Muadh_Khan's Blog

7
Feb
2014
Are Deobandees sexist & backwards in discouraging women attending Mosques?
7th February 2014

Asslamo Allaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh, 

I was reading a blog this morning and the blogger attempted to disrespect and put down the Deobandi Ulamah with regards to their stance on declaring that it is Makrooh for women to attend Eid Salah. The blogger presented a valid opinion in Islamic Fiqh as sexist, stuck in the past and from those who want to keep their women chained to the kitchen sink.

Let’s take the emotions out of the equation and look at the matter in the light of Qur’aan and Sunnah.

Principle for Muslim women:

The basic premise and principle with regards to Muslim women is clearly given the in the Qur’aan, unambiguously mandated:

 

[33:33] Remain in your homes, and do not display (your) beauty as it used to be displayed in the days of earlier ignorance; and establish Salah, and pay Zakah, and obey Allah and His messenger. Allah only intends to keep (all sorts of) filth away from you, O members of the family (of the prophet), and to make you pure through a perfect purification.

How did the women attend the Mosque? 

Those who provide evidence of women attending Mosques, often fail to highlight four critical aspects of this issue:

  1. Sahabiyyat (RA) used to attend the Mosque in the early periods of Islam and most of the Ahadeeth are about Fajar
  2. Sahabiyyat (RA) used to be dressed in an unrecognisable manner and used to leave before the men could have a chance to intermingle
  3. Sahabiyyat (RA) used to attend the Mosque in the dark
  4. Sahabiyyat (RA) were ordered to even walk in a manner which was distinct, separate and away from the paths of men

All of these can be clearly understood from the following authentic narrations on the matter:

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ بْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، أَخْبَرَتْهُ قَالَتْ، كُنَّ نِسَاءُ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَشْهَدْنَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلاَةَ الْفَجْرِ مُتَلَفِّعَاتٍ بِمُرُوطِهِنَّ، ثُمَّ يَنْقَلِبْنَ إِلَى بُيُوتِهِنَّ حِينَ يَقْضِينَ الصَّلاَةَ، لاَ يَعْرِفُهُنَّ أَحَدٌ مِنَ الْغَلَسِ‏.‏
 
 
Sayyida`Aisha (RA) narrated that the believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to attend the Fajr prayer with Rasul-ullah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and after finishing the prayer they would return to their home and nobody could recognize them because of darkness.[Bukhari]
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، أَخْبَرَنَا يُونُسُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَتْنِي هِنْدُ بِنْتُ الْحَارِثِ، أَنَّ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَخْبَرَتْهَا أَنَّ النِّسَاءَ فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كُنَّ إِذَا سَلَّمْنَ مِنَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ قُمْنَ، وَثَبَتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ صَلَّى مِنَ الرِّجَالِ مَا شَاءَ اللَّهُ، فَإِذَا قَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَامَ الرِّجَالُ‏.
 
 
Sayyida Um Salama: (the wife of the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) narrates that in the lifetime of Rasul-ullah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam)  the women used to get up when they finished their compulsory prayers with Taslim. The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam)  and the men would stay on at their places as long as Allah willed. When the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) got up, the men would then get up. [Bukhari]
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ حَنْظَلَةَ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا اسْتَأْذَنَكُمْ نِسَاؤُكُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَأْذَنُوا لَهُنَّ ‏"‏‏.‏ تَابَعَهُ شُعْبَةُ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏
 
Sayyidina Ibn `Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said, "If your women ask permission to go to the mosque at night, allow them." [Bukhari]
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شَبَابَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا وَرْقَاءُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ ائْذَنُوا لِلنِّسَاءِ بِاللَّيْلِ إِلَى الْمَسَاجِدِ ‏"‏‏‏
 
Sayyidina Ibn `Umar (RA) narrated that the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said  "Allow women to go to the Mosques at night." [Bukhari]
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْيَمَانِ، عَنْ شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرِو بْنِ حِمَاسٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ حَمْزَةَ بْنِ أَبِي أُسَيْدٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ وَهُوَ خَارِجٌ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَاخْتَلَطَ الرِّجَالُ مَعَ النِّسَاءِ فِي الطَّرِيقِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِلنِّسَاءِ ‏ "‏ اسْتَأْخِرْنَ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَكُنَّ أَنْ تَحْقُقْنَ الطَّرِيقَ عَلَيْكُنَّ بِحَافَاتِ الطَّرِيقِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَكَانَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ تَلْتَصِقُ بِالْجِدَارِ حَتَّى إِنَّ ثَوْبَهَا لَيَتَعَلَّقُ بِالْجِدَارِ مِنْ لُصُوقِهَا بِهِ ‏.
 
