Recently we heard about the demise of Shaykh ul Hadith Moulana Abdul Hafeez Makki who was from the few of the top living khulafa of Hazrat Qutub Al-Aqtaab Shaykh ul Hadith Moulana Zakariya Khandalvi . There is not a single doubt that he was one of the few living mashaykh in this era who had a strong authority in both external and internal knowledge.
Just to understand as to what caliber Shaykh Abdul Hafeez Makki was, one just needs to open the book Aap Beti, which is written by Shaykh ul hadith Moulana Zakariya Khandalvi , to notice how much duas and attention did Hazrat Khandalvi gave him and to what level of trust Hazrat Khandalvi had upon him. Not only that, even Mufffakir al-Islam Shaykh Abul Hasan Nadwi has mentioned similar instances about Shaykh Abdul Hafeez Makki in Sawanayh Hazrat Shaykh.
In this thread, iA I will be putting forward some extracts from the collected sayings of Shaykh Abdul Hafeez Makki in one of his Khanqahi travels to Pakistan. It was given forward to this faqeer few days after the demise of Shaykh Abdul Hafeez Makki from someone related to the collector, the full risala is called ‘Deen Islam main Sulook wa Ihsaan ki Ahmiat’ collected by Hakeem Muhammad Kafeel ur-Rahmaan Shaad (db) who is a khalifa of Shaykh .
Please do forgive me for any shortcomings towards translating the parts in the book, as I am a person who is likely to make mistakes.
Our Akabir, from Hazrat Mujadid Alf-Thani to his khulafa and students, then Hazrat Shah Waliullah , then his children and students Hazrat Shah Abdul Azeez , Hazrat Shah Abdul Qadir , Shah Rafiudeen and their students, then Hazrat Nanotwi , Hazrat Gangohi , Hazrat Shaikh ul-Hind , Hazrat Raipuri , Hazrat Saharanpuri , Hazrat Thanwi , Hazrat Madani , Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , Hazrat Moulana Yusuf , Hazrat Moulana Inaam ul-Hasan , Sayyed Atta-ullah Shah Bukhari , Hazrat Moulana Habeeb ur-Rahman Ludhiyanwi , Sayyed Anwar Shah Kashmiri , our Hazrat Shaikh . All of the akabireen were collective in Shariat and Tariqat.
Their fields were different, some them would be observed putting their lives for the work of jihad, politics, Taleef and Tasneef, Dars and Tadrees, Dawat and Tabligh, work against false sects. For different Akabir you will observe their work were in different fields. But you will surely witness that all of them were collective in Shariat and Tariqat. You will not find anyone who has not traversed the path of Tariqat. Every person after acquiring knowledge of deen did bayyat in the hands of their Shaykh and traversed the path of sulook, and after they were fully acquainted with sulook then did they put themselves forward for the work of deen.
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Sorry to post this story at the wrong place. But as a guest I can post here only.
Cricketer Saqlain Mushtaq narrated this story.
When he met Hafiz Patel sab RA, they discussed about hazrat's knee pain. Saqlain said his physio has suggested some exercises for him for similar pain, he would like to share that. Hafiz Patel sab asked him to meet after eisha at around 8:00 PM.
After eisha when he went to his place, he saw him doing dua. He waited for hafiz patel sab to end the dua. It didn't happened till late 1:30 AM in the night. He thought, let me also pray tahajjud. He completed tahajjud and returned to see Hafiz patel sab continuing with dua.
He said "I gave up"
We see their day's a'amal, night, only their khaliq and mahboob knows.
If you were to observe Hazrat Nanotwi , Hazrat Gangohi and Hazrat Thanwi , they were mountains in knowledge. But they did bayyat with Hazrat Haji Imdadullah Muhajir Makki , even though Haji was not a mustanad aalim but he was an Imam of Tassawuf. He was Qutub Al-Aqtaab of his time; hence the three figures did bayyat with him. The letters of Hazrat Gangohi and Hazrat Nanotwi written to their Shaykh are still available, you should read them. It seems as if a beginner talib e ilm is writing letter to a big Allamah Shaykh. Asking every small matter before taking any steps, the letters are available do motala of them.
