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Celebrating birthdays is an innovation in the religion of Allaah, and it is not permissible to do this. It is not permissible to eat the food that has been prepared for this occasion. Their claim that the food for the birthday celebration is for the guests does not make it excusable to eat it. Hospitality is subject to its own rulings, and matters are judged according to the intentions behind them. It is very clear that the food is being prepared for this innovated occasion, and eating this food is one of the things that helps them to persist in doing this. It is a kind of co-operation in sin and transgression. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): Help you one another in Al Birr and At Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression [al-Maaidah 5:2] Besides being bidah and having no basis in shareeah, these birthday celebrations also involve imitation of the Jews and Christians in their birthday celebrations. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, warning us against following their ways and traditions: You would follow the ways of those who came before you step by step, to such an extent that if they were to enter a lizards hole, you would enter it too. They said, O Messenger of Allaah, (do you mean) the Jews and Christians? He said, Who else? (Reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim). The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said: Whoever imitates a people is one of them. Watch this video
On the authority of aboo 'Abdillaah an-Nu,maan ibn Basheer may Allah be pleased with him said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) saying: "Surely, the Halaal (permissible) is clear and between the two are doudtful unclear matters that many of the people do not have knowledge of. So, whoever abstains from doubtful matters has saves his religion and his honor, and whoever falls into the doubtful matters falls into haraam, just as the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly, evey king has a sanctuary, and Allah's sanctuary is His prohibitions. Explanation The prophet (saw) has divided the affairs, into three types: The Halaal that has no doubt in it and the Haraam that has no doubt in it. These two are clear. Either it is Halaal so a person does not obtain a sin, or it is Haraam so that a person obtains a sin. The example of the first type is the permissibility of livestock and cattle, and the second type is the prohibition of alcohol. As for the third type, it is the doubtful unclear affair that its verdict in unclear whether it is from the Halaal or the Haraam. Its verdict is hidden drom many of the people and known to others. He saves his religion in that which is between him and Allah. He saves his honor in that which is between him and the people so that it is not said "So and so has fallen into Haraam.
The followers of the madhhabs are not all the same. Some of them are mujtahids within their madhhab, and some are followers (muqallids) who do not go against their madhhabs in any regard. Al-Buwayti, al-Muzani, al-Nawawi and Ibn Hajr were followers of Imam al-Shaafai, but they were also mujtahids in their own right and differed with their imam when they had evidence. Similarly Ibn Abd al-Barr was a Maaliki but he differed with Maalik if the correct view was held by someone else. The same may be said of the Hanafi imams such as Abu Yoosuf and Muhammad al-Shaybaani, and the Hanbali imams such as Ibn Qudaamah, Ibn Muflih and others. The fact that a student studied with a madhhab does not mean that he cannot go beyond it if he finds sound evidence elsewhere; the only one who stubbornly clings to a particular madhhab (regardless of the evidence) is one who lacking in religious commitment and intellect, or he is doing that because of partisan attachment to his madhhab. The advice of the leading imams is that students should acquire knowledge from where they acquired it, and they should ignore the words of their imams if they go against the hadeeth of the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Abu Haneefah said: This is my opinion, but if there comes someone whose opinion is better than mine, then accept that. Maalik said: I am only human, I may be right or I may be wrong, so measure my words by the Quraan and Sunnah. Al-Shaafai said: If the hadeeth is saheeh, then ignore my words. If you see well established evidence, then this is my view. Imam Ahmad said: Do not follow me blindly, and do not follow Maalik or al-Shaafai or al-Thawri blindly. Learn as we have learned. And he said, Do not follow men blindly with regard to your religion, for they can never be safe from error.
posted by mokap
on 3rd January 2011
- 1 comment
On the authority of the Chief of the Believers, Aboo HAfs Umar ibn al-Khattaab may Allah be pleased with him who said: I heard the Messager of Allah(SAW) saying The reward of actions depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward accoding to what he has intended. Thus, he whose migration was for Allah and his Messager, his migration was for Allah and His Messager, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take a women in marriage, his migration was for that which he migrated. " (Related by Bukhaaree and Muslim)
This Hadeeth is a great foundation regarding the actions of the heart
due to the intentions stemming from the actions of the heart. The scholars have said: This Hadeeth is half of worship because it is the scale of the inward actions. As well, the Hadeeth of Aa'ishah may Allah be pleased with her said whoever innovates into this affair of ours that which is not from it shall have it rejected.
Actions, as well, are based upon what they lead to. Therefore, something that is mubaah (permissible) in its orgin can become obedience what a person intends well: for example, when a person intends in his eating and drinking piety upon obedience to Allah and due to this the prophet (saw) said, Eat the Suhoor(the small meal eaten before Fajr when fasting) for there is blessing in the suhoor.
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