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Love the Arabs

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#1 [Permalink] Posted on 16th August 2014 10:15
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#2 [Permalink] Posted on 5th April 2018 16:42
Could this be the reason we have this problem today and why Muslims around the world are too laid back in criticising the Arabs and their wrongs?

LOVE THE ARABS
Question

Is the following narration authentic?

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) narrated that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

‘Love the Arabs for three reasons: Because I am an Arab, The Quran is in Arabic and the language of Jannah is Arabic’


Answer

The Hadith in question has been recorded in the following Hadith collections with a very weak chain:

1) Mustadrak Hakim, vol. 4 pg. 87

2) Al Mu’jamul Kabir, Hadith: 11441

3) Shu’abul Iman, Hadith: 1364

(See, Mizanul I’tidal, vol. 3 pg. 113 and Majma’uz Zawaid, vol. 10 pg. 52. Also see Faydul Qadir, vol. 1 pg. 232)

Although this narration is very weak, there are numerous narrations which encourage loving the Arabs. These narrations when combined gain strength and prove that we are commanded to love the Arabs. Infact ‘Allamah ‘Iraqi (rahimahullah) has authored a booklet on the topic of loving the Arabs.

(Refer: Al Maqasidul Hasanah, Hadith: 31 and Kashful Khafa, vol. 1 pg. 48)



And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.



Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar
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#3 [Permalink] Posted on 5th April 2018 20:26

abu mohammed wrote:
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Does this also apply to Abu-Jahl or the Hypocrites based on their lineage? Please ask the question. IF the answer is "No" then shouldn't the Hadeeth be explained rather then taken on face value.

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#4 [Permalink] Posted on 6th April 2018 08:00
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.
Hereunder is the Hadith in reference:
عن سلمان قال قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا سلمان؛ لا تبغضني فتفارق دينك. قلت: يا رسول الله كيف أبغضك وبك هدانا الله! قال: تبغض العرب فتبغضني
It is narrated that Salman (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and salutations of Allah be upon him) said, “O Salman, do not hate me and give up your religion.” I said, “O Messenger of Allah, how can I hate you when Allah has guided us through you? He replied: “By hating the Arabs you would hate me.”[1]

At the outset, it should be understood that the classification of some Ahadith as Sahih (authentic) and Daeef (weak) is often subject to differences among the experts of the science of Hadith. While one Muhaddith declares one Hadith as Sahih, it could be declared Daeef by another. The differences could also be due to different angles and dimensions which are known to people specialising in the field of Hadith.

Nevertheless, the subject matter of the Hadith in reference is about virtue (Fadha`il) and is declared reliable (Hasan) by Imam Tirmidhi who is an authority on Hadith. According to some Muhadditheen, the Hadith in reference is Daeef[2]. In that case, the following explanation will be useful.

The word `Daeef` in the context of Hadith is a terminology with specific conditions and implications known to Ulema who specialise in the field of Hadith. While we understand that the specifications of a Daeef Hadith and its implications may be beyond the comprehension of all people in general, in an attempt to explain ourselves, we will present a simplified version of Daeef in Hadith and how such a Hadith could be accepted by way of example.

If there is a big parcel that needs to be tied, one thin piece of string will not suffice. However, if more thin strings are attached to that one string, the joint strings will become a strong rope and it will suffice to tie the parcel.

Likewise, a Hadith may be declared as weak due to various reasons. However, there may be similar Ahadith that support each other in their general meaning[3]. As such, the focus will not be on the one weak Hadith; rather the focus will be on all the weak Ahadith presenting the common message and consolidating each other[4].

The following Ahadith all collaborate to establish the virtue of Arabs:
من غشّ العربَ لم يدخل في شفاعتي ولم تنله مودّتي
Whoever cheats the Arabs, he will not be included in my intercession, and my love will not reach him[5].

أحبّوا العرب لثلاث: لأنّي عربي، والقرآن عربي وكلام أهل الجنة عربي
Love the Arabs for three things: because I am an Arab; the Qur’ān is in Arabic and the language of the people of Paradise is Arabic[6].

