason). Hadhrat Umme Roomaan (radhiAllaahu anha), became veryperturbed and alarmed regarding the safety of her daughter, HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha). She started screaming: "Oh my beloveddaughter, oh my bride." However, Allaah Ta`ala sent His unseenassistance. A voice from the unseen called out: "Let go of the camel'sbridle!". Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) say that she let go of thebridle and the animal came to a halt and returned peacefully.
When they arrived in Madinah, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)was busy constructing living quarters around the Musjid-e-Nabawi, withthe Sahabahs. Hadhrat Saudah, Faatima and Umme Kulthoom (radhiAllaahuanhunna) were made to reside therein. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)was sent to live with her parents.
A few months thereafter, in the month of Shawwal, Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha)'s Rukhsati was made (i.e. she was sent to Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam). The sister of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha), Hadhrat Asmaa binti Abi Bakr (radhiAllaahu anha) was close togiving birth at the time of Hijrat. She stayed at Quba, and there shegave birth to a son, who was named Abdullah. The father of this son wasHadhrat Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu), therefore he became known asAbdullah bin Zubair. This was the first child to be born to theMuhaajireen (migrators from Macca to Madinah). After this birth, theMuslims were greatly overjoyed, because the jews had spread the newsthat they had done 'Jaadoo' (black magic) upon the Muslims and that nochildren will be born to them. This birth of Hadhrat Abdullah binZubair was proof of the jews falsity and their spite for the Muslims.

Hadhrat Asmaa (radhiAllaahu anha) says: "When Abdullah was born, Itook him to the presence of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) placed the baby in his lap and asked for adate, which was given to him. He chewed upon this date and placed a bitin the mouth of the baby ('Tahneek')". This was the first child whosestomach was blessed with the Mubarak saliva of Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also made du`aa for him onthis occasion. Hadhrat Abdullah bin Zubair was the nephew of HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha), hence Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) gaveher the title of Umme Abdullah.

RUKHSATI-- (THE DEPARTURE OF HADHRAT AISHA (radhiAllaahu anha) TO THE HOME OF NABI (sallallahu alaihi wasallam))

The Rukhsati of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was in the monthof Shawwal. The Arabs used to regard it as a bad omen to marry in themonth of Shawwal. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) says that, in orderto dispel the ignorance of people, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'sNikah was made to me in Shawwal, and my Rukhsati was made in Shawwal.She says: "Tell me, who was Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'sfavourite wife?" This was done to dispel the evil belief that marriagein the month of Shawwal meant bad luck, and Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) intended to rid the people of this belief. Hence, there isnothing wrong in marrying in the month of Shawwal.

It is reported in Bukhari Shareef that Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) said to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), that she was shownto him twice in his dreams. In one dream he saw a person carry her inan extremely beautiful silk cloth. When he (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)opened the cloth, he saw Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), and said(to himself) that if this is from Allaah Ta`ala, then He will mostcertainly make it happen. In the second narration it appears as if theperson carrying the silk cloth was an Angel.


The Rukhsati occurred as follows. Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahuanhu) once asked Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as to why he did nottake his bride home. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that he didnot have the amount for the Mehr with him. Hadhrat Abu Bakr(radhiAllaahu anhu) said that he will forward it as a loan to Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)accepted this and he took the loan from his brides father, and paid theMehr.

In a narration in Muslim Shareef, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)says that the normal Mehr that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) gavehis wives was 12 Auqiyahs (i.e. 500 dirhams - silver coins). Todaythousands are stipulated as Mehr, and if there is a small Mehr given itis regarded as a shame and a disgrace. Who can claim to be morehonourable than Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu), and he gave hisdaughter for the amount of 500 dirhams. The best of all creations(sallallahu alaihi wasallam), gave the Mehr of 500 dirhams, and hefound no shame or disgrace therein. At that time also, there wasimportance granted to Mehr. Because Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)did not take his wife due to the fact that he did not have the amountfor Mehr. In these incidences, there are lessons for the Ummat tolearn.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) explains the Rukhsati as follows:"I was playing on a swing with my friends when my mother came andcalled for me. I was not even aware as to why I was being called. Shetook hold of my hand and led me home. As I stood by the door, I was outof breath (due to hurrying to her call). There my mother took somewater and washed my hands and face. Thereafter I was entered into thehouse. Some Ansaar women were seated in the house. Upon seeing her theysaid 'There is goodness in your coming and a good omen.' My motherplaced me in the care of these women,( who 'Beautified' me, andthereafter they left). Then Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) came tome, and it was Chaasht time (mid-morning). This is when Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) first met his new wife." [Bukhari Shareef]


Note the simplicity of the 'ceremony'. There was no hue and cry, nohorse and carriage and no great procession. There was no pomp and show,no beatified home (hall?), and no waste of money. This is also a pointto note, that the bride and groom met in the bride's home. Today ifsuch a 'wedding' be made, it will be a laughing stock. May AllaahTa`ala save us from ignorance, and may He grant us the ability andguidance to follow the Sunnat practices of His beloved Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam).