The Jazba of Hazrat Thanwi
A jazba arose in the heart of Hazrat Thanwi that my Shaykh’s Khanqa in Thana Bawan is empty and work should be done in making it alive. Immediately he wrote a letter to his Shaykh, Hazrat Haji , that ‘there are these urges in my heart, if permission is granted then I shall shift to Thana Bawan by leaving my current place so that the empty Khanqa becomes living.’
Hazrat Haji Sahib did not forbid him, but rather he replied saying ‘my opinion is that you do istikhara, and if Allah Ta’ala wills then again think carefully about it.’
Hazrat Thanwi stated that I used to daily do istikhara but the jazba simply increased along. After a few days my kayfiat became such that I could not handle it, and the jazba overcame me to the point that I thought to myself that if I again sought permission from Hazrat Haji , and if the permission was not granted then I would not be able to tolerate this kayfiat. Therefore I again read the previous letter and thought to myself that Hazrat Haji did not forbid me – and Hazrat Thanwi stated that I should first start working on making the Khanqa alive, and then I will write a letter to Hazrat seeking forgiveness. And off he went to Thana Bawan leaving everything behind.
There in Khanqa, Hazrat Thanwi cleaned the place, started the mamoolat and zikr azkar of masjid, ilmi and Khanqa. When the work was started in both infradi and ijtimai level, then a letter was written to Hazrat Haji . In that letter Hazrat Thanwi sought forgiveness like he has done a great sin.
In reply to the letter Hazrat Haji wrote ‘That time I wrote to you about istikhara, it was because the way you asked with muhabbat, it did not had strength. So then I thought the conditions here are such that you would not be able to handle them, so it would be unnecessary for you to come– or else it is was my own wish that you came and now it is also the decision of Allah rabul izzat, hence Allah rabul izzat had put this passion in your heart. May Allah rabul izzat give you Jaza Khair.’ – And Hazrat Haji also gave many other duas to Hazrat Thanwi .
In the biography of Hazrat Shaykh ul Hind , it is mentioned when his peer o murshid Hazrat Imam Rabbani Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi was alive, it was the habit of Hazrat Shaykh ul Hind on Thursday after teaching his lesson he would to leave for Gangoh from Deoband paidal (on foot) near the time of Asr. Every week he would travel a distance of more than 40 km paidal to his Shaykh ’s place and would reach by night time.
Often the door of the Khanqa used to be open. But at times the door would be closed and Hazrat Shaikh ul Hind would not knock the door but he would start offering nawafil at a side. Or he would lay down his chaddar (clothe) and lie down. And when the dharban would open the door, he would regret and apologize to Hazrat.
The dharban also used to say ‘Hazrat you should have knocked the door, and I would have opened it.’ And Hazrat would reply ‘It is not my mizaaj that I would knock my Shaykh’s door, and people would get disturbed because of me.’
And in this way, Hazrat Shaykh ul Hind would pray Juma the next day and return back to Deoband. As long Hazrat Gangohi was alive, this was the mamool of Hazrat Shaykh ul Hind .
After graduating from Dar uloom Deoband, Hazrat Madani did bayyat in the khidmat of Hazrat Gangohi . Then Hazrat Gangohi informed [Hazrat Madani ] that our Shaikh Hazrat Imdadullah Muhajir Makki is alive, attend to his khidmat, ask for the mamoolat and do them.
So Hazrat Madani took the mamoolat from Hazrat Muhajir Makki , but after few days Hazrat Haji passed away. After that Hazrat Madani continued to do mamoolat under the permission of Hazrat Gangohi .
Many years passed in Masjid Nabawi in state of giving dars of Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqah and uloom Deenia. And at times in one day he used to give dars 17-17 times. After 8.9 years, a letter came from Hazrat Gangohi to Hazrat Madani that ‘my heart desires that you should come to Gangoh to traverse the stages of sulook’
On this, Hazrat Madani sought the permission of his father, and he was granted. The next day the father of Hazrat Madani came home at 10-11 o’clock and asked ‘Where is Hussain Ahmed? He was asking for permission to go on safar, call him so that I can do mashwara with him.’ The people of household informed that he had left since Fajr with his samaan, and he was telling that you had already given him the permission. His father said ‘he did not take anything from me to cover the expenses for safar.’