Sayyidina AbuUsayd al-Ansari (RA) heard the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) say when he was coming out of the mosque, and men and women were mingled in the road: Draw back, for you must not walk in the middle of the road; keep to the sides of the road. Then women were keeping so close to the wall that their garments were rubbing against it. [Abu Dawud]

Prayer of a perfumed (adorned) woman?

There is explicit discouragement of women adorning themselves or applying perfume when visiting the Mosque as follows:

حَدَّثَنَا النُّفَيْلِيُّ، وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ أَبُو عَلْقَمَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ خُصَيْفَةَ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَيُّمَا امْرَأَةٍ أَصَابَتْ بَخُورًا فَلاَ تَشْهَدَنَّ مَعَنَا الْعِشَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ نُفَيْلٍ ‏"‏ عِشَاءَ الآخِرَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Sayyidina  Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him ) said: If a woman fumigates herself with perfume, she must not attend the night prayer with us. Ibn Nufayl said: Isha' means night prayer [Abu Dawood]
 

The discouragment goes even further to state that such a woman should return home and take a Ghus'l to cleanse herself and then!

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، مَوْلَى أَبِي رُهْمٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ لَقِيَتْهُ امْرَأَةٌ وَجَدَ مِنْهَا رِيحَ الطِّيبِ يُنْفَحُ وَلِذَيْلِهَا إِعْصَارٌ فَقَالَ يَا أَمَةَ الْجَبَّارِ جِئْتِ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَلَهُ تَطَيَّبْتِ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ حِبِّي أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ لاَ تُقْبَلُ صَلاَةٌ لاِمْرَأَةٍ تَطَيَّبَتْ لِهَذَا الْمَسْجِدِ حَتَّى تَرْجِعَ فَتَغْتَسِلَ غُسْلَهَا مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ الإِعْصَارُ غُبَارٌ ‏.

Sayyidina  Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that a woman met him and he found the odour of perfume in her. Her clothes were fluttering in the air. He said: O maid-servant of the Almighty, are you coming from the mosque? She replied: Yes. He said: For it did you use perfume? She replied: Yes. He said: I heard my beloved AbulQasim (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) say: The prayer of a woman who uses perfume for this mosque is not accepted until she returns and takes a bath like that of sexual defilement (perfectly).  Abu Dawud said: Al-i'sar means dust. [Abu Dawood]

Explicit segregation despite all of the above for women? 

Further to all of the above the Nabi of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) explicitly earmarked a separate door for women to enter to highlight the importance of segregation and set the precedence as follows:

وعَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَوْ تَرَكْنَا هَذَا الْبَابَ لِلنِّسَاءِ قَالَ نَافِعٌ فَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ مِنْهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ حَتَّى مَاتَ

Sayyidina Ibn ‘Umar (RA) said that Allah’s Messenger (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said: "We should leave this door (of the mosque) for women." Naafi (RA)’ said: "Ibn ‘Umar (RA) never again entered through that door until he died."  [Abu Dawood]

Should women pray in the Masjid or at home? 

There is no doubt that its permissable for women to pray Salah in the Mosque with certain conditions and safeguards, however it is neither mandated nor encouraged. In fact it is encouraged for women to pray at home as explicitly narrated in a Hadeeth:

عن أُمِّ حُمَيْدٍ امْرَأَةِ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ ( أَنَّهَا جَاءَتْ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَتْ : يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، إِنِّي أُحِبُّ الصَّلَاةَ مَعَكَ . قَالَ : قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّكِ تُحِبِّينَ الصَّلَاةَ مَعِي ، وَصَلَاتُكِ فِي بَيْتِكِ خَيْرٌ لَكِ مِنْ صَلَاتِكِ فِي حُجْرَتِكِ، وَصَلَاتُكِ فِي حُجْرَتِكِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ صَلَاتِكِ فِي دَارِكِ، وَصَلَاتُكِ فِي دَارِكِ خَيْرٌ لَكِ مِنْ صَلَاتِكِ فِي مَسْجِدِ قَوْمِكِ، وَصَلَاتُكِ فِي مَسْجِدِ قَوْمِكِ خَيْرٌ لَكِ مِنْ صَلَاتِكِ فِي مَسْجِدِي 