THE GREAT BENEFITS ATTAINED BY THE COMPANIONSHIP WITH Rasulullaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) spent 9 years in thecompanionship of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and in this periodshe attained vast oceans of knowledge. She repeatedly asked questionsand made queries regarding Deeni matters, always keeping the respectand reverence of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) in mind.
Hadhrat Imaam Zuhri (rahmatullahi alaihi) said, that if theknowledge of all the other wives of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)and of all the women in the world was to be combined, the knowledge ofHadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) would surpass them. Hadhrat Masrooq(rahmatullahi alaihi) who was a Tab`i, and a student of Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) said that he saw such Sahabahs that were veryadvanced in age, who came to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) andenquired about necessary Masaa`il.
Hadhrat Abu Moosa (radhiAllaahu anhu) said that whenever, we, thecompanions of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) had a differenceregarding any Deeni matter, then we would refer to Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha), where we always received clarification. Besidesthe Taabi`een, there were many illustrious Sahabahs that were studentsof Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha).
[NOTE: Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was extremely learned, and shewas, during that era, one of the most knowledgeable. All those thatwere her students were so out of necessity and she imparted knowledgeto them that was of important Deeni significance. There is not a shadowof doubt that Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) taught them, with adividing screen, and she never spoke to them in her normal soft tones.She most certainly conducted herself strictly according to the dictatesand regulations of the Shariah.]

QUESTIONS POSED TO NABI (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)


Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) constantly asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) questions. Once she asked Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam), that she has two close neighbours, so when she gives any oneof them a gift must she do the same for the other? Which of the twomust she give preference? Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) repliedthat preference should be given to the one whose door is the closest.
Once, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) heard Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) making the following du`aa : "Oh Allaah, grant me aneasy reckoning (on the day of Qiyaamah)." She asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) as to how an easy reckoning will be. Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) said that an easy reckoning will be when one's book ofdeeds will be merely (lightly) perused, and one will be given leave.Then he said: "Know! Oh Aisha, if anyone's deeds will be thoroughlyscrutinised, he will be (truly) destroyed."
In one narration, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) says that oneday she and Hadhrat Hafsa (radhiAllaahu anha) had kept Nafl Fast, theylater received food as a gift from someone and they ate therefrom. WhenNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) arrived, she says that Hadhrat Hafsa(radhiAllaahu anha), beat her to asking Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) the question, that they had broke a Nafl fast, and what theruling was regarding that? Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) repliedthat both of them must keep one day fast in compensation for that one.
Once Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that on the day ofQiyaamah, people will be resurrected in the state of nakedness anduncircumcised (i.e. just like the day they were born). Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) asked if all the men and women will be in thatstate, and won't each of them look at the other? Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) replied that the condition of that day will be sosevere, that no one will even think of looking at the other.
Once Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) made the following du`aa:"Oh Allaah, give me a life of a Miskeen (poor person), grant me a deathin the condition that I am Miskeen, resurrect me on the day of Qiyaamahas a Miskeen."

Upon hearing this Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) asked Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) why he had made such a du`aa. Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied that the Miskeen will enter Jannat40 years before the wealthy. Thereafter Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) said: "Oh Aisha, never turn away a Miskeen empty handed. Ifyou have nothing then, even a piece of date will suffice. Oh Aisha,have affection for the Miskeen, and be close to them, so that on theday of Qiyaamah, Allaah Ta`ala may count you from amongst them."[Tirmidhi)
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) once asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) regarding the following Aayat of the Qur`aan Shareef:"Those who give in the path of Allaah Ta`ala, and their hearts arefearful that they will return unto Allaah." She asked regarding theidentity of these people, if they will be those who consume alcohol, orthose who steal. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied: "No, Ohdaughter of Siddeeq. Those people who keep fast, perform Salaat, andgive charity, they fear that their actions will not be accepted. Theseare the ones regarding who, Allaah Ta`ala says; 'These are the ones whohasten in doing good actions.'"

Once Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)said that the person who isdesirous of meeting Allaah Ta`ala, Allaah Ta`ala is desirous of meetinghim. The person who is undesirous of meeting Allaah Ta`ala, AllaahTa`ala is undesirous of meeting him. Upon hearing this Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) said that all of us are (naturally) apprehensive ofdeath (i.e. all of us have a natural fear of dying, does it imply thatas we do not wish to die, does Allaah Ta`ala also dislike us?). Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that it does not refer to those whohave a natural apprehension of death. It means that when a believernears death, he yearns for it after he has been given the glad tidings,and he hopes to meet Allaah Ta`ala, and Allaah Ta`ala wants to meet himas well. Whereas the Kaafir, when he nears his final hour, he is giventhe news of his impending punishment, and he dreads the meeting withAllaah Ta`ala, and Allaah Ta`ala also dislikes meeting him.

Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam), if Jihad is also necessary for females. Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that the Jihad which is for thewomen, is one where there is no fighting, i.e. Hajj and Umrah.
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) once asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) whether (It is true) any person will not enter Jannat,without Allaah Ta`ala's Mercy. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saidthat no person will enter Jannat, except with Allaah Ta`ala's Mercy. Hesaid this thrice. Then, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) asked Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) if even he will not enter Jannat withoutAllaah Ta`ala's Mercy. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) held his headand said: "I (will also not enter Jannat) except that Allaah Ta`alaenshrouds me with his Mercy." Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saidthis thrice.
Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) asked Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam), that if she found the night of Lailatul Qadr, thenwhat du`aa should be read. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said thatthe following must be read: "Allaahumma Innaka Afwun, Tuhibbul AfwaFa`foo An ni." [Oh Allaah, verily You are the Forgiver (of sins), Youlove to forgive, therefore forgive me.]