Because he had three sons, and it was the mamool of all three sons that whatever they would earn would be given to their father. And then their father would overlook the expenses of the house.
So Hazrat Madani’s father searched for an intelligent person to hand over the things needed for safar, because at that time ships were needed to travel by sea. So the person was sent to ensure that the cost of safar of Hazrat Madani would be covered.
Now you can guess how much was the jazba of Hazrat Madani that he forgot to take the money for safar expenses. He did not even stay on night and could not tolerate such, just how much was the Fannayiat? Such was the muhabbat of his Shaikh , that he left right after receiving his command.
It took about 3 months for Hazrat Madani to reach Gangoh. And when he reached, there was no dars of Tafseer and Hadith. The only work he had to was to look after few sheep, put woods in toilet, do khidmat of guests and live in the khidmat of Hazrat Gangohi .
And the room which Hazrat Madani was staying in was a mihrab, where hardly a single person can live in, and there Hazrat Madani did qiyyam for 6 month. And it was there he used to pray tahajudd, do zikr azkar and traverse the stage of sulook. And after 6 months he got ijzat and khilafat, and then he came back.
Hazrat Moulana Yahya studied Hadith from Hazrat Gangohi . After studying hadith, he gave himself over to his own Shaykh and also did bayyat with him. His brother, who was Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , had some books left to be covered. It was his intention that once he will come back from Gangoh, he will study the rest of the books.
But it got decided that he had to live with his Shaykh . So he wrote a letter to his father that to send Muhammad Ilyas here, to Gangoh. There is mahol here as well, and we will be able to do khidmat of Hazrat and do ziyarat of other ulama and sulaha who visit here. Also we will study the books. So his father sent Moulana Muhammad Ilyas to Gangoh.
…Next post will be about Moulana Ilyas , and will be a big one iA.
After coming to Gangoh, Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas covered the books in 2-3 year time. And did bayyat with Hazrat Gangohi during the days of Talib ilm, even though Hazrat Gangohi did not used to do Bayyat to any Talib ilm. But special dealing was done with Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , and was said ‘Ilyas is exception in this.’
In fact during his takhlia, [Hazrat Gangohi ] gave Hazrat Moulana ilyas ijazat to come. ‘You should come when I am even alone, no difference is made with you.’
After studying books, [Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ] stayed with his Shaikh in Gangoh’s Khanqa for about 9-10 years. After Hazrat Gangohi passed away, he did Tajdeed Bayyat with Hazrat Moulana Khaleel Ahmed Saharanpuri who was the Ajal Khalifa of Hazrat Gangohi .
Hazrat quickly gave ijazat to Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , and then the two brothers came to Saharanpur and became Mudarris in Mazahir al-uloom, and started to live in the khidmat of their Shaikh. Then Hazrat Saharanpuri gave Khilafat to Hazrat Moulana Yahya but Hazrat Moulana Yahya passed away soon. After few years, [Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ]’s big brother, Moulana Muhammad also passed away. Together they were three brothers – Moulana Muhammad , Moulana Yahya and Moulana Muhammad Ilyas .
During this time, he was the Imam of Bangla Wali Masjid Nizamudeen Awliya. In reality it was the masjid of Moulana Ismaeel , who was the Imam, Shaikh and Pir of this masjid. After him it was his big son Moulana Muhammad . And after that [after the demise of Moulana Muhammad ] the people of Delhi came to Moulana Muhammad Ilyas and said ‘It is the place of your father and brother, please come so that people can benefit from you.’ Both people of Delhi walai and Mewat walai.
Moulana Muhammad Ilyas said ‘I have already given myself to my own Shaikh , if my Shaikh will give hukm then I will go’
They said: ‘We will get the permission’
He said: ‘Not permission, he should give me hukm then I will go’
They said ‘It is the place of your father and brother’
He said: ‘I have fikr of my own self, and my Islah will happen through my Shaikh . I have given myself fully to my own Shaikh . And if my Shaikh gives me hukm, then I will have no issues’
So they went back to Delhi. There were elders in Delhi who were bayyat to Hazrat Gangohi and were peer bahi of Hazrat Saharanpuri . They asked the elders to go to Hazrat Saharanpuri and make the request. So 2-3 elders went to Hazrat Saharanpuri and requested him.