من أحب العرب فقد أحبني، ومن أبغض العرب فقد أبغضني
Whoever has loved the Arabs has done so because of my love and whoever has hated the Arabs has done so because of having enmity for me[7].
The categorisation of Ahadith can only be understood with proper comprehension of the sciences of Hadith. It is not appropriate for anyone to comment on issues pertaining to the Hadith or its categorisation without having proper and thorough understanding of the sciences of Hadith.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Hanif Yusuf Patel
Student Darul Iftaa
UK
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] [Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 3927]
[2] إسناده ضعيف لضعف قابوس بن أبي ظبيان، ولانقطاعه بين أبي ظبيان ـ واسمه حصين بن جندب ـ وبين سلمان الفارسي
[Al-Jami` al-Kabir (Sunan at-Tirmidhi) with Tahqiq, Takhrij & Ta`liq by Shuaib al-Arna`ut & Saeed al-Lahham, 6: 421-2, Ar-Risalah al-Alamiyah, Beirut; Tuhfat al-Ahwathi bi Sharh Jami` at-Tirmidhi, 11: 4038, Maktabah Nazar Mustafa al-Baz, Riyadh; Tuhfat al-Alma`I Sharh Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 8: 488, Zamzam Publishers, Karachi]
As also classified as weak in [al-Yawaqit al-Ghaliyah fi Tahqiq wa Takhrij al-Ahadith al-Aliyah, 1: 387-94, , Kutub Khana Aziziyah, Dehli]
[3] A great scholar in Hadith, Ismail as-Shafi` al-Ajluni, expounds that although all the narrations on the different virtues of Arabs are categorised as weak , the vast amount of such narrations and chains at least allow the virtue to reach the degree of acceptability.
[Kashf al-Kafa wa Mazil al-Ilbas amma ishtahar min al-Ahadith ala alsinah an-Nas, p. 40-1]
[4] ويجوز عند أهل الحديث وغيرهم التساهل في الأسانيد ورواية ما سوى من الضعيف والعمل به من غير بيان ضعفه في غير صفات الله تعالى والأحكام كالحلال والحرام وغيرهما، وذلك كالقصص وفضائل الأعمال والمواعظ وغيرهما مما لا تعلق له بالعقائد والأحكام اہ
[Tadrib ar-Rawi, p. 252, Qadimi Kutub Khana]
قالوا: إذا روينا في الحلال والحرام شدّدنا، وإذا روينا في الفضائل ونحوها تساهلنا اہ ...
وذكر شيخ الإسلام له ثلاثة شروط: أحدها: أن يكون الضعيف غير شديد فيخرج من انفرد من الكاذبين والمتهمين بالكذب، ومن فحش غلطه، نقل العلائ الإتفاق عليه. الثاني: أن يندرج تحت أصل معمول به. الثالثأن لا يعتقد عند العمل به ثبوته، بل يعتقد الإخبار
[Tadrib ar-Rawi, 1: 251-2, Qadimi Kutub Khana]
قال العلماء من المحدثين والفقهاء وغيرهم : يجوز ويستحب العمل في الفضائل والترغيب والترهيب بالحديث الضعيف ما لم يكن موضوعا
[Al-Qawl al-Badi` fi a-Salah ala al-Habib as-Shafi`, 1: 258, Mu`assisat ar-Rayyan]
[In Fatawa Mahmudiyyah, 4: 35-37, Dar al-Iftaa Jamiah Farooqiyyah, Karachi]
The 3 conditions stipulated by Ibn Hajar are:
1. The Hadith should not be excessively weak, including liars or fabricators.
2. It must be acknowledged as reliable evidence.
3. It should not be assumed that by its application its strength is established.
[The Science of Authenticating The Prophet’s Traditions, p. 69]
[5] [Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 3928]
[6] [Al-Jami` as-Saghir, 225; al-Asrar al-Marfu`ah, 273; Majma` az-Zawa`id, 10: 55]
[7] [Al-Jami` as-Saghir, 3666]
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#5 [Permalink] Posted on 6th April 2018 10:33
Bismillah
There are Arabs who are zaalims, racists and we hear the news where they even kill the poor maids ruthlessly, cheat people, abduct women and rape them, torture non-arab Muslims working under them . How can one love the people involved in such crimes or worst just because they are Arabs. How can one love certain people with muslim names who openly declare enmity to Muslims just because they are Arabs. There are good and bad people everywhere but it is natural for a fellow human to hate the other human who transgress the limit and do zulm irrespective of which race he or she belongs to.

This is one of the aspects that I cannot understand. Let Allah SWT grant us proper and beneficial knowledge. Ameen
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#6 [Permalink] Posted on 6th April 2018 10:41
Umm Khadeejah wrote:
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Totally agree because it contradicts the longer Hadith of "There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, nor for a non-Arab over an Arab. Neither is the white superior over the black, nor is the black superior over the white -- except by piety...."

The sad thing is, many non Arabs will blindly place Arabs over Ajam's and therefore, they will never speak ill of them, hence their stupidity of zipping it when it matters.
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