NABI (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'S AFFECTION FOR HADHRAT AISHA (radhiAllaahu anha)

Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) had a greater affection forHadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) than his other wives. Hadhrat Amarbin Aas (radhiAllaahu anhu) once asked Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) as to who he had the most affection for. Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) replied: "Aisha". This question was repeated, and he(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was asked regarding the men for whom hehad the most affection. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied:"Aisha's father".

Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) never forewent the rights of anyof his other wives, notwithstanding his greater affection for HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha). He fully respected and executed the rightsof the other wives. A person's natural inclination for someone is aninvoluntary action. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to make thefollowing du`aa: "Oh Allaah, this is my share from the things in mycontrol, hence do not reprove me for that which is not in my control."That is, natural inclination is an involuntary action, I have no choicein exercising fairness therein.

Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was sent as a guide to mankind,therefore Allaah Ta`ala, sometimes placed such conditions upon him, sothat mankind may take lesson and find a solution. A man may take fourwives, and for a person who makes amal on this, he may find a lesson inthe life of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). If a person has anatural inclination towards one of the wives, then this is notabnormal, but he must equally carry out the rights of all of them. Ifhe errs in equality between the wives, then he will be punishable.There is a narration in Tirmidhi Shareef, that the person who has twowives and he does not practice equality between them, he will beparalysed on his one side on the day of Qiyaamah.

SPECIAL CONSIDERATION TO TARBIYAT (UPBRINGING/ NURTURING)

Although Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) had great love andaffection for Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), he payed attention toher Tarbiyat and admonished her when the occasion arose. Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) mentions that once when Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) went on an expedition, she placed beautiful purdah (curtain)on the wall. When Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) returned, he caughthold of the cloth with such force and pulled it that it tore. He said:"Undoubtedly, Allaah Ta`ala has not ordered us, that we clothe stoneand sand." [Mishkaat Shareef]


Once a few jewish women came to Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)and greeted him with "As-Saam alaikum" instead of "As-salaamu alaikum"- "Saam" means death, hence they were cursing Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam). In reply, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: "WaAlaikum" - i.e death upon you as well. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha), who was also present said to them in anger, and severelyadmonished them, "As-Saam Alaikum, Wa La`anakumullaah, Wa GhadibaAlaikum" -(i.e. death upon you, Allaah Ta`ala's curse upon you, andAllaah Ta`ala's anger upon you). Upon hearing this Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) said: "Oh Aisha, hold it, adopt tenderness, and saveyourself from bad speech". She said: "You did not hear what they said".Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied: "You had not heard whatreply I gave, I turned upon them what they had said to me. AllaahTa`ala has turned their curse upon themselves, and it will not affectme." [Mishkaat Shareef]

Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), satirized at HadhratSafiyya (radhiAllaahu anha), by indicating with her hands that HadhratSafiyya (radhiAllaahu anha) was short. Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) immediately admonished her by saying: "Know, that (words)what you have said, if it were to be placed in the sea, it would spoilit." [Ibid]

Once, whilst Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was making rotis(bread), she feel asleep and the neighbours goat came in and ate therotis. When she awoke, she gave chase to the goat. When Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saw this he said; "Oh Aisha, do nottrouble the neighbours on account of their goat."

MISCELLANEOUS ADVICES

Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to often advice her (HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha) ) regarding Zuhd (abstinence regardingworldly matters) and contemplation in the Aakhirah. Once he said toher: "Oh Aisha, save yourself from small sins as well, because this isalso accountable to Allaah Ta`ala." [Mishkaat Shareef]
Once, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said to Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha): "Oh Aisha, if you wish to be with me in Jannat,then you should suffice in this world with that much of possessions,that a traveller has. Save yourself from the company of the wealthy. Donot refrain from wearing any clothing because of it's being old, untilyou have patched it (i.e. clothing must be patched and worn)." [Ibid]

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu) used to say: "Mybeloved Aunt use to practise upon this advice of Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam). She would not have new clothing made for her, untilthe old clothing were patched and worn or completely old and tattered."

Katheer bin Ubaid says that once he came to Ummul Mu`mineen, HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha), and she was busy putting patches on herclothes. She told him to wait a little, until she was finished. Aftershe completed her work, she spoke to him. During the conversation, hesaid: "Oh Ummul Mu`mineen, if I tell the people that you were patchingyour clothes, they would think of you as being a miser." She repliedsaying: "Talk with understanding. The reality is this; whatsatisfaction (and pleasure) can there be in wearing new clothes whenthe old ones have not been worn out."

WORDS OF WISDOM AND COUNSEL

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was one with great wisdom andcounsel. She used to speak with deep knowledge. Many Sahabahs used torefer to her for counsel.
Regarding over-eating, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) said: "The first misfortune to befall this Ummat after the demise of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam), is that they eat until their stomachs arefull. When the stomach is filled, then the body becomes huge and theheart becomes weak. A person's carnal desires then overtake him."[Targheeb Wat Tarheeb]
Once she said: "There is no better wealth for one to bring beforeAllaah Ta`ala, other than a minimal of sins. Therefore, save yourselvesfrom sinning."

Hadhrat Mu`aawiya (radhiAllahu anhu) once wrote to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), asking for advice. She replied:
"Assalaamu Alaik,
Verily I heard Rasulullaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saying: 'That person who seeks the pleasure of Allaah Ta`ala, when the creationmay be displeased, Allaah Ta`ala will be sufficient for him against theplots (and harms) of people. That person who pleases the people, whilstcourting the displeasure of Allaah Ta`ala, then Allaah Ta`ala hands himover to the people (i.e he is deprived of Divine Assistance).'