Hazrat Saharanpuri said, ‘There is ijazat from me’
The elders said, ‘He [Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ] does not seeks ijazat, he says that if my Shaikh gives me hukm then I will go, or else I am not going like this’
Hazrat Saharanpuri said, ‘If this is the case, then let me do mashwara then we will decide’ So Hazrat Saharanpuri called Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas and asked what is this matter.
He [Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ] said, ‘I have clearly told them that I have given myself to my own Shaikh . Hazrat wherever you give me the hukm to go, I will go there. You know what is better for me, I have given myself 100 percent to you. Whatever hukm you give, this person is present. Without your hukm I will not go anywhere.’
On this Hazrat Saharanpuri said, ‘My opinion is that take one year off.’ Because Moulana Muhammd Ilyas was a regular Mudarris. ‘Go there for one year and see if people benefit from you, and if they do then do mustaqil work there.
So on the hukm of his Shaikh , he took one year off. And went to Bangla Wali Masjid, which today is the Markaz of Tablighi Jamaat, and lived there. The people of Mewat also used to come there. There were many students of his father and his brother, who were also bayyat to them. So everyone did rujoo towards him [Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ]. There were people of Delhi also who did rujoo to him. And the one year went really good.
After a year when Hazrat Saharanpuri came, he asked ‘What is the Mahol?’
Hazrat Muhammad Ilyas told, ‘MashaAllah the year went really good. And now whatever is your hukm.’
So Hazrat Saharanpuri said, ‘My opinion is that take another year off.’ So Hazrat took another year off.
So when the second year also passed then Hazrat Saharanpuri came or Moulana Muhammad Ilyas himself went, and the conditions were asked to which the good Karguzari was told. And after hearing good Karguzari. [Hazrat Saharanpuri] said ‘Now give resignation.’
My purpose of telling this is how much effort did these people put, and how much was their Fanayyat of Shaikh.
[Note: Since the last post was about Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , I thought to further add few more things that can be taken from the same book but under different section named as ‘Islam mai Sulook wa Ahsan ki Ahmiat’]
The Ahitimaam of our Akabireen for Zikr Jahri
Our Shaykh ul Hadith say that, from our Akabireen two buzurgs are such that Allah rabul izzat gave them very high rank, but despite this throughout their whole life they never gave up on the zikr of Bara Tasbeeh. Until last breathe, [they] did Islahi zikr, from them is Imam Rabbani Hazrat Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi and the other Moulana Muhammad Ilyas , Bani Jamat Tablighi.
The Zikr of Barah Tasbeehat in Silsila Chishtia
La illaha illalah 200 times, Ilallah 400 times, Allahu Allah 600 times, Zikr of Allah isme Zaat 100 times. Just like this, [they] did not leave Islahi zikr until akhir dum. We have heard from some Tablighi buzurg, Hazrat Moulana Saeed and other buzurgs that they said to Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas ‘Hazrat you have aged, you are weak now. You do not need to do this much Mujahidah.'
So Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyas said, ‘Through the blessings of such thing which I have attained such a very big rank and gained the Qurb of Allah, how can I leave it?’
Our Shaykh has written in his kitaab ‘Shariat wa Tariqat ka Talazum’ that during the time of Akabir, let alone the state of khawaas but even the awaam thought it was must through for Shariat and Tariqat and without this there was no chara. And we have heard multiple times from the tongue of Hazrat, that he used to say – during the times of Akabir that was it was in the mind of normal person that if he was called or if he had the desire to take part in the work of deen, and if he was Bayyat to any Shaykh then he would take part under their [Shaykh’s] watch. And if they [the normal people] were not Bayyat to any Shaykh then they would first do Bayyat then they would take part in that deeni work. It was in the mind of everyone that if I did not do fikr of islah of my Qalb, then it may be because of me that there could be harm in the work of deen.