Imam Ahmed narrated from Umm Humayd, the wife of Abu Humayd al-Saa’idi (RA), that she came to the Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) and said: "O Messenger of Allaah, I love to pray with you." He said: "I know that you love to pray with me, but praying in your house is better for you than praying in your courtyard, and praying in your courtyard is better for you than praying in the mosque of your people, and praying in the mosque of your people is better for you than praying in my mosque." [Ahmed]

Who was Umm Humayd (RA) and what did she do after this? 

Umm Humayd (RA) wife of Abu Humayd al-Saa'idi (RA) is regarded as the great worshipper of Allah (SWT) even amongst the Sahabiyaat (RA) [عابدة من عابدات, صدر الإسلام] her desire to worship Allah (SWT) behind the Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) is natural but her actions after the response from Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) is vital for our believing Sisters to emulate. What did she do after that? 

Imam Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr Asqalani (RA) in his magnum opus al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-Sahaba, one of the most comprehensive dictionary of the Companions writes that she ordered a Musallah (prayer station) in the darkest corner of her residence and prayed there until she met Allah (SWT) i.e. she never again prayed at the Mosque!

فأمرت فَبُني لها مسجد في أقصى شيء من بيتها و أظلمه، فكانت تصلي فيه حتى لقيت الله تعالى

Winds of change after Sayyidina Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wasaallam)? 

In the time of Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) the rows for women were separate and they came dressed in a manner (unrecognisable) in the darkness. Even then some of the Sahabah (RA) such as Sayyidina Umar (RA) disliked the matter but they did not explicitly forbid their women:

حَدَّثَنَا يُوسُفُ بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَتِ امْرَأَةٌ لِعُمَرَ تَشْهَدُ صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ وَالْعِشَاءِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ، فَقِيلَ لَهَا لِمَ تَخْرُجِينَ وَقَدْ تَعْلَمِينَ أَنَّ عُمَرَ يَكْرَهُ ذَلِكَ وَيَغَارُ قَالَتْ وَمَا يَمْنَعُهُ أَنْ يَنْهَانِي قَالَ يَمْنَعُهُ قَوْلُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَمْنَعُوا إِمَاءَ اللَّهِ مَسَاجِدَ اللَّهِ ‏"‏‏.
 
Sayyidina Ibn `Umar (RA) narrated that ne of the wives of Sayyidina `Umar (bin Al-Khattab) used to offer the Fajr and the `Isha' prayer in congregation in the Mosque. She was asked why she had come out for the prayer as she knew that `Umar disliked it, and he has great ghaira (self-respect). She replied, "What prevents him from stopping me from this act?" The other replied, "The statement of Allah's Apostle (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam)  : 'Do not stop Allah's women-slave from going to Allah s Mosques' prevents him." [Bukhari]
Then as time passed the Sahabah (RA) began to see the change in society and the dislike of Sayyidina Umar (RA) continued even after the passing away of Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam):
 
وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَاتِكَةَ بِنْتِ زَيْدِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ نُفَيْلٍ، امْرَأَةِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ تَسْتَأْذِنُ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَيَسْكُتُ فَتَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ لأَخْرُجَنَّ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَمْنَعَنِي ‏.‏ فَلاَ يَمْنَعُهَا ‏
 
Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Atika bint Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl, the wife of Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) , used to ask Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) for permission to go to the mosque. He would keep silent, so she would say, "By Allah, I will go out, unless you forbid me," and he would not forbid her. [Muwatta]

Our mother Sayyida Aisha (RA) even commented that had Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) seen the moral degradation of the society he would have rescinded the permission for women to attend the Mosque.

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ بْنِ قَعْنَبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ بِلاَلٍ - عَنْ يَحْيَى، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ سَعِيدٍ - عَنْ عَمْرَةَ بِنْتِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّهَا سَمِعَتْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَقُولُ لَوْ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَأَى مَا أَحْدَثَ النِّسَاءُ لَمَنَعَهُنَّ الْمَسْجِدَ كَمَا مُنِعَتْ نِسَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لِعَمْرَةَ أَنِسَاءُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ مُنِعْنَ الْمَسْجِدَ قَالَتْ نَعَمْ ‏.