Was Salaam Alaik" [Mishkaat Shareef]

On another occasion, she wrote to Hadhrat Mu`aawiya (radhiAllaahu anhu) - probably in reply to his letter - :
"When a servant (of Allaah Ta`ala), carries out a sin, then hisadmirers (those who speak well of him) start speaking ill of him."

DISSEMINATING KNOWLEDGE

After the demise of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) was extremely instrumental in the disseminating ofDeeni knowledge. She had many students (approx. 200 +), of whom manywere Sahabahs and others Tabi`een. She passed away in the year 58 A.H.,hence she spread knowledge for about 48 years after the demise of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam). The Muhadditheen have recorded about 2210Narrations from her.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) disseminated her knowledge withgreat wisdom and successfully. She educated the children, woman andMahram men in the form of Majaalis (educational gatherings). Sheimparted her knowledge to Ghair-Mahram men, from behind a purdah(screen). She was asked many questions and she answered them.Occasionally, she would send the questioner to a Sahabi or to anotherof the wives of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). If someone felt shyto ask a question, she would say that they must ask without anyembarrassment.
She performed Hajj every year. People from all over used to comeand stand outside her tent and ask questions, and she answered them.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was counted amongst those eminentSahabahs, who were regarded as Muftis. She was a Mufti, even during theKhilaafat of her beloved father, Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu).Hadhrat Umar and Uthmaan (radhiAllaahu anhuma) used to send people toher to enquire, regarding any mas`ala. Hadhrat Mu`aawiya (radhiAllaahuanhu), whilst he was governor in Dimishk, used to send a messenger toHadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) if he wanted to know something, andhe used to practice upon her advice. The messenger used to travel fromShaam, and come to Madinah Munawwarah, he should stand outside herdoor, ask the question and return with the answer.
Many people used to send her letters, an thereby ask questions,and she used to reply. Hadhrat Aisha binti Talha (radhiAllaahu anha),who was a special student of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), said:
"People used to write from far and wide, and they used to sendgifts. I asked Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha): 'Oh Khala (term ofendearment), this letter and gift comes from so and so (what should Ido?)'. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) used to say: 'Reply to it andsend a gift in return.'"

The Fatwas of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), appear in thekitaabs of Hadith. People used to ask her regarding Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam)'s personal life and habits, and she used to answerwithout reservations, because, whatever Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam) taught and practised was from Allaah Ta`ala. There is no partof Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s life, which his pure wivesconcealed.
Hadhrat Aswad (radhiAllaahu anhu) asked Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) regarding what Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)used to do at home. She replied that he used to busy himself with workto be done at home, when the time for Salaat drew near, he used to gofor Salaat. Once, she expounded on this by saying that Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) used to repair his shoes and sew his clothes, and heused to do the work of the house, as any anyone else does house-work.Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) also said that Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) was a human being like any human being. He used tomilk his goat and he used to do his own work.
Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) said: "Rasulullaah(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) did not speak as you people speak, in facthis speech was very cultured, in that he said every word separately.Those who sat close to him could clearly understand and memorise hisevery word."

Once, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) mentioned the following,regarding Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s laughter, that she neversaw Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s Mubarak teeth or gums when helaughed, such that his uvula became visible. He always merely smiled(or laughed very lightly)."
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) also mentioned the followingregarding the character of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), that henever struck anyone with his Mubarak hands, neither his wives nor hisslaves. Yes, whilst in Jihaad, his striking the enemies of AllaahTa`ala, was a different issue. If anyone harmed him he never tookretribution. Yes, if anyone did anything against the orders of AllaahTa`ala, then he would carry out the relevant (Shar`i) punishment.
Hadhrat Sa`ad bin Hishaam (rahmatullahi alaihi) said that once hecame in the service of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) and asked herregarding the habits and characters of Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam). She replied: "Did you not read the Qur`aan Shareef?" Hereplied in the affirmative. She said: "The life of Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) was the Qur`aan-e-Paak."

Hadhrat Abdul Aziz bin Juraij (radhiAllahu anhu) one asked HadhratAisha (radhiAllahu anha) regarding the Surahs read by Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) in Witr Salaat. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha)replied that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to recite SurahA`la in the first Rakaat, Surah Kaafiroon in the second and SurahIkhlaas in the third.