Malfooz of Hazrat Thanwi
Hazrat Thanwi used to say, if anyone says that fulan buzurg is ahead of your Akabir in tafseer then we do not deny. Our akabir may be ahead in tafseer, hadith, fiqah but we say one thing with dawa that in Taqwa, Khashiat illahi, Ikhlas and ilahiat there is no Thani of our Akabir.
Hence doing of Allah Allah, Khashiat illahi, Ikhlas was the imtiyaz of our Akabir. Due to Fitnah and Fasaad, our Shaykh ul hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariya used to say, as many of these Fitnah and Fasaad are being spread is because of our Khanqahi Silsila has become weak. We need to do fikr of this. Then Shaykh did ibtidai of Zikr Majlis, and now Al hamdullilah in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Burma, America, Africa, Europe, every country the Khanqah have became abaad with the Fazl and Karam of Allah. And the countless thousands Majalis of Zikr have been Qayim.
May Allah ta’ala accept this our Ijtima, Allah ta’ala accept us all for this. And now Zikr majlis will commence, one thing is always have to be said that this Zikr is not to be done by oneself. One should learn from their own Mashaykh, the islah of heart done through months of aam zikr, that inshaAllah through this Zikr Jahri if we learn from our Mashaykh and do with according to their guidance and do with consistency, in days the islah of heart will be done. May Allah ta’ala give us the taufeeq of amal. (Ameen).
The fikr of Shaykh ul hadith Moulana Zakariya Khandalvi
Our Shaykh ul Hadith in the end of part of his life had only one fikr – in fact it was only his one cry that the silsila of Zikr Azkar and the Khanqahi Nizaam has become very weak. These things should be a norm just like in the time of Akabir. Since Hazrat Shaykh has seen the three Khanqah of our Akabir, he saw their rising times. First Khanqah Gangoh of Imam Rabbani Hazrat Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi where Hazrat Shaykh grew up and was Khadim Khaas. The condition of this Khanqah was such that there was used to be only zikr during the days and night, especially during the night when everyone would wake up by 1-2 AM and would do zikr of Allah until fajr, and loud zikr would take place.
Countless people used to be near the Khanqah, there was a river where the water was clean and the Dhobi used to come by 3 o’clock. It was habit of the Dhobis that when they used to turn the clothe around some would make noise, others would whistle or they would make any noise. Since in Khanqah Gangohi there used to be a lot of zikr of Allah, the atmosphere used to be spread far and wide. And because of that when the Dhobi used to turn over the clothe they would make the Zarb of Allah, in which some of them used to be Hindu and mostly Muslims. So all the Dhobi used to do zikr of Allah.
Then Hazrat Shaykh saw the Khanqah of Hazrat Thanwi , Hazrat Shah Abdul Raheem Raipuri which became empty for some few years – Shah Abdul Qadir Raipuri made the Khanqa active again where people like Abul Hasan Nadwi , Maulana Manzoor Numani , Sayyid Attaullah Shah Bukhari , Maulana Habeeb Ar-Rahman Ludhyanwi , Hazrat Shah Nafees were made.
So when the last year of Hazrat Shaykh came, Hazrat’s last year of teaching was during the year 1968 and then he left Tadrees. And after that Hazrat gave all his time in this [Khanqah]. When Hazrat saw all three Khanqah empty, he would get a lot sad and would cry whenever he would mention about them. Also he would get worried, so he thought if Khanqah are not being made active then Ahtimaan of Zikr Majalis should be made.
Then Hazrat wrote letters to Hazrat Qari Tayyab , Hazrat Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Yousaf Binori , Hazrat Maulana Mufti Shafi and other Akabir. That this Khanqah silsilah which has became weak, and the atmosphere of Zikr Azkar has nearly finished. It should be made active again.
The first majlis that was conducted by Shaykh ul Hadith was in the Madarassa of Hazrat Sayyid Muhammad Yousaf Binori , where Maulana Muhammad Yousaf Ludhyanwi and Hazrat Maulana Yayha Madani used to be there. All of these Hazraat were Mujahizeen of Hazrat . Mufti Shahid , Maulana Zubair , all of these used to participate.
After that Zikr Majalis started in many places. Whenever Hazrat would travel in any country or city, targheeb of Zikr Majlis used to be given.
This cannot be undone and I am sure it will be greatly appreciated.
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