Sayyida 'Amra (RA), daughter of Abd al-Rahmin (RA), reported: I heard 'A'isha (RA) , the wife of the Apostle of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) . say: If the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) had seen what new things the women have introduced (in their way of life) he would have definitely prevented them from going to the mosque, as the women of Bani Isra'il were prevented. So I asked where the women of Bani Israel prevented from Mosques? So she (Aisha (RA)) replied, "Yes". [Muslim]
 
The issue of women attending Eid Salah? 
 
The blogger presented a number of evidence to back her claims that it is recommended for women to attend Eid Salah. The most authentic narrations are from Sayyida Umm Attiyah (RA) and this is one of the most comprehensive reports:
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أُمِّ عَطِيَّةَ، قَالَتْ أُمِرْنَا أَنْ نُخْرِجَ، الْحُيَّضَ يَوْمَ الْعِيدَيْنِ وَذَوَاتِ الْخُدُورِ، فَيَشْهَدْنَ جَمَاعَةَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَدَعْوَتَهُمْ، وَيَعْتَزِلُ الْحُيَّضُ عَنْ مُصَلاَّهُنَّ‏.‏ قَالَتِ امْرَأَةٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، إِحْدَانَا لَيْسَ لَهَا جِلْبَابٌ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ "‏ لِتُلْبِسْهَا صَاحِبَتُهَا مِنْ جِلْبَابِهَا ‏"‏‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ رَجَاءٍ حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سِيرِينَ، حَدَّثَتْنَا أُمُّ عَطِيَّةَ، سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا‏.‏
 
Sayyida Um `Atiya (RA) narrated that we were ordered to bring out our menstruating women and veiled women in the religious gatherings and invocation of Muslims on the two `Id festivals. These menstruating women were to keep away from their Musalla. A woman asked, "O Allah's Apostle (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) ' What about one who does not have a veil?" He said, "Let her share the veil of her companion." [Bukhari]
 
The opinion of Salaf on women attending Eid Salah being disliked:
 
Imam Tirmidhi (RA) has commented in his book that some of the Ulamah permitted women attending Eid Salah while others disliked it 
 
 قال أبو عيسى وحديث أم عطية حديث حسن صحيح وقد ذهب بعض أهل العلم إلى هذا الحديث ورخص للنساء في الخروج إلى العيدين وكرهه بعضهم
 
Imam Tirmidhi (RA) also gives the verdict of Imam Abdullah Ibn Mubarak (RA) who disliked women attending Eid Salah in accordance with the statement of Sayyidia Aisha (RA) given previously that had Nabi (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) witnessed the condition of women of our times he would have forbidden them attending like the women of Bani Israel.
 
وروي عن عبد الله بن المبارك أنه قال أكره اليوم الخروج للنساء في العيدين فإن أبت المرأة إلا أن تخرج فليأذن لها زوجها أن تخرج في أطمارها الخلقان ولا تتزين فإن أبت أن تخرج كذلك فللزوج أن يمنعها عن الخروج ويروى عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت لو رأى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما أحدث النساء لمنعهن المسجد كما منعت نساء بني إسرائيل
 
Imam Tirmidhi (RA) also gives the verdict of Imam Sufyan At-Thauri (RA) who disliked women attending Eid Salah
 
 ويروى عن سفيان الثوري أنه كره اليوم الخروج للنساء إلى العيد
 
Shaykh (Maulana) Mohammed ibn Maulana Harooon Abasoomer (HA) also quotes the follow from amongst the Salaf for their dislike in women attending the Mosque (generally) and Eid prayers (specifically):
 
  1. Sayyidatuna Ayesha (RA) (Sahih Al Bukhari )
  2. Sayyiduna Abdullah b. Mas’ood (RA) (Majma’uz Zawaahid)
  3. Sayyiduna Abdullah b. Umar (RA) (Musannad ibn Abi Sheyba #5845)
  4. Sayyiduna Urwa b. Zubayr (RA) (Musannad ibn Abi Sheyba #5846)
  5. Sayyiduna Qasim b. Mohammed b. Abi Bakr Faqih Al Madinah (RA) (Musannad ibn Abi Sheyba #5847)
  6. Sayyiduna Ibraheem Nakh’ee (RA) (Musannad ibn Abi Sheyba #5844, #5848)
  7. Imaam Abdullah b. Al-Mubarak (RA) (Sunan Tirmidhi #539-40 Vol.2 Pg.420)
  8. Imaam Malik (RA) (Umdatur Qari Vol.3 Pg. 305)
  9. Imaam Sufiyaan As Thawri (RA) (Sunan Tirmidhi)
  10. Imam Abu Yusuf (RA) student of Imaam Abu Hanifa (R.A) (Umdatur Qari Vol.3 Pg. 305)
Command for Muslim men:
 
The command for Muslim men is the exact opposite i.e. they are supposed to pray at the Mosque and the warning mentioned in the following Hadeeth also implies that women are supposed to be at home.
 