Hadhrat Ghadeef bin Haarith (radhiAllahu anhu) once asked HadhratAisha (radhiAllahu anha), that when Ghusal (bath) became obligatoryupon Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), would he bath in the first orlast portion of the night? She replied that sometimes he would bath inthe first portion of the night and sometimes in the last portion. Uponhearing this Hadhrat Ghadeef said : "Allaahu Akbar, Alhamdulillahillazija`ala fil amri Sa`a" (Allaah Ta`ala is the Greatest, all praise be tothe Being who has made easiness in the matter). Then he asked whetherNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) read Witr in the first or lastportion of the night? She replied, that sometimes he read it during thefirst portion and sometimes during the last portion. Upon hearing thisHadhrat Ghadeef exclaimed as he had done before. Amongst the otherquestions he asked was whether Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) readloud or soft Qira`at in the Nafl Salaats at night? She replied thatsometimes loud and sometimes soft.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) knew that the life of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was an example for all Muslims to witness,hence she safeguarded his every act and speech and narrated it for thebenefit of the Ummat. There are many narrations by Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllahu anha) regarding Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s nightand 'after-hours' activities.
In one narration, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahu anha) mentions thatafter Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to complete his TahajjudSalaat, he used to read the two Sunnats of Fajr, and by then she wouldbe awake, so Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to speak to her, orotherwise he would rest upon his right-hand side.
She also said that when Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used toread his Tahajjud Salaat, he would begin by reading two short Rakaats(thereafter he would read long Surahs). Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllahuanha) mentions that from amongst the non-Fardh Salaats, Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) never granted as much consideration, as heused to grant to the two (Sunnat) Rakaats of Fajr Salaat.
She also reports Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as saying that,the two Rakaats of Fajr are better that the whole world and whatever itcontains.
She also mentions that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used tolie down upon her lap and recite the Qur`aan Shareef, whilst she was inthe state of menses.
She also mentions that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used tolean his head into her room, when he was sitting in I`tikaaf, and sheused to wash it, and this also whilst she was in the state of menses.

ABSTINENCE, POVERTY AND THE HOUSEHOLD CONDITION


Sayed Aalam (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was the Sayed of all theZaahideen (those who adopt Zuhd - abstinence). He disliked eating tohis fill and accumulating an abundance of goods and items. Once he saidto Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) that if he wished, Allaah Ta`alawould have made it such that mountains of gold would follow himwherever he went. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that an angelcame to him, who was so large that his body reached Macca (fromMadinah), he came and gave Allaah Ta`ala's Salaams to Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) and said that if Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)wished he could be like all the other slaves of Allaah Ta`ala and be aProphet, or if he wished he could be made a king and a Prophet. Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) looked towards Hadhrat Jibraeel (alaihisalaam) for advice and he indicated towards the adoption of humility.Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied (to the angel who brought themessage) that he would like to remain as a normal slave of AllaahTa`ala and a Prophet. After Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) narratedthis Hadith, she said that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)thereafter, never took a pillow when he ate. She also said that he atelike how a slave ate. And he sat just like how a slave sat.
Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s poverty was by his choice, and hiscondition during the last three four years of his life was that hewould make arrangements for his wives yearly expenses, but they, owingto their companionship with him would give most of it away in charity,and lead difficult lives themselves.
Hadhrat Masrooq (rahmatullahi alaihi) says that once he came inthe service of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha). She sent for food forhim and said that if she eats to her fill then she cries. He asked herthe reason for this. She replied that she remembered the time when Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) left this world. She takes an oath thatNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) never ate meat and roti to his filltwice, on any one day. (Tirmidhi Shareef).
It is reported in Baihaqi, that Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)said: "If we desired then we could have eaten to our fill, however,Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to give preference to othersover his own desires.

Hadhrat Abdur Rahman ibn Auf (radhiAllaahu anhu) reports thatneither did Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) nor any of his housepersons, eat barley roti to their fill.

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) once said to her nephew, HadhratUrwa bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu): "Oh my sister's son, believe me,we saw three moons, and a fire was not lit in any of the homes of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam)." He then enquired: "Oh my aunt, how didall of you then survive?" She replied: "We survived upon dates andwater." She also said that sometimes the neighbours would send the milkof their animals as a gift to Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and heused to give this to his wives.
Besides food, there were other basic essentials also lacking inthe household of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). No lamp was it inhis homes.
Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s bed was not soft or beautiful.Is noble wives also lived like him, owing to their companionship withhim. How could they live in luxury, whilst seeing him in difficulty?
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) says that the bed of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was made of leather and filled withdate-palm leaves. His pillow was made of same material.
Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), owned very little clothing aswell. At times it was such that Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) usedto wash his clothes and he wore the same to the Musjid, whilst thewetness thereof, was still apparent upon the clothes.
A person once came to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), at thattime her servant was also present, and she (servant) was wearing adress to the value of five dirhams. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)said: "Look at my slave, she wears a dress like this in the house,whereas, in the bygone days, I also had a dress similar to this, whichevery bride in Madinah used to borrow from me to wear for the occasionof their Nikah.

TAKING ADVICE


Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was very intelligent and a personwith deep insight. Other very intelligent persons used to take herMashwera (advice). Hadhrat Naf`i (radhiAllaahu anhu) reports that heused to take goods from Shaam to Misr. He says that once he took hisgoods to Iraq for trade. Upon his return he went to Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) and told her about his actions. He told her that healways took his goods to Shaam, but this time he went to Iraq. He askedher for her opinion. She told him that he should not have abandoned hisprevious destinations of trade, because she had heard Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) say that if Allaah Ta`ala had opened a way of tradefor someone, then he should not change it, unless it changes, due tosome natural circumstance, or one changes it owing to greater profits(in the other venture). One should not leave his original (profitable)trade and change to another.

VIRTUES AND QUALITIES FO HADHRAT AISHA (radhiAllaahu anha)

There are many praises and virtues recorded in the various Hadithand other kitaabs regarding Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha). It hasalready passed that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) had the mostaffection for Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), over his other wives.The student of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), Hadhrat Masrooq(radhiAllaahu anhu), whenever he narrated Ahadith from Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha), he would say: "The truthful, who is the daughterof the truthful, and the beloved of the beloved of Allaah Ta`ala hasnarrated to me..."
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) herself, said that she has been favoured with ten virtues:
1. "Hadhrat Jibraeel (alaihi salaam), brought a vision of me toNabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) - prior to his nikah to me (this wasan indication from Allaah Ta`ala that Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)was to marry her)
2. Besides myself, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) did not marry another virgin wife.
3. None of the other wives of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), had this honour that both their parents had made Hijrat.
4. Allaah Ta`ala had revealed verses (in the Qur`aan Shareef) regarding my innocence (story to be narrated later, Insha-Allaah)

5. Wahi, sometimes used to come down upon Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), whilst he was with me, in my sheet.
6. The two of us would sit in one 'bath-tub' and bath together (with the Satr (private parts) covered)
7. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to read Tahajjud Salaat, whilst I was lying down next to him.
8. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) passed way on my lap
9. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) passed away when it was myturn (i.e. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to take turns stayingat his wives)
10. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is buried in my room."

In another narration, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) saysregarding her specialities, that she saw Hadhrat Jibraeel (alaihisalaam), and that she was Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'s favouritewife. She also says that when Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) passedaway, besides the angels, she was the only person present.
Hadhrat Abu Moosa (radhiAllaahu anhu) reports that Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: "Many men (throughout history)reached perfection. From amongst the women, Maryam binti Imraan (motherof Hadhrat Isaa (alaihi salaam)) and Aasiya, the wife of Fir`oan,reached perfection. The virtue of Aisha over all other women is likethe virtue of Thareed (a type of curry with meat and roti/bread mixedtherein) over all other types of food."

Once, Hadhrat Jibraeel (alaihi salaam) came in the presence of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and he gave salaams to Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) via Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).
It is narrated in one Hadith that Hadhrat Jibraeel (alaihi salaam)presented a green silk cloth in front of Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam), in which there was a vision of Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha), and it was told to Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) that shewas to be his wife in this world an the hereafter

EXCESSIVE IBAADAT


Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) used to keep excessive fasts, andshe read Nafl Salaat in abundance. She paid particular attention toChaasht Salaat. She used to read 8 Rakaats, and she said that even ifher parents were come (from their graves) she would not abandon thisSalaat.
Hadhrat Qaasim bin Muhammed bin Abi Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu),Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)'s nephew, says: "It was my habit toalways first go to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)'s home in themorning on my way out of my house, and give salaams. One day when I gotthere, she was busy with Nafl Salaat, and when she came to a certainAayat, she read it over and over again. I waited for her to make salaam(i.e. complete her Salaat), but I grew tired waiting for her (as shetook excessively long). Eventually, I left her in this condition andcontinued on my way."
She used to read Tahajjud, with Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),and she remained punctual with it's reading even after his demise. Shealso kept an abundance of fasts. Once, she kept a fast on the day ofArafaat, i.e. 9th Zil-Hijjah. It was extremely hot, and due to thisexcessive heat, water was being sprinkled on her head. Hadhrat AbdurRahman bin Abi Bakr, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)'s brother toldher to break her fast as it was not Necessary to keep a Nafl fast (andshe could keep the Qadha thereafter). She said that, since she hadheard Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) say that the fast on the day ofArafaat, earns one the expiation of one year's sins, how can she breakthe fast. She used to keep away from every little thing that wasforbidden in Islam. If she was on a road and she heard the sound of abell, she would go far away from the sound so as to avoid herself fromlistening to it. Together with spreading the good, she also keptherself busy in keeping away from evils. She regarded this as extremelyimportant. She once rented a house to a person, about whom she heardlater that he used to play chess. She sent a message that he shoulddesist from this act, or move out.

HER STRICT OBEDIENCE TO ISLAAM, WITHOUT COMPLAINT OR OBJECTION


Like all the other Sahabahs, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha),complied fully to the Shariah without any complaint. Her famousstudent, Hadhrat Mu`aazah (radhiAllaahu anha), once asked of her as towhy, there is no Qadha Salaat for Salaats missed during a woman'smenses, whereas the fasts of Ramadaan, which are missed during themenses are to be kept Qadha. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) askedher if she became a 'Harowi' (i.e. a deviant tribe who only acceptedfrom Islaam those things which were reasonable and logical to humanthinking). Hadhrat Mu`aazah (radhiAllaahu anha) replied that she wasnot a 'Harowi', but she was merely asking out of curiosity. HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha) said: "During the time of Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) when we got our menses, then we were ordered to keepQadha for the fasts missed, and we were not ordered to read the Qadhaof the missed Salaats."

REVELATION OF THE AAYAT OF TAYAMMUM

In place of wudhu, the Shariah has granted the option of Tayammum,i.e. if a person, due to certain conditions and circumstances is notable to make wudhu. Since, this has been mentioned here, you will nowbe able to deduce that Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was the reasonfor this great ease and alternative of Tayammum in the Shariah. Theexplanation of this, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), narrates thefollowing:
"We were once on an expedition with Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam). There were many of us on that expedition and we stoppeden-route at a place called 'Baidaa'. The string of my necklace broke,and in looking for it, we stayed a while longer at that place. Thecompanions of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also stayed with him.It was night and there was no accessible water. When the time for FajrSalaat drew near everyone became concerned as to how Salaat was goingto be read without wudhu. Some people went to my father, Hadhrat AbuBakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) and chastised him regarding my actions, whichthey saw as the reason for their predicament.