فعَن أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رضي الله عنه قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ : ( ... وَلَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ آمُرَ بِالصَّلاةِ فَتُقَامَ ، ثُمَّ آمُرَ رَجُلا فَيُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ ، ثُمَّ أَنْطَلِقَ مَعِي بِرِجَالٍ مَعَهُمْ حُزَمٌ مِنْ حَطَبٍ إِلَى قَوْمٍ لا يَشْهَدُونَ الصَّلاةَ ، فَأُحَرِّقَ عَلَيْهِمْ بُيُوتَهُمْ بِالنَّارِ
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RA) said: The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam) said: “I was thinking of ordering that the iqaamah for prayer be given, then I would tell a man to lead the people in prayer, and I would set out with men carrying bundles of firewood, and go to people who do not attend the prayer and burn their houses down around them.” [Bukhari]
 
Conclusion:
 
A synopsis of all the evidence given above clearly highlights that the there were many from amongst the Salaf who disliked women attending Mosque or Eid prayers fulfilling the conditions and restrictions placed upon them for attending.

There is no room for those who violate the explicit conditions and restrictions, at all.

The issue has nothing to do with sexism or backwardness, rather the opinion is derived from careful, thorough and detailed analysis of the available evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah.

We hope and encourage our believed brothers and sisters to remove themselves from the shackles of Modernism and adhere to the guidance of Islamic Shariah.

May Allah (SWT) give us all the ability to understand, act and propagate the noble Sunnah (Ameen). 
Tags: islam
posted by Muadh_Khan on 7th February 2014 - 4 comments

4 Comments

7 Feb 2014
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Maria
Do you mean it is disliked or makruh for the women to attend mosques only if there's fear of fitnah? Or in all conditions it is makruh?
Blogger's Reply:
Sister, It is permissible to attend Mosque fulfilling the conditions of Hijab etc but recommended for women to pray at home in all conditions.
 
7 Feb 2014
IP Logged
Maria
Sorry, do you mean, permissible but makruh?
Blogger's Reply:
Best is for women to pray at home as per the Hadeeth.
 
7 Feb 2014
IP Logged
mehnaz
Assalaam alaikum,

Sisters who are alone, reverts, or living in non-Muslim countries need to be in community. The masjid is the place for fellowship. Most women are recluses. It is our only opportunity to meet other sisters. Often, these meetings allow us to collaborate on community activism. We pray at the masjid to gain benefit from the congregational salat.

For many it is the only opportunity to be outside the house. We pray alone, usually. It gives us sisterhood. Why would anyone deny a sister who has dedicated her life to serving Allah be denied access to other sisters?
Blogger's Reply:
There is no denying in the blog. It is permissible but discouraged.
 
8 Feb 2014
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ibnsuleman bhai
Wish you had included hadis--If itwere not the thought of women and children,I would set fire to the houses of those men not attendind the salat by jamat in masajids
Blogger's Reply:
Added
 
3 Jun 2014
IP Logged
ansari
Assalaamu Alaykum,

If you look into the hanafi texts, they also have disallowed women going out for lectures (wa'z), *even* if her husband permits it. The texts state that the husband is sinful in permitting her that. Plus, they have stated that the fatwa today is that going to the mosques is discouraged in all cases, for old and young women, and it is not permissible.

And you can read this in the texts of the deobandi elders too, such as Ml. Thanwi (in baheshti zewar) and others who have declared it impermissible for women to go out for "taqreeb" etc.

So, those who defend and promote (almost fanatically) the opinion that it is discouraged for women to go to the masjid, they should discourage women to go out of their homes in other cases also, and also deem the husband sinful for allowing such. And this would include going out for shopping, or for a walk etc.

Blogger's Reply:
W-Salam, Agreed.
 
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