Upon hearing this Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu) came to meand started scolding me. Together with scolding me he was also 'poking'me on my abdomen. At that time Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) wasresting his head upon my lap and he was sleeping. I did my best not tomove about due to the 'poking' of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu),so as not to disturb the sleep of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), slept with his head upon my lap,until dawn. There was no water. Allaah Ta`ala revealed the Aayat ofTayammum and everyone made Tayammum and performed their Salaat. HadhratUsaid bin Hudair (radhiAllaahu anhu) exclaimed: "Oh family of Abu Bakr!You are always blessed, this is not the first of your blessings."Thereafter, when we got ready to leave, and the camel upon which I wasriding, was made to stand up, my lost necklace was found under it."

POETRY AND MEDICINE

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) also prescribed cures for manyaliments, and she remembered many of the Arabic poems. Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha)'s nephew. Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubair (radhiAllaahuanhu) says that whenever, any misfortune arose, then Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) would mention an appropriate poem regarding it.Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu) say that he had not knownanyone who was better learned in the Qur`aan Shareef, Faraaidh ofIslaam, matters regarding Halaal and Haraam, Arabian incidents, andknowledge of the lineage of Arabians, than Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha).

Once Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu) said to HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha): "Oh beloved mother, I am not surprised atyour being a Faqhi (well versed at Islaamic Jurisprudence), because youwere the wife of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and the daughter ofHadhrat Abu Bakr (radhiAllaahu anhu). I am also not surprised at yourknowledge of the Arabian incidents or your knowledge of poetry andArabian lineage, because these things you have acquired from thecompanionship of your father. However, I am surprised at your knowledgeof medicine." Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) placed her hands uponhis shoulders and said: "Urwa, my son, I learnt medicine during thelast illness of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), when people used tocome from far and wide, and they used to prescribe all sorts ofremedies and medicines. I learnt from them."

GENEROSITY

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was a very generous person. Hersister, Hadhrat Asma binti Abi Bakr was also very generous. HadhratAbdullah bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu), the son of Hadhrat Asma(radhiAllaahu anha), said: " I have not seen any woman more generousthan Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) and Hadhrat Asma (radhiAllaahuanha). However, there was a difference between their generosity, inthat Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) would accumulate money little,by little, and when it reached a reasonable sum, she would distributeit amongst the needy, whereas, Hadhrat Asma (radhiAllaahu anha) wouldnot leave anything for the next day."
Hadhrat Urwa (radhiAllaahu anhu) narrates the followingexceptional incident: "Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) wasdistributing amount of 70 000 amongst the needy, and her condition wassuch that her dress had patches in it."
Hadhrat Mu`aawiya (radhiAllaahu anhu) once, sent a gift of a bagfilled with genuine pearls to Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), thevalue of which was about 100 000 (dirhams). She accepted this gift anddistributed it amongst all the wives of Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam), excluding herself from taking a share.


Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was fasting. On that day hernephew, Hadhrat Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu) sent her agift, to the value of 180 000 (dirhams). She began to distribute itimmediately amongst the needy. In a short while it was all finished. Bythe evening she did not even have a single dirham left over. At thetime of Iftaar, she asked her slave-girl to bring Iftaar. Some roti andolive oil was brought for her. At that time, another lady, by the nameof Umme Zarrah, was also present with Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha), and she was also fasting. Umme Zarrah said to Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) that, from all the money (180 000 dirhams) whichshe had distributed on that day, she should have at least kept 1 dirhamfor herself, and bought some meat for Iftaar. Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) told her: "Why do you only speak now? Had youmentioned it whilst I had the money, I should have considered it."

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) narrates the following incident:"One day a woman came to me, with two girls, and she asked (forcharity). At that time I had a piece of date with me, and nothing else.I gave it her and she broke it into two pieces and gave each daughterone piece and took nothing for herself. She left and after a while Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) came home. I related the incident to himand he said that the person who looks after his daughters and treatsthem well (according to the Shariah), they will be a shield for him onthe day of Qiyaamah."
Once a goat was slaughtered in the household of Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) went out of thehouse for a while and when he returned he enquired regarding the goat.Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) replied that she had given the entiregoat in Sadaqah, besides the one leg (of the goat). Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) said: "Besides the leg, everything else is remaining."(I.e whatever is given in the path of Allaah Ta`ala is an 'investment'for the Aakhirah)

FEAR OF ALLAAH TA`ALA AND CONCERN FOR THE AAKHIRAH

Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) had, together with being anardent worshipper and Zaahidah (one who practises abstinence), a greatfear for Allaah Ta`ala, and she contemplated about the Aakhirah.
Once, she started to cry whilst thinking of Jahannam. Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked her regarding the reason for crying.She replied that the thought of Jahannam has made her cry.

Once, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) told Nabi (sallallahualaihi wasallam) that, since he had described the (fearful) conditionof Munkar and Nakeer (the two angels deputed to question a person inthe grave), she has not found solace in anything (due to constantfear). Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told her that the effects ofMunkar and Nakeer for a believer will be very light and consoling. Thenhe told her: " Oh Aisha, there is great punishment awaiting those whohave doubt in Allaah Ta`ala, they will be compressed in their graves,just like how an egg is crushed under a large stone."
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) says that once a jewish womancame to her, and mentioned regarding the punishment in the grave. Afterspeaking about this, the woman said: "May Allaah save you from thepunishment of the grave." When Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) camehome, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) asked him regarding thepunishment in the grave. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said thatthe punishment in the grave is Haqq (true). Thereafter, Hadhrat Aisha(radhiAllaahu anha) says that she heard Nabi (sallallahu alaihiwasallam), after every Salaat, seeking refuge from the punishment ofthe grave.
Once Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha), took an oath not to speak toher nephew, Hadhrat Abdullah bin Zubair (radhiAllaahu anhu), due tosome statement that he made. Later she started speaking to him, aftertaking the Mashwera of senior persons, and freed 40 slaves incompensation for breaking her oath. Whenever, she remembered her brokenoath, she started crying so profusely, that her scarf would becomesoaked in tears. She feared, the punishment of breaking oaths,although, she had freed 40 slaves in compensation for breaking theoath, and the Shar`i stipulation for breaking an oath is to free onlyone slave. Her fear for Allaah Ta`ala was so much that she kept onfreeing one slave after the other in the hope that Allaah Ta`alaforgive her.

A VERY GREAT SLANDER
AND THE PROCLAMATION OF HER CHASTITY AND INNOCENCE FROM ALLAAH TA`ALA


This incident is reported in a detailed Hadith, related in BukhariShareef, regarding one of Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)'sexpeditions. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was preparing for thebattle of Bani Mustaliq, and he (as was his usual practise whentravelling), drew lots in order to select the wife who was to accompanyhim along. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha)'s name was drawn and sheaccompanied Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) on this journey.According to the norm, Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) would sit in ahowdah (canopy) and it would be lifted and placed on top of the camel.Upon the return journey, as the caravan was nearing Madinah Tayyibah,this incident occurred. The caravan stopped at a certain place, andbefore it left this spot, a caller called out to everyone that theywere about to leave, so that everyone may get ready to move on. HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha) wanted to relieve herself and she went out,and away from the main caravan. It so happened that her necklace brokeand she stalled awhile, looking for it. This delayed her and after shehad found the necklace, she returned to the caravan, only to find thatit had already moved on. Prior to the departure of the caravan, herhowdah was lifted upon the camel. Everyone assumed that she was insidethe howdah. Those who lifted the howdah, had no doubt that HadhratAisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was inside, as she was not a fat person,rather she was thin and small built, hence they found no difference inthe howdah.
Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) states that when she returned to thespot where the caravan had stopped over, she found that they hadalready left. She says: "I decided to spread my shawl and stay in thatplace rather than running from here to there or running after thecaravan. I thought that when Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)discovered that I was not in the howdah, he would return to collect me,therefore if I run around looking for them, they will find it difficultin finding me (if they return). It was the last portion of the night,hence I was tired and fell asleep."

Hadhrat Safwaan bin Mu`tal (radhiAllaahu anhu), who was appointedby Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) to lag behind the caravan, andpick up anything which may have been dropped by anyone, came by. Hereached the place where Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahu anha) was, in themorning. There was not yet full light, therefore he could only make outfrom a distance, that someone was sleeping. Hadhrat Aisha (radhiAllaahuanha) says : "As he came closer he recognised me, because he had seenme prior to the revelation of the command of Hijaab. When he saw me(all alone in the desert) he exclaimed: "Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihiraji`oon!" My eyes opened, when I heard his voice, and I immediatelycovered my face with my shawl. I take an oath in the name of AllaahTa`ala, neither of us exchanged any word, other than his exclamation of"Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raji`oon!"

Thereafter, Hadhrat Safwaan (radhiAllaahu anhu) ushered his camelforward, and set it down. I ascended it, and he took hold of its reinsand led it along. By afternoon we reached the army. Some people startedtheir slander, and this evil talk spread. Abdullah bin Ubai bin Sulool,the leader of the Munafiqeen (hypocrites) had the greatest share inthis slander. Finally, we reached Madinah Tayyibah, where I remainedill for upto a month. During this period, the slander gained momentumand I knew nothing of it (at that time). However, during that period, Ifound it strange that, the normal affection displayed by Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was not shown by him anymore. He only usedto come to my house, make salaam, and ask the other occupants of thehouse regarding my health.
This attitude perturbed me, however, I was still unaware of theslander. Firstly, I had the illness, then this attitude of Nabi(sallallahu alaihi wasallam), these resulted in my becoming very weak.During this period, one night I went out of the house, in order torelieve myself, with the mother of a Sahabi, Hadhrat Mistah(radhiAllaahu anhu). Her name was Umme Mistah. In those days, we didnot have the 'toilets' with(in) the homes, and the women used to go outto the 'toilets' (which were a distance from the homes) at night. As wewere returning, Umme Mistah, tripped upon her cloak and she fell. Asshe fell she said: "Mistah be destroyed!"
I was surprised to hear her cursing her own son. I said to her:"This is an evil thing which you have said, by cursing a good person,who participated in the battle of Badr."

To this she replied in surprise: "Child, are you not aware of whatMistah is saying?" I asked her regarding what she was talking about.She related to me the whole slanderous story which was circulating inMadinah. When I heard this, I became more ill. That night, as per hisusual rounds, Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) came by, made salaamand enquired regarding my health. I sought permission from him to go tomy parent's home. He consented. The reason for my going was so that Icould ascertain whether the story of the slander was true. When I askedmy mother, she consoled me saying: "Daughter, persons such as yourselfmust have enemies, and such occurrences do present themselves for suchwomen who have an excellent relationship with their husbands. Do notconcern yo
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